• Title/Summary/Keyword: high temperature

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RESEARCH OF WELDING EFFECT ON STRUCTURAL INTEGRITY AT HIGH TEMPERATURE

  • Tu, Shan-Tung;Yoon, Kee-Bong
    • Proceedings of the KWS Conference
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    • pp.11-24
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    • 1998
  • The invention of fusion wilding technology has brought on a revolutionary change in manufacturing industry which enables the construction of large scale high temperature plants in chemical, petrochemical and power generation industries. However, among the failure cases of high temperature components, premature failures of weldments have taken a large percentage that indicates the detrimental effect of welding on structural integrity. The accurate prediction of the high temperature behaviour of welded components is thus becoming increasingly important in order to realise an optimised design and maintenance of a plant life. In the present paper, recent research activities on high temperature behaviour of welded structures are briefly summarised. A local deformation measuring technique is proposed to determine the creep properties of weldment constituents. A damage mechanics approach is introduced to study the life reduction and ductility reduction due to the presence of a weld in high temperature structures. Finally, the high temperature creep crack growth in weldments is discussed.

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High Temperature Size Exclusion Chromatography

  • Cho Hee-Sook;Park Soo-Jin;Ree Moon-Hor;Chang Tai-Hyun;Jung Jin-Chul;Zin Wang-Cheol
    • Macromolecular Research
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.383-386
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    • 2006
  • High temperature size exclusion chromatography (SEC) has been used widely for the characterization of crystalline polymers, for which high temperature operation above the polymer melting temperature is required to dissolve the polymers. However, this high temperature operation has many advantages in SEC separation in addition to merely increasing polymer solubility. At high temperature the eluent viscosity decreases, which in turn decreases the column backpressure and increases the diffusivity of the analytes. Therefore, many reports on the high temperature operation of high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) have focused on shortening the analysis time and enhancing the resolution. However, the application of high temperature SEC analysis to exploit the merits of high temperature operation is scarce. In this article, therefore, we report on a new apparatus design for high temperature SEC.

Assessment on Damage Risk of Corn for High Temperature at Reproductive Stage in Summer Season Based on Climate Scenario RCP 8.5 and 4.5

  • Seo, Myung-Chul;Cho, Hyeon-Suk;Kim, Jun-Hwan;Sang, Wan-Gyu;Shin, Pyeong;Lee, Geon Hwi
    • Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer
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    • v.50 no.1
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    • pp.1-11
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    • 2017
  • In order to assess risk of high temperature damages about corn during reproduction stages in the future, we carried out analysis of climate change scenarios RCP (Representative Concentration Pathway) 4.5 and RCP8.5 distributed by KMA (Korea Meteorological Administration) in 2012. We established two indexes such as average of annual risk days of high temperature damage which express frequency and strengthen index of high temperature damage. As results of producing maps for 157 cities and counties about average of annual risk days of high temperature damage during total periods of scenarios, the risk of high temperature in RCP8.5 was evaluated to increase at all over nation except inland area of Gangwon province, while RCP4.5 showed similar to present, or little higher. The maps of annual risk days of high temperature damage with 10 years interval in RCP8.5 prospected that the risk for damaging corn growth would increase rapidly from 2030's. The largest risk of high temperature damage in the future of RCP8.5 was analyzed at Changnyeong county located east-south inland area in Kyeongnam province, while the smallest of risk counties were Pyeongchang, Taebaek, Inje, and Jeongseon. The prospect at 12 counties which is large to produce corn at present and contains large plains have been showed that there will be only a little increase of risk of high temperature at Goesan, Yangpyeong, Hongcheon, Seosan, and Mooju until 2060's. But considering strengthen index of high temperature damage, most regions analyzed would be prospected to increase rapidly after 2030's. To cope with high temperature damage of corn in the future, we should develop various practical technologies including breeding adapted varieties and controlling cultivation periods.

Quantifying rice spikelet sterility on Vietnamese cultivars (Oryza sativa L.) under high temperature and shading condition

  • Tran, Loc Thuy;Shaitoh, Kuniyuki
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Crop Science Conference
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    • pp.43-43
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    • 2017
  • During grain filling period, rice is affected by many environmental factors; including temperature, water, radiation and soil nutrition condition. In future climate, greater shading and heat tolerance will be required in rice. In this study, the effect of shading and high temperature on spikelet sterility was conducted on fourteen Vietnamese cultivars. Field experiments were studied in 2015 and 2016 to evaluate the response of Vietnamese cultivars under high temperature during grain filling stage. The high temperature and shading were applied by closing two sides of growth chamber and covered by a black cloth (50% reduced solar radiation) under the field condition after the first cultivar heading. The sterility increased significantly under high temperature and shading. The highest percentage sterile spiketlets was observed in 'Jasmine 85' (71.7%) under shading and in 'OM4900' (53.4%) under high temperature in 2015 and 2016, respectively. Among the treatments, the percentage of sterile spekelets in Vietnamese cultivars under shading was highest which was 54.9% and 41.8% in 2015 and 2016, respectively. Yield components reduced significantly in both of shading and high temperature. Corresponding with significantly decrease in yield components, the yield in high temperature and shading decreased strongly in both 2015 and 2016.

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Comparative proteome analysis of rice leaves in response to high temperature

  • Kim, Sang-Woo;Roy, Swapan Kumar;Kwon, Soo Jeong;Cho, Seong-Woo;Cho, Yong-Gu;Lee, Chul-Won;Woo, Sun-Hee
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Crop Science Conference
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    • pp.121-121
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    • 2017
  • The productivity of rice has been influenced by various abiotic factors including temperature which cause to limitations to rice yield and quality. Rice yield and quality are adversely affected by high temperature globally. In the present study, four Korean four cultivars such as Dongan, Ilpum, Samkwang, Chucheong were investigated in order to explore molecular mechanisms of high temperature at seedling stage. Rice seedlings grown at $28/20^{\circ}C$ (day/night) were subjected to 7-day exposure to $38/28^{\circ}C$ for high-temperature stress, followed by 2-D based proteomic analysis on biological triplicates of each treatment. The growth characteristics demonstrated that Dongan is tolerant while Ilpum is sensitive to high-temperature stress. High temperature has an adverse effect in the seedling stage both in high temperature sensitive and tolerant cultivar. Two-dimensional gels stained with silver staining, a total of 722 differential expressed protein spots (${\geq}1.5-fold$) were identified using Progenesis SameSpot software. However, a total of 38 differentially expressed protein spots were analyzed by LTQ-FT-ICR MS. Of these, 9 proteins were significantly increased while 10 decreased under high-temperature treatment. Significant changes were associated with the proteins involved in the carbohydrate metabolism, photosynthesis, and stress responses. Proteome results revealed that high-temperature stress had an inhibitory effect on carbon fixation, ATP production, and photosynthetic machinery pathway. The expression level of mRNA is significantly correlated with the results obtained in the proteome investigation. Taken together, these findings provide a better understanding of the high-temperature resistance by proteomic approaches, providing valuable insight into improving the high-temperature stress tolerance in the global warming epoch.

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Compressive strength degrdation model of Ultra high strength under high temperature (고온가열을 받는 초고강도 콘크리트의 압축강도저하 모델 제안)

  • Choe, Gyeong-Choel;Kim, Gyu-Yong;Yoon, Min-Ho;Lee, Young-Wook;Lee, Bo-Kyeong;Kim, Hong-Seop
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Building Construction Conference
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    • pp.26-27
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    • 2014
  • Study on high temperature properties of concrete and internal force estimation of structural member subjected to high temperature mainly applied high temperature strength model based on experimental results with concrete under 40MPa. However, it is reported that degradation of internal force at high temperature and spalling of ultra high strength concrete are higher than that of normal strength concrete. Therefore, this study attempts to propose compressive strength degradation model which is suitable to ultra high strength concrete comparing to existing model by evaluating high temperature properties of ultra high strength concrete.

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