• Title, Summary, Keyword: health- related quality of life

Search Result 1,274, Processing Time 0.052 seconds

Oral health related quality of life of women college students (일부 여대생의 구강건강이 삶의 질에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Hyang-Nim;Kim, Eun-Mi
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
    • /
    • v.5 no.1
    • /
    • pp.89-99
    • /
    • 2005
  • The purpose of this study was conducted to evaluated the effects of oral health related quality of life and impacts of oral health related quality of life of early adult group through a questionnaire OHRQoL(Oral health related quality of life). The study subjects were 224 women college students. The results of this study were as follow; 1. Physical aspects score was $41.98{\pm}7.78$, social aspects score was $33.04{\pm}7.25$, psychological aspects score was $32.50{\pm}7.50$ in effects of oral health related quality of life. 2. Physical aspects score was $25.49{\pm}4.86$, social aspects score was $20.65{\pm}4.47$, psychological aspects score was $19.84{\pm}5.53$ in impacts of oral health related quality of life. 3. The better oral health was the higher effects of oral health related quality of life(pE0.05). No missing tooth(pE0.01), use of oral health device(pE0.05), no experience oral health education(pE0.05) group was higher impacts score of oral health related quality of life. 4. The significantly correlated among all items on effects of oral health related quality of life. Therefore it suggested that college students oral health program, need precision oral exam and oral health education.

  • PDF

The Effects of Related Factors on Health-related Quality of Life for the Frail Elderly (허약노인의 건강관련 삶의 질과 영향요인)

  • Yim, Eun-Shil;No, Kyoung-Hee
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing
    • /
    • v.21 no.1
    • /
    • pp.12-20
    • /
    • 2010
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the predictors of health-related quality of life and to examine their effects in frail elderly. Methods: This was a correlation study. The subjects were 680 frail elders aged over 65 who were receiving home care from one of 253 public health centers in 16 provinces, and data were collected from the 1st to 30th of April, 2008. Results: The mean health-related quality of life in the subjects was $6.0{\pm}2.0$. The predictors identified in this study significantly explained 41.3% of health-related quality of life. Self-rated health was the most significant predictor of health-related quality of life. ADL and depression had an effect on health-related quality of life. Conclusion: Self-rated health, ADL and depression were the predictors of health-related quality of life in the frail elderly.

The Effect of Regular and Temporary Employment on Health-related Quality of Life (정규직 및 비정규직 고용형태가 건강관련 삶의 질에 미치는 영향 분석 연구)

  • Sohn, Shin-Young
    • The Korean Journal of Health Service Management
    • /
    • v.9 no.4
    • /
    • pp.171-182
    • /
    • 2015
  • Objectives : The aim of this study was to identify the effect of employment type on health-related quality of life. Methods : This study used data from the Sixth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Data were analyzed with the ${\chi}^2$ test, t-test, ANOVA and multiple regression. Results : There were significant statistical differences the health-related quality of life according to employment type. The health-related quality of life of temporary workers was lower than that of regular workers. The significant predictors of the health-related quality of life of regular workers were the subjective health status, stress, age, and education. The significant predictors of the health-related quality of life of temporary workers were the subjective health status, education, stress, sleeping time, and gender. Conclusions : These results suggest that employment type affects the health-related quality of life. The research on social policy is recommended to resolve health inequalities.

Resilience and Health-Related Quality of Life in Children with Chronic Illness (만성질환아의 극복력(resilience)과 건강관련 삶의 질)

  • Shin, Yeong-Hee;Sim, Mi-Kyung;Kim, Tae-Im
    • Child Health Nursing Research
    • /
    • v.12 no.3
    • /
    • pp.295-303
    • /
    • 2006
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to describe the relationship between resilience and health-related quality of life and to identify the effect of resilience on health-related quality of life in children with chronic illness. Method: The participants in this study were 71 children who were seen at one of 3 hospitals, either in outpatient clinics or as admitted patients. The data were collected from March to October, 2005 and descriptive statistics, t-test or ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficient and stepwise multiple regression were used to analyze the data. Result: Health-related quality of life was slightly low with a mean score of 2.85 (range 1-5). Health-related quality of life was significantly different according to age. There was a significant correlation between resilience and health-related quality of life. Resilience was a predictor of health-related quality of life and accounted for 45% of the variance. Conclusions: Resilience was shown to influence health-related quality of life of children with chronic illness. These findings suggest that the interventions to enhance resilience would be effective for the improvement of health-related quality of life.

  • PDF

Influencing Factors on Health Related Quality of Life in Middle Age (중년의 건강관련 삶의 질에 영향을 미치는 요인)

  • Chang, Hae-Kyung
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
    • /
    • v.24 no.4
    • /
    • pp.339-347
    • /
    • 2012
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the influencing factors on health related quality of life in middle age. Methods: Data were as collected by self-reported questionnaires from 303 middle age adults. Data analysis was done using SPSS/WIN 17.0 program for descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation coefficients and stepwise multiple regression. Results: The average score of health related quality of life was $79.50{\pm}0.40$. Health related quality of life was statistically significant differences according to gender, education, economic status and disease. The health related quality of life was significantly correlated with fatigue, depression, stress, social support, somatic attribution, psychological attribution, normalizing attribution and type D personality. The major factors that affect health related quality of life in middle age were stress, fatigue, type D personality and normalizing attribution, which explained 51.3% of health related quality of life. Conclusion: The findings can provide the basis for the development of nursing interventions to improve health related quality of life. Furthermore, more studies are needed to explore variables that influence on the health related quality of life in middle age.

The Elders' General Quality of Life and Oral Health-related Quality of Life (일부 노인의 일반적 삶의 질과 구강건강관련 삶의 질에 관한 연구)

  • Bae, Ji-Young
    • Journal of Korean Clinical Health Science
    • /
    • v.3 no.4
    • /
    • pp.466-475
    • /
    • 2015
  • Purpose. The purpose of this study was conducted to identify the elders' general quality of life and oral health-related quality of life. Method. Questionnaire survey was conducted on 241 elders' living in Pohang area from August to September 2014. The results were obtained from t-test, one-way ANOVA analysis, pearson correlation coefficients and multiple regression analysis. Results. Oral health status had significant correlations with gender, age, education, income, drink and hypertension. Oral health-related quality of life showed the highest relationships with age; oral health status and general quality of life showed the highest relationships with monthly income; and, age and education period also showed influence on general quality of life. Conclusions. Therefore, it is required to strengthen oral health improvement program and oral health education for improvement of elders' quality of life.

Degree of Dry Mouth and Factors Influencing Oral Health-related Quality of Life for Community-Dwelling Elders (지역사회 노인의 구강건조증 정도 및 구강건강관련 삶의 질 영향요인)

  • Park, Myung-Sook;Ryu, Se-Ang
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
    • /
    • v.40 no.5
    • /
    • pp.747-755
    • /
    • 2010
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to investigate the degree of dry mouth and oral health-related quality of life and to identify factors contributing to oral health-related quality of life for community-dwelling elders. Methods: A descriptive correlational study design was used. Participants were 156 older adults from two senior welfare centers. Data were collected on February 21, 22 and 29, 30, 2009 using structured questionnaires. Enter type multiple regression analysis was used to identify factors influencing oral health-related quality of life according to general and oral health characteristics. Results: There were significant differences in oral health-related quality of life according to living arrangement, insurance, smoking, number of natural teeth, and denture type. The oral health-related quality of life had significant correlations with the number of chronic disease, number of medications, and dry mouth. Factors influencing oral health-related quality of life for community-dwelling older adults were dry mouth, number of chronic disease, and medical aid, which explained about 47.9% of total variance. Conclusion: These results indicate that in order to promote oral health-related quality of life for older adults, prevention or management of chronic diseases as well as oral health and dry mouth are needed for this population, and especially economically poor elders.

Health Related Quality of Life among Organ Transplant Recipients (장기이식환자의 건강관련 삶의 질)

  • 김금순;강지연;정인숙
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
    • /
    • v.33 no.3
    • /
    • pp.365-375
    • /
    • 2003
  • Purpose: This study was aimed to investigate the health related quality of life and related factors of organ transplant recipients. Method: The participants were 188 people who had liver(86), kidney(81), or heart(24) transplanted. Data on the demographic characteristics, transplantation-related characteristics, symptom frequency or discomfort measured by Transplant Symptom Frequency and Symptom Distress Scale by Lough et al(l987), and health related quality of life measured by SF-36(version 2) were collected. Result: Overall health related quality of life score was 492.1 for 100scoring and, 344.9 for norm based. Physical functioning showed the highest quality of life score (77.5) and vitality showed the lowest(51.l). The kidney transplanted showed the highest quality of life (504.4) and the heart transplanted showed the lowest(426.7) Quality of life was related with occupation(p=.016) and symtom discomfort(p < .0001). Conclusion: The health related quality of life of transplated patients was lower than the norm of American. Further studies need to be done to identify the norm of Korean and to investigate the effect of releving symptom discomfort on the increasing the health related quality of life.

Oral health-related quality of life according to oral health behavior and awareness of middle school students in some regions (일부지역 중학생의 구강건강 관리 행태와 인지도에 따른 구강건강관련 삶의 질)

  • Park, Jeong-Hee;Lee, Myeong-Ju;Goo, Hyo-Jin
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
    • /
    • v.13 no.2
    • /
    • pp.305-313
    • /
    • 2013
  • Objectives : This study has attempted to investigate subjective oral health awareness, oral health behavior and analyze how the results are correlated with oral health-related quality of life against middle school students. Methods : A self-administered questionnaire survey was performed against 552 students from three middle schools in Changwon. A frequent analysis was conducted on research subjects' general characteristics, oral health awareness, oral health behavior. In addition, t-test and ANOVA were carried out to analyze oral health-related quality of life by the general characteristics, oral health awareness and oral health behavior. Results : In terms of oral health-related quality of life by general characteristics, the quality of life on oral symptoms was higher at lower school grades (p<0.05). In terms of social welfare, oral health-related quality of life was higher as parents' monthly income increased (p<0.05). Oral health-related quality of life was high in oral symptoms when there was no interest in oral health, in functional limitation, emotional welfare and social welfare when there is some oral health-related knowledge (p<0.05) and in all sub categories when oral conditions are healthy (p<0.05). Conclusions : The results of this study has come up with important information for improvement of oral health-related quality of life in middle school students by investigating the correlations between oral health awareness and oral health-related quality of life.

The Effect of Functional Dependency and Stress on Health-related Quality of Life in Patients under Rehabilitation after Stroke (뇌졸중 재활 환자의 기능적 의존도와 스트레스가 건강 관련 삶의 질에 미치는 영향)

  • Cho, Ok-Hee;Choi, Suyoung;Song, Jihyeun
    • Journal of muscle and joint health
    • /
    • v.20 no.2
    • /
    • pp.81-90
    • /
    • 2013
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify factors contributing to health-related quality of life in patients under rehabilitation after stroke. Methods: A descriptive correlational study design was used. Ninety-two stroke patients under rehabilitation from a university hospital were included. Data were collected on March and April, 2013 using structured questionnaires. Hierarchial multiple regression analysis was used to identify factors influencing health-related quality of life. Results: There were significant differences in health-related quality of life according to type of impairment. The health-related quality of life had significant correlations with age, functional dependency, and stress. Factors influencing health-related quality of life for stroke patients under rehabilitation were stress, functional dependency, type of impairment, and age, which explained about 34.5% of total variance. Conclusion: To promote health-related quality of life for stroke patients under rehabilitation, stress and functional dependency should be managed in this population, especially for older adults. Also these results can be utilized in the development of program for helping rehabilitation of stroke patients. The effect of depression and anxiety on health-related quality of life should also be addressed in future research.