• Title, Summary, Keyword: history of medicine

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A Pilot Study on Lee Gyu-Jun(李圭晙)'s Life and Thoughts (이규준(李圭晙)의 생애(生涯)와 사상적(思想的) 경향(傾向))

  • Kwon, Oh-mi;Park, Sang-young;Ahn, Sang-young;Han, Chang-huyn;Ahn, Sang-woo
    • The Journal of Korean Medical History
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.7-13
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    • 2009
  • This article conducted an pilot study on Lee Gyu-Jun(李圭晙)'s life and thoughts. He championed, and is mainly based on, old annotations of ancient Confucian bibles古文 that were made in the Han漢 and Tang唐 era in Chinese history and consequently took additionally into account Zuxi朱熹's annotations on Confucian bibles. This cause big trouble to him in conservative Gyeong Shang Province(嶺南). He participated in the Confucian Religion Movement孔敎運動 and proposed constitutional monarchy as a new polity fit for changing Korean history. He closely interacted with many resistants to the Japanese rule of Korea and had a mixed perspective on Western culture, science and technology, and social system, positive or negative, contingent on cases. He made great footprints in the history of both modern Korean medicine and philosophy. Thus there is an urgent need for the overall study on Lee Gyu-Jun in every aspect.

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A Study on BalHae's acupuncture and moxibustion (발해의 침구학에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Jeong-Rok;Oh, Jun-Ho;Seo, Ji-Youn;Kim, Tae-Yuen;Hong, Sae-Young;Yun, Seng-Yick;Cha, Wung-Seok;Kim, Nam-Il
    • Korean Journal of Acupuncture
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.1-12
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    • 2007
  • Objectives : Balhae was a Kingdom forming the Period of Southern and Northern Kingdoms with shilla. Because there have been paid little attention to the medicine of Balhae in the medical history field, we have little information on the medicine of Balhae thoroughly in detail. The aim of this study was to explorer on the acupuncture and moxibustion in Balhae as a part of the study on the medicine of Balhae. Methods : Because the historical remains of BalHae is not sufficient, it is hard to find out the part directly related to medicine However, the study established the category of acupuncture and moxibustion based on two rational frames from both diachronic and synchronic respects. Results : BalHae succeeded to the unique tradition and manufactured excellent needles which is harmless to human body. And BalHae's acupuncture was the highest level in those days by succeeding to the tradition from Gogugryeo. There might have been the Bi-Bo idea that we can treat country's disease with the Bo-sa (補瀉) theory of acupuncture in BalHae. Conclusions : We could know that there has been many medical scriptures of our own in BalHae, We could find out that BalHae succeeded to the legitimacy of our native medicine from Gojosun to Goguryeo and that they had the highest Acupuncture and Moxibustion in those days.

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The Background and Current Research Applied to Development of Korean Cosmetics Based on Traditional Asian Medicine (한국 한방화장품 발달 배경 및 연구 현황)

  • Cho, Gayoung;Park, Hyomin;Choi, Sowoong;Kwon, Leekyung;Cho, Sunga;Suh, Byungfhy;Kim, Namil
    • The Journal of Korean Medical History
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.63-71
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    • 2017
  • Traditional Asian medicine has an extensive evidence base built upon thousands of years of experience within Asia, of curing various diseases. Only recently, within the past two centuries, have modern medical scientists developed interest in traditional Asian medicine. Asian Medicine seems to be regarded only as an adjunctive medicine and viewed as alargely un-proven alternative medicine to complement western medicine, used in some cases to establish a new paradigm of "integrative medicine". This article reviews how Korean herbal cosmetics emerged by applying traditional Asian medicine to the science of cosmetics. The characteristics of Korean herbal cosmetics are examined through examples of history, concepts and traditions. With the advancements in biotechnology, studies are now being conducted on the dermatological effects and processing methods of herbal ingredients, including ginseng. The authors explain the current research on the identification on the active ingredients of herbs, extraction methods, and bio-processing of ingredients to improve the biological efficacies of herbs on the skin. A summary of studies focused on modern reinterpretations of ageing theories, such as 'Seven year aging cycle', are provided. In conclusion, the development of Korean cosmetics products are based on the accumulated knowledge of thousands of years of experience including; 1) practical heritage of traditional Asian medicines such as Donguibogam; 2) excellent medicinal plants, such as ginseng, which are native to Korea; and 3) innovative attempts to modernize materials, processes, and principles.

A Study about Suture Surgery written in Traditional Korean Medical Books (한국 한의학 문헌에 나타난 봉합수술에 관한 소고)

  • Pahng, Sunghye;Cha, Woongseok;Kim, Namil
    • The Journal of Korean Medical History
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.47-56
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    • 2010
  • The objective of this article is to investigate and analyze the way how the suture surgery was operated in case of external wound or incision in past Korea. The method to do this study was to search the books on the website, Knowledge of Oriental Medicine Web Service, databased and serviced by Korean Institute of Oriental Medicine. The searching key word was '縫'. The results was as follows. According to the website search, ten subjects of suture surgery could be classified: sword wound(金瘡), horse bite(馬咬), intestine incision(腸肚傷), knife or ax wound(刀斧傷), larynx incision(割喉), intestine protrusion by cow collision(牛觸腸出), self-stabbing of neck(自刎), falling from tree(童稚上木墮下), lip injury(趺損唇皮) and face wound(顔面의 外傷). Furthermore, the kinds of suturing fiber, the way how to stitch, the kinds of medical care before and after the suture surgery could also be found

Case-Control Study on the Relationships between Stroke and Stroke Risk Factors in Korea - Focused on Family History and Past History - (중풍발병과 중풍발병 위험요인들간의 관계에 대한 환자.대조군 연구 - 가족력과 병력을 중심으로 -)

  • Chang, Mun-Won;Ko, Mi-Mi;An, Joung-Jo;Yoo, Ho-Rhyong;Kim, Yoon-Sik;Seol, In-Chan;Jo, Hyun-Kyung
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.234-240
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this case-control study is to investigate the relationship between storke and stroke risk factors, such as family history and past history. The case-control study over clinical data registered from Daejeon Oriental Medical Hospital in the period of November 2006 to July 2010. Study subjects consisted of 108 patients with acute stroke within 1 month as the case group (Cases) and 108 people who visited hospital for health care as the genreral control group (Controls). The participants had been interviewed by residents to find out their family history and past history. Their blood was taken to check the blood lipid level and liver function. 1. The people whose family history included cerebrovascular accident had more probability of stroke than the people who did not have cerebral vascular accident as their family history. 2. The people who suffered from hypertension had more probability of stroke than the people who did not suffer from hypertension. 3. The people who suffered from diabetes mellitus had more probability of stroke than the people who did not suffer from diabetes mellitus. Based on this study, the people who had cerebral vascular accident as their family history should thoroughly treat their blood pressure and blood sugar level to prevent the cerebral vascular accident.

The web service system of traditional knowledge about oriental medicine and database of old traditional documents (전통의학(傳統醫學) 분야 지식정보화(知識情報化) 사업과 고문헌(古文獻) DB 구축)

  • Ahn, Sangwoo
    • The Journal of Korean Medical History
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.35-64
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    • 2003
  • Traditional Knowledge[TK] is a concept which summings up all the knowledge of traditionally inherited, includes traditional medicine, therapy, food and environments. Such traditional knowledge has been perished and neglected through industrial development. We, Korean Institute of Oriental Medicine, promotes digitalization of this traditional knowledge to support and maximize its application, principally in Traditional korean medicine. We can get opportunity of reorganize the traditional knowledge to more practical and available form by this project. And also we introduce briefly its meaning and worth, and seek for application to the study of medical history.

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A Study of Fuqibing (복기병(伏氣病)에 대(對)한 소고(小考))

  • Bang, Jung Kyun
    • The Journal of Korean Medical History
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.93-97
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    • 2007
  • In "Huangdineijing", detailed descriptions of the human physiology, pathology, causes of diseases, and symptoms can be found. The doctors who studied "Huangdineijing" interpreted "Huangdineijing" from many different points of view and such contents are being put to practical use even today. Some parts, however, are not translated clearly enough. Contents of the book of Fuqibing falls into this category. It cannot be explained why the description of Fuqibing is mentioned after Fuqibing. This study is an organization of the writer's opinion on Fuqibing.

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Analysis of the Patterns of Medicine-related Legends (의약 관련 설화의 유형과 사례 분석)

  • Han, Jeong-Ju;An, Sang-U
    • The Journal of Korean Medical History
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.77-97
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    • 2006
  • Korean traditional Oriental medicine is a medical system that has been developed based on the locality and history of Korea as well as the blood and constitution of Korean people. It is closely connected to Korean history and culture, and is in close internal linkage with oral and written legends, traditions and folktales. Referring to previous researches on these legends, the present study extracted medicine related legends from various legend collections, classified them by subject, analyzed representative cases, and examined their meanings and values in terms of medical culture.

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A tentative assumption on the academic schools of Korean Oriental Medicine (한국한의학(韓國韓醫學)의 학술류파(學術流派)에 관(關)한 시론(試論))

  • Kim, Nam-Il
    • The Journal of Korean Medical History
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.3-25
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    • 2004
  • This study is aimed at grouping the academic lines of Korean Oriental Medicine into academic schools. The standard that can be used to classify the academic schools of Korean Oriental Medicine is first of all, identical theory; secondly, similar trend in compiling medical text; and thirdly, having the same individual body of theory. In this paper, based on these three criterion, the lines have been divided into 15 academic schools.

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