• Title, Summary, Keyword: hydrologic condition

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Analysis on Hydrologic Stability of Agricultural Reservoir Using Probable Maximum Flood (최대가능홍수량 적용에 따른 농업용 저수지의 수문학적 안정성 분석)

  • Kim, Sang-Woo;Maeng, Seung-Jin
    • KCID journal
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.28-34
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    • 2010
  • This study re-exams hydrologic stability on spillway outlet capacity of agricultural reservoirs using hydrologic data with current rainfall condition instead of project hydrologic data applied at design on Backgok reservoir located in Chungbuk province. It is concluded that Backgok reservoir is not hydrologically stable and therefore structural measures including the extension of spillway and non structural measures should be taken. Continuous basic plan for river maintenance including additional bank reinforcement to bottom river shall be carried out. Due to high peak flood with more than 290% compared to 200 year frequency probability flood which was design standard of the past in view of the results of calculating PMF according to revised design standard for reservoirs, there could a problem for securing rationality in case of applying PMF with design flood. Therefore, hydrological stability, construction, and maintenance cost shall be synthetically studied and reasonal application shall be made if the decision is made on applying PMF with design flood.

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The Effects of Design Parameters for Small Scale Hydro Power Plant with Climate Change (기후변화에 의한 소수력발전소 설계변수의 영향)

  • Park, Wan-Soon;Lee, Chul-Hyung
    • 한국태양에너지학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.267-272
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    • 2009
  • The effects of design parameters for small scale hydro power(SSHP) plants due to rainfall condition have been studied. The model to predict hydrologic performance for SSHP plants is used in this study. The results from analysis for rainfall conditions based on KIER model show that the capacity and load factor of SSHP site had large difference between the period. Especially, the hydrologic performance of SSHP site due to rainfall condition of recent period varied in design flowrate sensitively. And also, the methodology represented in this study can be used to decide the primary design specifications of SSHP sites.

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The Variations of Design Parameters for Small Scale Hydro Power Plant with Rainfall Condition (강우상태에 의한 소수력발전소 설계변수의 변화)

  • Park, Wan-Soon;Lee, Chul-Hyung
    • 한국신재생에너지학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.138-141
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    • 2008
  • The effects of design parameters for small scale hydro power(SSHP) plants due to rainfall condition have been studied. The model to predict hydrologic performance for SSHP plants is used in this study. The results from analysis for rainfall conditions based on Weibull distribution show that the capacity and load factor of SSHP site had large difference between the variation of shape and scale parameter. Especially, the hydrologic performance of SSHP site due to variation of shape parameter varied more sensitive than the case of variation of scale parameter. And also, the methodology represented in this study can be used to decide the primary design specifications of SSHP sites.

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The Variations of Performance Parameters for Small Scale Hydro Power Plant with Rainfall Condition (강우상태에 의한 소수력발전소 성능변수의 변화)

  • Park, Wan-Soon;Lee, Chul-Hyung
    • New & Renewable Energy
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    • v.4 no.3
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    • pp.15-22
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    • 2008
  • The effects of design parameters for small scale hydro power (SSHP) plants due to rainfall condition have been studied. The model to predict hydrologic performance for SSHP plants is used in this study. The results from analysis for rainfall conditions based on Weibull distribution show that the capacity and load factor of SSHP site had large difference between the variation of shape and scale parameter. Especially, the hydrologic performance of SSHP site due to variation of shape parameter varied more sensitive than the case of variation of scale parameter. And also, the methodology represented in this study can be used to decide the primary design specifications of SSHP sites.

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Growth Response of Pinus densiflora to Hydrologic Conditions in the Central Korea (수문 요인에 대한 중부 지역 소나무의 생장 반응)

  • Kim, Je-Su
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.66-71
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    • 1999
  • Main concern is to figure out the growth response of Pinus densiflora to hydrologic conditions in the central Korea. Continuous measurements were carried out with six trees with dendrometers in the Chungbuk National University experimental forest (Wolak-san) during 1995~1996. Surrounding hydrological conditions reflected by the solar radiation, air temperature, precipitation, soil water were included in measurements. Their effects on the biological response of trees was investigated and expressed as response functions. With these response functions, tree growth model was developed. Soil water availability was more related to the tree growth than air temperature. Limited number of biological measurements with dendrometer could permit determination of dynamics of radial tree growth to the hydrological conditions. Tree growth model could be used to check and revise the statistical transfer function of dendrohydrology.

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Hydrologic Performance Characteristics Variation of Small Scale Hydro Power Plant with Variation of Inflow (유입량변화에 의한 소수력발전소의 수문학적 성능특성 변화)

  • Park, Wan-Soon;Lee, Chul-Hyung
    • Journal of Korea Water Resources Association
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    • v.43 no.4
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    • pp.393-398
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    • 2010
  • The variation of inflow at stream and hydrologic performance for small scale hydro power (SSHP) plants due to variation of inflow have been studied. The model, which can predict flow duration characteristic of stream, was developed to analyze the variation of inflow caused from rainfall condition. And another model to predict hydrologic performance for SSHP plants is established. Monthly inflow data measured at Andong dam for 32 years were analyzed. The existing SSHP plant located in upstream of Andong dam was selected and analyzed hydrologic performance characteristics. The predicted results from the developed models in this study show that the data were in good agreement with measured results of long term inflow at Andong dam and the existing SSHP plant. Inflow and ideal hydro power potential had increased greatly in recent years, however, these did not lead annual energy production increment of existing SSHP plant. As a results, it was found that the models developed in this study can be used to predict the primary design specifications and inflow of SSHP plants effectively.

The Effects of Design Parameters for Small Scale Hydro Power Plant with Rainfall Condation (강우상태에 의한 소수력발전소 설계인자의 영향)

  • Park, Wan-Soon;Lee, Chul-Hyung
    • Journal of the Korean Solar Energy Society
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.43-49
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    • 2008
  • The effects of design parameters for small scale hydro power(SSHP) plants due to rainfall condition have been studied. The model to predict hydrologic performance for SSHP plants is used in this study. The results from analysis for rainfall conditions based on Weibull distribution show that the capacity and load factor of SSHP site had large difference between the variation of shape and scale parameter. Especially, the hydrologic performance of SSHP site due to variation of shape parameter varied more sensitive than the case of variation of scale parameter. And also, the methodology represented in this study can be used to decide the primary design specifications of SSHP sites.

On the Change of Hydrologic Conditions due to Global Warming : 1. An Analysis on the Change of Temperature in Korea Peninsula using Regional Scale Model (지구온난화에 따른 수문환경의 변화와 관련하여 : 1. 국지규모 모형을 이용한 한반도 기온의 변화 분석)

  • An, Jae-Hyeon;Yun, Yong-Nam;Lee, Jae-Su
    • Journal of Korea Water Resources Association
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    • v.34 no.4
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    • pp.347-356
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    • 2001
  • Even though the increase of greenhouse gases such as $CO_2$ is thought to be the main cause for global warming, its impact on global climate has not been revealed clearly in rather quantitative manners. However, researches using Genral Circulation Model(GCM) has shown that the accumulation of greenhouse gases increases the global mean temperature, which in turn impacts on the global water circulation pattern. A climate predictive capability is limited by lack of understanding of the different process governing the climate and hydrologic systems. The prediction of the complex responses of the fully coupled climate and hydrologic systems can be achieved only through development of models that adequately describe the relevant process at a wide range of spatial and temporal scales. These models must ultimately couple the atmospheres, oceans, and lad and will involve many submodels that properly represent the individual processes at work within the coupled components of systems. So far, there are no climate and related hydrologic models except local rainfall-runoff models in Korea. The purpose of this research is to predict the change of temperature in Korean Peninsula using regional scale model(IRSHAM96 model) and GCM data obtained from the increasing scenarios of $CO_2$ Korean Peninsula increased by $2.5^{\circ}C$ and the duration of Winter in $lxCO_2$ condition would be shorter the $2xCo_2$ condition due to global warming.

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Hydrological and Ecological Alteration of River Dynamics due to Multipurpose Dams (다목적댐 건설에 따른 하천의 생태 및 수문환경 변화)

  • Cho, Yean-Hwa;Park, Seo-Yeon;Na, Jong-Moon;Kim, Tae-Woong;Lee, Joo-Heon
    • Journal of Wetlands Research
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    • v.21 no.spc
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    • pp.16-27
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    • 2019
  • Alteration in the flow regime of rivers are caused by natural climate change and the changes in anthropogenic hydrological environment due to dam construction. These changes in flow regime cause serious changes not only in the fresh water ecosystems of the rivers but also in the physical structures and fish habitats of the streams. In this study, the alteration in the hydrological characteristics of the Gam river basin due to Buhang dam construction and the changes in ecological health condition, water quality, and river cross-section were analyzed. As a result of analysis by indicators of hydrologic alteration (IHA) to quantitatively change the flow regime of Gam river, HA (Hydrologic Alteration) is more than ±1 and various changes have occurred in the river ecosystem after Buhang dam construction. In addition, ecological health condition and water quality showed different response for each element, and in the case of riverbeds and channel cross-sections, the degradation of channel bed was obviously monitored after dam construction. The results of this study are expected to be used as an efficient method for evaluating changes in stream ecosystems caused by stream regime changes.

Evaluation of L-THIA WWW Dimet Runoff Estimation with AMC Adjustment (선행토양함수조건(AMC)을 고려한 L-THIA WWW 직접유출 모의 정확성 평가)

  • Kim, Jonggun;Park, Younshik;Jeon, Ji-Hong;Engel, Bernard A.;Ahn, Jaehun;Park, Young Kon;Kim, Ki-sung;Choi, Joongdae;Lim, Kyoung Jae
    • Journal of Korean Society on Water Environment
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.474-481
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    • 2007
  • With population growth, industrialization, and urbanization within the watershed, the hydrologic response changed dramatically, resulting in increases in peak flow with lesser time to peak and total runoff with shortened time of concentration. Infiltration is directly affected by initial soil moisture condition, which is a key element to determine runoff. Influence of the initial soil moisture condition on hydrograph analysis should be evaluated to assess land use change impacts on runoff and non-point source pollution characteristics. The Long-Term Hydrologic Impact Assessment (L-THIA) model has been widely used for the estimation of the direct runoff worldwide. The L-THIA model was applied to the Little Eagle Creek (LEC) watershed and Its estimated direct runoff values were compared with the BFLOW filtered direct runoff values by other researchers. The $R^2$ value Was 0.68 and the Nash-Sutcliffe coefficient value was 0.64. Also, the L-THIA estimates were compared with those separated using optimized $BFI_{max}$ value for the Eckhardt filter. The $R^2$ value and the Nash-Sutcliffe coefficient value were 0.66 and 0.63, respectively. Although these higher statistics could indicate that the L-THIA model is good in estimating the direct runoff reasonably well, the Antecedent Moisture Condition (AMC) was not adjusted in that study, which might be responsible for mismatches in peak flow between the L-THIA estimated and the measured peak values. In this study, the L-THIA model was run with AMC adjustment for direct runoff estimation. The $R^2$ value was 0.80 and the Nash-Sutcliffe coefficient value was 0.78 for the comparison of L-THIA simulated direct runoff with the filtered direct runoff. However there was 42.44% differences in the L-THIA estimated direct runoff and filtered direct runoff. This can be explained in that about 80% of the simulation period is classified as 'AMC I' condition, which caused lower CN values and lower direct runoff estimation. Thus, the coefficients of the equation to adjust CN II to CN I and CN III depending on AMC condition were modified to minimize adjustments impacts on runoff estimation. The $R^2$ and the Nash-Sutcliffe coefficient values increase, 0.80 and 0.80 respectively. The difference in the estimated and filtered direct runoff decreased from 42.44% to 7.99%. The results obtained in this study indicate the AMC needs to be considered for accurate direct runoff estimation using the L-THIA model. Also, more researches are needed for realistic adjustment of the AMC in the L-THIA model.