• Title, Summary, Keyword: history of medicine

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The Lineage of Herbal Medicine Books and the Development of Herbal Medicine Studies (본초서(本草書)의 계통(系統)과 본초학(本草學) 발전사(發展史))

  • Ahn, Sang Woo
    • The Journal of Korean Medical History
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.39-54
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    • 2005
  • This paper proposes to examine how herbal medicine studies developed amidst the historical changes, by studying the publications of herbal medicine books. For this reason, centering on the most eminent herbal medicine books of each period, the characteristic of the times shown by their publication and the development of herbal medicine were summarized. Also, traces of herbal medicine books among the eminent classics that were imported into our medicine and made a deep impact, and whether or not a Chosun edition was published were researched and introduced in order to show the influence it had on Korean Medical History.

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Study of 『DongYangEuiYak』 (『동양의약(東洋醫藥)』 연구)

  • Jung, Ji Hun
    • The Journal of Korean Medical History
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.101-108
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    • 2002
  • "DongYangEuiYak" is a magazine that was published three times to reconstruct Korean medicine. Publishing the magazine was leaded by excutives of the East and West Medicine Research Society, especially Kim younghun and Cho hunyoung. The magazine contains reconstruction of Korean medicine, medical history, pulse, herb, Sasang medicine and etc, in depth. Editorial department of "DongYangEuiYak" tried to boom Korean medicine and reeducate the people working in Korean medicine field by answering reader's questions and medical counselling articles and articles in correspondence course form. Studing courses and founding herb town after the publishment of "DongYangEuiYak", reflects well the culminated atmosphere of Korean medicine.

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A Study on the Medical Records of Heebin Jang in Seungjeongwon Ilgi (『승정원일기』에 기록된 장희빈 의안 관련 연구)

  • Pahng, Sung-Hye;Kim, Namil;Ahn, Sangwoo;Cha, Wung-Seok
    • The Journal of Korean Medical History
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.53-62
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    • 2014
  • The objective of this article is to investigate the medical records written in Seungjeongwon Ilgi ("承政院日記") about Heebin Jang (張禧嬪), who was the mother of King Kyeongjong. She was one of the royal concubines of King Sukjong and later became the queen and then was demoted back to the concubine. The method to do this study was to search the records of Seungjeongwon Ilgi ("承政院日記") from Sukjong 15th year (A.D. 1689) to 20th year (A.D. 1694) on the website databased and serviced by National Institute of Korean History. The results were as follows. According to the website search, Heebin Jang (張禧嬪) suffered from three kinds of diseases. The first was a mastitis right after her delivery. The second was an abscess on the back of her head. The third was a relapse of phlegmturbidity and heat, which was her chronic disease. Also, three features could be found regarding characteristics of Royal medicine. The first was how the queens were taken care of before and after their delivery. The second was who lanced the queen's abscess. The third was how the Royal medicine and people's medicine interchanged.

The Frequency and Distribution of Unexpected Red Cell Antibodies and Analysis of Antigen Exposure

  • Yang, Sung Sik;Yang, Hoi Joo;Park, Hyun Jun;Kwon, Seog Woon
    • Korean Journal of Clinical Laboratory Science
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    • v.45 no.4
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    • pp.164-169
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    • 2013
  • Red cell alloantibodies other than naturally occurring anti-A or anti-B are called unexpected red cell antibodies, and can be detected by performing an antibody screening. The frequency and distribution of unexpected antibody identified in Asan Medical Center were analyzed. We investigated a total of 135,238 cases of antibody screening test in AMC for 3 years from 2010 to 2012. Using column agglutination techniques, antibody identification tests were performed for the cases with positive antibody screening. Among 135,238 cases, 854 (0.6%) cases showed positive results of antibody screening test. In the order of frequency, 284 (33.3%) anti-Rh, 89 (10.4%) anti-MNS, 62 (7.3%) anti-Lewis, 34 (4.0%) anti-Kidd, 10 (1.2%) anti-Duffy, and 9 (1.1%) anti-P were identified. Multiple antibodies were detected in 199 (23.3%) cases. Among 381 subjects investigated for transfusion history, 299 (78.5%) had history of transfusion while 82 (21.5%) had unknown history. Thus the incidence of unexpected antibody was higher in the group with history of transfusion than the group without (p<0.001). Also, among 435 subjects investigated for the history of pregnancy, 46 (10.6%) had no history while 389 (89.4%) had history of pregnancy, showing higher incidence of unexpected antibody in the group with history of pregnancy than the group without pregnancy (p<0.001). Evaluated amounts and frequency of antigen exposure due to transfusion and pregnancy is suggested to increase the frequency of identification of unexpected antibody.

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A Study on the Yi'an (醫案) of Uirimchalyo (醫林撮要) (『의림촬요(醫林撮要)』의 의안(醫案)에 대한 연구)

  • Ku, Minseok;Kim, Minseon;Kim, Hong-Kyoon;Cha, Wung-Seok;Kim, Namil
    • The Journal of Korean Medical History
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    • v.31 no.1
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    • pp.89-103
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    • 2018
  • Uirimchalyo (醫林撮要), one of the most important books in the history of Korean Medicine (KM), has not been researched within the framework provided by Yi'an (醫案), an East Asian tradition of describing clinical encounters with the therapies employed. In modern times, this practice of Yi'an might be similar to the outline of a singular "case study". The authors designed the study to analyze the basic information of Yi'an within the Uirimchalyo and to contribute to the foundations of employing Yi'an in Korean Medicine. A standard was established, and the 123 Yi'ans were extracted, most of which were taken from the chapter, Historic Doctors (歷代醫學姓氏). Using this information and in comparison with other medical books such as Euibangyoochui (醫方類聚), the authors learned that the Yi'ans from the Jinyuansidajia (金元四大家), including those of four eminent clinicians in Jin (金) and Yuan (元) Dynasty, are excluded from Uirimchalyo. The authors identified that Yi'ans from other medical books, are cited in the Uirimchalyo but with different format, not with the traditionally understood form of Yi'an. This study of the Uirimchalyo Yi'an resulted in three important understandings of Yi'an. First, the mere number of Uirimchalyo Yi'an is meaningful in that it raised the genre of Yi'an to the a level not previously recognized. Second, in the history of Korean Medicine, Yi'an is first systematized in the Uirimchalyo at the chapter of Historic Doctors. Third, Uirimchalyo raised the concept of usefulness of Yi'an, to the practice of Korean Medicine.

A Study on Definition of Integrative Medicine and Related Research Analysis in Korea (통합의학의 정의 고찰 및 국내 관련 연구 분석)

  • Lee, Taehyung;Lee, Byungwook;Kim, Namil
    • The Journal of Korean Medical History
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.57-69
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    • 2010
  • Objective: Interests in integrative medicine and CAM(Complementary and Alternative Medicine) are on the rise. However, the term 'integrative medicine' is often confused with the concept of CAM. This paper aims at clarifying the concept of integrative medicine. Methods: The definition, concept, and research methods used to explain integrative medicine have been inquired into. Also, the differences between the researches on integrative medicine and those on CAM have been studied. Moreover, domestic researches regarding integrative medicine have been analyzed. Results: The concept of integrative medicine was born in order to create a more patient-centered medicine by actively accommodating the medical system classified as CAM. The biggest difference that discriminates integrative medicine from CAM is the fact that integrative medicine does not depend solely on establishing its grounds through the process of RCT(Randomized Controlled Trial). Conclusion: Domestic researches regarding integrative medicine naturally leads to the concept of unification of medicine, but they do not concern the original meaning of integrative medicine. It is only after active discussions on the meaning, philosophical backgrounds, and research methods of integrative medicine become possible that a truly patient-oriented medicine will be realized.

A Case-Control Study of Primary Liver Cancer and Liver Disease History (간 질환력과 원발성 간암에 관한 환자-대조군 연구)

  • Kim, Dong-Hyun;Park, Byung-Joo;Yoo, Keun-Young;Ahn, Yoon-Ok;Lee, Hyo-Suk;Kim, Chung-Yong;Lee, Sang-Il;Lee, Moo-Song;Ahn, Hyung-Sik;Kim, Heon;Park, Tae-Soo
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.217-225
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    • 1994
  • The relationship between past liver disease history and the risk of primary liver cancer was analyzed in a hospital-based case-control study conducted in Seoul on 165 patients with histologically or serologically confirmed hepatocellular carcinoma and individually age- and sex-matched 165 controls in hospital for ophthalmologic, otologic, or nasopharyngeal problems. Significant association were observed for liver deseases occurring 5 or more years before liver cancer diagnosis [OR,4.9;95% confidence interval (CI), $1.6{\sim}14.0$) and family history of liver disease(OR, 9.0;95% CI, $2.1{\sim}38.8$). These associations were not appreciably modified by allowance for major identified potential confounding factors. From these results, it is possible to speculate that liver cell injuries caused by various factors might be a common pathway to developing primary liver carcinoma. Considering the significant effect of family history of liver diseases on PLCA risk after adjusting past liver disease history, there might be genetic susceptibility in the carcinogenic mechanism of liver cancer. Further investigations are needed to clarify the effect of family history of liver disease on PLCA risk.

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A Study of Quotation Medical Text in 『Susehyunseo』 (『수세현서(壽世玄書)』의 인용문헌 연구)

  • Lee, Seon Young;Kim, Nam Il;Cha, Wung Seok
    • The Journal of Korean Medical History
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.70-80
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    • 2007
  • "Susehyunseo" is an unpublished writing of Kimyounghun, a Korean doctor who was active in the Japanese occupation era. This book reveals the details about the traditional medical education of his time rather than his medical opinion because he had written it as a student to check his own medical system. Many representative TKM texts such as "Donguibogam", "Yixueruwen", and "Bangyakhappyun" are mentioned, but many medical documents that are lost now are also mentioned, making it a useful document in understanding the medical education circumstances of those times.

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Influence of Environmental Exposures on Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease in Korea

  • Hong, Yoonki;Lim, Myoung Nam;Kim, Woo Jin;Rhee, Chin Kook;Yoo, Kwang Ha;Lee, Ji-Hyun;Yoon, Ho Il;Kim, Tae-Hyung;Lee, Jin Hwa;Lim, Seong Yong;Lee, Sang Do;Oh, Yeon-Mok
    • Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
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    • v.76 no.5
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    • pp.226-232
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    • 2014
  • Background: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is characterized by airflow limitation and results from environmental factors and genetic factors. Although cigarette smoking is a major risk factor, other environmental exposures can influence COPD. The purpose of this study is to investigate the clinical characteristics of COPD according to the history of environmental exposure. Methods: The study population comprised of 347 subjects with COPD who were recruited from the pulmonary clinics of 14 hospitals within the Korean Obstructive Lung Disease Study Group. We classified environmental exposures according to history of living near factory, and direct exposure history to firewood or briquette. According to living environmental exposures, we compared the frequency of respiratory symptoms, pulmonary function, quality of life, exercise capacity, and computed tomography phenotypes. Results: Thirty-one subjects (8.9%) had history of living near factory, 271 (78.3%) had exposure history to briquette, and 184 (53.3%) had exposure history to firewood. Patients with history of living near a factory had a significantly longer duration of sputum, while patients with exposure to firewood tended to have lower forced expiratory volume in one second, and patients with exposure to briquette tended to have lower six minute walk distance. Conclusion: COPD subjects with the history of living near factory had more frequent respiratory symptoms such as sputum. Our data suggest that environmental exposure may influence clinical phenotype of COPD.

Correlation of Internal & External Factors with the Beginning Period of Improvement in Idiopathic Facial Paralysis (특발성 안면마비에서 내외적 요인과 호전시기와의 상관관계)

  • Sung, Hee Jin;Lim, Su Sie;Choi, Hyun Young;Lee, Eun Yong;Roh, Jung Du;Lee, Cham Kyul
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.33 no.1
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    • pp.57-68
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    • 2016
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study was to investigate the correlation between patients' characteristics and the beginning period of improvement, as well as contribute to the efficient management of Bell's palsy patients. Methods : The subjects were 94 patients with Bell's palsy. This study was carried out through the use of an administrative database that included patients' characteristics and clinical information. The analysis of the beginning period of improvement by gender, hypertension, diabetes, drinking history, smoking history and facial palsy history was conducted by independent sample t-test. The analysis of the beginning period of improvement by age, House-Brackmann grade, Yanagihara scale and period receiving Korean medical treatment was conducted by Pearson's correlation analysis. Further analysis of the beginning period of improvement by associated symptoms and seasons was conducted by one-way analysis of variance. Results : 1. Significant correlations were not found between the beginning period of improvement and gender, age, season, smoking history, drinking history, facial palsy history, House-Brackmann grade, Yanagihara scale, hypertension, diabetes or associated symptoms. 2. There was significant correlation between the period of receiving Korean medical treatment and the beginning period of improvement. Conclusion : In this study, the earlier that patients received korean medicine treatment after onset, the earlier that the beginning period of improvement could be seen. Therefore, for the efficient management of facial paralysis patients, it is expected to help secure a baseline.