• Title, Summary, Keyword: hybrid flame retardant compound

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A Study on the Preparation of Halogen Free M-P Flame Retardant and Its Application to Composite Material (비할로겐 M-P 난연제 제조 및 복합재료 응용 연구)

  • Lee, Soon-Hong
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
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    • v.24 no.6
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    • pp.63-71
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    • 2009
  • In order to improve flame retardancy, the halogen free organic melamine phosphate(M-P) flame retardant was synthesized from melamine and phosphoric acid by the reaction of precipitation. The ignition test was carried out preparing hybrid flame retardant compound($H_bFRC$) consisting of organic M-P and inorganic Mg$(OH)_2$ as a flame retardant in the polyolefin resins. The flame retardancy and mechanical properties of flame retardant aluminum composite panel($H_bFRC$-ACP) were performed to investigate the possibility of the composite material, which was contained M-P, as a inner core for $H_bFRC$-ACP. For this study, the results of ignition test indicate that a char formation and drip suppressing effect, and combustion time reduced as the content of M-P increased. The limited oxygen index(LOI) values were measured 17.4vol% and 31.5vol% for LDPE only and $H_bFRC$-3(M-P content: 15wt%), respectively. And it was verified that the $H_bFRC$-3 was needed more oxygen quantity with the increase of M-P content when it combustion. Also, the results from thermogravimetric analysis were observed endothermic peak at $350^{\circ}C$ and $550^{\circ}C$, it was confirmed predominant thermal stability though the wide temperature range by the mixture of M-P and Mg$(OH)_2$. The LDPE-ACP (using only LDPE as a inner core), $35.13kW/m^2$ of heat release rate(HRR) and 13.43MJ/m2 of total heat release(THR) were measured while the $H_bFRC$-ACP, $10.44kW/m^2$ of HRR and 1.84MJ/m2 of THR were measured by results of cone calorimeter test. In case of $H_bFRC$-ACP, the average gas emission amount of CO and $CO_2$ could be decreased down to 25% and 20%, respectively, in comparison with LDPE-ACP. The mechanical properties such as tensile strength, bending strength and adhesion strength of $H_bFRC$-ACP were revealed slightly high values $54N/mm^2$, $152N/mm^2$ and 120N/25mm, respectively, compared with LDPE-ACP. It was confirmed that flame retardancy was improved with the synergy effect because of char formation by M-P and hydrolysis by Mg$(OH)_2$. The result of this study suggest that $H_bFRC$ can be applied for an adequate halogen free flame retardant composite material as a inner core for ACP.

Development of Environmental-friendly Nontoxic Flame Retardant Paint (친환경 무독성 난연도료 개발연구)

  • Do, Young-Woong;Ha, Jin-Wook
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.9 no.5
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    • pp.1354-1358
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    • 2008
  • Environmental-friendly nontocxic flame retardant paint which can overcomes the restriction of harmful materials for human body and environments such as Pb, Hg, Cd, $C^{+6}$, PBB/PBDE by EU and domestic Ministry of Environment was developed. Developed paint is the water-soluble organic inorganic hybrid material that VOC(volatility organic compound) discharge is low, and that human riskiness and environmental pollution is minimized not using the kinds of halogen materials. $Mg(OH)_2$, $Sb_{2}O_{3}$, and Zinc borate were used as flame retardant materials, 2% Micell and water were used as binder and solvent, respectively. Results showed the optimum activity was obtained when the ratio of those frame retardant agents($Mg(OH)_2$, $Sb_{2}O_{3}$, Zinc borate made by 1: 2: 2), binder(2% Micell) and water was 1: 0.5: 0.5.