• Title, Summary, Keyword: indigenous species

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Unrecorded species of Korean metazoans discovered through the project of "Discovery of Korean Indigenous Species" (2006-2010)

  • Song, Ji-Hun;Han, Yeong-Deok;Lee, Won-Koo;Kim, Il-Hoi;Paik, Sang-Gyu;Lee, Jongrak;Soh, Ho Young;Lee, Wonchoel;Jung, Jongwoo;Kim, Sa Heung;Lee, Jun-Sang;Kim, Joo-Pil;Park, Taeseo;Yoo, Jung-Sun;Kil, Hyun-Jong;Nam, Eunjung;Min, Gi-Sik
    • Journal of Species Research
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    • v.6 no.spc
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    • pp.164-171
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    • 2017
  • A research project entitled "Discovery of Korean Indigenous Species" was launched in 2006, and has been carried on as a continuous project until now. The main purpose of this project is to find undiscovered species on the Korean peninsula and ultimately register these species in the "National List of Species of Korea". In this paper, we present 79 unrecorded species of the Korean metazoans. All species were obtained from the final reports of "Discovery of Korean Indigenous Species" which were performed during the first five years of the project, 2006 to 2010.

The Use of Plants in Indigenous Health Care Practice of the Hajong Tribe Community in North Eastern Bangladesh

  • Rana, Md. Parvez;Sohel, Md. Shawkat Islam;Akhter, Sayma;Hassan, Mohammad Rakibul
    • Journal of Forest and Environmental Science
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.25-33
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    • 2009
  • An ethno-medical investigation was carried out to understand the use of plants in indigenous health care practice of the Hajong tribe community in North Eastern Bangladesh. The study of ethnobotany relating to any tribe is in itself a very intricate or long-winded process. The present study was done through structured questionnaires in consultations with the tribal practitioners and has resulted in the documentation of 25 plant species belonging to 21 families including herbs (36%), shrubs (32%), trees (28%) and climber (4%) were frequently used by the Hajong tribe for curing 27 ailments. For curing ailments, the use of aboveground plant parts was higher (86.67%) than the underground plant parts (13.33%). Leaf was used in the majority of cases for medicinal preparation (13 species), followed by fruits (7 species), root/rhizome (4 species), whole plant (3 species) and besides these, seed, latex and bark were used one species each, respectively. The study thus underlines the potentials of the ethnobotanical research and the need for the documentation of indigenous healthcare knowledge pertaining to the medicinal plant utilization for the greater benefit of mankind.

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Five new records of ostracods (Crustacea) from Korea

  • Yoo, Hyunsu;Huyen, Pham Thi Minh;Karanovic, Ivana
    • Journal of Species Research
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    • v.6 no.spc
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    • pp.220-226
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    • 2017
  • We briefly report the observation of five ostracod species: Scottia birigida Smith, Matzke-Karasz, Kamiya and Ikeda, 2002; Codonocera mortenseni Poulsen, 1962; Pyrocypris noctiluca Kajiyama, 1912; Euconchoecia cf. chierchiae Muller, 1890; and E. pacifica Chavtur, 1976. All five species are new records of Korean ostracod fauna. Specimens were collected during the 2014-2016 Korean Indigenous Species project. For three species we also include mtCO1 sequences. Currently, there are 65 published reports of indigenous Korean ostracod species.

Unrecorded species of Korean ciliates (Protozoa, Ciliophora) discovered through the project of "Discovery of Korean Indigenous Species" (2006-2010)

  • Park, Mi-Hyun;Han, Yeong-Deok;Kwon, Choon Bong;Lee, Eun Sun;Kim, Ji Hye;Kang, Youn Seung;Kim, Se-Joo;Yang, Hee-Min;Park, Taeseo;Yoo, Jung-Sun;Kil, Hyun-Jong;Nam, Eunjung;Shin, Mann Kyoon;Min, Gi-Sik
    • Journal of Species Research
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    • v.6 no.spc
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    • pp.172-176
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    • 2017
  • In this list-format paper, we present unrecorded species of Korean ciliates (phylum Ciliophora). All species were selected from the final reports of the project: "Discovery of Korean Indigenous Species". This project has been carried out to discover and record various Korean indigenous species since 2006 and is funded by the National Institute of Biological Resources (NIBR). Among the various species, ciliates were a major taxon that was highlighted in this project as a speciose group categorized under Protozoa. This paper contains reports of 38 ciliates (8 classes, 16 orders, 23 families, and 34 genera) observed in Korea during the initial five years of the project (2006-2010).

Newly recorded diatom species in marine and fresh water of Korea

  • Lee, Jin Hwan;Park, Joon Sang
    • Journal of Ecology and Environment
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    • v.38 no.4
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    • pp.545-562
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    • 2015
  • A study on indigenous diatoms was carried out at 71 sites during the period from April 1999 to August 2014 in marine and fresh water in Korea. Forty species of diatoms are new to Korea and they are divided into three classes, six subclasses, 13 orders, 19 families, and 28 genera. The nomenclatures, references, dimensions, specimens examined, local habitat, distribution in Korea, and photograph are reported here. The 40 species found in marine and fresh water showed speciesspecific habitats.

Anaplasma marginale and A. platys Characterized from Dairy and Indigenous Cattle and Dogs in Northern Vietnam

  • Chien, Nguyen Thi Hong;Nguyen, Thi Lan;Bui, Khanh Linh;Van Nguyen, Tho;Le, Thanh Hoa
    • The Korean Journal of Parasitology
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    • v.57 no.1
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    • pp.43-47
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    • 2019
  • Anaplasma marginale and A. platys were detected and characterized (16S rDNA sequence analysis) from dairy and indigenous cattle, and the latter in domestic dogs in Vietnam. A phylogenetic tree was inferred from 26 representative strains/species of Anaplasma spp. including 10 new sequences from Vietnam. Seven of our Vietnamese sequences fell into the clade of A. marginale and 3 into A. platys, with strong nodal support of 99 and 90%, respectively. Low genetic distances (0.2-0.4%) within each species supported the identification. Anaplasma platys is able to infect humans. Our discovery of this species in cattle and domestic dogs raises considerable concern about zoonotic transmission in Vietnam. Further systematic investigations are needed to gain data for Anaplasma spp. and members of Anaplasmataceae in animal hosts, vectors and humans across Vietnam.

An Evaluation of Informal Environmental Education Program Based on Evaluation Procedure Model - A Case Study on the Evaluation of Non-Indigenous, Invasive Species Management Program in New York State - (절차 모형에 따른 사회 환경교육 프로그램의 평가 - 뉴욕주의 외래종 관리 프로그램 평가 사례를 중심으로 -)

  • ;Marianne E. Krasny
    • Hwankyungkyoyuk
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.83-100
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    • 2002
  • This study introduced various theories and related studies on the evaluation of informal environmental education programs and suggested an evaluation procedure for them. The case study on the procedure and the result of Non-indigenous, Invasive Species Management/Education program evaluation was provided, which was conducted by Cornell University in cooperation with Cornell Cooperative Extension, The Nature Conservancy, and Finger Lake Land Trust. The procedure model that was used in this study was based on Herman et al. (1987) and slightly modified for the environmental education program evaluation. The procedure and results indicated that the implementation of NIS management/education program properly accomplished it's intended goal and objectives. This study also specifically described its implications for the evaluation of environmental education programs in informal settings.

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Growth of the Indigenous Red-tide Phytoplankton Assemblage with the Addition of Limiting Nutrients (제한영양염 첨가에 따른 자생 적조 식물플랑크톤의 증식)

  • Lee, Young-Sik
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.15 no.10
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    • pp.961-966
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    • 2006
  • An algal assay procedure using an indigenous phytoplankton assemblage was tested to estimate the propagation of red tide phytoplankton species and determine the optimal time interval at which to measure growth yield in eutrophic marine waters where red tides frequently occur. Various red tide phytoplankton species were propagated on a large scale by adding nitrogen or phosphorous. This procedure was useful for estimating the limiting nutrient, elucidating the mechanisms underlying red tides, and determining the levels of increases in organic matter in eutrophic coastal waters. The algal assay using indigenous C. polykrikoides showed that this species did not always propagate, apparently because of very low concentrations of trigger elements that are necessary for its growth, rather than as a result of other environmental characteristics, e.g., water temperature or stress from sampling. In the winter, when water temperatures are lower than in spring, summer, or autumn, maximum propagation and the limiting nutrient could be estimated by measuring phytoplankton biomass at 2 - 3-day intervals. However, in the other seasons, when water temperatures are higher, phytoplankton biomass should be measured at 2-day intervals. In particular, daily monitoring will be required to determine precise growth yields in warm seasons.

New Records of Genus Dinophysis, Gonyaulax, Amphidinium, Heterocapsa (Dinophyceae) from Korean Waters

  • Kang, Su-Min;Lee, Joon-Baek
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Biology
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    • v.36 no.3
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    • pp.260-270
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    • 2018
  • A study describing unrecorded and taxonomically undescribed indigenous species is in progress since 2006. Samples were collected from many sites in coastal waters and offshore of Korea as well as from Jeju Island. Since 2008, we have found ten unrecorded species of four genera belonging to family Dinophysaceae, Gonyaulacaceae, Gymnodiniaceae, and Heterocapsaceae. The species are as follows, Dinophysis elongata (2016 winter), D. nasuta (2016 winter), Gonyaulax alaskensis (2016 winter), G. diegensis (2017), G. monospina (2008), Amphidinium flagellans(2017), Heterocapsa circularisquama (2017), H. horiguchii (2017), H. lanceolata (2017), and H. pygmaea (2017) (note; The numbers in the parenthesis refer to the year in which the species was reported as unrecorded indigenous species by National Institute of Biological Resources, NIBR hereafter). Among them, seven species were described as newly recorded species in Korean waters, and three have been re-described in this study.

Acute Toxicity Test of Heavy Metals Using Korean Freshwater Shrimp, Neocardina denticulata (국내 담수새우인 새뱅이 (Neocardina denticulata)를 이용한 중금속의 급성독성시험)

  • Ryu, Ji-Sung;Kim, Eun-Kyoung;Moon, Ye-Ryeon;Kim, Hyun-Mi;Kim, Hak-Joo;Choi, Kyung-Hee
    • Environmental Analysis Health and Toxicology
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.171-175
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    • 2007
  • Indigenous species means a species that is likely, due to historical presence, to occur at a specified site for some portion of its life span. Therefore, indigenous species can be useful as an indicator to assess environmental risk caused by hazardous chemicals in a specific site. So far a few toxicity studies using freshwater species which are indigenous to Korea have been carried out. In this study, a freshwater shrimp (Neocardina denticulata) indigenous to Korea was used for acute toxicity test of heavy metals. Neocardina denticulata were exposed to cadmium chloride $(CdCl_2)$, copper chloride $(CuCl_2)$ and zinc chloride $(ZnCl_2)$ using automatic flow-through system for 96 hours. The 96h LC50s were calculated as 0.043 $(0.042{\sim}0.045)mg\;CdCl_2/L,\;0.104(0.098{\sim}0.113)mg\; CuCl_2/L\;and\;2.021\;(1.633{\sim}2.594)mg\;ZnCl_2/L$. When compaired with some international standard species such as medaka(Oryzias latipes), Neocardina denticulata had high sensitivity. Therefore, this study suggested that Neocardina denticulata have possibilities for a sensitive test species to test heavy metal toxicity in aqua-system.