• Title, Summary, Keyword: hydrolysate

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Effects of Protein and Protein Hydrolysate on Nitrogen Metabolism in Rats with Cysteamine-induced Duodenal Ulcer (Cysteamine에 의해 유도된 십이지장 궤양 흰쥐의 체내질소대사에 대한 단백질과 단백질 가수분해물의 섭취효과)

  • 이연숙
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.27 no.7
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    • pp.699-708
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    • 1994
  • This study aimed to verify the nutritional and curative effects of protein hydrolysate in rats with cysteamine-induced duodenal uncer. Duodenal ulcer rat model was established by intraperitoneal injections of cysteamine. Sprague-Dawley, female rats weighing approximately 200g were intraperitoneally injected twice cysteamine(13mg/100g BW) at intervals of 3h per day. This procedure was repeated 3$\times$at intervals of 3d. Animals fed on 10% casein diet for infection periods. After last injection, 4 kinds of diets(10% casein, 20% casein, 10% casein hydrolysate, 20% casein hydrolysate) were given. Gastric montility, trypsin activity in gastrointestinal content, retention rate of nitrogen, plasma total protein, albumin, amino-N, urinary urea nitrogen, creatinine and hydroxyproline were analyzed for nutritional effects of dietary nitrogen levels(10%, 20%) and sources(casein, casein hydrolysate). In duodenal ulcer rat model, there was no differences between 20% casein diet and 20% casein hydrolysate in the view of severeness of ulcer, gastric emptying rate, serum total protein, serum albumin, plasma $\alpha$-amino-N, UUN, creatinine excretion, GFR, nitrogen retention. On the other hand, rats on 10% casein hydrolysate diet group had more curative effect of the ulcer, higher plasma albumin concentration and nitrogen retention than 10% casein diet group. The casein hydrolysate diet group was lower trypsin activity in small intestinal content than the casein diet group, at both nitrogen levels(10%, 20%). The results suggest that protein hydrolysate be applied in diet therapy for the patients with gastrointestinal ulcer.

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Preparation of Onion Hydrolysate for Usage of Sauce (조미액으로의 활용을 위한 양파 가수분해물 제조)

  • 조원대;유광원
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.26 no.6
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    • pp.1147-1151
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    • 1997
  • To develop an onion sauce, reaction conditions of celluclast 1.5L and pectinex on onion were investigated and organoleptic evaluations were carried out. Degree of hydrolysis(D.H) of hydrolysate by a mixture of celluclast 1.5L and pectinex was a higher than that by each enzyme. Hydrolysate by a mixture of celluclast 1.5L and pectinex(1:3v/v) showed 86% of D.H. and total sugar content of the hydrolysate was 54mg/ml. Hydrolysates showed 83~86% of D.H. at reaction temperature of $25^{\circ}C$ to 45$^{\circ}C$. Total sugar content of the hydrolysate was increased with increasing temperature. D.H. and total sugar content of hydrolysate was 76~86% and 51~63mg/ml, respectively, under acidic conditions. D.H. and total sugar content of hydrolysate were also increased with increasing time. Bitterness, sweetness and ordor of roasted pork prepared by adding onion and onion hydrolysate were significantly different(p<0.05), but color and preference between two groups were not significantly different(p<0.05) between two groups. There was no significant difference(p<0.05) in sweetness and bitterness of the roasted pork prepared by adding different amounts of onion hydrolysate, although ordor and preference of the roasted pork were significantly different(p<0.05).

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Functionality and Inhibitory Effect of Soybean Hydrolysate on Angiotensin Converting Enzyme (대두 가수분해물의 혈압 강하 효과 및 기능성)

  • 서형주;김윤숙
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.167-175
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    • 1996
  • This studies were conducted to select optimal enzyme that produced hydrolysate from soybean, and to evaluated functionality of hydrolysate. Soybean powder was suspended with water and hydrolyzed by seven commercial proteases. Hydrolysate produced with protease from Bacillus subtilis showed the highest inhibition effect on the activity of angiotension converting enzyme(ACE), and the condition of enzymatic hydrolysis was 5cA substrate concentration, 0. l% enzyme concentration, 4 hour hydrolysis time. Under above optimum condition, soybean was hydrolyzed with protease from Bacillus subtilis yielding a DH (degree of hydrolysis) of about 49%. Hyrophobicity of hydrolysate was not correlated with the inhibition effect on ACE activity. The functionality of hydrolysate was significantly influenced by pH. Solubility of hydrolysate at alkali solution was greater than that at acidic solution.

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Pullulan Production from Starch Hydrolysate by Aureobasidium pullulans SH8646

  • Shin, Yong-Chul;Kim, Tae-Un
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.3 no.4
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    • pp.298-302
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    • 1993
  • Pullulan was produced from starch hydrolysate with Aureobasidium pullulans SH8646. We could measure the correct amount of pullulan produced without the interference of starch from the culture supernatant by using a bacterial $\alpha$-amylase treatment and ethanol: acetone (1:1) precipitation. When 5% acid-hydrolyzed starch was used as a carbon source, the dry cell weights obtained were similar irrespective of DE values of starch hydrolysates. The dry cell weights of those on the starch hydrolysate media prepared with 0.1 N HC1 treatment, were slightly higher (9.5~10.5 g/l) than those on the starch hydrolysate media prepared with 1.0 N HCl (8.5~9.5 g/l). And among the starch hydrolysates showing DE values lower than 50, maximum pullulan production of 15 g/l was obtained at DE 30~40 starch hydrolysate but those showing DE values higher than 50, the pullulan production was increased with the increase of the DE value of starch hydrolysates. From the media containing 5%, 10%, and 15% starch hydrolysate (DE 25, 45, and 75), about 20~34% pullulan yield was obtained and the maximum pullulan yield of 34% (17g/l) was obtained from 5% DE 75 starch hydrolysate. The pullulan yields from starch hydrolysate media were much lower than those from glucose, maltose, maltotriose, and sucrose media.

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Effect of Silk Fibroin Hydrolysate on Adipocyte Metabolism in db/db Mice (실크 피브로인 산 가수분해물이 db/db mice의 지방세포 대사에 미치는 영향)

  • Hong, Seong-Eui;Park, Kum-Ju;Suh, Byung-Sun;Do, Myoung-Sool;Hyun, Chang-Kee
    • Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy
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    • v.33 no.4
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    • pp.312-318
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    • 2002
  • Effect of the acid hydrolysate of silk fibroin on obesity was investigated in obese(057BL/KsJ-db/db) mice. After 8 weeks feeding of 1%(w/w) or 3%(w/w) fibroin hydrolysate, the extents of reduction in body weight were significantly higher than that of obese control. The weight reduction in female mice was higher than that in male mice. Plasma leptin in male mice increased up to 1.8-fold higher level than obese control by feeding hydrolysate. In case of female mice, however, it rather decreased with increased feeding concentration of hydrolysate. From the results of high glycine and serine contents of peptide fractions contained in fibroin hydrolysate, it was inferred that fibroin peptides might affect xylosyltransferase(XT) activity on chondroitin sulfate synthesis causing to change susceptibility of adipocytes to hormones such as insulin followed by the reduced leptin synthesis in female mice. The result of the higher lipolysis in hydrolysate-fed group than obese control indicated that the reduction in body weight was due to the increased lipolytic activities in male and female mice in common.

Improved Bioethanol Production Using Activated Carbon-treated Acid Hydrolysate from Corn Hull in Pachysolen tannophilus

  • Seo, Hyeon-Beom;Kim, Seung-Seop;Lee, Hyeon-Yong;Jung, Kyung-Hwan
    • Mycobiology
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    • v.37 no.2
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    • pp.133-140
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    • 2009
  • To optimally convert corn hull, a byproduct from corn processing, into bioethanol using Pachysolen tannophlius, we investigated the optimal conditions for hydrolysis and removal of toxic substances in the hydrolysate via activated carbon treatment as well as the effects of this detoxification process on the kinetic parameters of bioethanol production. Maximum monosaccharide concentrations were obtained in hydrolysates in which 20 g of corn hull was hydrolyzed in 4% (v/v) $H_2SO_4$. Activated carbon treatment removed 92.3% of phenolic compounds from the hydrolysate. When untreated hydrolysate was used, the monosaccharides were not completely consumed, even at 480 h of culture. When activated carbon.treated hydrolysate was used, the monosaccharides were mostly consumed at 192 h of culture. In particular, when activated carbon-treated hydrolysate was used, bioethanol productivity (P) and specific bioethanol production rate ($Q_p$) were 2.4 times and 3.4 times greater, respectively, compared to untreated hydrolysate. This was due to sustained bioethanol production during the period of xylose/arabinose utilization, which occurred only when activated carbon-treated hydrolysate was used.

Antioxidative Effect of Enzymatic Protein Hydrolysate from Lecithin-Free Egg Yolk (레시틴 추출 잔사인 계란노른자의 효소적 단백질 가순분해물의 항산화 특성)

  • 박표잠;정원교;최영일;김세권
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.131-139
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    • 2000
  • Lecithin-free egg yolk protein (EYP), the by-product of lecithin extraction from egg yolk, which is denatured with an organic solvent, would normally be discarded. In this study, the denatured protein was renatured with alkali, and hydrolyzed with Alcalase in order to utilize by-product. The hydrolysate was separated through a series of ultrafiltration membranes with molecular weight cut-off (MWOO) of 10, 5 and 1 kDa, and the antioxidative activities of the hydrolysates was investigated. The 5K hydrolysate, permeate from 5 kDa membrane, showed stronger antioxidative activity than 10 K and 1 K hydrolysate which were permeated from 10 kDa and 1 kDa membrane, in a linoleic acid autoxidation system. In addition, the optimum concentration of antioxidative activity for 5 K hydrolysate was 1%, and the activity was about 37% higher as compared with α-tocopherol. The synergistic effect was also increased by using the hydrolysates with α-tocopherol.

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Effect of Enzymatic Hydrolysate from Egg Yolk Protein on the Activity of Antioxidative Enzyme in Cultured Hepatocytes (Chang) (배양 간세포 (Chang)에서 황산화작용 및 항상화요소 활성에 미치는 계란 놀느자 단백질 가수분해물의 영향)

  • 박표잠;송병권;남경수;김세권
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.10 no.5
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    • pp.475-483
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    • 2000
  • Normally, aerobic cells are protected from the damage of free radicals by antioxidative enzymes such as catalase, superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione (GSH) peroxidase and GSH-S-transferase. In this study, we have investigate the effect of egg yolk protein hydrolysates on antioxidative activity and the activity of antioxidative enzyme in cultured hepatocytes (Chang). Without the pretreatment with hydrolysate, about 50% of the hepatocytes were killed within 2h by 225$\mu$M tert-butyl hydroperoxide (t-BHP). By contrast, fewer than 20% of the 5 K hydrolysate (permeate from 5 kDa membrane and not passed through 1 kDa membrane)-pretreated hepatocytes were killed by the same concentrations of t-BHP. In addition, the activities of catalase, GSH peroxidase and GSH-transferase were significantly increasing with the treatment of 5 K hydrolysate. These results suggest that 5 K hydrolysate exerts antioxidative effect by increasing activity of antioxidative enzymes.

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Biofunctional Properties of Enzymatic Squid Meat Hydrolysate

  • Choi, Joon Hyuk;Kim, Kyung-Tae;Kim, Sang Moo
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.67-72
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    • 2015
  • Squid is one of the most important commercial fishes in the world and is mainly utilized or consumed as sliced raw fish or as processed products. The biofunctional activities of enzymatic squid meat hydrolysate were determined to develop value-added products. Enzymatic squid hydrolysate manufactured by Alcalase effectively quenched 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl radical, hydroxyl radical, and hydrogen peroxide radical with $IC_{50}$ values of 311, 3,410, and $111.5{\mu}g/mL$, respectively. Angiotensin I-converting enzyme inhibitory activity of squid hydrolysate was strong with an $IC_{50}$ value of $145.1{\mu}g/mL$, while tyrosinase inhibitory activity with an $IC_{50}$ value of 4.72 mg/mL was moderately low. Overall, squid meat hydrolysate can be used in food or cosmetic industries as a bioactive ingredient and possibly be used in the manufacture of seasoning, bread, noodle, or cosmetics.

Effect of Protein and Protein Hydrolysate on Nitrogen Metabolism in Rats with Gastric Ulcer Induced by Restraint and Water-Immersion Stress (단백질과 단백질 가수분해물이 침수 속박 스트레스로 유도된 위 궤양 흰쥐의 질소대사에 미치는 영향)

  • 김창임
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.291-297
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    • 1995
  • This study aimed to verify the nutritional and curative effects of protein hydroysate in rats model with gastric ulcer induced by restraint and water-immersion stress. Sprague-Dawley, famale rats weighing approximtely 200g were forced in 5$\times$5$\times$15cm plexiglas cage. The restraint and water immersion stress was carried at 20$\pm$2$^{\circ}C$ for 8-hours. After stress 4 kinds of diets(10% casein, 20% casein, 10% casein hydrolysate, 20% casein hydrolysate) were given for 5 days. In the gastric ulcer rats model, the growth, gastric emptying rate, trypsin activity in gastrointestinal content, plasma total protein, albumin, $\alpha$-amino-N, UUN, creatinine and hydroxyproline of the urine and nitrogen retention were analyzed for nutritional effects of dietary nitrogen levels(10%, 20%) and sources (casein, casein hydrolysate). The results were as follows ; In gastric ulcer rats model, severeness of ulcer, plasma protein, gastric emptying rate, nitrogen retention rate were not different between 20% casein-fed group and 20% casein hydrolysatefed group. But 10% casein hydrolysate-fed group had more curative group. The casein hydrolysate diet-fed group was lower trysin activity in small intestianl content than the casein-fed group, at both casein level(10%, 20%). Finally at 20% levels, there was no difference between casein and casein hydrolysate diet, but 10% level, casein hydrolysate diet was more curative of ulcer than casein diet in gastric ulcer rat model. The results of this study provide useful information concerning diet therapy for the patients with gastrointestinal diseases and the field of enteral diet materials.

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