• Title, Summary, Keyword: hierophany

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Hierophany in Ancient China and the Sacred Sites (공간의 성스러움으로 본 고대 중국인의 성현(聖顯))

  • Kim, Jongseok
    • The Journal of Korean Philosophical History
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    • no.31
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    • pp.173-202
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    • 2011
  • Hierophany, according to Mircea Eliade, is a natural manifestation of the initial sacred. Through hierophany, profane objects and sites transform their qualities and then they themselves become sacred. People in traditional societies, in an attempt to reenact the initial hierophany, tried to perform consecrating rituals to replicate the first moment of the initial hierophany, at the same time and site. This article focuses on the concrete sites of hierophany. In ancient China, we can see specific sites that manifest the sacred such as Kunlun(崑崙), Jianmu(建木) and zongmiao(宗廟). Kunlun has the characteristics as the Cosmic Mountain that is the realm of the gods that tiandi(天帝) built as his center on the Earth, and it bridges Heaven and Earth. Jianmu joins Heaven, Earth, and the underworld like a Cosmic Tree or Pillar. It can be stated that zongmiao, the royal ancestral temple, functions as the Center of the World, the axis mundi, in which religious human beings express their desire to live in a sacred site, and in which they can regain their initial purity of spirits by communicating with the gods and ancestors. These three are the sites of manifestation of the sacred in China.

A Study on the Characteristics of Modern Christian Spaces seen from the Perspectives of M. Eliade's Religious Phenomenology (M.엘리아데의 종교현상학 관점으로 본 현대 기독교공간의 특성에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Jin-Kyung;Kim, Moon-Duck
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.57-64
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    • 2017
  • Modern Christian spaces are developing from the past architectural styles to the phenomenological aspects. This study was conducted since it was judged that research and analysis is desirable with the application of religious phenomenological theories which fit the characteristics of religious spaces. A scholar of religion, M. Eliade studied religious phenomenology based on religious studies. This study analyzed the characteristics of religious phenomenology of the Christian spaces based on his theory. As a research method, this study analyzed the category of religious studies and religious phenomenology derived from them and selected M. Eliade as one of the theorists in the field of religious phenomenology. Study drew out the characteristics of Christian spaces from the perspective of M. Eliade's religious phenomenology as follows; In the Christian spaces, characteristics of experiential spatiality and ambiguous spatiality appeared in relation to the spaces of 'Sacred' and 'Profane' which M. Eliade aimed to explain. The characteristics of Christian spaces drawn out from the time of 'Sacred' and 'Profane', which is M. Eliade's theory, were fundamental temporality, environmental temporality and subjective temporality. From the structure and form of 'Sacred' and 'Profane', which is M. Eliade's theory, the characteristics of Christian spaces can be considered to be formative symbolism and physical naturalness. Various characteristics of Christian spaces materialize the concepts of 'hierophany' and 'sublimity' vaguely felt in religious spaces. The results of this study is expected to provide researchers, religious people and general public who study Christian spaces with research basis to further objectify results of their studies as well as basic data on the phenomenological methodology of religion.

A Study on Religious Phenomenological Light and Meaning found in Monasteries designed by Dom Hans van der Laan (돔 한스 반 데어 란의 수도원 건축에서 나타나는 종교현상학적 빛과 의미에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Jin-Kyung;Kim, Jong-Jin
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.196-203
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    • 2018
  • The background of this study was the fact that the religious spaces require sacred space devices in addition to aesthetic aspects. This study began with the definition that 'philosophical phenomenology provides one of the theoretical frameworks for religious phenomenology'. Seeing that 'philosophical phenomenology has limitations in drawing out the characteristics, this study attempted to study religious spaces through the method of specialized and refined religious phenomenology for the religious spaces alone. The purpose of this study was to understand the characteristics of religious spaces and the fact that the religious spaces are divided into 'profane' domains and 'sacred' ones and to analyze the characteristics of space and light in terms of religious phenomenology through Dutch religious architect Dom Hans van der Laan's architectural projects of monasteries. The study method was to present the relationship between space and light in terms of religious phenomenology and to summarize Van der Laan's interpretational method of the religious spaces through the architect's life and architectural philosophy.The conclusion of this study was that Dom Hans van der Laan's entire works were judged to have sufficient research value in studying the religious spaces as they were all created in the special category of 'religion'. With his project, it is possible for us to study 'hierophany' as experience of space and light through the methodology of religious phenomenology. This study has significant meaning in that it introduced an architect of religious spaces and a related new view on architecture.

Movies that seek after the truth and hierophanic time - Focused on and (구도의 영화와 히에로파니적 시간 - <희생>과 <꽃섬>을 중심으로)

  • Ahn, Soong-beum
    • Cross-Cultural Studies
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    • v.34
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    • pp.43-68
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    • 2014
  • This writing, focused on by Tarkovsky and by Song, Il-gon, examines moments of sage which is what Eliade described as 'hierophanic time'. These productions, which can be seen as movies that seek after the truth, show important paradoxical ideas and expressions in those moments. This is because symbolic messages from unrealistic and out of ordinary images are specifically shown. If they had to be compared, through the film by Tarkovsky, the technical civilization of contemporary society in an apocalyptic view is criticized and saved, or the prophetic will to not give up the desire for salvation is shown. In the process, the short shots which forces to show hierophanic time not only diversely visualized the author's ideological self-consciousness towards the conversion of the new world, but it also fulfills the metahistorical meanings mentioned by Eliade. However, in the film by Song, Il-gon, the realistic personal sufferings of three women is specifically shown first in extreme. They overcome their unsolvable problems through mysterious rituals and belief in miracles. In the scenes that include hierophanic time, there are many cases that cover Christian faith and the meaning of salvation. In other words, we can say that hierophanic time in , are related to conviction which led to moments of miracles in order to overcome reality. Therefore, even though there is a difference in the way authors use hierophanic time, the scenes that show it in the two movies display individuality of mythical imaginations disclosed by Eliade. This is because the general hope for reproduction, or meaningful symbols related to the ideal conversion of affairs are revealed.