• Title, Summary, Keyword: illuminance

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Model on the Suitable Illuminance at Urban Neighborhood Park (도시근린공원의 적정조도모형)

  • 최연철;김진선
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.29-37
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    • 2001
  • The purpose of this study is to determine the suitable illuminance model of an urban neighborhood park. To this end, 1 dependent variable and 11 independent variables were set, and multiple regression analysis was applied to find correlation between variables and the model. The results of this study are as follows; 1) Among 11 independent variables abstracted to study suitable illuminance model of an urban neighborhood park, as a result of analysis on correlation between suitable illuminance of a dependent variable and activity space by using dummy variables, activity type and illuminance by spaces the suitable illuminance required for an urban neighborhood park was much influenced by activity type, and the fact that the activity was not limited to a specific space. 2) As a result of multiple regression analysis, independent variables influencing the suitable illuminance model of an urban neighborhood park were activity space, illuminance by spaces, seated activity, standing activity, and sporting activity. And, for relative contribution of independent variables to suitable illuminance, activity with sporting showed an importance 22 times higher than seated activity. When the central square(Sp_1) of activity spaces was set to reference category using dummy variables, it showed a contribution 52 times higher than sorting space(Sp_7) and the central square as the most important variable. 3) It was analyzed that suitable illuminance of an urban neighborhood part was most influenced by sporting activity but the relative contribution of a sporting space where activity with sporting occurs was least in view of the function of the space. Very high illuminance is required to accept high activity, and if illuminance at a certain space becomes too high, it may influence the illuminance of other spaces, and may consequently have a negative effect on the suitable illuminance of an urban neighborhood park. The results of this study were mainly for teenagers and young adults in their twenties, so further concrete studies which consider gender and a wider age range are needed in the future. Based on subsequent study, suitable illuminance by spaces shall be suggested.

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A Study on Suitable Illuminance by Spaces in Urban Parks (도시공원의 공간별 적정조도)

  • Kim Jin-Seon;Choi Yeon-Chul
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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    • v.32 no.5
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    • pp.23-34
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    • 2004
  • In this study, 1 dependent variable and 9 independent variables were established to examine suitable illuminance by spaces in urban parks in consideration of night users' psychological reactions and activity types. Such fixed variables were evaluated by a series of experiments of changing illuminance, and correlation among those variables was verified by correlation analysis and multiple regression analysis to suggest suitable illuminance by spaces. The results of this study are as follows: 1) The independent variables influencing suitable illuminance by spaces in urban parks were directly influenced rather by the psychological reaction of night users than the activity types by spatial functions. 2) Securing suitable illuminance by spaces commonly increased spatial availability, created certain atmosphere, and provided safety in the psychological reaction of night users. 3) Suitable illuminance by spaces in urban parks is: Central square is 31.88lx, resting space 6.30lx, exercising space 33.14lx, children's playground 14.19lx, pedestrian road 12.29lx, entry space 16.30lx, and green space 7.03lx. That is, when a place had more positive activities, spatial illuminance was increased. 4) Though comparison by spaces with the illuminance standard for urban parks as mentioned in KS A 3011-1993 can not be made, such illuminance was relatively compatible with the permissible range of illuminance in the author's opinion. It is expected that this study investigating suitable illuminance by spaces for night use in urban parks, will provide necessary knowledge for securing suitable illuminance by spaces in urban parks through classifyingin detail the illuminance standard of KS A 3011-1993. Besides, by helping make us aware of the importance of illuminance in urban parks as well as of external space in the night, this study will contribute to academic research and development in the field of landscape architecture and associated fields and be utilized in establishing legal and institutional standards.

An Analysis for the Night illuminance Affected on Light Environments and Weather Conditions (광환경과 기상조건에 따른 야간조도 영향 분석)

  • Lee, Jaewon;Park, Inchun;Choi, Cheolmin;Kim, Young-chul
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Aviation and Aeronautics
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.25-32
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    • 2016
  • This study deals with the light environments and weather conditions affecting to the night illuminance over the Korean peninsula. The experiment was executed to analyze the effects on the illuminance at separate sites(Gyeryong and Pilseung) considering the different light environments. The analysis was applied to illuminance measurement from the lightmeter, which was developed for the IYA(International Year of Astronomy) 2009, in order to observe the illuminance of areal networks. The weather observations, such as the cloud cover and visibility, were used to understand the quantitative influence of the illuminance to the selected sites. The results show that the illuminance measurements are significantly different from data of the operational illuminance prediction model which simply applies extinction effect for the illuminance. It shows that these differences are caused by the light environments and weather conditions for each site. Therefore, it can be confirmed that the night illuminance is the output of interaction with the characteristics of light for luminous sources.

Hybrid Illumination System Design based on Illuminance Uniformity for Surface Inspection (표면 검사를 위한 조도 균제도 기반 하이브리드 조명계 설계)

  • Cho, Eun Deok;Kim, Gyung Bum
    • Journal of the Semiconductor & Display Technology
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.60-65
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    • 2019
  • In this paper, the hybrid illumination system for effectively detecting surface defects in steel plate with lowcontrast, non-uniformity and featureless is designed based on illuminance uniformity. First of all, characteristics of steel plate defects were considered and typical inspection illumination system is implemented. Optimum illumination parameters for uniformly illuminating an inspection area in the typical illumination system are selected based on the illuminance uniformity and illuminance distribution measurement. The illuminance uniformity and illuminance distribution are measured using an illuminometer based on the arduino. Through illuminance distribution analysis of the typical illumination, an hybrid illumination is designed by fusing bi-directional illumination and coaxial illumination. The hybrid illumination showed higher uniformity ratio and illuminance distribution than the typical illuminations. The hybrid illumination system showed the ability to uniformly illuminate the entire inspection region of steel plate surface.

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Analysis of the Illuminance Distribution on the Blackboard in Classroom of the Elementary and Senior (Junior) High School (초.중.고교의 흑판조도분포 분석)

  • Kim, Tae-Hyoun;Sun, Sang-Kweon;Park, Tong-Wha
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
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    • pp.1764-1766
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    • 1997
  • In this paper, the illuminance distribution of blackboards on classroom in elementary, junior, and senior high school was measured and analyzed. Generally, average illuminance and uniformity of illuminance was 519[lx] and 0.543 (elementary: 389[lx], 0.387; junior: 632[lx], 0.570; senior: 527[lx], 0.608) respectively. When all lighting fixtures in each classroom were turned on, average illuminance was higher about 65% than lights-out, and, in case that local lighting fixtures exist, was higher 27% than absence, but uniformity of illuminance turned bad on the contrary ($0.462{\rightarrow}0.676$). According to classification into direction of windows on classroom. facing north, both were bad. In case of classroom to slant to east or west, the difference of illuminance at the forenoon and afternoon was big, and uniformity of illuminance was also bad.

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Overall Illuminance Uniformity of IRED Lighting in Nighttime CCTV

  • Sa-Gong, Geon;Park, Yung-Jun;Park, Jung-Je;Lee, Suho
    • Transactions on Electrical and Electronic Materials
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.35-41
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    • 2017
  • This study looks at optimizinge light redistribution to improve the overall illuminance uniformity of commercial IRED modules. To obtain uniform illumination over a prescribed rectangular area, a freeform surface lens was evaluated using TracePro. The LED light overall illuminance uniformity regulated in KSC 7658 was verified using Relux software. Experimental test results showed 0.81 overall illuminance uniformity for rectangular light distribution of LED lights having a radiation angle of $80^{\circ}$. After fabricating prototype IRED lights based on these simulation results, illuminance performance was observed when used as actual IRED lighting with a nighttime CCTV system. Image observation photographs of the prototype $80^{\circ}$ rectangular IRED lights confirmed that object images can be seen clearly owing to high overall illuminance uniformity, and that dark regions of the CCTV screen were not shown.

A Study of Simplified Calculation Methods for Outside Vertical Illuminance using VBA (VBA(Visual Basic for Applications)를 활용한 실외 수직면 조도 간이계산법에 관한 연구)

  • Yun, Su-In;Kim, Kang-Soo
    • Journal of the Architectural Institute of Korea Structure & Construction
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    • v.34 no.12
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    • pp.65-72
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is to predict vertical illuminance accurately at the design stage of a building without the help of simulation tools. Comparing two well-known vertical illuminance prediction algorithms with measured values, it is verified that the Igawa model is more consistent with the measured values than the Perez model. Using the DIVA program, we simulated the vertical illuminance at 30-degree intervals from south to north, compared with the vertical illuminance calculated with the Igawa model. The result of calculation values were verified from 120 degrees east to 120 degrees west. The vertical illuminance values with each of three shade devices were calculated using the Igawa model, and compared with the vertical illuminance simulated by DIVA program. As a result, all the errors when installing horizontal / vertical / grid shade divices were included in the error standard specified by ASHRAE.

The Method of Improvement by Illuminance Measurement of the CT Scan Room in a General Hospital Radiology (종합병원 영상의학과 CT 검사실의 조도 측정에 의한 향상 방안)

  • Kweon, Dae-Cheol;Yang, Sung-Hwan;Kang, Young-Sig
    • 대한설비관리학회지
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.51-56
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    • 2018
  • Computed tomography (CT) scan room in the department of radiology is very necessary to maintain pleasant and proper illuminance to relieve fatigue and inconvenience because it affects the work environment to the radiologist. Accordingly, this paper describes the method for measurement of illuminance that exposed to an environmental elements in a CT scan room of the hospital. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to propose an optimal environment of CT scan room based on the measurement of illuminance. In addition, the 5 point method by KS C7612 was applied to measure the illuminance with illuminometer (Unfors xi light probe) in the CT scan room. In result of this paper, minimum value and maximum value of illuminance in the CT scan room was measured 212.7 lux and 354.8 lux, respectively. The illuminance of CT scan room was lower than KS A 3011. Finally, the work environment in CT scan room should provide higher illuminance for the comfortable environment of radiologists and patients.

Analyses on Photosensor Illuminance for Prediction of Fluctuating Illuminance by Daylight Dimming Control Systems (조광제어 시스템 적용시 실내조도의 변동예측을 위한 포토센서의 주광조도 분석)

  • Kim, Soo-Young
    • Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering
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    • v.22 no.11
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    • pp.788-797
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    • 2010
  • This study examines the influence of fluctuating daylight illuminance on daylight dimming control systems. Field measurements were performed for a full-scale mocked-up model under various daylight conditions in winter. Fluctuating ranges for a partially-shielded photosensor were great when the variation of sky ratio was great. When solar altitude was lower the illuminance and fluctuating range of illuminance were great due to the influence of direct components of daylight and the interrefelction between surfaces in rear area of space. It implies that daylight dimming system would not function effectively, unless the desktop illuminance by daylight is enough. Fluctuation ranges of photosensor illuminance were lower than 50 lx under clear sky conditions, but they were greater than 100 lx under partly-cloudy sky conditions. It means that the fluctuation range of electric light output of lighting fixture would greater under the partly-cloudy conditions and cause potential visual annoyance to occupants. Outdoor vertical illuminance reaching the windows would be an effective factor that can be used to predict the fluctuation of photosensor signals for effective controls of daylight dimming system.

Image Sensor Module for Detecting Space Illuminance in Indoor Environment (실내 환경의 공간조도 검출을 위한 이미지센서모듈)

  • Moon, Seong-Jae;Lim, Yeong-Seog
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering
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    • v.23 no.7
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    • pp.771-778
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    • 2019
  • The traditional illuminance intensity detection method using a single sensor has a problem that uniformity of illuminance detection is deteriorated depending on the measurement position due to the narrow FOV characteristic. In order to overcome this problem, a method of detecting an average illuminance value through a plurality of illuminance sensors is used, but the complexity and detection error are increased. In this paper, we propose a illuminance intensity detection method based on a single image sensor with wide FOV. The proposed method can solve the problems such as system complexity and error increase of existing illuminance sensor. The test results show that the difference of average value is 12% using a illuminance sensor, 10.7% using five illuminance sensors, and 6.2% using an image sensor compared with the reference value using the color difference illuminometer. It is confirmed that the proposed method can easily and accurately detect the space illuminance with improved uniformity.