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Adolescent Prejudice towards Immigrants: The Role of Parents and the Effect of Adolescent Prejudice on Self-Identity and Coping Styles (청소년의 이주민에 대한 편견: 부모의 영향 및 청소년의 자아정체감과 대처양식에 미치는 영향)

  • Lim, Ji Young;Chung, Grace H.
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.50 no.6
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    • pp.1-11
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    • 2012
  • As the immigrant population is rapidly growing in South Korea, it is important for the next generation of Korean adolescents to foster unprejudiced attitudes towards immigrants. This paper thus seeks to shed light on adolescent prejudice towards immigrants, by addressing the following three questions: (1) Does a mother's prejudice towards immigrants and parenting style influence their adolescent children's prejudice towards immigrants? (2) Does an adolescent's prejudice towards immigrants influence his/her self-identity? (3) Does an adolescent's prejudice towards immigrants influence his/her coping styles? The sample consisted of 288 pairs of Korean adolescents and their mothers. According to hierarchical regression analyses, a mother's prejudice towards immigrants significantly predicted her adolescent's prejudice towards immigrants, after taking sociodemographic variables into account, whereas her parenting style did not. In addition, having a low level of prejudice towards immigrants among adolescents predicted high levels of self-identity (e.g. independence, proprioceptive, and mission orientation), and a greater use of positive coping skills (e.g. support-seeking and problem-solving). Overall, results showed that mothers played a significant role in shaping their adolescent's prejudice towards immigrants. Results also provided evidence that prejudice towards immigrants may interfere with the healthy development of self-identity and coping style during adolescence. In conclusion, this study suggests that multicultural education for adolescents can be more effective, when it is provided in partnership with a parent education program that is designed to raise parental multicultural awareness.

Current Status of Library Services for Immigrants in Korea (이주민을 위한 국내 도서관 서비스의 현황 분석)

  • Cho, Yong-Wan
    • Journal of Korean Library and Information Science Society
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    • v.38 no.2
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    • pp.245-269
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    • 2007
  • The purpose of this study is to current status of library services for immigrants in Korea, where the number of immigrants reaches one million. To do this, the cases of library services for immigrants in North America and Europe were investigated and persons in charge who work in 10 public libraries and 5 private libraries serving immigrants in Korea were interviewed. Also, research articles, newspapers and related websites are utilized. Current status and limitations of library services for immigrants were discussed and some suggestions were presented.

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Immigrants' Micro-Contexts of transnational Migration and Decision-Making Process (외국인 이주자의 미시적 이주배경과 의사결정 과정)

  • Choi, Byung-Doo;Song, Ju-Youn
    • Journal of the Economic Geographical Society of Korea
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.295-318
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    • 2009
  • This paper explores micro-contexts of transnational migration and decision-making process of foreign migrants in Korea with four types, that is, married immigrants, immigrant workers, professional immigrants, and foreign students, analyzing dates of questionaries and interviews. Some findings can be summarized as follows. First, married immigrants and immigrant workers show relative lower level of micro-environments than professional immigrants and foreign students. Secondly, immigrants workers fill closest in geographical contiguity among immigrants' types, while married immigrants recognize more different in cultural comparison than the former. Both immigrants workers and foreign students think living environments of Korea better than other types, but immigrants workers consider relatively higher the level of technology, while foreign students evaluate lower that of education in Korea than other types. Thirdly, married immigrants give a relatively low score to the easiness of immigration, while both immigrant workers and professional immigrants give a high score to the job environment of Korea. Finally, all types of immigrants show a high portion in a self-decision making for international migration, while professional immigrants have much more experiences on visiting other countries than other types, and both married immigrants and foreign students seem to have utilized their networks with family members who live abroad.

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A Case study on the Housing Environment Adaptation of Marriage Immigrants (결혼이민자의 주거환경 적응사례)

  • Kim, Jin-Hee;An, Ok-Hee;Jo, Young-Mi
    • Proceeding of Spring/Autumn Annual Conference of KHA
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    • pp.151-155
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    • 2009
  • With the recent increase in the number of foreign settlers in our country, we need a societal system which they can adapt well in. In order to successfully settle in our society, the marriage immigrants who especially plan a life in a new environment should be supported with support programs, especially to help them adapt to their very basic housing environment as their daily environment. From this research, through a program analysis of multi-cultural family support centre, the societal support helping to adapt to the residential environment for marriage immigrants in each nation was examined, and grasp an understanding on their adaptation to the housing environment by conducting interviews about housing environment adaptation examples. From the result of analyzing the 100 programs of the multi-cultural family support system, it could be seen that for the marriage immigrants to adapt, various programs are needed. In other words, there are effective programs for the early settlement of the marriage immigrants such as Korean education, tradition culture education, provision of district daily information, but it could be seen that heavier education was needed for, than for the sake of the marriage immigrants who took such education. Through adaptation case examples of 8 marriage immigrants from 5 different countries, it was realizable that the housing problems the marriage immigrants go through, are not limited to themselves, but also are related to the safety of their family and adaptation problems with their children. Therefore, by developing an adaptation program to help with housing environmental adaptation, the lives of the marriage immigrants' families will be supported, and will support early settlement, which then basic preparation for human resources as district societal use will be needed. By developing a program with a housing environmental professional, and if there is a positive effect and achievement, it is expected that there will be a standard program system available for all marriage immigrants.

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LIMIT THEOREMS FOR HAWKES PROCESSES WITH UNIFORM IMMIGRANTS

  • Seol, Youngsoo
    • Journal of the Korean Mathematical Society
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    • v.56 no.4
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    • pp.935-946
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    • 2019
  • Hawkes process is a self-exciting simple point process with clustering effect whose jump rate depends on its entire past history. We consider Hawkes processes with uniform immigrants which is a special case of the Hawkes processes with renewal immigrants. We study the limit theorems for Hawkes processes with uniform immigrants. In particular, we obtain a law of large number, a central limit theorem, and a large deviation principle.

A Comparative Study of Housing Culture of Korean Immigrants through Analysis of Living Arrangement in Australia and Canada (해외거주 한인의 주공간 사용 및 주생활 분석을 통해 본 주거문화의 비교 고찰 - 호주(Australia)와 캐나다(Canada)를 중심으로 -)

  • Lee, Young-Shim
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.46 no.1
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    • pp.47-61
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study is to provide information about domestic living of Korean immigrants in Australia and Canada who have the same cultural background for comparative study. For this, usage of domestic space and living style in housing of 52 Korean households in Melbourne of Australia and 32 Korean households in the region of Waterloo of Canada were analyzed. Ethnographic research with questionnaire were used. Results of the research were as follows. 1. Korean immigrants in each countries were living in houses which was built by company of Australia and Canada. 44.2% of Korean immigrants in Australia were using L+D K and 53.1% of Korean immigrants in Canada were using L D K. 2. Laundry was indispensable for Korean immigrants in both countries and they all wanted to use the laundry as a utility room which could dry, ironing and so on. 3. Drain hole on the floor of the bathroom was not indispensable for most Korean immigrants in both countries for hygienic reason. 4. Korean immigrants in both countries were ironing in master bedroom and they all wanted to separate it from there through renovation and extension and so on. 5. Korean immigrants in Canada were more active to use the formal lounge which has been planned as a traditional element of western house. 6. The seating style of Korean immigrants in both countries belong to chair-seating style mostly. But it was clear that they were making Kimchi with floor seating style in both countries. 7. A level of satisfaction about using carpet was not high for Korean immigrants in both countries cause of uneasiness to clean and it was considered to relate to the floor seating style of them. 8. Almost Korean immigrants were took off the shoes inside of the house and they had shoes cabinet beside the entrance or basement usually. 9. The most popular heating system was ducted heating in both countries. The level of satisfaction about this was different for Korean immigrants in Australia and Canada but most desirable heating system was Ondol for them in both countries commonly.

A Study on Participation Experience of Immigrants in Korea Immigration & Integration Program of the Ministry of Justice (이민자의 법무부 사회통합프로그램 참여경험에 관한 연구)

  • Choi, Bae-Young;Han, Eun-Joo
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.83-103
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    • 2012
  • This thesis is based on an in-depth interview on participation experience of ten immigrants who reside in S Multi-cultural Family Support Center that is located in Gyeonggi-do in Korea Immigration & Integration Program(KIIP). The purpose of this research is to present through it's basic data for improvement in the operation of KIIP in the future by grasping participation process in KIIP that the immigrants have experienced, problems involved in their operation, and related requirements. Major results of the research are as follows: First, the motive for the immigrants' participation in KIIP was to acquire Korean nationality, learn Korean, and prepare for their future in Korea. Second, as a difficulty in participation in KIIP, access to educational institutions loomed large. Third, regarding improvements in the operation of KIIP, marriage immigrants needed to continue Korean language education, whereas other immigrants revealed a demand for opening evening classes or weekend classes. In the final analysis, it seems that for KIIP to provide an opportunity for the immigrants to have a vision for their life in the future, as well as for its realization in Korean society, policy-oriented institutional support that pays attention to their life situation and demands is badly needed.

Effects of Multiple Stress Factors on Depression among Female Marriage Immigrants in Korea (여성결혼이민자의 우울에 영향을 미치는 스트레스 요인)

  • Park, Min Hee;Yang, Sook Ja;Chee, Yeon Kyung
    • Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.298-311
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    • 2015
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to describe levels of multiple stress factors and depression, and to examine the effects of the stress factors on depression among female marriage immigrants in Korea. Methods: Participants were 322 female marriage immigrants currently residing in Korea, who migrated from China, Vietnam, the Philippines, and other Asian countries. Stress of female marriage immigrants was measured on the SMFMI (Stress Measure of Female Marriage Immigrants in Korea), consisting of 21 items in four factors (cultural, household economic, emotional, and parenting and discrimination stress). CES-D was used to assess depression among marriage immigrants. Descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA with Scheffe's post hoc tests, and multiple regressions were performed for data analyses. Results: The average score for stress was 1.34 (SD=.98, theoretical range: 0-4) and the average score for depression was 17.07 (SD=10.09) in these female marriage immigrants. Adjusting for household income, employment status, duration since immigration, and Korean language proficiency, household economic stress (p<.001) was identified as the strongest predictor in explaining depression of female marriage immigrants (Adjusted $R^2=.331$). Conclusion: Health care professionals should prioritize intervention strategies to alleviate household economic stress for mental health promotion in female marriage immigrants in Korea.

The Sustain Growth of the Foreigners' Residential Concentration in Korea : A Case Study of Daelim-dong, Seoul (국내 외국인 집중거주지의 유지 및 발달 - 서울시 대림동을 사례로 -)

  • Lee, Jung-Hyun;Chung, Su-Yeul
    • Journal of the Korean association of regional geographers
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.304-318
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    • 2015
  • As the number of foreigners who stay for a long time increases, their residential concentrations have emerged and developed. This research aims at investigating how and why immigrants' residential concentration sustains and develops. In order to understand the roles of the residential concentration for the immigrants' everyday, we used the framework of grunddaseins funktionen including residence, labor, shopping, education, leisure, commuting, and community activity. Accompanied is a case study of Daelim-dong which is the largest Chinese concentrations. The result shows that combined with co-ethnic preference in residence, various amenities at the concentrations attract new immigrants and hold existing immigrants, allowing the concentrations sustain and develop. It has been pointed out that there are the difference factors that foreign immigrants concentrate residentially: 'co-ethnic residential preference' for immigrants from more developed countries and 'discrimination' for immigrants from less developed countries. However this study shows that the residential concentrations for less-developed-country-immigrants could maintain and develop with grunddaseins funktionen based on co-ethnicity.

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Examining the Residential Patterns of Urban Immigrants in Seoul Metropolitan Area

  • Kim, Hyejin;Lee, Jawon
    • International Journal of Advanced Culture Technology
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    • v.6 no.3
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    • pp.37-43
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    • 2018
  • This paper measures and maps multi-dimensional residential segregation of immigrants in Seoul metropolitan area at city/county/district level as well as town level, thereby adding to our understanding of the urban structure and its spatial distribution impacted by immigration. The perspective offered here focuses on the segregation spurred by transnational migrants and their urban settlement. By drawing population data for 79 city/county/district administrative units from the Korea Immigration Service, residential segregation of immigrants in Seoul metropolitan area is measured based on Massey & Denton's four segregation indices: evenness, exposure, concentration and clustering. The empirical findings suggest that Seoul metropolitan area is highly segregated and the areas showing hyper-segregation appear in Seoul city and Gyeonggi province. As immigrants are foreseen to continue to increase in the future, this research contributes both empirically and theoretically to preliminary research on spatial segregation of immigrants by showing how ethnic places are segregated spatially through ethnic networks that support the geographic concentration of minority groups.