• Title, Summary, Keyword: helmholtz frequency

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Numerical Simulation of the Acoustic Field in a Burner with Helmholtz Resonators (헬름홀츠 공진기에 따른 버너내의 음향장에 관한 수치해석)

  • Hong, Jung-Goo;Cho, Han-Chang;Shin, Hyun-Dong
    • 한국연소학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.86-91
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    • 2007
  • A study was performed to understand self-excited pressure fluctuations in the lean premixed flames and to evaluate the effect of Helmholtz resonator on the pressure fluctuations. As low-frequency pressure fluctuations have been reported to cause fatal damage to the combustor and the entire system, Helmholtz-type resonators, which reduce the damage by low-frequency pressure fluctuation in the combustor, are attached to the channel of unburned mixture flow. It is found that the range of low-frequency pressure fluctuations of flame mode 2 is narrowed by the attachment of Helmholtz resonators. From this result, if Helmholtz-type resonators are applied to actual gas turbine combustor, it is confirmed that Helmholtz resonators attached on the fuel discharge hole are also effective for narrowing the range of flame mode 2

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A Helmholtz Resonator Array Panel for Low Frequency Sound Absorption (저주파수 흡음을 위한 헬름홀쯔 공명기 배열형 패널)

  • Kim, Yang-Hann;Kim, SangRyul
    • Transactions of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering
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    • v.15 no.8
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    • pp.924-930
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    • 2005
  • Sound absorptive materials have good performance in high frequency range, not at low frequencies. Therefore it has been great challenge to develop a sound absorbing structure that is good at low frequency. We propose to use a Helmholtz resonator array panel for this purpose. A Helmholtz resonator is one of noise control elements widely used in many practical applications. The resonator is a simple structure composed of a rigid-walled cavity with a neck, but it has very high performance at resonance frequency. This paper discusses the sound absorption of Helmholtz resonator array panels at normal and random incidence. First, various experimental results are introduced and studied. Secondly, we theoretically predict the absorptive characteristics of the resonator away panel. The theoretical approach is based on the Fourier analysis for a periodic absorber. We believe that this method can be used to design a panel for low frequency noise control.

Resonance frequency shifts of Helmholtz resonator array panel brought by change in resonator arrangements (공명기 분포에 따른 공명기 배열형 패널의 공명주파수 변화)

  • Kim, Sang-Ryul;Kim, Yang-Han
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.97-100
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    • 2005
  • Precise prediction of resonance frequency has been the subject of numerous papers related to Helmholtz resonator design because of its high performance at the frequency. The resonance frequency is dependent upon not only the internal dimensions of resonator but also the external boundary conditions such as the existence of other resonators in Helmholtz resonator array panel. However, the latter effect, which changes the external end correction of resonator, has not been well studied. We propose a formula to calculate the radiation impedance (or external end correction) of Helmhoitz resonator array panel. Any distance between adjacent resonators and any angle of Incidence can be allowed in the method. Numerical examples show how and how much the distance affects the resonance frequency of the panel. It is also found that the maximum absorption of the panel varies with the resonator arrangement.

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Absorptive Characteristics of a Helmholtz Resonator Damped by a Flexible Porous Screen (유연한 다공성 스크린을 가진 헬름홀쯔 공명기의 흡음특성)

  • Kim, Sang-Ryul;Kim, Yang-Hann
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.865-868
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    • 2005
  • A Helmholtz resonator is one of noise control elements widely used in many practical applications. The resonator has very high absorption at resonance frequency but the frequency bandwidth is very small. Therefore many kinds of additional resistive screens have been applied to the resonator's neck in order to increase the bandwidth. This paper discusses the absorptive characteristics of a Helmholtz resonator damped by a flexible porous screen in form of wire mesh. First, various experimental results are introduced and studied. Secondly, the effect of the resistive screen is theoretically predicted. It is shown that the distance between the screen and aperture affects on the resonance frequency as well as the absorption of the system.

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A Study on the Sound Absorption Performance of a Helmholtz Resonator Combined with Porous Materials (흡음재가 조합된 헬름홀츠 공명기의 흡음성능에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Dong-Hoon;Song, Hwa-Young
    • Transactions of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering
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    • v.19 no.6
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    • pp.628-633
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    • 2009
  • The helmholtz resonator with the perforated neck has demerits that the absorption performance is not so outstanding in an anti-resonance frequency and high frequency bandwidth. In order to overcome these problems, in the paper, a resonator combined with porous material is proposed. The absorption performances of resonators are measured by two-microphone method and estimated by transfer matrix method. The experimentally measured values of normal absorption coefficients agree well with the corresponding values from the transfer matrix method. Because of the porous material, it is shown that the absorption performance have been significantly improved in the anti-resonance frequency and high frequency bandwidth.

Sound Absorption Performance of a Helmholtz Resonator combined with Porous Materials (흡음재가 조합된 헬름홀츠 공명기의 흡음성능)

  • Lee, Young-Chul;Lee, Sun-Ki;Song, Hwa-Young;Lee, Dong-Hoon
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.280-285
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    • 2008
  • The helmholtz resonator with the perforated neck has demerits that the absorption performance is not so outstanding in an anti-resonance frequency and high frequency bandwidth. In order to overcome these problems, in the paper, a resonator combined with porous material is proposed. The absorption performances of resonators are measured by two-microphone method and estimated by transfer matrix method. The experimentally measured values of normal absorption coefficients agree well with the corresponding values from the transfer matrix method. Because of the porous material, it is shown that the absorption performance have been significantly improved in the anti-resonance frequency and high frequency bandwidth.

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Identification of frequency determining sound generating organ of cicadas with the Helmholtz resonator structure (헬름홀쯔 공명기 구조 매미 소리의 주파수 결정 발음기관 규명)

  • Yoon, Ki-sang;Cho, Se-hyun;Jung, Yoon-sang;Lee, Dong-hyun
    • The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea
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    • v.37 no.5
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    • pp.276-283
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of the study is to identify a sound generating organ that has a major influence on the central frequency of the cicadas with the Helmholtz resonator structure for the first time. The sound of cicadas Cryptotympana atrata and Hyalessa fuscata were recorded and analyzed, then the motion of the tymbals was analyzed with a high-speed camera to compare the relationship between the frequency of sound and the motion of the tymbals. As a result, there was little difference in the frequency distribution of calling song and scream for two species. The tymbals of C. atrata oscillated in three vibration modes, while those of H. fuscata oscillated in one mode. There was no difference in the frequency of both tymbals of both cicadas, and three vibration modes of C. atrata generated sound with different frequency bands. The frequency band of tymbals and the central frequency band of calling song were very similar. In conclusion, it is presumed that the frequency of the cicadas with the Helmholtz resonator structure was determined by mode frequency of the tymbals than resonance condition of the abdomen.

Nonlinear Impedance Characteristics of Helmholtz Resonator with Tapered Neck (경사진 목을 가지는 헬름홀쯔 공명기의 비선형 임피던스 특성)

  • Seo, Sang-Hyeon;Chung, Hoe-min;Kim, Yang-hann
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.75-80
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    • 2012
  • Helmholtz resonator is widely used acoustic instrument which has high absorption characteristics at its resonance frequency. Particularly it maintains good performance even in the low frequency region that is difficult to control by general porous absorptive materials. However, under severely high sound pressure level, the absorption characteristics are changed by increase of resistance due to nonlinear behavior of neck impedance. Because of this nonlinear behavior, it is difficult to obtain the expected absorption performance under high sound pressure environment. Thus, in order to prevent excessive rise of resistance, the resonator with neck having cross section dimension decrease away from the entry of the resonator cavity could be suggested. This paper introduces the experiment method and results about nonlinear characteristics of Helmholtz resonator with tapered neck and proposes the approximate nonlinear impedance model.

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A Semi-Active Control of the Combustion Instability in a Ducted Premixed Flame (덕트 형상 연소기의 연소불안정에 대한 Semi-Active Control)

  • Song, Jae-Cheon;Song, Jin-Kwan;Hwang, Jeong-Jae;Yoon, Young-Bin;Lee, Jong-Guen
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Aeronautical & Space Sciences
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    • v.37 no.11
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    • pp.1131-1139
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    • 2009
  • Combustion Instabilities are caused by a coupling between acoustic waves and unsteady heat release. They can be eliminated using passive controller such as a Helmholtz resonator. But, Helmholtz resonator is normally only effective over a narrow frequency range. In this work, Helmholtz resonator is applied for reducing the combustion oscillations and we vary the Helmholtz resonator volume using piston in oder to tune in the wide range of operating conditions. As the result, it is found that the dominant combustion oscillations can be largely reduced by optimizing the size of resonator volume. And, interesting relation for phase difference of dynamic pressure both combustor and the helmholtz resonator are presented in this paper. Also, we investigate semi-active control using Helmholtz equation and phase difference.

Damping Characteristics of a Helmholtz Resonator Under the Flow Area (튜브(모사 챔버)내의 유동특성이 음향공 감쇠 능력에 미치는 영향)

  • Song, Jae-Gang;Kim, Young-Mun;Ko, Young-Sung;Kim, Sun-Jin
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Propulsion Engineers Conference
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    • pp.82-85
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    • 2008
  • A Helmholtz resonator is applied to control high frequency combustion instability in liquid rocket engine. Damping characteristics of the Helmholtz resonator are investigated by the flow characteristic and its design. To simulate combustion instability, resonance in a test section(with fixed volume) is made by a pressure pulsator, and then damping characteristics are investigated. Its orifice length and diameter are selected as the design parameters and flow rates are varied to reveal the effect on damping characteristics. The experimental results show that a Helmholtz resonator is also working with flows. When length and diameter of an orifice are small, the tuning frequency increases as the flow velocity increases.

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