• Title, Summary, Keyword: indoor tracking

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Three Dimensional Indoor Location Tracking Viewer

  • Yang, Chi-Shian;Jung, Sang-Joong;Chung, Wan-Young
    • KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems (TIIS)
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.108-118
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    • 2009
  • In this paper we develop an indoor location tracking system and its 3D tracking monitoring viewer, viz., 3D Navigation Viewer (3DNV). We focus on the integration of an indoor location tracking system with the Virtual Reality Modeling Language (VRML), to facilitate a representation of the user's spatial information in virtual indoor environments that is synchronized with the physical location environment. The developed indoor location tracking system employs beacons as active transmitters, and a listener as a passive receiver. The distance information calculated from the difference speeds of RF and Ultrasonic signals is exploited, to determine the user's physical location. This is essential in supporting third parties like doctors and caregivers in identifying the activities and status of a particular individual via 3DNV. 3DNV serves as a unified user interface for an indoor location tracking system, showing the viewpoint and position of the target in virtual indoor environments. It was implemented using VRML, to provide an actual real time visualization of the target's spatial information.

Location-aware visualization of VRML models in indoor location tracking system

  • Yang, Chi-Shian;Chung, Wan-Young
    • Journal of Sensor Science and Technology
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.220-228
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    • 2007
  • For many applications particularly in navigation system, a three-dimensional representation improves the usability of information. This paper introduces 3D Graphical User Interface (GUI) of indoor location tracking system, 3D Navigation View. The application provides users a 3D visualization of the indoor environments they are exploring, synchronized with the physical world through spatial information obtained from indoor location tracking system. It adopts widely used Virtual Reality Modeling Language (VRML) to construct, represent, distribute and render 3D world of indoor environments over Internet. Java, an all-purpose programming language is integrated to comprehend spatial information received from indoor location tracking system. Both are connected through an interface called External Authoring Interface (EAI) provided by VRML. Via EAI, Java is given the authority to access and manipulate the 3D objects inside the 3D world that facilitates the indication of user's position and viewpoint in the constructed virtual indoor environments periodically.

A Study on Algorithm for Efficient Location Tracking in Indoor Environment (실내 환경에서 효율적인 위치 추적을 위한 알고리즘에 관한 연구)

  • Jeon Hyeon-Sig;Woo Sung-Hyun;Lee Ho-Eung;Ryu In-Seon;Yoon Sung-Kun;Park Hyun-Ju
    • Journal of Information Technology Applications and Management
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.59-74
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    • 2006
  • According to developing Wireless Communication, not only a location based service at the outside but also a location based service at the inside was more increased socially. This paper proposes the efficient algorithm to locate a transfer object in frequent change of indoor environment using indoor location tracking system we develop ourself. Proposing algorithm in this paper can locate a transfer object using the Fingerprint, one of the Location Tracking techniques which are used in general to minimize error data between Location Tracking System and Fingerprint, using this way that corrects location data as KF apply to result data can improve accuracy of a transfer object. At last we are going to compare and analyze existing typical triangulation with proposed Indoor location tracking system to demonstrate algorithm efficiency for proposed Indoor location tracking system.

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Location Tracking in Indoor Symbolic Space with RFID Sensors (RFID 센서를 이용한 실내 기호공간에서의 위치추적)

  • Kang, Hye-Young;Hwang, Jung-Rae;Li, Ki-Joune
    • Spatial Information Research
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.53-62
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    • 2011
  • Spatial information services in indoor space are an im portant application area of GIS as in outdoor space. Unlike in outdoor space, a position in indoor space is specified by a symbolic code such as room number, rather than coordinate. Therefore tracking in indoor space is no longer a prediction of coordinates but a symbolic estimation on the current position of a moving object. In this paper, we propose a framework for tracking moving objects in indoor symbolic space with RFID sensors. First, we introduce the concepts of indoor symbolic space and tracking in indoor symbolic space, and define the accessibility graph for trackable indoor symbolic space. Second, we propose a deployment method of RFID readers and a construction algorithm of accessibility graph for trackable indoor symbolic space. Third, a tracking method is proposed for moving objects in symbolic indoor space with RFID sensors. Finally, we present an implementation exmaple and the result of experiment with real data to validate the proposed method.

Development of 3-D viewer for indoor location tracking system using wireless sensor network

  • Yang, Chi-Shian;Chung, Wan-Young
    • Journal of Sensor Science and Technology
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.110-114
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    • 2007
  • In this paper we present 3-D Navigation View, a three-dimensional visualization of indoor environment which serves as an intuitive and unified user interface for our developed indoor location tracking system via Virtual Reality Modeling Language (VRML) in web environment. The extracted user's spatial information from indoor location tracking system was further processed to facilitate the location indication in virtual 3-D indoor environment based on his location in physical world. External Authoring Interface (EAI) provided by VRML enables the integration of interactive 3-D graphics into web and direct communication with the encapsulated Java applet to update position and viewpoint of user periodically in 3-D indoor environment. As any web browser with VRML viewer plug-in is able to run the platform independent 3-D Navigation View, specialized and expensive hardware or software can be disregarded.

Adaptive Indoor Location Tracking System Based on IEEE 802.15.4a (IEEE 802.15.4a 기반의 환경 적응형 위치 추적 시스템에 관한 연구)

  • Jeon Hyeon-Sig;Woo Sung-Hyun;Cho Sang-Do;Na Jong-In;Kim Ki-Hwan;Park Hyun-Ju
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Communications and Information Sciences
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    • v.31 no.5A
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    • pp.526-536
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    • 2006
  • According as Ubiquitous comes, interest for indoor location tracking system was more increased socially. However, existing indoor location tracking system doesn't correspond actively in frequent change of indoor environment, and there is a problem that correct location measurement of transfer object is difficult by NLOS property of indoor environment. Purpose of this paper proposes environment accommodation location tracking system that is improved location precision of transfer object and grasps location of indoor transfer object effectively that is essential element effectively to provide service to satisfy various user's request according as Ubiquitous comes.

Detection Technique of Tracking at Indoor Wiring using Neural Net work (신경회로망을 이용한 옥내배선의 트랙킹 검지 기법)

  • 최태원;이오걸;김석순;이수흠;정원용
    • Fire Science and Engineering
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.3-9
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    • 1995
  • This paper is a study to dectect the tracking owing to deterioration of indoor wiring, and to prevent the electrical fire. After analysing the harmonics of waveshapes in load current and tracking current by FFT, a method of identifying the tracking was developed by using neural network. Fluoscent lamp, witch was mostly used in indoor, was chosen as the load used in this study. When the learning number in neural network was more then 30,000 times, an excellent neural net-work which could correctly identify the tracking was established. Therefore, the result of this study can be utilized as a basic material in various measuring instruments, such as an hotline inslation tester, earth tester in vehicles, and tracking fire alarm device, witch can detect the tracking under the condition of hotline.

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Tendency Analysis of Indoor Natural Ventilation by PST(Particle Streak Tracking) System (PST(Particle Streak Tracking)시스템을 통한 실내자연환기 경향분석)

  • Lee, Keon-Ho;Kim, Hyeon-Soo;Jang, Dae-Hee;Son, Young-Joo
    • KIEAE Journal
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    • v.7 no.6
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    • pp.9-15
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    • 2007
  • Ventilation of buildings provide occupants with comfort and plays a very informant role in supplying indoor ventilation requirement. Also, natural ventilation is more comfortable than forced ventilation taking account of mental comfort. Especially factors, airflow velocity and direction etc., should be reflected in establishment of comfortable indoor environment because indoor airflow can directly affect comfort of occupants. However, a device which enables indoor air movement to be analyzed has not existed until now. Hence, it has mostly depended on simulation results of fluid analysis but the results often differ far from reality. PST(Particle-Streak-Tracking) System, an alternative to improve this problem, is currently applied to natural ventilation in building, air conditioning, and airflow analysis in the inside of a plane etc. This study closely examine the property and strength and weakness of PST that is first introduced into KICT and then evaluate applicable possibility.

A Repeater-Assisted Indoor GPS Signal Acquisition and Tracking (중계기 도움방식의 실내 GPS 신호 획득 및 추적)

  • Song, Ha-Yeong;Im, Sung-Hyuck;Jee, Gyu-In
    • Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems
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    • v.14 no.9
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    • pp.963-968
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    • 2008
  • A new method to deal with GPS indoor positioning by means of time synchronized switching GPS repeater has been developed by authors[1]. But the developed indoor positioning system has problems. Therefore, we proposed a method for indoor positioning using GNSS Repeater-Assisted. To solve the 3-dimensional user's position, the 4 or more retransmission antennas are needed in the previously proposed methods. If a GPS repeater periodically transmits the signal like as pseudollite, the information for assisting an acquisition and tracking can be informed to receiver. Then, the user position can be calculated using the induced weak signal. The advantage of the proposed algorithm is use of only 1 re-transmission antenna because the re-transmitted signal are not used for positioning but used for assisting an acquisition and tracking weak signals induced indoor. We analyze the propose algorithms through the experiment and performed the test of feasibility.

Development of a Dynamic Collision Avoidance Algorithm for Indoor Tracking System Based on Active RFID

  • Han, Se-Kyung;Choi, Yeon-Suk;Iwai, Masayuki;Sezaki, Kaoru
    • KSII Transactions on Internet and Information Systems (TIIS)
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    • v.4 no.5
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    • pp.736-752
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    • 2010
  • We propose a novel collision-avoidance algorithm for the active type RFID regarding an indoor tracking system. Several well-known collision avoidance algorithms are analyzed considering the adequacy for the indoor tracking system. We prove the superiority of the slotted ALOHA in comparison with CSMA for short and fixed length packets like an ID message in RFID. Observed results show that they are not applicable for active type RFID in terms of energy efficiency. Putting these all together, we propose a dedicated collision avoidance algorithm considering the unique features of the indoor tracking system. The proposed method includes a scheduled tag access period (STAP) as well as a random tag access period (RTAP) to address both of the static and dynamic characteristics of the system. The system parameters are determined through a quantitative analysis of the throughput and energy efficiency. Especially, some mathematical techniques have been deployed to obtain the optimal slot count for RTAP. Finally, simulation results are provided to illustrate the performance of the proposed method with variations of the parameters.