• Title, Summary, Keyword: hormone receptor

Search Result 447, Processing Time 0.047 seconds

MicroRNA-222 Expression as a Predictive Marker for Tumor Progression in Hormone Receptor-Positive Breast Cancer

  • Han, Song-Hee;Kim, Hyun Jeong;Gwak, Jae Moon;Kim, Mimi;Chung, Yul Ri;Park, So Yeon
    • Journal of Breast Cancer
    • /
    • v.20 no.1
    • /
    • pp.35-44
    • /
    • 2017
  • Purpose: The microRNA-221/222 (miR-221/222) gene cluster has been reported to be associated with the promotion of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), downregulation of estrogen receptor-${\alpha}$, and tamoxifen resistance in breast cancer. We studied the expression of miR-222 in human breast cancer samples to analyze its relationship with clinicopathologic features of the tumor, including estrogen receptor status, expression of EMT markers, and clinical outcomes. Methods: Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction was performed to detect the expression of miR-222 in 197 invasive breast cancers. Expression of EMT markers (vimentin, smooth muscle actin, osteonectin, N-cadherin, and E-cadherin) was evaluated using immunohistochemistry. Results: High miR-222 levels were associated with high T stage, high histologic grade, high Ki-67 proliferation index, and HER2 gene amplification. Its expression was significantly higher in the luminal B and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-positive (HER2+) subtypes than in the luminal A and triple-negative subtypes. In the hormone receptor-positive subgroup, there was a significant negative correlation between miR-222 and estrogen receptor expression, and miR-222 expression was associated with EMT marker expression. In the group as a whole, high miR-222 expression was not associated with clinical outcome. However, subgroup analyses by hormone receptor status revealed that high miR-222 expression was a poor prognostic factor in the hormone receptor-positive subgroup, but not in the hormone receptor-negative subgroup. Conclusion: This study showed that miR-222 is associated with down-regulation of the estrogen receptor, EMT, and tumor progression in hormone receptor-positive breast cancer, indicating that miR-222 might be associated with endocrine therapy resistance and poor clinical outcome in hormone receptor-positive breast cancer.

Mechanism of Growth Hormone Action : Recent Developments - A Review

  • Sodhi, R.;Rajput, Y.S.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
    • /
    • v.14 no.12
    • /
    • pp.1785-1793
    • /
    • 2001
  • The interaction of growth hormone with it's receptor results in dimerization of receptor, a feature known in action of certain cytokines. The interaction results in generation of number of signalling molecules. The involvement of Janus kinases, mitogen activated kinases, signal transduction and activator of transcription proteins, insulin like substrate, phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase, phospholipase C, protein kinase C is almost established in growth hormone action. There are still many missing links in explaining diversified activities of growth hormone. Amino acid sequence data for growth hormones and growth hormone receptors from a number of species have proved useful in understanding species specific effects of growth hormone. Complete understanding of growth hormone action can have implications in designing drugs for obtaining desired effects of growth hormone.

Efficacy Tests of Recombinant Human Growth Hormone Produced from Saccharomyces cerevisiae

  • Park, Soon-Jae;Kim, Nam-Joong;Kwon, Soon-Chang;Lee, Seung-Joo;Cho, Joong-Myung
    • BMB Reports
    • /
    • v.28 no.5
    • /
    • pp.437-442
    • /
    • 1995
  • The potency of yeast-derived methionyl-free human growth hormone (rhGH), which was obtained by removal of the N-terminal Met from methionyl-hGH, was estimated by in vitro and in vivo assays. In radio-receptor assay where the binding affinity of growth hormone to the receptor was estimated, the recombinant hGH showed 2.9 international units (IU) per mg of specific activity. In contrast, pitUitary-derived human growth hormone had a slightly lower receptor binding activity (2.5 IU/mg) compared with recombinant growth hormone. For the in vivo assay, efficacy of rhGH was tested by use of hypophysectomized rats, in which pituitary organs were surgically removed, resulting in the termination of growth hormone secretion. The weight-increase in rats by the injection of rhGH was almost identical to the result obtained by the injection of the same amount of pituitary-derived (international standard) hGH. A comparision of the secondary structures of rhGH and rMet-hGH by circular dichroism spectrophotometer demonstrated that the removal of the methionyl residue from rMet-hGH did not exert any effect on the structure of the growth hormone. In conclusion, methionyl-free human growth hormone produced from yeast was highly potent in biological activity and maintained a legitimate three dimensional structure.

  • PDF

Porcine growth hormone induces the nuclear localization of porcine growth hormone receptor in vivo

  • Lan, Hainan;Liu, Huilin;Hong, Pan;Li, Ruonan;Zheng, Xin
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
    • /
    • v.31 no.4
    • /
    • pp.499-504
    • /
    • 2018
  • Objective: Recent studies have challenged the traditional paradigm that growth hormone receptor (GHR) displays physiological functions only in the cell membrane. It has been demonstrated that GHR localizes to the cell nucleus and still exhibits important physiological roles. The phenomenon of nuclear localization of growth hormone (GH)-induced GHR has previously been described in vitro. However, until recently, whether GH could induce nuclear localization of GHR in vivo was unclear. Methods: In the present study, we used pig as an animal model, and porcine growth hormone (pGH) or saline was injected into the inferior vena cava. We subsequently observed the localization of porcine growth hormone receptor (pGHR) using multiple techniques, including, immunoprecipitation and Western-blotting, indirect immunofluorescence assay and electronmicroscopy. Results: The results showed that pGH could induce nuclear localization of pGHR. Taken together, the results of the present study provided the first demonstration that pGHR was translocated to cell nuclei under pGH stimulation in vivo. Conclusion: Nuclear localization of pGHR induced by the in vivo pGH treatment suggests new functions and/or novel roles of nuclear pGHR, which deserve further study.

Retinoid X Receptor Isoforms $\alpha$ and $\beta$ Differentially Regulate 3,5,3’ -Triiodothyronine- induced Transcription

  • Rhee, Myung-chull
    • Animal cells and systems
    • /
    • v.2 no.4
    • /
    • pp.489-493
    • /
    • 1998
  • Various heterodimers of the thyroid hormone receptor (TR) with other nuclear hormone receptors confer a wide range of transcriptional activities on thyroid hormone response elements (TREs) in the presence of the thyroid hormone ($T_3$). The present study analyzed the potential roles of retinoid X receptor (RXR) isoforms $\alpha$ and $\beta$ in $T_3$-mediated transcription on a well characterized TRE, a direct repeat of AGGTCA separated by four nucleo-tides (DR4), using electrophoretic mobility shift assays and transient transfection in CV-1 cells. We demonstrated that RXR$\alpha$ supressed liganded $TR_{\alpha}$-induced transcription while $RXR_{\beta}$ did not although both $TR_{\alpha}/RXR_{\alpha}$ and $TR_{\alpha}/RXR_{\beta}$ heterodimers were the predominant forms bound to the TRE-DR4 in the presence of $T_3$. We further demonstrated using Scatchard analysis that the two heterodimers had similar affinities for the TRE-DR4. All these observations suggest that the TRE-DR4 accomodates different types of TR/RXR heterodimers for a more finely tuned transcriptional response to $T_3$.

  • PDF

Significance of Hormone Receptor Status in Comparison of 18F -FDG-PET/CT and 99mTc-MDP Bone Scintigraphy for Evaluating Bone Metastases in Patients with Breast Cancer: Single Center Experience

  • Teke, Fatma;Teke, Memik;Inal, Ali;Kaplan, Muhammed Ali;Kucukoner, Mehmet;Aksu, Ramazan;Urakci, Zuhat;Tasdemir, Bekir;Isikdogan, Abdurrahman
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
    • /
    • v.16 no.1
    • /
    • pp.387-391
    • /
    • 2015
  • Background: Fluorine-18 deoxyglucose positron emission tomography computed tomography (18F-FDG-PET/CT) and bone scintigraphy (BS) are widely used for the detection of bone involvement. The optimal imaging modality for the detection of bone metastases in hormone receptor positive (+) and negative (-) groups of breast cancer remains ambiguous. Materials and Methods: Sixty-two patients with breast cancer, who had undergone both 18F-FDG-PET/CT and BS, being eventually diagnosed as having bone metastases, were enrolled in this study. Results: 18F-FDG-PET/CT had higher sensitivity and specificity than BS. Our data showed that 18F-FDGPET/CT had a sensitivity of 93.4% and a specificity of 99.4%, whiel for BS they were 84.5%, and 89.6% in the diagnosis of bone metastases. ${\kappa}$ statistics were calculated for 18F-FDGPET/CT and BS. The ${\kappa}$-value was 0.65 between 18F-FDG-PET/CT and BS in all patients. On the other hand, the ${\kappa}$-values were 0.70 in the hormone receptor (+) group, and 0.51 in hormone receptor (-) group. The ${\kappa}$-values suggested excellent agreement between all patient and hormone receptor (+) groups, while the ${\kappa}$-values suggested good agreement in the hormone receptor (-) group. Conclusions: The sensitivity and specificity for 18F-FDG-PET/CT were higher than BS in the screening of metastatic bone lesions in all patients. Similarly 18F-FDG-PET/CT had higher sensitivity and specificity in hormone receptor (+) and (-) groups.

Zebrafish (Danio rerio) Thyroid Hormone Receptor $\alpha$1 Counteracts Retinoic Acid-induced Transcription

  • Rhee, Myubg-Chull;Lee, Woonghee;Chang, Mi-Sook;Lee, Sang-Kyou
    • Animal cells and systems
    • /
    • v.2 no.1
    • /
    • pp.133-137
    • /
    • 1998
  • The present study aims to characterize a cDNA encoding zebrafish thyroid hormone receptor $\alpha{1}$ $(zTR\alpha{1)}$ in order to investigate its possible role in the early stage of embryonic development. A mobility shift assay showed that $zTR\alpha{1}$ overexpressed in COS7 cells specifically bound to thyroid hormone response element (TRE). In addition, the specific interaction of anti-rat $TR\alpha{1}$ antibodies with $zTR\alpha1$/TRE complexes demonstrated that the cDNA clone encoded zebrafish thyroid hormone receptor $\alpha{1}$. Transient cotransfection assays showed that $zTR\alpha{1}$ repressed the transcription which was induced by retinoic acid (RA), a well-characterized embryonic morphogen. These results suggest that zTRal may be involved in regulating the RA-induced gene transcription during early embryonic development.

  • PDF

Studies on the Production of Transgenic Rabbits with Growth Hormone Receptor and IGF-1 Receptor Genes (성장관련 유전자를 이용한 형질전환토끼의 생산에 관한 연구)

  • 김현주;강회성;최화식;임경순;진동일
    • Korean Journal of Animal Reproduction
    • /
    • v.27 no.1
    • /
    • pp.1-7
    • /
    • 2003
  • Transgenic rabbits were produced by DNA microinjection using growth hormone receptor (GHR) and IGF-1 receptor (IGF-1R) genes fused to metallothionein(MT) promoter. The overall efficiencies for production of transgenic rabbits were 3.2% and 3.1% for GHR and IGF-lR genes, respectively. Founder rabbits transmitted transgenes to their progenies through medelian fashion. Growth rate of GHR and IGF-lR transgenic rabbits was significantly faster than that of non-transgenic rabbits. Transgenic rabbits grew large. (25% and 15% increase in body weight of GHR and IGF-lR transgenic rabbits, respectively) than non-transgenic rabbits and organ weight of transgenic rabbits increased, suggesting that GHR and IGF-1R genes affects growth rates in transgenic rabbits.

Estrogen, Androgen, and Retinoic Acid Hormone Activity of Ginseng Total Saponin (인삼 총 사포닌의 에스트로젠, 안드로젠, 레티노익산 호르몬 수용체에 대한 활성)

  • Ji, Sang-Mi;Lee, Young-Joo
    • Journal of Ginseng Research
    • /
    • v.27 no.3
    • /
    • pp.93-97
    • /
    • 2003
  • Alternative or complementary medicine plays an important role in health care system. Ginseng, being one of the most popular oriental herbs, is believed to contain various steroid hormone activity. Ginseng has been demonstrated pharmacological effect in the cardiovascular, endocrine, central nervous, and immune system. Our objective was to study that total saponin might mediate some of their actions by binding to the steroid hormone receptor, as they share many of the actions of steroid hormone in various physiological system. Using total saponin from Panax Ginseng, we have studied the possibility of total saponin being a potential estrogen receptor, androgen receptor, and retinoic acid receptor ligand. Total saponin activated the transcription of both the estrogen and androgen responsive luciferase reporter plasmids at a concentration of 100$\mu\textrm{g}$/ml in COS cells transiently transfected with the corresponding receptor and hormone responsive receptor plasmids. And total saponin caused a concentration-dependent stimulation of estrogen receptor. Total saponin increased the expression of estrogen responsive c-fos proto-oncogene at the protein level in MCF7 cells at 24 h treatment as examined by Western analysis. The c-fos induction was used as a specific marker of estrogen responsiveness. This activation was inhibited by the specific estrogen receptor antagonist, ICI 182,780. However, total saponin failed to activate the retinoic acid receptor in COS cells transiently transfected with the corresponding receptor and retinoic acid responsive reporter plasmids. These results show that total saponin is capable of activating estrogen and androgen receptors.

Aequorin Based Functional Assessment of the Melanin Concentrating Hormone Receptor by Intracellular Calcium Mobilization

  • Lee, Sung-Hou
    • Biomolecules & Therapeutics
    • /
    • v.18 no.2
    • /
    • pp.152-158
    • /
    • 2010
  • Melanin concentrating hormone is a neuropeptide highly expressed in the brain that regulates several physiological functions mediated by receptors in the G-protein coupled receptor family, especially plays an important role in the complex regulation of energy balance and body weight mediated by the melanin concentrating hormone receptor subtype 1 (MCH1). Compelling pharmacological evidence implicating MCH1 signaling in the regulation of food intake and energy expenditure has generated a great deal of interest by pharmaceutical companies as MCH1 antagonists may have potential therapeutic benefit in the treatment of obesity and metabolic syndrome. Although fluorescence-based calcium mobilization assay platform has been one of the most widely accepted tools for receptor research and drug discovery, fluorescence interference and shallow assay window limit their application in high throughput screening and have led to a growing interest in alternative, luminescence-based technologies. Herein, a luminescence-based functional assay system for the MCH1 receptor was developed and validated with the mitochondrial targeted aequorin. Aequorin based functional assay system for MCH1 presented excellent Z' factor (0.8983) and high signal-to-noise ratio (141.9). The nonpeptide MCH1 receptor antagonist, SNAP 7941 and GSK 803430, exhibited $IC_{50}$ values of 0.62 ${\pm}$ 0.11 and 12.29 ${\pm}$ 2.31 nM with excellent correlation coefficient. These results suggest that the aequorin based assay system for MCH1 is a strong alternative to the traditional GPCR related tools such as radioligand binding experiments and fluorescence functional determinations for the compound screening and receptor research.