• Title, Summary, Keyword: hematologic parameters

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Subacute Transdermal Toxicity Study of Syndella gel, Topical Drug Containing Deproteinised Dialysate of Calf's Blood and Micronomicin sulfate, in Rats (흰쥐에서 신델라 겔 (송아지 제단백혈액추출물 : 황산미크로노마이신=20:1 복합제제)의 30일간 반복투여 경피독성시험)

  • Nam, Suk-Woo;Sung, Dae-Suk;Yoo, Se-Keun;Chang, Man-Sik;Choi, Wahn-Soo;Chung, Young-Kuk;Kim, Kyu-Bong;Han, Jeung-Whan;Hong, Sung-Youl;Lee, Hyang-Woo
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.41 no.2
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    • pp.203-211
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    • 1997
  • This study was conducted to investigate the subacute transdermal toxicity of Syndella gel, a new topical drug containing deproteinized dialysate of calf's blood and micronomicin sulfate in Sprague-Dawley rats. Three doses (1.97, 3.94, 7.88 g/kg) of Syndella gel was daily treated transdermally to male and female rats for 30 days. No death was occurred in either control or treated rats. No significant toxic clinical signs and body weight change were not observed at any doses in the male or female rats treated. There were no significant alterations in hematologic and biochemical parameters in both sexes, however slight increase of potassium concentration was observed in 3.94g/kg and 7.88 g/kg female groups. No significant necrotic changes were not observed in examined organs. This study showed that up to 7.88g/kg Syndella gel did not induce subacute transdermal toxicity.

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The Effects of Gypsum Fibrosum on Renal Functional and Histopathological Disorder in Chronic Renal Failure Rat Model (석고(石膏)가 만성 신부전 Rat의 신기능 보호 및 조직학적 변화에 미치는 영향)

  • Byun, Sang-Hyuk
    • The Journal of Internal Korean Medicine
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    • v.29 no.4
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    • pp.871-886
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    • 2008
  • Objective : Gypsum fibrosum has been traditionally used in treatment of febrile diseases and recently been shown to have anti-inflammatory effect. Chronic renal failure has a serious clinical symptoms including proteinuria, azotemia, anemia, and hyperlipidemia and has characteristic histopathological changes, glomerular hypertrophy, infiltration of inflammatory cells, and crescentic sclerosis, We investigated the effects of gypsum fibrosum on renal functional and histopathological disorder in chronic renal failure rat model induced 5/6 nephrectomy. Methods : Using Sprague-Dawley rats, CRF was induced by 5/6 nephrectomy. The rats were divided into 3 groups, normal, conrol, and gypsum administered orally with gypsum fibrosum 500mg/kg/day. Body weight, 24 hr proteinuria, hematologic analysis, and histological morphologic changes were followed up after 8 weeks. The glomerular macrophage/monocyte infiltration, $TGF-{\beta}_1$, type IV collagen, and angiotensin II type1 receptor($AT_1$) were evaluated by immunohistochemistry. Resuls : In the CRF control group, functional parameters and histopathologic changes clearly indicated the development of CRF. 24 hr proteinuria significantly increased in the CRF control group over the normal group, and serum creatinine level was lower in the gypsum group than in the control group, LDL-cholesterol was significantly lower in the gypsum group than in the control group. Morphological investigations showed a variety of characteristic features of CRF, glomerular hypertrophy, increasing cellular density of glomerulus, deposition of extra-cellular matrix, fibrotic change, and glomerular sclerosis in the control group, but in the gypsum group, these features diminished significantly. In observation of renal type IV collagen and $AT_1$ expression, positive area significantly increased in the control group over the normal group, and it significantly decreased in the gypsum group compared to the control group. Conclusions : Our findings suggest that gypsum fibrosum inhibits $AT_1$ and type IV collagen expression in renal tissues and attenuates progression of glomerulosclerosis and interstitial fibrosis in chronic renal failure rats, which lead to amelioration of renal function. From these results, we suggest that gypsum fibrosum may have renoprotective effects and could be a useful remedy agent for treating chronic renal failure.

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Feasibility and response of helical tomotherapy in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer

  • Bae, Sun Hyun;Moon, Seong Kwon;Kim, Yong Ho;Cho, Kwang Hwan;Shin, Eung Jin;Lee, Moon Sung;Ryu, Chang Beom;Ko, Bong Min;Yun, Jina
    • Radiation Oncology Journal
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    • v.33 no.4
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    • pp.320-327
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    • 2015
  • Purpose: To investigate the treatment outcome and the toxicity of helical tomotherapy (HT) in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). Materials and Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 18 patients with 31 lesions from mCRC treated with HT between 2009 and 2013. The liver (9 lesions) and lymph nodes (9 lesions) were the most frequent sites. The planning target volume (PTV) ranged from 12 to 1,110 mL (median, 114 mL). The total doses ranged from 30 to 70 Gy in 10-30 fractions. When the ${\alpha}/{\beta}$ value for the tumor was assumed to be 10 Gy for the biologically equivalent dose (BED), the total doses ranged from 39 to $119Gy_{10}$ (median, $55Gy_{10}$). Nineteen lesions were treated with concurrent chemotherapy (CCRT). Results: With a median follow-up time of 16 months, the median overall survival for 18 patients was 33 months. Eight lesions (26%) achieved complete response. The 1- and 3-year local progression free survival (LPFS) rates for 31 lesions were 45% and 34%, respectively. On univariate analysis, significant parameters influencing LPFS rates were chemotherapy response before HT, aim of HT, CCRT, PTV, BED, and adjuvant chemotherapy. On multivariate analysis, $PTV{\leq}113mL$ and $BED>48Gy_{10}$ were associated with a statistically significant improvement in LFPS. During HT, four patients experienced grade 3 hematologic toxicities, each of whom had also received CCRT. Conclusion: The current study demonstrates the efficacy and tolerability of HT for mCRC. To define optimal RT dose according to tumor size of mCRC, further study should be needed.

A New Inflammatory Prognostic Index, Based on C-reactive Protein, the Neutrophil to Lymphocyte Ratio and Serum Albumin is Useful for Predicting Prognosis in Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Cases

  • Dirican, Nigar;Dirican, Ahmet;Anar, Ceyda;Atalay, Sule;Ozturk, Onder;Bircan, Ahmet;Akkaya, Ahmet;Cakir, Munire
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.17 no.12
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    • pp.5101-5106
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: We aimed to establish an inflammatory prognostic index (IPI) in early and advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients based on hematologic and biochemical parameters and to analyze its predictive value for NSCLC survival. Materials and Methods: A retrospective review of 685 patients with early and advanced NSCLC diagnosed between 2009 and 2014 was conducted with collection of clinical, and laboratory data. The IPI was calculated as C-reactive protein ${\times}$ NLR (neutrophil/ lymphocyte ratio)/serum albumin. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to assess the prognostic value of relevant factors. Results: The optimal cut-off value of IPI for overall survival (OS) stratification was determined to be 15. Totals of 334 (48.8%) and 351 (51.2%) patients were assigned to high and low IPI groups, respectively. Compared with low IPI, high IPI was associated with older age, greater tumor size, high lymph node involvement, distant metastases, advanced stage and poor performance status. Median OS was worse in the high IPI group (low vs high, 8.0 vs 34.0 months; HR, 3.5; p<0.001). Progression free survival values of the patients who had high vs low IPI were determined 6 months (95% CI:5.3-6.6) and 14 months (95% CI:12.1-15.8), respectively (HR; 2.4, P<0.001). On multivariate analysis, stage, performance status, lactate dehydrogenase and IPI were independent prognostic factors for OS. Subgroup analysis showed IPI was generally a significant prognostic factor in all clinical variables. Conclusion: The described IPI may be an inexpensive, easily accessible and independent prognostic index for NSCLC patients, useful for clinical practice.

Comparisons of Anthropometric Measurements, Body Fat, Blood Parameters and Nutrients Intakes in Over- and Desirable-body Weight School Children (서울지역 일부 과체중 및 적절체중 학령기 아동의 신체계측, 체지방률, 혈액지표 및 영양소 섭취 상태의 비교 분석 연구)

  • Lee, Jeong-Suk;Lee, Jeong-Yun;Im, Hyeon-Jeong;Jo, Mi-Ran;Cha, Seong-Ho;Jo, Yeo-Won
    • Journal of the Korean Dietetic Association
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.316-325
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    • 2003
  • This study was carried out to compare the characteristics of the over weight elementary school students with those of desirable-weight children. Anthropometric parameters such as height, weight, BMI, body fat percentile, triceps skin fold thickness were measured. Dietary assessment and blood analysis were performed. The average ages of over weight children and desirable-weight children were 10.9$\pm$2.5 and 10.2$\pm$2.8 years, respectively. The means body fat percentile of over weight children and desirable-weight children were 27.5$\pm$3.7% and 20.2$\pm$3.8%. respectively. Plasma levels of TG, total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, and HDL cholesterol of over weight children and desirable-weight children were 179.3$\pm$30.0, 104.9$\pm$26.6, 52.3$\pm$6.7 and 178.3$\pm$84.1 mg/dl, and those of desirable-weight children were 86.1$\pm$43.5, 183.7$\pm$16.5, 101.0$\pm$2.1 and 67.7$\pm$20.0 mg/dl, respectively. Plasma TG levels of over weight children were significantly higher than those of desirable weight children. On the other hand, plasma HDL-cholesterol levels of over weight children were significantly lower than those of desirable-weight children. Plasma levels of GOT and GPT were in normal range in both group however, GPT level of over weight children was higher than that of desirable weight children. Plasma levels of albumin, globulin, and BUN were all in normal range and no differences were found in both groups. Hematologic data did not show any difference between two groups except WBC, RBC and Hgb levels which were significantly higher in over weight group than those of desirable-weight children. Daily nutrients intake of over weight children and desirable-weight children were very similar and they were around the Korean RDA levels for each nutrients. However the intake of calcium of both groups were little over 50% of RDA. The consumption of dietary fiber was very low and the cholesterol intake was very high showing that the habitual meals of Korean school children were not well balanced.

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Platelet Kinetics and Other Hematological Profiles in Experimental Plasmodium falciparum Infection: A Comparative Study between Saimiri and Aotus Monkeys (Plasmodium fulcipurum 감염 실험에 있어서의 혈소판과 혈액치의 변각 -Saimiri과 Aotus 원숭이의 비교 시험-)

  • Kakoma I.;Jam
    • The Korean Journal of Parasitology
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.177-182
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    • 1992
  • Levels of platelets and other hematological values were monitored in 21 Saimiri and 12 Aotus monkeys over a period of three weeks post·infection with monkey·adapted Indochina CDC-1 strain of Plasmedium falciparum. In both Snlinoiri sciureus boliviensis and Aetus nancymai karyotype-1 monkeys the severest thrombocytopenia was observed at 14 days post-infection coinciding with peak parasitemia, neutropenia, Iynlphocytosis, and anemia associated with severe hemoglobinemia and elevated fibrinogen degeneration products(FDP's), MCH and MCV profiles in Aotus monkeys decreased with ascending parasitemia. In contrast, these parameters in Saimiri were characterized by a significant compensatory increase correlating with parasitemia. In general, thrombocytopenia was one of the earliest clinical manifestations of the infection with the platelets returning to normal levels shortly after peak parasitenlia at 14 days. Platelet kinetics had a strong correlation with hematologic and parasitologic values in the Aotus nlodel. No consistent associations were observed between platelet kinetics and other parameters in the Saimiri model. These data indicate that the Aotus model for malaria is more predictable than the Saimiri. Further, platelet turnover rates and recovery provide a useful prognostic parameter during malaria infection. The results are discussed in relation to the value of the two species of monkeys as models for the pathogenesis of human malaria.

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Twenty-Eight-Day Repeated Inhalation Toxicity Study of Nano-Sized Neodymium Oxide in Male Sprague-Dawley Rats

  • Kim, Yong-Soon;Lim, Cheol-Hong;Shin, Seo-Ho;Kim, Jong-Choon
    • Toxicological Research
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    • v.33 no.3
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    • pp.239-253
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    • 2017
  • Neodymium is a future-oriented material due to its unique properties, and its use is increasing in various industrial fields worldwide. However, the toxicity caused by repeated exposure to this metal has not been studied in detail thus far. The present study was carried out to investigate the potential inhalation toxicity of nano-sized neodymium oxide ($Nd_2O_3$) following a 28-day repeated inhalation exposure in male Sprague-Dawley rats. Male rats were exposed to nano-sized $Nd_2O_3-containing$ aerosols via a nose-only inhalation system at doses of $0mg/m^3$, $0.5mg/m^3$, $2.5mg/m^3$, and $10mg/m^3$ for 6 hr/day, 5 days/week over a 28-day period, followed by a 28-day recovery period. During the experimental period, clinical signs, body weight, hematologic parameters, serum biochemical parameters, necropsy findings, organ weight, and histopathological findings were examined; neodymium distribution in the major organs and blood, bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF), and oxidative stress in lung tissues were analyzed. Most of the neodymium was found to be deposited in lung tissues, showing a dose-dependent relationship. Infiltration of inflammatory cells and pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) were the main observations of lung histopathology. Infiltration of inflammatory cells was observed in the $2.5mg/m^3$ and higher dose treatment groups. PAP was observed in all treatment groups accompanied by an increase in lung weight, but was observed to a lesser extent in the $0.5mg/m^3$ treatment group. In BALF analysis, total cell counts, including macrophages and neutrophils, lactate dehydrogenase, albumin, interleukin-6, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha, increased significantly in all treatment groups. After a 4-week recovery period, these changes were generally reversed in the $0.5mg/m^3$ group, but were exacerbated in the $10mg/m^3$ group. The lowest-observed-adverse-effect concentration of nano-sized $Nd_2O_3$ was determined to be $0.5mg/m^3$, and the target organ was determined to be the lung, under the present experimental conditions in male rats.

Effects of Probiotic Microbes on Growth Performance, Innate Immunity, and Pathogen Sensitivity in Cultured Olive Flounder (Probiotic 기능을 가진 미생물을 함유한 양어용 생균제가 넙치의 성장, 선천성면역 및 항병능에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Ji-Hoon;Chae, Young-Sik;Park, Jung-Jin;Choi, Jun-Ho;Kim, Dong-Gun;Park, Kwan Ha
    • Journal of fish pathology
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.41-49
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    • 2017
  • Probiotic principles can be applied in aquaculture for the purpose of growth and immunity stimulation, disease prevention and eventually better production performance. This study was to assess effects of combinations of microbes containing two Bacillus sp., plus one Lactobacillus sp. as the basal preparation (BSL-LAB), and additional Nitrosomonas sp. (nitrifying bacteria consortium, NBS) in olive flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus). The effects examined were growth parameters, hematologic parameters, innate immunity and pathogen challenge test. Fish were assigned to 4 treatments as Control (no probiotics), Group A (Bacillius and Lactobacillus to culture water), Group B (Bacillius and Lactobacillus both in water and feed), Group C (same as Group B with additional Nitrosomonas in feed). Fish were allocated to the above 4 groups, each group being composed of triplicate 30 fish, for a 7-week feeding in the laboratory. Positive effects were observed both in growth and pathogen sensitivity with all three probiotic combinations. Such effects were attributed to improved innate immune functions. This result indicates that the tested probiotic microbes are beneficial to olive flounder aquaculture.

Hematologic and biochemical reference intervals for natural monument Korean goral (Naemorhedus caudatus) (천연기념물 한국 산양의 혈액 및 혈액 화학적 정상표준범위)

  • Ahn, Sangjin;Choi, Youngjin;Kim, Jong-Taek
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Service
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    • v.40 no.2
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    • pp.155-159
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    • 2017
  • Korean goral (Neamorhedus caudatus) is registered as a natural monument number 217 by South Korea Cultural Heritage Administration. It is also recognized as the endangered species I by Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES). In this study, blood samples of Korean goral were collected to make reference intervals. Blood sampling was conducted on 19 numbers of Korean gorals (ten females, nine males), which were reared in Korean Goral Restoration Center. For total samples, the reference intervals of hematological parameters were: white blood cell $7.69{\sim}10.87K/{\mu}{\Lambda}$; hematocrit 36.73~46.18%; red blood cell $10.72{\sim}12.86K/{\mu}{\Lambda}$; hemoglobin 12.79~15.14 g/dL; mean corpuscular volume 33.15~36.75 fL; mean corpuscular hemoglobin 11.53~12.23 pg; mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration 32.64-35.91 g/dL and red blood cell distribution width 39.2~43.46%. For total samples of each parameters, the following results were obtained for serum biochemistry: glucose 111.81~153.77 mg/dL; blood urea nitrogen 22.35~28.91 mg/dL; creatine 1.22~1.84 mg/dL; phosphate 4.57~6 mg/dL; calcium 8.7~9.1 mg/dL; total protein 6.53~6.92 g/dL; albumin 3.1~3.48 g/dL; globulin 3.26~3.62 g/dL; alanine aminotransferase 56.7~158.56 U/L; aspartate aminotransferase 230.35~473.06 U/L; alkaline phosphatase 178.06~332.47 U/L; gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase 131.6-~181.24 U/L; total bilirubin 1.47~2.12 mg/dL; cholesterol 46.48~71.52 mg/dL; amylase 16.3~26.03 U/L; sodium 150.43~153.88 mmol/L; potassium 3.98~4.6 mmol/L and chlorine 109.48~113.26 mmol/L. The ranges of values were similar campared to previous studies except in the case of RDW value, which showed higher range than the RDW value of a previous study. The reference intervals from this study will be useful data for treatment and management of gorals.

Analysis of Growth and Hematologic Characteristics of Endangered Korean Native Cattle (멸종위기의 백한우(체세포복제 포함)의 성장 및 혈액학적 특성 분석)

  • Kim, Hyun;Choe, Changyong;Seong, Hwan-Hoo
    • Journal of Embryo Transfer
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.175-181
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    • 2015
  • The objective of this study was to monitor health conditions of genetically identical somatic cells cloned Korean white cattle, endangered indigenous cattle (EIC) and indigenous cattle (IC) by analysis of hematologic characteristics. Naturally ovulated oocytes and donor cells were used for somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT). Donor cells and enucleated oocytes were followed by electric fusion, chemical activation and surgical embryo transfer into the oviducts of surrogate females. Two recipients became pregnant; two maintained pregnancy to term, and one live cattle were delivered by caesarean section. The cloned Korean white cattle were genetically identical to the nuclear donor cattle. As a result, the mean values of RBC and platelet of cloned cattle and white cattle were significantly decreased by age (P<0.05). The mean values of RBC, HCT, MCV and MCHC between cloned cattle and IC of the same age (1~2 years) showed the statistical significance (P<0.05). Also, in the WBC of Korean white cattle, the estimated values were decreased according to the age from $12.0{\times}10^3/{\mu}l$ under 1 year to $11.0{\times}10^3/{\mu}l$ over 1 years respectively. Although clone-cattle had lower numbers of RBC than reference range, the most of RBC and WBC related heamatologic results of cloned cattle were not different when compared to reference range. This study suggests that cloned Korean white cattle derived from SCNT did not have remarkable health problems, at least in the growth pattern and hematological parameters. In addition, this study provides a valuable resource for further investigations of the preservation of rare genetic stocks underlying traits of interest in cattle.