• 제목, 요약, 키워드: hemagglutination

검색결과 203건 처리시간 0.042초

한탄바이러스와 서울바이러스의 혈구응집반응 (Hemagglutination of Hantaan and Seoul Viruses)

  • 성인화;송기준;이호왕
    • 대한미생물학회지
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.227-231
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    • 1986
  • The hemagglutination activities of Hantaan virus and Seoul virus were demonstrated. The hemagglutinins were prepared by sucrose-acetone extraction method from suckling mouse brains infectecd with Hantaan and Seoul viruses. Hemagglutination of goose erythrocytes by these viral hemagglutinins was pH dependent in phosphate buffer system. Hantaan and Seoul viruses were distinguished by pH range of hemagglutination. 76/118 and 79/90 strains of Hantaan virus showed hemagglutination at the range of pH 5.75-6.4 and the optimal pH was 5.75 with the titer of 1:512 in 76/118 and 1:256 in 79/90. In contrast, KSNUSD 84/34 strain of Seoul virus revealed hemagglutination at the range of pH 6.2-6.4 and the optimal pH was 6.4 with the titer of 1 : 64.

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돼지에서 분리한 Staphylococcus hyicus subsp hyicus의 protein A (Protein A of Staphylococcus hyicus subsp hyicus isolated from pigs)

  • 김도경;여상건
    • 대한수의학회지
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.187-192
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    • 1990
  • 돼지로부터 분리한 Staphylococcus hyicus subsp hyicus 489주의 protein A 존재여부와 함량을 indirect hemagglutination 및 enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA)법으로 조사하였다. Indirect hemagglutination text에 의하여 cell-bound protein A 및 extracellular protein A 보유균은 489주 중 각각 87.7% 및 36.0%로 나타났다. ELISA법에 의한 이들 균의 protein A함량 측정에서 전균주의 extracellular protein A는 1ng/ml미만이었으며, cell-bound protein A함량은 대부분의 균주에서 1ng/ml 미만이었고 11주가 25~108ng/ml 수준이었다.

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Pasteurella multocida에 대(對)한 간이적혈구(簡易赤血球) 응집반응(凝集反應)과 적혈구(赤血球)의 안정화(安定化)에 관(關)한 연구(硏究) (Studies on the Simplified Hemagglutination Reaction to Pasteurella multocida and the Stabilization of Erythrocytes)

  • 이학철;정영건;김교준
    • 대한수의학회지
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.11-23
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    • 1970
  • Recently Carter(1952) reported the capsule antigens of Pasteurella multocida could be divided into four serological types A,B,C and D by means of precipitation tests. Subsequently he showed that the most sensitive for identification of these types involved the use of capsule substance adsorbed by erythrocytes in hemagglutination test. It may be somewhat difficult to conduct the hemagglutination test in small laboratory, because relatively large amounts of antisera and erythrocytes of the human O type are required for the test. A simple method for serological typing of P. multocida was the slide agglutination test employed by Little et al. (1943) and Namioka et al. (1962), but this method is still in controversy. The author tried adapting Carter's hemagglutination method to the slide method so called "micromethod technique", and studied on the stabilization of erythrocytes for use of slide hemagglutination to P. multocida although many invesigators reported the stabilization of erythrocytes. The results obtained are summarized as follows: 1. A simplified method (slide method) for capsule typing of the organism was developed by adapting Carter's hemagglutination reaction(tube method). Antibody-containing serum can be diluted serially on Boerner's microtest slide with capillary or serological pipetts with a considerable accuracy. The slide reaction can be carried out with case on the slide by adding $0.05m{\ell}$ of antigen-sensitized erythrocytes suspension diluted to one percent on $0.05m{\ell}$ of serially diluted antibody-containing sera, and the final result can be read after 60 minutes at the room temperature ($15^{\circ}C$). 2. It is difficult to determine superiority of inferiority between the slide method and the tube method on the pattern of the reaction of hemagglutination. 3. The pH range of 6.6 to 8.3 is optimal for the slide hemagglutination reaction. 4. The antigen-sensitization against erythrocytes at $37^{\circ}C$ is optimal for the slide hemagglutination. 5. Both the doses and concentration of antigen do not influence the antigen-adsorbing capacity of erythrocytes. 6. The reduction of antigen-sensitizing hours does not influence the antigen-adsorbing capacity of erythrocytes even 30 minutes. 7. The tannic acid treatment against formalinized and non-formalinized erythrocytes showed no effect on the reaction of hemagglutination. 8. The erythrocytes preserved at $4^{\circ}C$ in the ACD solution do not decrease the reactivity on the reaction of hemagglutination for 60 days, while they begin slight hemolysis 30 days after preserving. 9. The stable preparation of erythrocytes can be obtained by treating the cells at $37^{\circ}C$ for 20 hours with from 4 to 8 percent of formalin in saline or buffer. These cells can be preserved at $4^{\circ}C$ for more than 8 months experimented without hemolysis. With low concentration of formalin, the cells were not sufficiently stabilized resulting in the hemolysis after short period of preservation at $4^{\circ}C$. 10. The erythrocytes treated with 16 percent of formalin remain constantly or increase the reactivity for the reaction of hemagglutination. On the contrary, the cells treated with I to 8 percent of formalin decrease the reactivity. 11. There is no difference between nontreated fresh erythrocytes and the erythrocytes preserved in the ACD solution on the reactivity against the hemagglutination, and the erythrocytes treated with 16 percent of formalin showed the reactivity of higher level than that of the above two kinds of erythrocytes. 12. There is no difference between the saline and the isotonic buffer solution on the reaction of hemagglutination.

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Normothermic Cardiac Surgery with Warm Blood Cardioplegia in Patient with Cold Agglutinins

  • Cho, Sang-Ho;Kim, Dae Hyun;Kwak, Young Tae
    • The Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
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    • v.47 no.2
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    • pp.133-136
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    • 2014
  • Cold agglutinins are predominately immunoglobulin M autoantibodies that react at cold temperatures with surface antigens on the red blood cell. This can lead to hemagglutination at low temperatures, followed by complement fixation and subsequent hemolysis on rewarming. Development of hemagglutination or hemolysis in patients with cold agglutinins is a risk of cardiac surgery under hypothermia. In addition, there is the potential for intracoronary hemagglutination with inadequate distribution of cardioplegic solutions, thrombosis, embolism, ischemia, or infarction. We report a patient with incidentally detected cold agglutinin who underwent normothermic cardiac surgery with warm blood cardioplegia.

Studies on the Preparation of Radioactive iodine Labelled Concanavalin-A, Lectin Extracted from Korean Native Plant “Banha”, and Their Conjugation Products and the Hemagglutination Tests of These Labelled Compounds in Vitro.

  • Kim, You-Sun;Park, Kyung-Bae
    • Nuclear Engineering and Technology
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.1-12
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    • 1978
  • Concanavalin-A, 한국산 반하(半夏)로부터 주출된 Lectin 및 이들과 tyrosine 또는 5-iodo-6-aminouracil을 결합시킨 화합물들을 각각 방사성 요오드-125로 표지 하였으며 표지된 화합물들을 사용하여 생체외부 시험법으로 혈액응고 시험을 실시하였다. 표지반응에 관하여 표지수율과 함께 그 실험조건을 보고하였으며 Lectin과 여러 아미노산계통 화합물들과의 결합반응성을 논의하였다. 암세포에 대한 혈액응고 시험결과를 보고하였으며 이들 표지화합물들의 임상적 실용전망에 관하여서도 논의하였다.

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HEMAGGLUTINATION AND COLONY HYBRIDIZATION FOR THE IDENTIFICATION OF ENTEROTOXIGENIC Escherichia coli ISOLATED FROM HEALTHY PIG

  • Choi, S.H.;Oh, M.J.;Sung, C.
    • 아세아태평양축산학회지
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    • v.9 no.6
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    • pp.671-677
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    • 1996
  • Erythrocytes from three different animal species were used to determine mannose-sensitive hemagglutination (MSHA) and mannose-resistant hemagglutination (MRHA) of 755 isolates obtained from rectal swabs of healthy pig. In addition, colony hybridization using digoxigenin-dUTP labeled polynucleotide probes was performed for the detection of heat-stable and heat-labile enterotoxin genes carried by MRHA positive isolates. Of 755 strains, 9, 4 and 28 strains gave a positive MRHA with bovine, equine and pig erythrocytes, respectively. Of these isolates, 28 (3.7%) were characterized for positive MRHA by at least one blood. Seven isolates gave a positive MRHA with two kinds of blood. Three gave a positive MRHA with three kinds of blood. Twenty-eight strains, while positive in MRHA, yielded negative signals in the colony hybridization assay for the detection of heat-stable (STaI and STaII) and heat-labile (LT) enterotoxin genes in E. coli.

Effects of Squalene on the Immune Responses in Mice(I): Humoral Immune Responses of Squalene

  • Ahn, Young-Keun;Kim, Joung-Hoon
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.370-378
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    • 1991
  • Effects of squalene on humoral immune system in mice were investigated. Squalene exhibited significant increases in the circulating leukocyte counts and relative spleen and thymus weights of the mice. However, the relative liver weight was slightly decreased. Hemagglutination titers (HA) were signficantly enhanced by squalene while Arthus reaction was not affected. Splenic plaque forming cells (PFC) were also greatly increased by squalene, especially at doses of 50 and 100 mg/kg of it.

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Mannose-resistant Hemagglutination(MRHA) 및 Colonization Factor Antigen I(CFA I)을 표현하는 대장균의 장관내 존재와 설사증 발현과의 관계 (Gastrointestinal Carriage of Escherichia coli with Hemagglutination Activity and Colonization Factor Antigen I and its Relation to Diarrhea)

  • 노승현;김경희;조양자;서인수
    • 대한미생물학회지
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.147-153
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    • 1987
  • Colonization factor antigen I(CFA I) has been shown to be one of several virulence factors that promote attachment of enterotoxigenic E. coli(ETEC) to small intestinal epithelial cells of humans. The ability of ETEC to produce mannose-resistant hemagglutination(MRHA) of human blood group A has been used to detect CFA I. To determine gastrointestinal carriage in Korean children of E. coli with MRHA and CFA I, 116 strains of E. coli from diarrheal children admitted to Hanyang University Hospital were examined for MRHA of human erythrocytes and the presence of CFA I. Of 45 ETEC strains, 18(40%) gave a positive MRHA($MRHA^+$) and eight(18%) were positive for CFA I(CFA $I^+$). ETEC with CFA I were all heat-stable enterotoxin(ST) producers and two of these strains were of serogroups $O_{25}$. Of 17 classic enteropathogenic E. coli(EPEC), 7(41%) were $MRHA^+$ but all were negative for CFA I(CFA $I^-$). Of 30 enteroadherent E. coli(EAEC) strains, 11(37%) were $MRHA^+$ and one was CFA $I^+$. Of 24 nonpathogenic E. coli, 4(17%) were $MRHA^+$ but all were CFA $I^-$. It was shown that MRHA was common in all strains of E. coli, CFA I was limited only to ST producing ETEC and EAEC; although MRHA is a useful screening procedure, serologic tests seem to be necessary to comfirm CFA I production. CFA I was associated with a lower proportion of ETEC isolates in Korea than has been reported for other locations.

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토끼 출혈성 바이러스의 병원성, 적혈구응집성 및 물리화학적 요인에 대한 영향 (Pathogenicity, hemagglutinability, and the effect of physicochemical agents on virus of rabbit hemorrhagic disease)

  • 윤인중;전윤성
    • 대한수의학회지
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.65-71
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    • 1990
  • Rabbits were experimentally infected with rabbit hemorrhagic disease virs and the viral pathogenicity, hemagglutinability, and the effect of physicochemical factors were studied. The experimental results were summariaed as follows: 1. Mean rectal temperature of 11 infected rabbits was $40.0{\pm}0.47^{\circ}C$ prior to the virus inoculation, and $39.9{\pm}0.75^{\circ}C$ after 12hrs., $40.2{\pm}0.65^{\circ}C$ after 24hrs., $40.1{\pm}0.77^{\circ}C$ after 36hurs, and $40.6{\pm}0.56^{\circ}C$ just before the death. 2. Mean death time of infected rabbits was $40.3{\pm}22.0$ honrs and its range was 24 to 93 hours. 3. O, B, AB and A type of human erythrocytes were shown their HA in the order, but rabbit and chicken erythrocytes were not hemagglutinated by the virus. 4. In the hemagglutination, less than 0.25 per cent of a final concentration of erythrocytes and 0.2 per cent of BSA in PBS resulted in the best hemagglutination. Phosphate concentration in a range of 0.01M to 0.10M in PBS was not influenced on the hemagglutination reaction, and its pH 7.0 resulted in a better HA. 5. The hemagglutinating titers, in log 2 scale, of organs and tissues of the virus infected rabbits were $9.3{\pm}3.8$ (liver), $9.1{\pm}3.9$ (blood), $6.2{\pm}2.6$ (spleen) and $5.0{\pm}2.5$ (kidney). 6. The physicochemical factors such as heating ($50^{\circ}C$, 10 min.), trypsin treatment (0.05 pre cent, 5 min.), acid treatment (pH 3.0, 20 min.) and ether extraction (3 times) were not affective to the stability of virus and viral HA activities.

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Inhibition of Helicobacter pylori Adhesion by Acidic Polysaccharide Isolated from Artemisia capillaris

  • Woo, Jeung-S.;Ha, Byung-H.;Kim, Tae-G.;Lim, Yoon-Gho;Kim, Kyung-H.
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.13 no.6
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    • pp.853-858
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    • 2003
  • Helicobacter pylori specifically adhere to host cells through a number of putative receptors and ligands, mainly based on carbohydrate-protein interactions. Polysaccharide fractions isolated from the leaves of Artemisia capillaris showed different inhibitory activities against H. pylori adhesion by using hemagglutination assay. Among these fractions, an acidic polysaccharide fraction FlA showed highly effective inhibitory activity, and its minimum inhibition concentration was 0.63 mg/ml. The inhibition results by the hemagglutination assay were consistent with those obtained by the enzymelinked glycosorbent assay, which was developed by the conjugation of horseradish peroxidase with fetuin, a sialic acid-containing glycoprotein which was specific to H. pylori adhesion. FlA contained the highest carbohydrate content among polysaccharide fractions, and no protein was detectable when further purified by gel filtration FPLC. Sugar composition analysis using GC revealed the highest amount of galacturonic acid among sugars, which suggests that FlA contains essentially acidic polysaccharides. Our data suggest that acidic polysaccharides may play an important role in the inhibition of H. pylori adhesion to host cells.