• Title, Summary, Keyword: hypoxia

Search Result 722, Processing Time 0.041 seconds

Hypoxia-induced miR-1260b regulates vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation by targeting GDF11

  • Seong, Minhyeong;Kang, Hara
    • BMB Reports
    • /
    • v.53 no.4
    • /
    • pp.206-211
    • /
    • 2020
  • Vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) are a unique cell type that has unusual plasticity controlled by environmental stimuli. As an abnormal increase of VSMC proliferation is associated with various vascular diseases, tight regulation of VSMC phenotypes is essential for maintaining vascular homeostasis. Hypoxia is one environmental stress that stimulates VSMC proliferation. Emerging evidence has indicated that microRNAs (miRNAs) are critical regulators in the hypoxic responses of VSMCs. Therefore, we previously investigated miRNAs modulated by hypoxia in VSMCs and found that miR-1260b is one of the most upregulated miRNAs under hypoxia. However, the mechanism that underlies the regulation of VSMCs via miR-1260b in response to hypoxia has not been explored. Here we demonstrated that hypoxia-induced miR-1260b promotes VSMC proliferation. We also identified growth differentiation factor 11 (GDF11), a member of the TGF-β superfamily, as a novel target of miR-1260b. miR-1260b directly targets the 3'UTR of GDF11. Downregulation of GDF11 inhibited Smad signaling and consequently enhanced the proliferation of VSMCs. Our findings suggest that miR-1260b-mediated GDF11-Smad-dependent signaling is an essential regulatory mechanism in the proliferation of VSMCs, and this axis is modulated by hypoxia to promote abnormal VSMC proliferation. Therefore, our study unveils a novel function of miR-1260b in the pathological proliferation of VSMCs under hypoxia.

Delivery of Hypoxia Inducible Heme Oxygenase-1 Gene Using Dexamethasone Conjugated Polyethylenimine for Protection of Cardiomyocytes under Hypoxia

  • Kim, Hyun-Jung;Kim, Hyun-Ah;Choi, Joon-Sig;Lee, Min-Hyung
    • Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
    • /
    • v.30 no.4
    • /
    • pp.897-901
    • /
    • 2009
  • Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) is an anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptotic protein and has been applied to various gene therapy researches. However, constitutive expression of HO-1 may induce deleterious side effects. In this research, hypoxia inducible HO-1 expression plasmid, pEpo-SV-HO-1, was constructed with the erythropoietin (epo) enhancer and simian virus 40 (SV40) promoter to avoid these unwanted side effects. Dexamethasone conjugated polyethylenimine (PEI-Dexa) was used as a gene carrier. It was previously reported that dexamethasone protected cardiomyocytes from apoptosis under hypoxia. In this research, PEI-Dexa reduced the caspase-3 level in hypoxic H9C2 cardiomyocytes as a derivative of dexamethasone, suggesting that PEI-Dexa is an anti-apoptotic reagent as well as a gene carrier. pEpo-SV-HO-1 was transfected to H9C2 cardiomyocytes using PEI-Dexa and the cells were incubated under normoxia or hypoxia. HO-1 expression was induced in the pEpo-SV-HO-1 transfected cells under hypoxia. In addition, cell viability under hypoxia was higher in the pEpo-SV-HO-1 transfected cells than the pEpo-SV-Luc transfected cells. Also, caspase-3 level was reduced in the pEpo-SV-HO-1 transfected cells under hypoxia. In addition to the anti-apoptotic effect of PEI-Dexa, hypoxia inducible HO-1 expression by pEpo-SVHO- 1 may be helpful to protect cardiomyocytes under hypoxia. Therefore, pEpo-SV-HO-1/PEI-Dexa complex may be useful for ischemic heart disease gene therapy.

The Effect of Vitamin C on Hypoxia/reoxygenation Induced Hepatic Injury in Isolated Perfused Rat Liver (흰쥐 관류간 모델에서 저산소 및 산소재도입시 vitamin C가 간장기능에 미치는 영향)

  • 고준일;조태순;이선미
    • Biomolecules & Therapeutics
    • /
    • v.5 no.1
    • /
    • pp.1-7
    • /
    • 1997
  • This study was done to investigate the effect of vitamin C on hypoxia/reoxygenation-induced hepatic injury ul isolated perfused rat liver. Isolated livers from rats fasted 18 hours were subjected to 45 min of hypoxia followed by reoxygenation for 45 min. The perfusion medium used was Krebs-Henseleit bicarbonate buffer (pH 7.4) and 0.5 mmol/L of vitamin C was added to the perfusate. Alanine aminotransferase (ALI) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) levels were significantly increased by hypoxia/reoxygenation. These increases were augmented by vitamin C. Glucose output and bile flow were markedly decreased by hypoxia/reoxygenation. Vitamin C aggavated the decrease of glucose output but had little effect on bile flow. Our findings suggest that hypoxia/reoxygenation diminishes hepatic metabolic and secretory functions, and vitamin C significantly aggravates these changes.

  • PDF

Effect of Hypoxia on the Doxorubicin Sensitivity of Human MCF-7 Breast Cancer Cells

  • Lim, Soo-Jeong;Kang, He-Kyung
    • Journal of Pharmaceutical Investigation
    • /
    • v.37 no.5
    • /
    • pp.287-290
    • /
    • 2007
  • Intrinsic or acquired resistance to chemotherapeutic drugs is one of the major obstacles to effective cancer treatment. Hypoxia is widespread in solid tumors as a consequence of decreased blood flow in the tumor-derived neovasculature. The recent finding of a link between hypoxia and chemoresistance prompted us to investigate whether hypoxia induces doxorubicin resistance in human MCF-7 breast cancer cells. Low oxygen concentration decreased the doxorubicin sensitivity in MCF-7 cells. The expression of p-glycoprotein, a major MDR-related transporter, and those of apoptosis-related proteins (anti-apoptotic Bcl-2, Bcl-XL and pro-apoptotic Bax) were not altered by hypoxia in MCF-7 cells. Intracellular uptake of doxorubicin was significantly decreased under hypoxic conditions. Decreased cellular uptake of doxorubicin under hypoxia may contribute to causing doxorubicin resistance in these cells. The use of agents that can modulate the doxorubicin uptake for adjuvant therapy may contribute to improving the therapeutic efficacy of doxorubicin in breast cancer patients.

Imaging Hypoxic Myocardium (심근 저산소증 영상)

  • Bae, Sang-Kyun
    • The Korean Journal of Nuclear Medicine
    • /
    • v.39 no.2
    • /
    • pp.141-145
    • /
    • 2005
  • Hypoxia (decreased tissue oxygen tension) is a component of many diseases such as tumors, cerebrovascular diseases and ischemic heart diseases. Although hypoxia can be secondary to a low inspired $pO_2$ or a variety of lung disorders, the most common cause is ischemia due to an oxygen demand greater than the local oxygen supply. In the heart tissue, hypoxia is often observed in persistent low-flow states, such as hibernating myocardium. Direct "hot spot" imaging of myocardial tissue hypoxia is potentially of great clinical importance because it may provide a means of identifying dysfunctional chronically ischemic but viable hibernating myocardium. A series of radiopharmaceuticals that incorporate nitroimidazole moieties have been synthesized to detect decreased local tissue pO2. In contrast to agents that localize in proportion to perfusion, these agents concentrate in hypoxic tissue. However, the ideal agents are not developed yet and the progress is very slow. Furthermore, the research focus is on tumor hypoxia nowadays. This review introduces the myocardial hypoxia imaging with summarizing the development of radiopharmaceuticals.

Cardiorespiratory responses to environmental hypoxia in the yellowtail, Seriola quinqueradiata

  • Lee, Kyoung-Seon;Atsushi Ishimatsu;Tatsuya Oda
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Fisheries Technology Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.265-266
    • /
    • 2001
  • Cardiovascular and respiratory responses of fish exposed to environmental hypoxia have on the subject of a number of investigations. Although relatively few species have been examined, generalized responses to ambient hypoxia include an elevation of blood pressure, increased systemic vascular resistance and bradycardia (Fritsche and Nilsson, 1990; Bushnell and Brill, 1991). The degree of bradycardia experienced by fish during hypoxia is highly variable and may depend upon the severity of the hypoxia and the rapidity with which it is imposed. (omitted)

  • PDF

INSULIN AND HYPOXIA INDUCE VEGF AND GLYCOLITIC ENZYMES VIA DIFFERENT SIGNALING PATHWAYS

  • Park, Youngyeon;Park, Hyunsung
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Toxicology Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.199-199
    • /
    • 2001
  • Both hypoxia and insulin induce same target genes including vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), glycolitic enzymes and glucose transporters. However these two signals eventually trigger quite different metabolic pathways. Hypoxia induces glycolysis for anaerobic ATP production, while insulin increase glycolysis for lipogenesis and energy storage. Hypoxia-induced gene expression is mediated by Hypoxia-inducible Factorl (HIF-1) that consists of HIF-1 $\alpha$ and $\beta$ subunit.(omitted)

  • PDF

The Effect of Goomcheongsim-won(구미청심원) Extracts on E20 Corticells and P7 Cerebellar Cells Exposed to Hypoxia (구미청심원이 저산소증 유발 배양신경세포에 미치는 영향)

  • 한기선;정승현;신길조;문일수;이원철
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine
    • /
    • v.23 no.1
    • /
    • pp.120-132
    • /
    • 2002
  • Objectives : The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the effect of Goomicheongsim-won Extracts on E20 corticells and P7 cerebellar cells exposed to hypoxia, and the effect on neuronal protection by elimination of Rhinoceros unicornis L. and/or Orpiment $As_2S_3$. Methods : P7 cerebellar cells were grown in various concentrations of KM-A, KM-B, KM- C and KM-D. On 7 DIV (day in vitro), cells were exposed to hypoxia (98% $N_2/5%{;}CO_2,{\;}3{\;}hr,{\;}37^{\circ}C$) and normoxia, and then further incubated for 3 days. Neuronal viabilities were expressed as percentages of control. E20 cortical cells were grown in various concentrations of KM-A, KM-B, KM-C, and KM-D. On 7 DIV, cells were exposed to hypoxia and normoxia, and then further incubated for 3 and 7 days. Results : I. The effect of KM-A on neuronal protection was significantly increased P7 cerebellar granule cells and E20 cortical cells on normoxia and hypoxia. 2. The effect of KM-B on neuronal protection was increased P7 cerebellar granule cells on normoxia, but was significantly decreased P7 cerebellar granule cells on hypoxia. The effect of KM-B on neuronal protection was non-significantly increased E20 cortical cells on normoxia and hypoxia. 3. The effect of KM-C on neuronal protection was non-significantly increased P7 cerebellar granule cells on normoxia and hypoxia and was decreased (p=0.058) on hyperconcentration of the extracts in normoxia. The effect of KM-C on neuronal protection was significantly increased P7 cerebellar granule cells and E20 cortical cells on normoxia and hypoxia (10 DIV), and the effect was E20 cortical cells on normoxia (14 DIV), non-significantly increased E20 cortical cells on hypoxia (14DIV). 4. The effect of KM-D on neuronal protection was increased P7 cerebellar granule cells on normoxia but was not on hyperconcentration of the extracts, was significantly decreased on hyperconcentration of the extracts in hypoxia. The effect of KM-D on neuronal protection was significantly increased E20 cortical cells on normoxia and was significantly increased E20 cortical cells increased on hypoxia (10 DIV). Conclusions : Goomicheongsim-won extracts had applicable effect on E20 corticells and P7 cerebellar cells exposed to hypoxia. The effect on neuronal protection by elimination of Rhinoceros unicornis L. and/or Orpiment $As_2S_3$ was changed.

  • PDF

Wheatgrass extract inhibits hypoxia-inducible factor-1-mediated epithelial-mesenchymal transition in A549 cells

  • Do, Nam Yong;Shin, Hyun-Jae;Lee, Ji-Eun
    • Nutrition Research and Practice
    • /
    • v.11 no.2
    • /
    • pp.83-89
    • /
    • 2017
  • BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is involved in not only cancer development and metastasis but also non-cancerous conditions. Hypoxia is one of the proposed critical factors contributing to formation of chronic rhinosinusitis or nasal polyposis. Wheatgrass (Triticum aestivum) has antioxidant, anti-aging, and anti-inflammatory effects. In this study, we analyzed whether wheatgrass has an inhibitory effect on the EMT process in airway epithelial cells. MATERIALS/METHODS: A549 human lung adenocarcinoma cells were incubated in hypoxic conditions ($CO_2$ 5%/$O_2$ 1%) for 24 h in the presence of different concentrations of wheatgrass extract (50, 75, 100, and $150{\mu}g/mL$) and changes in expression of epithelial or mesenchymal markers were evaluated by immunoblotting and immunofluorescence. Accordingly, associated EMT-related transcriptional factors, Snail and Smad, were also evaluated. RESULTS: Hypoxia increased expression of N-cadherin and reduced expression of E-cadherin. Mechanistically, E-cadherin levels were recovered during hypoxia by silencing hypoxia inducible factor (HIF)-$1{\alpha}$ or administering wheatgrass extract. Wheatgrass inhibited the hypoxia-mediated EMT by reducing the expression of phosphorylated Smad3 (pSmad3) and Snail. It suppressed the hypoxia-mediated EMT processes of airway epithelial cells via HIF-$1{\alpha}$ and the pSmad3 signaling pathway. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that wheatgrass has potential as a therapeutic or supplementary agent for HIF-1-related diseases.

The Effects Kunnuetang and Herbs on Mouse Neuroblastoma 2a Cells Damaged by Hypoxia-reoxygenation (건뇌양(健腦揚)과 단미(單味)들이 Hypoxia-Reoxygenation에 의해 손상받은 Mouse Neuroblastoma 2a Cells에 미치는 영향(影響))

  • Yeum, Chang-Sub;Kim, Jong-Woo;Kang, Chul-Hun;Whang, Wei-Wan
    • Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry
    • /
    • v.16 no.2
    • /
    • pp.73-88
    • /
    • 2005
  • Object : This study was designed to asses the effect of Kunnuetang and herbs on Mouse neuroblastoma 2a cells damaged by hypoxia-reoxygenation. Method : Mouse neuroblastoma 2a (N2a) cells were measured by MTT assay and LDH assay after 48h hypoxia and 6h reoxygenation. Mouse neuroblastoma 2a (N2a) cells were treated by Kunnuetang, Duchang and Daejo. Result : 1. Kunnuetang, was effective on LDH assay of hypoxia and reoxygenation. 2. Duchang and Daejo were generally effective on LDH assay of hypoxia and reoxygenation. 3. In MTT assay of hypoxia Kunnuetang was not effective. Duchung and Daejo were not generally effective on MTT assay, but in certain condition Herbs were effective. 4. In MTT assay of reoxygenation Kunnuetang and Daejo were not effective. But Duchung was effective in certain condition. Conclusion : The results suggest that Kunnuetang, Duchang and Daejo may have protective effect on vascular dementia and ad patient.

  • PDF