• Title, Summary, Keyword: immunohistochemical

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Effects of Mahangeuigam-Tang on Obesity-related Factors in Brain and Gastrointestinal Tract of Mice (마행의감탕(麻杏薏甘湯)이 생쥐의 뇌와 위장관에서 비만관련 인자에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Tae-Heon;Lee, Chang-Hyun
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.166-174
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    • 2012
  • To determine the effects of Mahaengeuigam-tang(MHEGT) on obesity, the obesity-related factors (gastrin, CGRP, ghrelin, glucagon-like peptide-1, insulin, orexin, leptin, serotonin, NPY) were investigated in the stomach, pancreas, brain of mice by immunohistochemical methods for 4 weeks after Mahaengeuigam-tang(MHEGT) administration. The change of boy weight decreased in MHEGT administered group than that of control group. The immunohistochemical density of the gastrin and CGRP positive cells on pylorus of stomach increased in MHEGT administered group than that of control group. The number of ghrelin immunoreactive cells on stomach decreased in MHEGT administered groups than that of control group. The immunohistochemical density of GLP-1 in the pancreas decreased in MHEGT administered group than that of control group. The immunohistochemical density of insulin positive cells in the pancreas decreased in MHEGT administered group than that of control group. The immunohistochemical density of orexin and NPY positive neurons in the diencephalon was slightly stronger in MHEGT administered group than that of control group. The immunohistochemical density of serotonin and leptin positive neurons was stronger in MHEGT administered group than that of control group. These results demonstrate that Mahaengeuigam-tang(MHEGT) increased the immunohistochemical density of factors related to appetite inhibitors, and decreased the immunohistochemical density of factors related to stimulator of food intake in stomach, pancreas and brain.

AN IMMUNOHISTOCHEMICAL STUDY ON MANDIBULAR CONDYLE IN WEANLING RAT AFTER MASSETER MUSCLE RESECTION (이유백서에서 교근절제후 하악과두의 면역조직화학적 연구)

  • Choi, Nam-Ki;Choi, Hong-Ran;Yang, Kyu-Ho
    • JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.559-574
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    • 1996
  • The purpose of this study was to determine whether there was any correlation between temporomandibular joint dysfunction and structure of the mandibular condyle. Weanling rats had their masseter muscles resected and immunohistochemical findings were observed with a light microscope. The results obtained were as follows : 1. The condylar cartilage region was divided into articular, proliferating, cartilage cell and hypertrophic cell layers according to cell morphology. 2. In light microscopic views, the proliferating and cartilage cell layers of the experimental group decreased gradually and at the 8th week significantly. 3. In immunohistochemical staining for type I and II collagen, a reaction was detected in the lower part of proliferating cell and cartilage cell layers. In the cartilage cell layers, a stronger cellular reaction was present. Immunohistochemical staining for type II collagen reacted more strongly than that of type I collagen. 4. In immunohistochemical staining for proteoglycan, the staining of the experimental group resembled the control group and gradually showed a weak reaction. The proliferating and cartilage cell layers reacted more strongly than the hypertrophic cell layer. 5. In immunohistochemical staining for proliferating cell nuclear antigen(PCNA), the strong reaction was detected in the nucleus of the proliferating cell layer both in control and experimental groups. But the thickness of the proliferating layer decreased in experimental group, consequently the reaction of the experimental group was reduced more than that of the control group.

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Correlation of Clinical and Immunohistochemical Diagnosis in Patients with Pituitary Adenomas

  • Park, Sung-Ku;Jung, Shin;Jung, Tae-Young;Kim, In-Young;Kim, Soo-Han;Kang, Sam-Suk
    • Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
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    • v.41 no.6
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    • pp.367-370
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    • 2007
  • Objective: Pituitary adenomas are common neurological lesions believed to account for 10% to 15% of all primary brain tumors. There can be diagnostic confusion due to discordance of the preoperative endocrine and the postoperative immunohistochemical diagnosis. In this study, the rate of discordance between preoperative and postoperative findings and their clinical implications were investigated. Methods: From March 2005 to March 2006, 26 patients who underwent surgery for a pituitary adenoma were enrolled in this study. The preoperative pituitary hormone level and postoperative immunohistochemical results were compared and analyzed. Results: The median age of the patients was 38 years [range 15-66 years]. The male to female ratio was 8 to 18. The endocrine evaluation showed 16 hormonally-active and 10 hormonally-inactive adenomas. The immunohistochemical findings showed : 13 prolactin-positive, 1 GH-positive, 1 FSH-positive, 8 pleurihormone-positive and 3 stain-negative adenomas. The percentage of discordance observed between the preoperative endocrine and postoperative immunohistochemical diagnosis was 54%. Nine of 10 endocrine non-functioning adenomas showed : 3 PRL positive, 1 GH positive, 2 PRL+GH positive, 1 TSH+FSH positive, 1 FSH+ACTH+PRL positive and 1 FSH+LH+PRL positive adenomas by immunohistochemistry. Three endocrine PRL+GH secreting adenomas showed 2 PRL positive and 1 FSH+GH positive by immunohistochemistry. One endocrine PRL secreting and 1 GH secreting adenoma showed 1 PRL+ TSH positive and 1 GH+PRL positive by immunohistochemistry, respectively. The diagnosis of the other 12 pituitary adenomas showed concordance. Conclusion : The results of this study showed 54% discordance rate between the preoperative endocrine and postoperative immunohistochemical diagnosis for pituitary adenomas.

Expression of Sodium-Iodide Symporter (NIS) in Thyroid Nodules: Comparison of RT-PCR and Immunohistochemical Staining Methods (갑상선 결절에서 Sodium Iodide Symporter (NIS)의 발현: RT-PCR방법과 면역조직화학염색법의 비교)

  • Bae, Sang-Kyun;Lee, Kang-Dae;Chang, Hee-Kyung
    • The Korean Journal of Nuclear Medicine
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    • v.38 no.6
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    • pp.511-515
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    • 2004
  • Purpose: The sodium-iodide symporter (NIS) expression is an important factor in determining the sensitivity of radioiodine therapy in well-differentiated thyroid cancers. Several previous studies for the expression of NIS in thyroid tissues show diverse results. To investigate whether there is difference between methods in determining the expression of NIS in thyroid tissues of patients with thyroid nodules, we measured the expression ot NIS using two different methods (RT-PCR and immunoshistochemical staining) and compared the results. Materials & Methods: We measured the expression of NIS by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and also by immunohistochemical staining using anti-NIS antibody in thyroid cancers and other benign thyroid diseases. We compared the results of each method. We included 19 papillary carcinomas, 1 follicular carcinoma, 7 medullary carcinoma, 4 adenomas and 7 nodular hyperplasias. Results: By RT-PCR analysis, 10 of 19 papillary carcinomas expressed NIS, but 1 follicular cancer didn't express NIS. By immunohistochemical staining, 15 of 19 papaillary carcinomas express NIS, but 1 follicular lancer didn't express NIS. There was a significant correlation between the semiquautitative results of RT-PCR and immunohistochemical staining of NIS expression. (p<0.01) Conclusion: Our data demonstrated that the expression of NIS in thyroid cancers and other benign diseases investigated by RT-PCR and immunohistochemical staining correlated well each other. However, by immunohistochemical staining, more NIS expression was found.

Immunohistochemical and Pathological Findings im Mice Inoculated with Encephalomyocarditis Virus (뇌심근염 바이러스 접종 마우스에 대한 병리학적 및 면역조직화학적 소견)

  • 신창호;조성환
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.67-80
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    • 1994
  • 8-10 week old ICR mice were infected intracerebrally and intraperitoneally with different encephalomyocarditis virus(K$_3$, $K_{11}$, ATT-VR 129) to observe histopathological and immunohistochemical change. Results obtained throuh the experiments were summarized as follows : 1. No differences in clinical signs by the virus strains and the inoculation routes were found. Mice infected with EMCV showed clinical signs after 3 days of inoculation. Main clinical signs were tremors, convulsions, circling movement, and uni or bilateral hindleg paralysis followed by death on the 3-8 days. In general, most of the infected animals died or recovered closely on the 8th day of postinoculation. 2. At necropsy, petechial and ecchymotic hemorrhages in lung were observed and no specific findings in other were observed. 3. In histopathological observation, neuroal cell degeneration perivascular mononucear cell in-filtration gliosis were appeared in central nervous system. Myocarditis with myocardial degeneration and necrosis, calcification were observed along with acinar cell necrosis of exocrine glands in pancreas, severe glomerulonephritis in kidney. Also, focal necrosis of hepatocytes and interstitial pneymonia hyperemia, hemorrhages in lungs were observed. 4. By immunohistochemical staining using ABCIT method, the positive cells were recognized in intracytoplasm of acinar cell in pancreas and intracytoplasm of neuronal cells in cerebrum.

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Pathological and immunohistochemical studies in Syrian hamsters experimentally infected with encephalomyocarditis virus isolated in Korea (국내 분리 encephalomyocarditis virus의 실험적 감염 Syrian hamster에 대한 병리학적 및 면역조직화학적 연구)

  • Yoon, Won-kee;Cho, Sung-whan
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.34 no.2
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    • pp.349-359
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    • 1994
  • To elucidate pathogenicity to hamster of encephalomyocarditis virus $K_3$ strain that was isolated in Korea from the swine with reproductive failures, adult male syrian hamsters were experimentally infected intraperitoneally with the virus at $10^{7.0}\;TCID_{50}/0.1ml$ and pathological and immunohistochemical studies were performed. The results obtained through the experiment were as follows. 1. Clinical signs such as depression, unkempt hair and bilateral parlysis of hind limbs were observed. 2. At necropsy, mild congestion was observed in the cerebrum, liver, kidney and lung, and atrophy was evident in testis. 3. In microscopic observation, degeneration and necrosis of the nervous cells and perivascular mononuclear cell infiltration were manifested in central nerve system, and various degrees of degeneration and necrosis of parenchymal cells were detected in pancreas, lacrimal gland, liver, kidney and testis. 4. In immunohistochemical observation, strong positive reactions were observed in degenerated parenchymal cell of testis, and weak positive reactions, in hepatocytes.

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IMMUNOHISTOCHEMICAL STUDY ON THE DISTRIBUTIONS OF GROWTH FACTORS RECEPTORS IN THE NEWLY FORMING GRANULATION TISSUES (신생치주조직의 성장인자 수용채 분포에 대한 면역조직화학적 연구)

  • Kim, Keun-Seock;Kim, Sung-Jo;Choi, Jeom-Il
    • Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.518-528
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    • 1995
  • The immunohistochemical study has been performed on the distribution of receptors for various growth factors in the newly forming granulation tissues following the guided tissue regeneration procedures. Two specimens from 2 different patients were collected from the newly forming granulation tissues at 2 weeks following GTR procedures using Gore-tex menbrane and rubber dam, respectively. For immunohistochemical localization of each recptor, anti-platelet-derived growth factor $receptor-{\alpha}$, anti-platelet-derived growth factor $receptor-{\beta}$. anti-insulin-like growth factor receptor, anti-basic fibroblast growth factor receptor, anti-transforming growth $factor-{\beta}$ receptor and anti-fibronectin receptor were incubated onto the specimens as primary antibodies. After the reaction, FITC-conjugated second antibodies have been applied. When the total numbers of immunoreactive cells and the true positive cells were counted, there were high variability among receptors tested in the present study. The mean number of immunoreactive cells were highest in the case for anti-IFG-1 receptor. However the number of true positive cells were highest in the case for $TGF-{\beta}$ receptor. The present investigation indicated that the receptor for $TGF-{\beta}$ were stongly expressed in the newly forming granulation tissues following the guided tissue regeneration therapy.

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Immunohistochemical and Electron Microscopic Studies on Intermediate Filament of Epithelial Cell and Non-Epithelial Cells (상피 및 비상피세포들의 Intermediate Filament에 대한 면역조직화학적 및 전자현미경적 연구)

  • Kim, Il;Kim, Hyo-Sung;Rho, Young-Bok
    • Applied Microscopy
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.46-62
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    • 1991
  • The intermediate filament is one of the most important constituents of the intracytoplasmic cytoskeleton microtubule, actin, myosin and intermediate filament. It is composed of keratin, desmin, vimentin, neurofilament and glial filament, and has important role as a cellular marker, epithelial or mesenchymal origin. So it will be important to differentiated from some poorly or undifferentiated neoplasm to provide adequate therapeutic modalities. This study was performed by using immunohistochemical staining and electron microscopic observation to find out intermediate filaments of epithelial and non-epithelial tumor cells evaluate the degree of differentiation in tumors and therefore to provide some diagnostic and therapeutic modalities. The materials consisted of 83 epithelial and non-epithelial elements bearing 23 normal control, 28 epithelial tumors, and 32 non-epithelial tumors, that are resected for definite treatment at Chosun University Hospital from June, 1988 to June, 1990. Immunohistochemical stain for keratin, desmin and vimentin, and electron microscopic study were performed in all cases. The results obtained were as follows. 1. Immunohistochemical stain for intermediate filament were very useful diagnostic aid for differentiated epithelial tumor to non-epithelial tumor in diagnostic neoplasia. 2. In the electron microscopic finding, the size of intermediate filaments were possible differentiated to cell components of epithelial tumor and non-epithelial tumors.

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Immunohistochemical and Pathological Observations of the Rats Experimentally Infected with Aujeszky’s Disease Virus (Aujeszky’s Disease Virus의 실험적 감염 Rat의 병리조직학적 관찰과 면역조직화학적 항원 검출)

  • 조우영;조부제;조성환;이철호
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.32-43
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    • 1990
  • In order to investigate the clinico-pathological and immunohistochemical changes in the rats infected with Aujeszky’s disease virus(ADV), 100 heads of 4 weeks-old rats were inoculated intraperitoneally and intranasally, with the domestically isolated ADV, NYJ-1-87 strain, at $10^{3.0}$ or $10^{5.0}$$TCID_ {50}$/0.2ml. Results obtained through the experiments were summarized as follows : 1. Clinical signs such as dulness, anorexia, pruritus, fascial edema, dyspnea and ataxia were observed from the 2nd day and died at the 3rd to 5th day after ADV inoculation. By necropsy, congestion and hemorrhage were observed in the abdominal organs, while no specific changes were detected in the other organs. 2. In histopathological observation, degeneration and necrosis of the nervous cells, non-suppurative meningoencephalitis, microgliosis and perivascular cuffing were manifested in central nerve system but no specific changes were observed in the other organs. 3. By immunohistochemical staining using peroxidase antiperoxidase, the positive cells were detected in the tissues of kideny, spleen, urinary bladder and lung.

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