• Title, Summary, Keyword: high amylose maize

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Properties of High Amylose Maize Varieties for Use in Alkaline-Cooked Foods

  • Lee, Jae-Kwon
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.179-184
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    • 2003
  • The use of high amylose maize varieties significantly affected the alkaline-cooking process and characteristics of alkaline-processed food products, such as masa and tortilla chips. High amylose maize varieties had softer endosperm textures with move tightly attached pericarps than normal maize. Masa prepared from high amylose mutant maize was less cohesive than that of normal maize due to insufficient dispersion of amylopectin and excessive retrogradation of starches. Tortilla chips prepared from amylose-extender dull (ae du), amylomaize V, and Ⅶ had slightly increased oil absorption, while tortilla chips from dull (du) and amylose-extender sugary-2 (ae su-2) had oil contents similar to that of control chips. Increased oil absorption of the tortilla chips was due to their increased surface area. Tortilla chips produced from high amylose mutant maize had darker color than control chips, presumably due to the pigmented pericarp tissues, higher levels of reducing sugars, and phenolic compounds present in the kernel.

Effect of Amylose Content on the Physical Properties of Resistant Starches (효소저항전분의 물리적 성질에 대한 아밀로오스 함량의 효과)

  • Mun, Sae-Hun;Baik, Moo-Yeol;Shin, Mal-Shick
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.516-521
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    • 1997
  • Effect of amylose content on the physical properties of resistant starches (RS) from autoclaved maize starches (with starch:water=1:3.5, at $121^{\circ}C$) which were repeated up to 4 times heating-cooling cycles, were investigated by water uptake, scanning electron microscope (SEM) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). Amylose content of waxy maize starch (Amioca), common maize starch (PFP), high amylose starch(Amaizo, Amylomaize VII) were 0%, 29%, 50%, and 72%, respectively. Yield of RS increased as amylose content increased. Water uptake of all kinds of native starch was higher than that of RS, but lower than that of autoclaved starch. By SEM, RS showed some small particles on surface but the size of particles was different with amylose content. Single endothermic transition peak exhibited at $40{\sim}70^{\circ}C$ in autoclaved Amioca and PFP (crystalline melting of amylopectin) and at $132{\sim}169^{\circ}C$ in autoclaved Amaizo and Amylomaize VII(crystalline melting of amylose) by DSC. RS from all kinds of autoclaved starches except Amioca showed single endothermic peak over $155^{\circ}C$ but the enthalpy was not related to amylose content.

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Properties of Rice Flours Prepared from Domestic High Amylose Rices (국내산 고아밀로오스 쌀가루의 특성)

  • Choi, Sin-Young;Shin, Mal-Shick
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.41 no.1
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    • pp.16-20
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    • 2009
  • To develop health functional foods using high amylose rice flours, the properties of flours prepared from domestic high amylose rice varieties, Goamy2 and Goamy, and imported rice from Thailand were investigated. After soaking the rice grains and drying, the dry-milled rice flours were passed through a 120-mesh sieve. The protein and total starch contents of the Goamy2 rice flour were lowest, but its crude lipid and ash contents were highest among the flours. In addition, apparent amylose content, water binding capacity, and total dietary fiber were highest in the Goamy2 flour (36.2, 255.0, and 9.2%, respectively). The Thai rice flour had the highest swelling power, whereas the Goamy2 flour had the lowest swelling power and solubility. By Rapid visco-analysis, the Thai flour showed the highest peak and total setback viscosities and lowest breakdown viscosity. The pasting pattern of the Goamy2 flour was different from that of the other flour, where low viscosity was maintained during heating and cooling. Goamy and Thai rice flours showed an A type crystallinity, but Goamy2 flour showed a B type crystallinity similar to high amylose maize starch. The Goamy2 flour presented a dull and yellowish color, and the lowest lightness (L) value and the highest yellowness (+b) value.