• Title, Summary, Keyword: hospital anxiety and depression scale

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The Study about the Emotional Status of Patients Who want to take Medical Examination on Stroke (중풍(中風)에 대한 健康檢診(건강검진)을 받고자 내원(來院)한 환자(患者)의 정서상태(情緖狀態)에 대한 연구(硏究))

  • Park Se-Jin;Park Sang-Dong;Lee Jeong-A
    • Journal of Oriental Neuropsychiatry
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.123-133
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    • 2001
  • This study was designed and undertaken to identify objectively the degree and relationship of anxiety, depression which are chief essential elements of emotional status in Stroke medical examination patients. The subjects in this study were 58 Stroke medical examination patients and 58 Non-Stroke medical examination patients, and for the assessment of anxiety, depression. We used State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), Zung's Self-Rating Depression Scale(SDS). The results of this study are as follows : 1. There were significant, differences in the 16 items of State anxiety scale among 20 items and the 14 items of Trait anxiety scale among 20 items between Stroke medical examination patients and the control group(p<0.05 respectively). 2. There were significant differences in the 14 items of SDS among 20 items between Stroke medical examination patients and the control group(p<0.05 respectively). 3. There were significant differences in the mean scores of STAI and SDS between Stroke medical examination patients and the control group(p<0.001 respectively). 4. There were no significant relationships between State anxiety & Trait anxiety, State anxiety & Depression, Trait anxiety & Depression in the Stroke medical examination patients.

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The Relationship between Insomnia Severity and Depression, Anxiety and Anxiety Sensitivity in General Population (불면증의 심각도와 우울, 불안 및 불안 민감성의 관계)

  • Kim, Na-Hyun;Choi, Hong-Min;Lim, Se-Won;Oh, Kang-Seob
    • Sleep Medicine and Psychophysiology
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.59-66
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    • 2006
  • The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between insomnia severity, depression, anxiety, and anxiety sensitivity and to find out the explanatory variables that account for the insomnia severity among depression, anxiety, and anxiety sensitivity in general population. 95 mentally healthy volunteers who visit health promotion center of Kangbuk Samsung hospital for their regular medical examination were requested to complete Athens Insomnia Scale, Beck Depression Inventory, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, and Anxiety Sensitivity Index. Association between total scores of Athens Insomnia Scale and other variables (total scores of Beck Depression Inventory excluded item 16, total scores of State Anxiety, total scores of Trait Anxiety, and total scores of Anxiety Sensitivity Scale) was assessed individually with partial correlations adjusted by age and then together using multiple regression analysis. The total scores of Athens Insomnia Scale were significantly associated with total scores of Beck Depression Inventory excluded item 16 (r=0.541, p<0.001), total scores of Trait Anxiety (r=0.642, p<0.001), total scores of State Anxiety (r=0.267, p<0.05), and total scores of Anxiety Sensitivity Index (r=0.312, p<0.01). Total scores of trait anxiety showed the highest correlation with the total scores of Athens Insomnia Scale and was the significant predictor to total scores of Athens Insomnia Scale among the other predictor variables (p<0.001). These results show that insomnia severity is positively correlated with depression, anxiety, and anxiety sensitivity. The correlation was strongest with trait anxiety. In addition, our results suggest that trait anxiety is associated with insomnia severity in general populations.

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Factors Influencing Resilience of Patients with Hematologic Malignancy (혈액암 환자의 회복탄력성에 영향을 미치는 요인)

  • Kwak, So Young;Byeon, Young Soon
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.95-104
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the level of resilience, family support, anxiety and depression in patients with hematologic malignancy, and to determine modifiable psychosocial factors that affect their resilience. Methods: Data were collected from 104 patients undergoing curative therapy at 'S' hospital in Seoul. The data were collected from April to May, 2012. The questionnaires included Korean Version of Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale, Family Support Scale and Hospital Anxiety-Depression Scale. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation and stepwise multiple regression. Results: Resilience had statistically significant correlation with family support (r=.43, p<.001), anxiety (r=-.49, p<.001) and depression (r=-.52, p<.001). Factors influencing resilience were depression, family support, anxiety and time since diagnosis with R-sq. value of 36%. Conclusion: The results of the study show that family support, anxiety and depression have important influences on resilience of patients with hematologic malignancy. Thus, family support needs to be reinforced when developing and implementing nursing intervention, and nurses need to intervene to reduce anxiety and depression of patients with hematologic malignancy.

A Study on the Anxiety and Depression of New Dental Outpatients (치과신환의 불안 및 우울에 관한 연구)

  • 이재학;고명연
    • Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.373-381
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    • 1997
  • The anxiety and depression level of new outpatients wert studied clinically by means of The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale(HAD). 64 males and 97 females were subjected at local dental clinic and also 6l male and 91 females were studied at the Dept. of Oral Medicine, PNUH, during period from 1996 to 1997 The obtained results were as follows : 1. Anxiety disorder was 17.76% in the new dental outpatients of university hospital and 13.66% in the local dental Clinic find depression disorder was 7.23% In the University hospital and 3.72% in the local dental clinic. 2. Mean values of depression and anxiety level were within normal range. 3. Anxiety level in female was significantly higher than that in male at the local dental clinic (p<0.05). 4. Anxiety and depression level in university hospital outpatients decreased in order of clerk, housewife and student(p<0.01). 5. The outpatients of university hospital with lower education level showed more anxious and depressed. 6. Anxiety and depression of unmarried group of new outpatients in university hospital was higher than that of married group. Through the above results, proper treatment plans will be demanded In the dental procedure, because psychologic 야sorders as anxiety and depression were included in the 25% of new outpatients of university hospital and 17% at local dental clinic.

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Relationship among Stress, Anxiety-depression, Muscle Tone, and Hand Strength in Patients with Chronic Stroke: Partial Correlation

  • Kim, Myoung-Kwon;Choe, Yu-Won;Kim, Seong-Gil;Choi, Eun-Hong
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.27-33
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    • 2018
  • PURPOSE: This study was conducted to identify the relationships among stress response inventory, hospital anxiety and depression, muscle tone and stiffness, and hand strength in chronic stroke patients. METHODS: A total of 14 chronic stroke patients voluntarily agreed to this experiment and were included in this study. All measurements were performed in one day and in a room without noise. The tests conducted in this study were as follows: muscle tone and stiffness of the upper trapezius hand grip measurement. Subjects were also asked to complete surveys describing the following: stress response inventory and hospital anxiety and depression scale. RESULTS: There were significant correlations among stress response inventory and hospital anxiety and depression, stress response inventory and hand strength, and hospital anxiety and depression and hand strength (P<.05). There were high positive correlations between stress response inventory and hospital anxiety and depression (r=.979), while there were moderate negative correlations between stress response inventory and hand strength (r=-.415) and between hospital anxiety and depression and hand strength (r=-.420). CONCLUSION: The results of the present study indicate that there is a relationship among stress response inventory, hospital anxiety and depression, and hand strength in patients with chronic stroke.

Distress, Depression, Anxiety, and Spiritual Needs of Patients with Stomach Cancer (위암 환자의 고통, 불안, 우울 및 영적 요구)

  • Wi, Eun Sook;Yong, Jinsun
    • Asian Oncology Nursing
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.314-322
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: This study was to investigate relationships among distress, depression, anxiety, and spiritual needs of hospitalized patients with stomach cancer. Methods: The participants were 120 in-patients with stomach cancer for surgery or chemotherapy at C University in Seoul from December 2010 to February 2011. To measure emotional and spiritual states was used Distress management version 1 (National Comprehensive Cancer Network, NCCN), the Hospital anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), and the Spiritual Needs Scale. The data were analyzed using SPSS 19.0, specifically descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Scheffe's test, and Pearson's correlation coefficients. Results: Distress showed positive correlations with anxiety (r=.49, p<.001), and depression (r=.44, p<.001). Anxiety showed positive correlations with depression (r=.59, p<.001). While, depression showed negative correlations with spiritual needs (r=-.25, p<.001). Conclusion: This study's findings show that hospitalized patients with stomach cancer experienced distress, anxiety, depression and high spiritual needs. Distress, anxiety, and depression of patients with stomach cancer were positively correlated with each other. While the level of depression was negatively correlated with the level of spiritual needs, indicating the higher the level of depression, the lower the spiritual needs. Therefore, nursing interventions for emotional and spiritual support need to be developed for stomach cancer patients.

The Differences of Depression, Anxiety and Positive Thinking between Adult and Elderly Hemodialysis Patients (투석 환자에서 연령에 따른 우울, 불안 및 긍정사고의 차이)

  • Noh, Ki-Won;Ha, Juwon;Lim, Se-Won;Lee, Jae-Eun;Lee, Kyu-Beck;Kim, Hyang;Oh, Kang-Seob
    • Anxiety and mood
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.38-44
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    • 2013
  • Objective : The end-stage renal disease patients who shared fear of death, functional impairment due to hemodialysis are vulnerable to depression, anxiety and other mental problems. It is possible that their psychiatric characteristics and related autonomic nervous functions have some differences depending on their age. We purpose to find the differences of psychiatric characteristics and related autonomic nervous functions between adult and elderly hemodialysis patients. Methods : Our subjects are end-stage renal disease hemodialysis patients composed of 39 adults (<65 years) and 24 seniors (${\geq}65$ years). Outcome measures included the 17-item Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression, The Hamilton Rating Scale for Anxiety, The Apathy Evaluation Scale and Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview by clinician. And subjects fulfilled self-report scale, The Positive thinking scale and The Snaith-Hamilton Pleasure Scale. The autonomic nervous functions are measured by heart rate variability. Results : There are no significant differences in demographic factors between two groups. The 17-item Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression, The Hamilton Rating Scale for Anxiety, The Apathy Evaluation Scale, The Snaith-Hamilton Pleasure Scale and autonomic nervous functions are also not different. But only positive thinking scale is higher in adult hemodialysis group than the elderly (F=5.395, p=0.024). Conclusion : This study compared depression, anxiety and autonomic nervous functions between adult and senior hemodialysis patients. There are no significant differences in psychiatric characteristics and autonomic nervous functions between two groups except positive thinking traits. Senior patients endured their chronic disease similar to adult patients did in spite of their old age. This result suggests that elderly's higher positive thinking traits affect their endurances about the negative situations.

Depression in Schizophrenia Patients with Tardive Dyskinesia (지연성 이상운동이 있는 조현병 환자의 우울증)

  • Cha, Seongjae;Oh, Keun;Kim, Misuk;Park, Seon-Cheol;Kim, Young Hoon
    • Korean Journal of Biological Psychiatry
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.110-117
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    • 2018
  • Objectives This study aimed to investigate the relationship between depressive and anxiety symptoms and tardive dyskinesia (TD) and reveal the association of cognitive function and TD in patients with schizophrenia. Methods We recruited 30 schizophrenia patients with TD and 31 without TD from a national mental hospital in South Korea. To assess depressive and anxiety symptoms, the Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II) and the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) were conducted. Using the five-factor structure of the BDI-II and BAI, somatic anxiety, cognitive depression, somatic depression, subjective anxiety, and autonomic anxiety were assessed. Computerized neurocognitive function test (CNT) was performed to assess levels of cognitive functions. We compared the clinical characteristics, levels of cognitive functions, and depressive and anxiety symptoms between schizophrenia patients with TD and without TD. Chi-square test, Fisher's exact test, independent t-test and Mann Whitney U test were conducted to compare two groups. Pearson correlation analysis was conducted to evaluate relationships among the abnormal involuntary movement scale (AIMS), BDI-II, BAI, somatic anxiety, cognitive depression, somatic depression, subjective anxiety, and autonomic anxiety. Results The subjects with TD had significantly lower score on the cognitive depression than those without TD (t = -2.087, p = 0.041). There were significant correlations between the AIMS score and the BDI-II score (r = -0.386, p = 0.035) and between the AIMS score and cognitive depression score (r = - 0.385, p = 0.035). Conclusions Our findings suggest the inverse relationship between severities in TD and depression and support the assumption that there is an inverse relationship between the pathophysiology of TD and depression.

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Anxiety, Depression Levels and Quality of Life in Patients with Gastrointestinal Cancer in Turkey

  • Bektas, Didem Kat;Demir, Sati
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.723-731
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    • 2016
  • Background: Cancer is a major public health problem in many parts of the world. Gastrointestinal (GI) cancers are responsible for 20% of all cancer-related deaths. In Turkey, stomach cancers account for 8.9%, colon cancer for 6.9%, and pancreatic cancer for 5.9%. This study examined the anxiety-depression levels and the quality of life of patients with GI cancer. Materials and Methods: This descriptive study was carried out on 335 adult patients who had gastrointestinal cancer and who were hospitalized in medical oncology clinics. Data were collected by using hospital anxiety and depression scale, EORTC QLQ C-30 and a patient information form. Results: Patients who were male and secondary school graduates/graduates/postgraduates experienced more functional difficulties. Patients with poor economic status experienced more symptoms. Patient general wellbeing decreased with increase disease duration. The level of functional difficulties decreased with an increasing number of hospital stays. Anxiety scores increased with decreasing age. Both anxiety and depression scores increased with increasing disease duration. Patients who were female, single/widowed/divorced, and literate/elementary school graduates had higher anxiety and depression scores. Life quality decreased with increasing anxiety and depression. Conclusions: Patients should be supported to prevent anxiety and depression, and should be followed up with this in mind.

Double-blind Comparative Trial of Fluoxetine and Amitriptyline in Major Depression (주요우울증에서 Fluoxetine과 Amitriptyline의 치료효과에 대한 이중맹검법 비교연구)

  • Jung, Hee-Yeon;Bae, Jae-Nam;Kwon, Jun-Soo;Cho, Doo-Young
    • Korean Journal of Psychosomatic Medicine
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.11-18
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    • 1995
  • The efficacy of fluoxetine was evaluated in 32 patients with major depression in double-blind amitriptyline-controlled clinical trials. Patients were randomly assigned to 6 weeks of treatment with 20mg/day of fluoxetine and 25-100mg/day of amitriptyline. We used the Hamilton rating scale for depression(HAM-D) and the Clinical Global Improvement(CGI) to evaluate the improvement of depression. In addition, we also used the Covi Anxiety Scale and the Anxiety/Somatization subscale of HAM-D to investigate the relieving effect of anxiety. The improvement by fluoxetine in mean total score of HAM-D and CGI was comparable to amitriptyline. Fluoxetine also reduced anxiety significantly, but there was no difference between fluoxetine and amitriptyline in relieving anxiety symptoms. Fluoxetine showed considerably less adverse effects, especially anticholinergic effect and weight gain than amitriptyline. In conclusion, 20mg/day of fluoxetine was sufficiently effective in the treatment of depressive patients and was better tolerated than amitriptyline.

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