• Title, Summary, Keyword: incidental finding

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Prevalences of Incidental Findings in Trauma Patients by Abdominal and Pelvic Computed Tomography

  • Lee, Jin Young;Jung, Myung Jae;Lee, Jae Gil;Lee, Seung Hwan
    • Journal of Trauma and Injury
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.61-67
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: Abdominal and pelvic computed tomography (APCT) is frequently used as a diagnostic tool in trauma patients. However, trauma unrelated, incidental findings are frequently encountered. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalences of incidental findings on APCT scans in trauma patients. Methods: The archived records of 801 trauma patients treated from January 2013 to December 2015 were reviewed retrospectively. Six hundred and forty of these patients underwent contrast enhanced APCT in an emergency department and were included in this study, and 205 (32.1%) of these patients had incidental findings. These findings were divided into two categories: category I, meaning a radiological benign finding not requiring further evaluation or follow-up, and category II, requiring further evaluation and follow-up. Results: One hundred and sixty (24.8%) patients were allocated to category I and 45 (7.2%) to category II. The most frequent incidental findings were discovered in kidneys (34.6%), followed by liver (28.8%), and gallbladder (15.6%). The most frequent finding in category I was a benign cyst (60.1%), followed by a simple stone (15.6%), and hemangioma (11.9%). Adenomyomatosis of the gallbladder (17.8%) was the most common lesion in category II, followed by atypical mass (15.6%), complicated stone (15.6%) and cystic neoplasm (15.6%). Conclusion: The prevalence of an incidental finding on APCT scans was 32.1%. Although category II lesions were not common in trauma patients, these findings should be communicated to patients, and when necessary referred to a primary care physician. Systems are required for producing appropriate discharge summaries and informing patients about the implications of incidental findings.

Is it Necessary to Submit Grossly Normal Looking Gall Bladder Specimens for Histopathological Examination?

  • Tayeb, Muhammad;Rauf, Fozia;Ahmad, Khurshid;Khan, Faiz Muhammad
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.1535-1538
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    • 2015
  • Background: The objectives of the study were to: 1) determine the frequency of incidental malignancy in unsuspected/grossly normal looking gall bladders; 2) determine the frequency of malignancy in suspected/grossly abnormal looking gall bladders. Materials and Methods: This prospective, cross sectional study was carried out at a tertiary care hospital in Pakistan, during a four year period (Jan 2009-dec2012). All the cholecystectomy cases performed for gallstone diseases were examined initially by a surgeon and later on by a pathologist for macroscopic abnormalities and accordingly assigned to one of the three categories i.e. grossly normal, suspicious, abnormal/malignant. Frequency of incidental carcinoma in these categories was observed after receiving the final histopathology report. Results: A total of 426 patients underwent cholecystectomy for cholelithiasis, with a 1:4 male: female ratio. Mean age of the patients was 45 years with a range of 17-80 years. The frequency of incidental gallbladder carcinoma was found to be 0.70 %(n=3). All the cases of gallbladder carcinoma were associated with some macroscopic abnormality. Not a single case of incidental carcinoma gallbladder was diagnosed in 383 'macroscopically normal looking' gallbladders. Conclusions: Incidental finding of gall bladder cancer was not observed in any of macroscopically normal looking gall bladders and all the cases reported as carcinoma gallbladder had some gross abnormality that made them suspicious. We suggest histopathologic examination of only those gall bladders with some gross abnormality.

Clinical Features and Prognosis of Patients with Benign Thyroid Disease Accompanied by an Incidental Papillary Carcinoma

  • Wang, Shi-Fu;Zhao, Wen-He;Wang, Wei-Bin;Teng, Xiao-Dong;Teng, Li-Song;Ma, Zhi-Min
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.707-711
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: To investigate the clinical features and prognosis of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) with a background of benign disease. Method: A total of 709 patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma undergoing surgical resection were analyzed retrospectively. In 147 patients who underwent surgery for benign thyroid disease, incidental PTC (IPC group) were identified by intraoperative or postoperative pathological examination of surgical specimens but were not detected by preoperative imaging studies. In the other group, according to the pathological examination with or without co-existing benign thyroid disease, 253 cases were clarified as concomitant PTC and 309 cases were clarified as dominant PTC. Results: Incidental PTC was more common in women, about 85.7%, the mean age was $47.6{\pm}11.3$ years old. Average tumor diameter was $4.4{\pm}2.2$ mm, multiple lesions accounted for 12.9% (19/147), and the cervical lymph node metastasis rate was 6.1% (9/147). After radical resection 8 cases recurred, the median time of recurrence was about 12 months (0.5 to 162), there was no tumor-related death. The tumor-free survival rates were 97.3%, 95.9%, 91.5%, and 79.3% in 1, 5, 10 and 14 year respectively. Conclusion: Incidental PTC with a background of benign lesions is common, and the generally good prognosis can be attributed to tumor early detection and early treatment. On the intraoperative finding of incidental PTC, lobectomy (unilateral) or total thyroidectomy (bilateral) should be the first choice, but with a postoperative pathologic finding of incidental PTC, further treatment, such as completion thyroidectomy or immediate lymph dissection is not necessary. Central lymph node dissection is also not needed unless lymphadenectasis is present.

Multiple intraosseous cervical pneumatocysts: A case report of a rare incidental finding on cone-beam computed tomography

  • Jadhav, Aniket B.;Sarah, Sangeetha Gajendran;Cederberg, Robert;Wagh, Aditya;Kiat-amnuay, Sudarat
    • Imaging Science in Dentistry
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    • v.48 no.3
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    • pp.223-226
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    • 2018
  • This report presents a case of cervical pneumatocysts as an incidental finding on cone-beam computed tomography. Pneumatocysts are gas-containing lesions of unknown etiology. They usually present in the ilium or sacrum, adjacent to the sacroiliac joint. In the literature, 21 case reports have described cervical pneumatocysts. Cervical pneumatocysts should be differentiated from other lesions, such as osteomyelitis, osteonecrosis, and neoplasms, as well as post-traumatic and post-surgical cases. Computed tomography, cone-beam computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging are appropriate tools to diagnose cervical pneumatocysts.

A Case of Tracheal Diverticulum that is an Incidental Finding at Preoperative Computed Tomography (수술전 컴퓨터 단층 촬영에서 우연히 발견된 기관 게실 1예)

  • Lee, Dong-Hoon;Jo, Si-Young;Lee, Chang-Joon;Lee, Joon-Kyoo
    • Korean Journal of Head & Neck Oncology
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    • v.27 no.1
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    • pp.77-79
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    • 2011
  • Tracheal diverticulum is very rare, that is usually an incidental finding at routine chest computed tomography scan. Differential diagnosis of tracheal diverticulum includes pharyngocele, laryngocele, Zenker diverticulum, apical lung hernia, blebs and bulla, and pneumomediastinum. Treatment options can be devided into medical and surgical. The majority of patients is asymptomatic and requires no specific intervention. We experienced one case of tracheal diverticulum in patient with tongue cancer and report it with reviews of literature.

Incidental finding of an extensive oropharyngeal mass in magnetic resonance imaging of a patient with temporomandibular disorder: A case report

  • Omolehinwa, Temitope T.;Mupparapu, Mel;Akintoye, Sunday O.
    • Imaging Science in Dentistry
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    • v.46 no.4
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    • pp.285-290
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    • 2016
  • In this report, we describe the incidental finding of an oropharyngeal mass in a patient who presented with a chief complaint of temporomandibular pain. The patient was initially evaluated by an otorhinolaryngologist for complaints of headaches, earache, and sinus congestion. Due to worsening headaches and trismus, he was further referred for the management of temporomandibular disorder. The clinical evaluation was uneventful except for limited mouth opening (trismus). An advanced radiological evaluation using magnetic resonance imaging revealed a mass in the nasopharyngeal/oropharyngeal region. The mass occupied the masticatory space and extended superioinferiorly from the skull base to the mandible. A diagnostic biopsy of the lesion revealed a long­standing human papilloma virus (HPV­16)­positive squamous cell carcinoma of the oropharynx. This case illustrates the need for the timely radiological evaluation of seemingly innocuous orofacial pain.

Surgical Management for Incidental Finding of an Intrapulmonary Foreign Body - A case report (우연히 발견된 폐내 이물의 수술적 치료 -1예 보고-)

  • Ko, Moo-Sung;Lee, Sub;Park, Ki-Sung
    • The Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
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    • v.39 no.3
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    • pp.248-250
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    • 2006
  • A 48-years-old woman was visited to our hospital because of incidental finding of intrapulmonary foreign body. Chest X-ray showed a 4cm sized foreign body in left upper lung field without adjacent fibrosis. Chest CT showed a sewing needle shaped foreign body of metallic density, located in the 113ft upper lobe. The foreign bodies including the needle were removed surgically using a wedge resection. The extracted needle was divided into three 4 cm pieces. Patient was discharged without other respiratory symptoms after surgery. We report a case of wedge resection in a patient with intrapulmonary needle in the left upper lobe, with review of literatures.

Incidental findings in a consecutive series of digital panoramic radiographs

  • MacDonald, David;Yu, Warrick
    • Imaging Science in Dentistry
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    • v.50 no.1
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    • pp.53-64
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    • 2020
  • Purpose: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of incidental findings(IFs) on digital dental panoramic radiographs(DPRs) of asymptomatic patients attending a general dental practice. Materials and Methods: This was a retrospective study of 6,252 consecutive digital (photostimulatable phosphor) DPRs of patients who visited a Canadian general dental practice for a complete new patient examination. The IFs were grouped into dental-related anomalies, radiopacities and radiopacities in the jaws, changes in the shape of the condyles, and other findings in the jaws, such as tonsilloliths and mucosal antral pseudocysts. Their prevalence was determined. Results: Thirty-two percent of the DPRs showed at least 1 IF. The highest prevalence was found for dental-related anomalies(29% of all DPRs), of which impacted teeth were the most prevalent finding (24% of all DPRs), followed by idiopathic osteosclerosis(6% of all DPRs). A lower prevalence was noted for tonsilloliths(3%), and the prevalence of root tips, mucosal antral pseudocysts, and anomalies in condylar shape was approximately 1% each. Conclusion: The observed prevalence of 32.1% for IFs of any type underscores the need for a dental practitioner to review the entire DPR when a patient presents for an initial dental examination (or check-up) or for dental hygiene. Only a single IF (a central giant cell granuloma) provoked alarm, as it was initially considered malignant. Similarly, impacted teeth and suspected cysts need careful evaluation upon discovery to determine how they may be optimally managed.

Pleural Lipoma; A Case Report (흉막지방종의 수술치험;1례 보고)

  • 양성린
    • The Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
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    • v.26 no.6
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    • pp.505-506
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    • 1993
  • Lipomas are common tumors occuring mostly in the skin and subcutaneous tissue. This tumors are rare in the thorax. They frequently represent on incidental roentgengraphic finding or symptomes depending primarily on their location and size. The patient was 23-month-old male complained of fever and coughing. His chest X-ray and CT scan were revealed soft tissue density featured of pleural mass in the left lower hemithorax. And thoracotomy was performed for accurate diagnosis and treatment. So, experience of parietal pleural lipoma is reported here in.

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