• Title, Summary, Keyword: immunostimulation

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Glucose Deprivation and Immunostimulation Induced Death in Rat Primary Astrocytes is Mediated by Their Synergistic Effect on the Decrease in Cellular ATP Level

  • Choi, Ji-Woong;Yoo, Byoung-Kwon;Yoon, Seo-Young;Jeon, Mi-Jin;Ko, Kwang-Ho
    • Biomolecules & Therapeutics
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.25-33
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    • 2004
  • In this study we investigated whether ATP loss was involved in the potentiated death of immunostimulated rat primary astrocytes in glucose-deprived condition. Rat primary astrocytes immunostimulated with LPS plus IFN-${\gamma}$ for 48 h underwent death upon glucose deprivation, which dependent on the production of peroxynitrite. Intracellular ATP level synergistically decreased by glucose deprivation in immunostimulated astrocytes but not in control cells, and the loss of ATP occurred well ahead of the LDH release. The synergistic cell death and ATP loss by immunostimulation and glucose deprivation were inhibited by iNOS inhibitor (L-NAME and L-NNA) or peroxynitrite decomposition catalyst (also a superoxide anion scavenger), Mn(III)tetrakis(N-methyl-4'-pyridyl)porphyrin (MnTMPyP). Exogenous addition of peroxynitrite generator, SIN-l timedependently induced ATP loss and cell death in the glucose-deprived astrocytes. Depletion of intracellular glutathione (GSH) and dis겨ption of mitochondrial transmembrane potential (MTP) were also observed under same conditions. Supply cellular ATP by the addition of exogenous adenosine or ATP during glucose deprivation inhibited ATP depletion, GSH depletion, MTP disruption and cell death in SIN-l treated or immunostimulated astrocytes. This study showed that perturbation in the regulation of intracellular ATP level in immunostimulated astrocytes might make them more vulnerable to energy challenging stimuli.

HOW TO DEVELOPE NEW PRO BIOTIC WITH ANTI Helicohacter pylori FUNCTION

  • Lee Yeonhee
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition Conference
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    • pp.161-169
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    • 2001
  • Lactic acid producing bacteria were isolated from baby feces and characterized to be used as a probiotic with anti Helicobacter pylori functions. The selected bacteria had inhibition activity on the adherance and growth of H. pylori. These bacteria had additional beneficial characteristics for the probiotic such as antibacterial activity, antitumor activity, immunostimulation activity, resistance to antibiotic and bile salt, ability to bind to the intestinal cells, and safe for the human use.

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Immunostimulation Activity of the Crude Polysaccharides Fractionated from Eleutherococcus senticosus, and its Application to Prevent of Tumors by Combination Therapy with Cisplatin (오가피로부터 분리된 조다당 분획물의 면역자극활성 및 Cisplatin과의 병용에 의한 항암 상승작용의 유도)

  • 하은숙;황수현;유광원;신광순;조형민;김창한;박우문;윤택준
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.47 no.3
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    • pp.159-166
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    • 2003
  • In order to study the clinical usefulness of crude polysaccharides fractionated from Eleutherococcus senticosus, EN-3, in eliminating tumors, we have investigated the effect of combination therapy on the murine tumor metastasis and growth models. In experimental metastasis of colon26-M3.1 cells, prophylactic intravenous (i.v.) administration of EN-3 (0.5, 5, and 50 $\mu\textrm{g}$/mouse) inhibited tumor metastasis compared with tumor control group in 33.6, 66.8, and 81.8% respectively. The administration of EN-3 (50 $\mu\textrm{g}$/mouse) also exhibited a 66.1% therapeutic effect on lung tumor metastasis. Although EN-3 induced no toxic effect on both tumor cell and normal splenocyte in the concentration below 100 $\mu\textrm{g}$/mι in in vitro, it induced significant proliferating activity on normal splenocyte in the concentration-dependent manner. In an analysis of NK-cell activity, i.v. administration of EN-3 (4∼100 $\mu\textrm{g}$/mouse) significantly augmented NK cytotoxicity to YAC-1 tumor cells. The combination treatments of cisplatin (10 $\mu\textrm{g}$) and EN-3 (5 $\mu\textrm{g}$) induced synergistic effect on the inhibition of tumor metastasis in experimental tumor metastasis model produced by colon26-M3.1 cells. In addition, the combination treatments also exhibited prolongation of lifespan in S∼180 tumor bearing mouse for over the 60 days. Even though cisplatin (2.5 $\mu\textrm{g}$/mι) exhibited cytotoxicity to tumor cells and inhibited tumor growth over 95% in in vitro, combination treatment with EN-3 (20 $\mu\textrm{g}$/mι) was induced splenocyte proliferation and produced cytokines, such as TNF-$\alpha$, IL-1 and IL-12, from the macrophages. These results suggested that EN-3 stimulate immune system non-specifically and apply to the biological response modifiers (BRM) in chemo-immunotherapy for tumor prevention.

In Vitro Studies on Phytochemical Content, Antioxidant, Anticancer, Immunomodulatory, and Antigenotoxic Activities of Lemon, Grapefruit, and Mandarin Citrus Peels

  • Diab, Kawthar AE
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.17 no.7
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    • pp.3559-3567
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    • 2016
  • Background: In recent years, there has been considerable research on recycling of agro-industrial waste for production of bioactive compounds. The food processing industry produces large amounts of citrus peels that may be an inexpensive source of useful agents. Objective: The present work aimed to explore the phytochemical content, antioxidant, anticancer, antiproliferation, and antigenotxic activities of lemon, grapefruit, and mandarin peels. Materials and Methods: Peels were extracted using 98% ethanol and the three crude extracts were assessed for their total polyphenol content (TPC), total flavonoid content (TFC), and antioxidant activity using DPPH (1, 1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl). Their cytotoxic and mitogenic proliferation activities were also studied in human leukemia HL-60 cells and mouse splenocytes by CCK-8 assay. In addition, genotoxic/antigenotoxic activity was explored in mouse splenocytes using chromosomal aberrations (CAs) assay. Results: Lemon peels had the highest of TPC followed by grapefruit and mandarin. In contrast, mandarin peels contained the highest of TFC followed by lemon and grapefruit peels. Among the extracts, lemon peel possessed the strongest antioxidant activity as indicated by the highest DPPH radical scavenging, the lowest effective concentration 50% ($EC_{50}=42.97{\mu}g\;extract/mL$), and the highest Trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity (TEAC=0.157). Mandarin peel exhibited moderate cytotoxic activity ($IC_{50}=77.8{\mu}g/mL$) against HL-60 cells, whereas grapefruit and lemon peels were ineffective anti-leukemia. Further, citrus peels possessed immunostimulation activity via augmentation of proliferation of mouse splenocytes (T-lymphocytes). Citrus extracts exerted non-cytotoxic, and antigenotoxic activities through remarkable reduction of CAs induced by cisplatin in mouse splenocytes for 24 h. Conclusions: The phytochemical constituents of the citrus peels may exert biological activities including anticancer, immunostimulation and antigenotoxic potential.

Enhancement of Immunostimulation by Fractionation of Active Polysaccharide from Fermented Ginseng with Phellinus linteus Mycelium in Solid Culture (면역활성 증진을 위한 수삼의 상황버섯 균사체 고체배양으로 조제된 수삼발효물로부터 활성 다당류 분획)

  • Kim, Hoon;Yoon, Hyun-Seok;Jeong, Jae-Hyun;Jeong, Heon-Sang;Hwang, Jong-Hyun;Yu, Kwang-Won
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.42 no.2
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    • pp.223-232
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    • 2010
  • Crude polysaccharide (WG-PL-CP) was fractionated from fermented ginseng with Phellinus linteus in solid culture to enhance the immunostimulation of ginseng. WG-PL-CP produce three active polysaccharide-rich fractions (WG-PL-CP-II, III, and IV) on DEAE-Sepharose CL-6B ($Cl^-$ form). WG-PL-CP-III displayed higher mitogenic activity (1.98-fold of the saline control at $100\;{\mu}g/mL$) than did WG-CP-III or PL-CP-III (1.60- or 1.65-fold, respectively), and potent intestinal immune system modulating activity through Peyer's patch was obtained by WG-PL-CP-IV only (1.56-fold). Meanwhile, WG-PL-CP-II and III significantly enhanced macrophage stimulating activity (2.01- and 1.94-fold) compared to WG-CP-II and III (1.73- and 1.66-fold) or PL-CP-II and III (1.79- and 1.72-fold). In addition, WG-PL-CP-III and IV mainly contained neutral sugar (73.5 and 67.3%) and uronic acid (23.2 and 24.6%). Component sugar analysis also showed that WG-PL-CP-III consisted mainly of uronic acid as well as the neutral sugars Glc, Ara, Gal, Rha and Xyl (molar ratio of 0.81:1.00:0.49:0.42:0.28:0.20), whereas WG-PL-CP-IV was mainly comprised of uronic acid, Ara, Rha, Gal, Xyl and Glc (1.00:0.75:0.69:0.63:0.42:0.34). Therefore, it is assumed that these active polysaccharides play an important role in enhancing the immunostimulation of fermented ginseng with P. linteus in solid culture.

An antitumor component of laetiporus sulphureus and its immunostimulating activity

  • Kang, Chang-Yuil;Lee, Chong-Ock;Chung, Kyeong-Soo;Choi, Eung-Chil;Kim, Byong-Kak
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.39-43
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    • 1982
  • A protein-polysaccharide fraction was prepared from the carpophores of Laetiporus sulphureus. This fraction suppressed growth of sarcoma 180 in A-strain mice when administered i. p. To investigate the mechanism of antitumor action of this fraction, plaque assay was conducted by administrating i. p. to the mise at a dose level of 50mg/kg for five days. Ten days later, the mice were immunized with 1 * 10$^{7}$ sheep red blooc cells. The number of hemolytic plaque forming cells was significantly greater than that of the control mice. Three monosaccharides and fifteen amino acids were identified in the protein-polysaccharide fraction.

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Immunomodulatory activity of a polysaccharide isolated from cell culture of Acantopanax senticosus

  • Ahn, Hyo-Jung;Han, Sang-Bae;Yoon, Yeo-Dae;Lee, Haeng-Soon;Moon, Jae-Sun;Lee, Chang-Woo;Lee, Ki-Hoon;Park, Song-Kyu;Kim, Hyung-Chin;Kim, Hwan-Mook
    • Proceedings of the PSK Conference
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    • pp.259.1-259
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    • 2002
  • Many polysaccharides isolated from plants are considered to be biological response modifiers and have been shown to enhance various immune responses in vivo and in vitro. Here we demonstrate that a polysaccharide isolated from cell culture of Acanthopanax senticosus (AS) has a unique mode of immunostimulation with regard to its cell-type specificity. AS was found to markedly increase polyclonal IgM antibody production and the proliferation of B cells. and to activate iNOS transcription and NO production in macrophages. (omitted)

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Selective B cell activation by polysaccharide isolated from the root of Acanthopanax koreanum

  • Han, Sang-Bae;Ahn, Hyo-Jung;Yoon, Yeo-Dae;Kim, Young-Ho;Lee, Jung-Joon;Moon, Jae-Sun;Lee, Chang-Woo;Lee, Ki-Hoon;Park, Song-Kyu;Kim, Hyung-Chin;Kim, Hwan-Mook
    • Proceedings of the PSK Conference
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    • pp.257.1-257
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    • 2002
  • Many polysaccharides isolated from plants have been shown to enhance various immune responses in vivo and in vitro. Here we demonstrate that polysaccharide isolated from the root of Acanthopanax koreanum (AK) has a unique mode of immunostimulation with regard to its cell-type specificity. AK was found to markedly increase polyclonal 1gM antibody production and the proliferation of B cells. (omitted)

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The effect of polysaccharide isolated from the root of Acanthopanax koreanum on B cell activation

  • Han, S-B;Ahn, H-J;Yoon, Y-D;Kim, Y-H;Lee, J-J;Moon, J-S;Lee, C-W;Lee, K-H;Park, S-K
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Toxicology Conference
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    • pp.183-183
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    • 2002
  • Many polysaccharides isolated from plants have been shown to enhance various immune responses in vivo and in vitro. Here we demonstrate that polysaccharide isolated from the root of Acanthopanax koreanum (AK) has a unique mode of immunostimulation with regard to its cell-type specificity.(omitted)

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