• Title, Summary, Keyword: hemp fabric production technique

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Bukpo's History and Transition of the Hemp Fabric Production Technique (북포(北布)의 내력과 제섬(製纖) 기술의 변천)

  • Kong, Sang-Hui
    • MUNHWAJAE Korean Journal of Cultural Heritage Studies
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    • v.50 no.3
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    • pp.44-63
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    • 2017
  • 'Bukpo' is called 'Tongpo' or 'Balnaepo,' which respectively mean hemp fabric that goes into a small bamboo tube and women's table utensil 'bari' in Chosen. It is fine hemp fabric produced in Yukjin, Hamgyeong province. Korea has been divided into North and South since the Korean War in 1950. As it is hard to get information about Northern life style or their traditional technology, their hemp fabric production is also left unknown. This study demonstrates characteristics of the production of 'Bukpo' through "Ojuyeonmunjangjeonsango", the only document that marked about 'Bukpo' making process of the late Chosen dynasty. It aims to analyze the transition of the technique and the meaning by comparing the characteristics of the production of 'Bukpo' with the modern era's documents. In this process, I discovered that the hemp fabric production technique at 19th century shares some sort of similarities with that of Europe or Chinese Miao(hmong). But the hemp fabric production technique changed before the 20th century. The evolution of Northern hemp fabric production technique can be a good example to examine the context of the traditional craft technique.

Research on Hemp Fabrics Produced at Boseong (보성 삼베 연구)

  • 고부자
    • The Research Journal of the Costume Culture
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.168-181
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    • 2004
  • This research on the present state of production and circulation of boseong-sambae, based on the materials, has been collected and arranged through the survey for one you, 2003. Boseong-sambae, the hemp fabric produced at Boseong, hold 35% of nationwide production volume and 50% of circulation volume. The products of hemp include hemp fabrics, shroud, contemporary Korean dresses and other household articles. Dried hemp skin, hemp thread and hemp fabrics are traded at the fair held in every five days, mostly by direct transactions which is trusted between the producers and consumers. A bolt of boseong-sambae includes 20 ja(a Korean foot, 60cm in length) of hemp fabrics in breadth of 35cm. The price of a bolt is approximately 2∼3 hundred thousand won. They are endeavoring to revive hemp fabric that the image was lost due to the cheap and coarse fabrics woven with Chinese thread since the latter half of 1990's. The advanced countries have invested positively in this business because hemp is an environment friendly material. Thus, a strong national support is demanded in this field facing a crisis due to the inundating of coarse hemp products from China, and the aging problem of the initiate, the reason of the discontinuation of the inherited technique. Through this research understanding tire present station and the problem of hemp production, the future research will be followed expecting the Renaissance of the Korean traditional hemp fabrics.

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A Study on Conservation and Manufacturing Technique of Saddle Ornament(Angyo) Excavated from South Tomb Hwangnamdaechong (황남대총 남분 출토 용문투조은판피안교의 보존과 제작기법 연구)

  • Kwon, Heehong;Jeon, Hyosoo;Yun, Eunyoung
    • Conservation Science in Museum
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    • v.12
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    • pp.59-69
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    • 2011
  • The conservation treatment and production technique of Yongmuntujoeunpanpi-Angyo(Saddle Ornament) at Hwangnamdaechong were: The conservation treatment removed foreign material by using both chemical method and physical method to reinforce and to recover area by jointing that was destroyed and weakened. Not only Angyogeumgu but also Jwamokseongeumgu was made of 99wt% or more silver (Ag), and Wondujeong, Naeyeongeumgu and Bokryung were produced by amalgam gold plaiting. Not only Angyogeumgu but also Jwamokseongeumgu that was cast with silver plate was jointed by folding both and putting Naeyeongeumgu on it and then nailing gild ofwondujeong at specific interval. A tree that grew up in curve was used, and it was adhered by plain weave fabric of hemp cloth and wool.