• Title, Summary, Keyword: individual rehabilitation

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A Study on the Demographic, Economic and Psychological Characteristics of the Debtors in Individual Rehabilitation Procedures (개인회생 채무자의 경제적.심리적 특성에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Mi-Ra;Hwang, Duck-Soon
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.26 no.5
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    • pp.109-127
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    • 2008
  • There are few studies on the characteristics of debtors in individual rehabilitation procedures, though research in this field is needed. The scarcity of research means that public policy and perception are being made with inadequate information and, to a certain extent, based on personal prejudices and misconceptions. The purpose of this study was to find out demographic, economic and psychological characteristics of debtors in individual rehabilitation procedures. For this study, an in-depth interview was used. The major findings were as follows : The focus of this study is debtors in individual rehabilitation procedures. They were all under 40 and received relatively high educations. Interestingly, they showed a high tendency to use debt and an inability to manage their money. They had short time horizons and imperfect self-control in consumption and borrowing decisions. Monthly income, expenditures, asset and debt of the debtors, and monthly payment to creditors were reported. There were a lot of reasons for their bankruptcy : business failure, job loss, the cost of raising children, and expenditures for entertainment causing them to file for individual rehabilitation procedures. One of the major conclusions of this study was the discovery that their psychological characteristics were nearly the same. The implications of the study suggest that financial education and counseling must consider psychological characteristics.

Contextual and Individual Determinants of Mental Health: A Cross-sectional Multilevel Study in Tehran, Iran

  • Sajjadi, Homeira;Harouni, Gholamreza Ghaedamini;Rafiey, Hassan;Vaez-Mahdavi, Mohammadreza;Vamegh, Meroe;Kamal, Seyed Hossein Mohaqeqi
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
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    • v.53 no.3
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    • pp.189-197
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    • 2020
  • Objectives: Our aim was to answer the following questions: (1) Can mental health variance be partitioned to individual and higher levels (e.g., neighborhood and district); (2) How much (as a percentage) do individual-level determinants explain the variability of mental health at the individual-level; and (3) How much do determinants at the neighborhood- or district-level explain the variability of mental health at the neighborhood- or district-level? Methods: We used raw data from the second round of the Urban Health Equity Assessment and Response Tool in Tehran (in 2012-2013, n=34 700 samples nested in 368 neighborhoods nested in 22 districts) and the results of the official report of Tehran's Center of Studies and Planning (in 2012-2013, n=22 districts). Multilevel linear regression models were used to answer the study questions. Results: Approximately 40% of Tehran residents provided responses suggestive of having mental health disorders (30-52%). According to estimates of residual variance, 7% of mental health variance was determined to be at the neighborhood-level and 93% at the individual-level. Approximately 21% of mental health variance at the individual-level and 49% of the remaining mental health variance at the neighborhood-level were determined by determinants at the individual-level and neighborhood-level, respectively. Conclusions: If we want to make the most effective decisions about the determinants of mental health, in addition to considering the therapeutic perspective, we should have a systemic or contextual view of the determinants of mental health.

Mirror Neuron System and Stroke Rehabilitation (미러뉴런시스템과 뇌졸중 재활)

  • Kim, Sik-Hyun
    • PNF and Movement
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.45-53
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    • 2009
  • Purpose : The purpose of this article was to review the literature on mirror neuron system with reference to its functional diversity in stroke rehabilitation.. Method : This review outlines scientific findings regarding different neurophysiological properties in mirror neurons, and discusses their involvement in process of stroke rehabilitation. Result & Conclusions : Mirror neurons were first discovered in macaque monkey. These neurons, like most neurons in F5 areas in premotor cortex, fired when an individual performs an action, as well as when he/she observes a similar action done by another individual, although originally fired only during action execution. Mirror neurons form a network for motor planning and initiating of motor action. Thus, in stroke rehabilitation based on the mirror neuron-action observation, motor imagery, observation with intent to imitate and imitation-may help activate mirror neuron system for improved outcome of physical therapy. These studies provide a scientific theoretical basis and discuss for the use of mirror neuron system as a complement to clinical physical therapy in stroke rehabilitation.

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INFLUENCE OF INDIVIDUAL TOOTH TRAY ON THE TEETH WITH UNDERCUT IN IMPRESSION TAKING (언더컷이 있는 치아에서 개별 치아 트레이가 인상채득에 미치는 영향)

  • Seo Kowang-Won;Shin Sang-Wan;Lee Jeong-Yeol
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Prosthodontics
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    • v.42 no.1
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    • pp.11-20
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    • 2004
  • Problem : The several studies were reported to the effects of individual tooth tray with the parallel tooth, but not reported to the effect of individual tooth tray with severe undercut in impression making. Purpose : The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of individual tooth tray; 1) the accuracy of impression in terms of distance. 2) reproducibility of pocket. Material and methods : In this study, a metal model with 3 teeth including tooth prepared 30-degree undercut and gingival crevice of the depth 5mm, width 0.4mm was cast. Impressions of the metal model were taken in 5 times used 4 kinds of impression materials with individual tooth tray and another impression taking were made with conventional method without individual tooth, used same materials, procedure. The stone models were made. Distances between abutments were measured with a Micromeasurescoup-mm. Result : The following results were obtained ; 1. In the comparisonof inter-abutment distance between parallel tooth without individual tooth tray, 4elastomeric materials have not significant difference to the metal model(p>0.05). 2. In the comparisonof inter-abutment distance with undercut tooth without individual tooth tray, 4elastomeric materials have a significant difference to the metal model(p<0.05), especially polyether's dimensional change is large. 3. If individual tooth tray was used to take impression in abutment teeth with severe undercut, more stable results was achieved easily than conventional method. (p>0.05). 4. It is not true that the pressure of impression material with individual tooth tray increased to gingival sulcus. Conclusion : By the results, I knew the fact that individual tooth tray was useful impression method on the teeth with severe undercut for the dimensional stability. Also, I could not confirm the fact that individual tooth tray would increase the penetrating pressure into cervice.

Rehabilitation Priority Decision Model for Sewer Systems (하수관거시스템 개량 우선순위 결정 모형)

  • Lee, Jung-Ho;Park, Moo-Jong;Kim, Joong-Hoon
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation
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    • v.8 no.6
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    • pp.7-14
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    • 2008
  • The main objective of sewer rehabilitation is to improve its function while eliminating inflow/infiltration (I/I). If we can identify the amount of I/I for an individual pipe, it is possible to estimate the I/Is of sub-areas clearly. However, in real, the amount of I/I for an individual pipe is almost impossible to be obtained due to the limitation of cost and time. In this study, I/I occurrence of each sewer pipe is estimated using AHP (Analytic Hierarch Process) and RPDM (Rehabilitation Priority Decision Model for sewer system) was developed using the estimated I/I of each pipe to perform the efficient sewer rehabilitation. Based on the determined amount of I/I for an individual pipe, the RPDM determines the optimal rehabilitation priority (ORP) using a genetic algorithm for sub-areas in term of minimizing the amount of I/I occurring while the rehabilitation process is performed. The benefit obtained by implementing the ORP for rehabilitation of sub-areas is estimated by the only waste water treatment cost (WWTC) of I/I which occurs during the sewer rehabilitation period. The results of the ORP were compared with those of a numerical weighting method (NWM) which is the decision method for the rehabilitation priority in the general sewer rehabilitation practices and the worst order which are other methods to determine the rehabilitation order of sub-areas in field. The ORP reduced the WWTC by 22% compared to the NWM and by 40% compared to the worst order.

Athletic Shoulder I -Rehabilitation of the Injured Athletes-

  • Lee Yong Geol
    • The Academic Congress of Korean Shoulder and Elbow Society
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    • pp.54-59
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    • 2002
  • $\bullet$ Rehabilitation should be based on an understanding pathology and abnormal arthrokinematics and biomechanics. $\bullet$ Rehabilitation should be kept in mind to play a vital role in the successful outcome after shoulder injuries or surgeries. $\bullet$ Program should emphasize treating the cause and not just the symptoms. $\bullet$ Maintenance of the normal scapulohumeral and scapulothoracic rhythm and optimal strength should be re-established with rehabilitation. $\bullet$ Program modification and appropriate progression must be peformed on an individual basis.

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Keyform Analysis of Rasch Measurement Accessible to Clinicians in Rehabilitation Clinics

  • Choi, Bong-Sam
    • Physical Therapy Korea
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.74-81
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    • 2014
  • The versions of the Oswestry disability questionnaire (ODQ) is regarded as one of the most extensively used condition-specific instruments measuring disability resulting from low back pain. It has been shown to have adequate psychometrics, reliability, validity, and responsiveness as a whole, yet the summated total score of the instrument often provide little information to rehabilitation clinicians. A keyform analysis based on Rasch measurement model is an innovative way of illustrating the specific test items that an individual may or may not perform. By applying the keyform of the Rasch measurement model to the ODQ, rehabilitation clinicians may able to select more challenging ODQ items matching an individual's ability and document them as attainable treatment goals. The results demonstrated how a keyform analysis assist to setting possible goals for the treatment of individuals with low back pain. Forty-two individuals with low back pain were recruited from rehabilitation clinics in Gainesville, Florida. A series of Rasch analyses on the 10 items of the ODQ were performed using Winsteps software. The performance of two individuals on those 10 items was illustrated on the keyform. The keyform analysis of the Rasch measurement model may be translated into a useful tool for making clinical judgements.

Effects of Stressors on the Depression of Users of Individual Rehabilitation System : Focusing on the Moderating Effects of Hope (개인회생제도 이용자의 스트레스 요인이 우울에 미치는 영향 : 희망의 조절효과를 중심으로)

  • Jeon, Byeong-Joo
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.13 no.7
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    • pp.393-402
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    • 2015
  • This study used 236 users of individual rehabilitation system in the regions of Daejeon, Sejong, Chungnam and Chungbuk to review the effects that stressors have on the depression. During this process, the moderating effect of the factor, 'perception of hope', was verified. The data were analyzed using PASW Statistics 18.0. Major findings are as follows; First, the depression found in study subjects was higher than average. Second, there was a significant difference in the depression across groups in accordance with age, residential area, education level, social participation. Third, factors affecting the depression were identified to be residential area, social participation, health, economy and family of stressors, hope. Fourth, hope appeared to have a moderating effect in the relation between health, economy, family of stressors and depression. Based on these findings, the study presents practical and integrated measures to deter depression users of individual rehabilitation system.

Sexual Adjustment Process of Individuals with Spinal cord Injury (척수 장애인의 성적 적응 경험)

  • Kang, Hyun-Sook;Koh, Jung-Eun;Suh, Yeon-Ok;Yee, Oon-Hee
    • The Korean Journal of Rehabilitation Nursing
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.80-97
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    • 2000
  • The purpose of this study is to identify and describe a process of sexual adjustment of individuals with spinal cord injury: and to describe and explore positive and negative influences on the adjustment process. This qualitative study was conducted with 10 Korean individuals with spinal cord injury who had been physically disabled for more than one year. Data were collected and analysed at a same time using grounded theory method. Major categories of this study showed a process how the individuals with spinal cord injury adjust to their individual life as sexual beings. The process included and individual responses to the behavioral efforts including and . Initially physical aspects of sexuality seemed to be affected by spinal cord injuries. The changed physical aspects then influenced other aspects of their sexual life. Life satisfaction of each individual as a sexual being revealed as very subjective. It could be defined according to how the individual approved their sexual life no matter what and how much behavioral effort the person had done. In this study 3 types of sexual adjustment aspects were explored: 'Active adjustment' 'Passive adjustment' 'Maladjustment'. There were negative and positive factors influencing the adjustment process of individuals with spinal cord injury. Those factors might come from themselves, from families, or from social situations. Findings of this study suggested that sexual life of individuals with spinal cord injury should not be understood as a physical or behavioral matter. It was a combination of physical, psychological and social aspects of life. Therefore, appropriate rehabilitation programs for the sexual adjustment of individuals with spinal cord injury need to concern heterogeneous life values of them and obtain individualized services for each individual at a different stage of the sexual adjustment process.

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Experiences of Mothers of Premature Infants Receiving Rehabilitation Therapy

  • Kang, Hyun-Ju
    • Child Health Nursing Research
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.298-309
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore and develop a deeper understanding of the experiences of mothers of premature children receiving rehabilitation therapy. Methods: The participants were 12 mothers with premature children who had received rehabilitation therapy for over 1 year. Individual in-depth interviews were conducted from July to August 2017. The data were analyzed through the phenomenological research method. Results: The participants' experience was structured into five thematic clusters: 'Regret and guilt that premature birth led to rehabilitation therapy', 'Burden of life in an endless tunnel', 'Changes in personal relationships surrounding me and my child', 'Meaning of new life through my child', and 'Desire to expand the rehabilitation of premature infants'. Conclusion: The results of this study will be helpful for developing family-centered care programs for premature infants at high risk of developmental disorders.