• Title, Summary, Keyword: health belief model

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The Effects of Health Promotion Program on Health belief, Health promoting Behavior and Quality of Life for Middle-aged Women: Based on Health Belief Model

  • Lee, Mi-suk;Kim, Jeong-Mi
    • International Journal of Advanced Culture Technology
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.25-34
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    • 2019
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of health promotion program, which was based on the Health Belief Model, on the health belief, health promoting behavior and quality of life for middle-aged women. Methods: The study focused nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest design. Data were collected among 40 middle-aged women (20 were experimental group and 20 were control group) on 1st November 2014 and 25th April 2015. The experimental group received 12 sessions of health promotion program for aging preparation once a week for 12 weeks. Data were analyzed by ${\chi}^2$ and t-test and paired t-test using the PASW 21.0 program. Results: The study results shown that, health belief (t=-2.94, p=.006), health promoting behavior (t=-4.76, p<.001) and higher quality of life (t=-7.65, p<.001) scores of experimental group were higher than the control group. Conclusion: The health promotion program based on the Health Belief Model was effective and increased the health belief and health promoting behavior and quality of life among middle-aged women. It seems health promotion program is necessary to improve middle age women's health and quality of later life.

An Equation Model Development and Test based on Health Belief Model Regarding Osteoporosis Prevention Behaviors among Postmenopausal Women (건강신념 모형 기반 폐경 여성의 골다공증 예방행위 모형 개발 및 검정)

  • Jang, Hyun-Jung;Ahn, Sukhee
    • Korean Journal of Adult Nursing
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    • v.27 no.6
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    • pp.624-633
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    • 2015
  • Purpose: This study was to develop and test a theoretical model based on the revised health belief model explaining osteoporosis prevention behaviors among postmenopausal women under 65. Methods: This secondary data analysis included 342 postmenopausal women under 65 from original data sources of a total of 734 women. The measured instruments were scales for osteoporosis awareness, osteoporosis health belief scale (benefit, barrier, susceptibility, severity, and health motivation), self-efficacy, and osteoporosis prevention behaviors. Data were analyzed using SPSS/WIN 20.0 and AMOS 20.0. Results: The mean age of the subjects was 55.2 years and the mean age of menopause was 51.10. The hypothetical model of osteoporosis prevention behaviors was relatively fit. Osteoporosis prevention behaviors were significantly explained up to 62% by expectation factors (relative benefit, self-efficacy, health motivation) and modifying factors(knowledge only). Expectation factors of health belief had a mediation effect between modifying factors and prevention behaviors. Conclusion: This study partially supported the revised health belief model for explaining osteoporosis prevention behaviors. It provides a basis for developing an educational program focusing on expectation factors and knowledge with the aim of behavioral changes for osteoporosis prevention.

Measuring the Causal Relationships between Past Consumption,Health Belief, Subjective Norm, Attitude, Intention and Behaviorand Purchase of Organic Foods (과거 소비, 건강 신념, 주관적 규범, 태도, 의도와 유기농 음식 구매 행동의 인과관계 평가)

  • Kang, Jong-Heon;Lee, Jae-Gon
    • Culinary science and hospitality research
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.170-180
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study was to measure the causal relationships between past consumption, health belief, subjective, attitude, intention and purchase of organic foods. Total 326 copies of questionnaire were completed. The structural equation model was used to measure the causal effect among constructs. The results demonstrated that the confirmatory factor analysis model provided a good model fit. The proposed model yielded a significantly better fit to the data than the baseline model and the extended model. The effects of past consumption, health belief and subjective norm on attitude and intention were statistically significant. The effects of attitude on intention and behavior to purchase organic food were statistically significant. As expected, health belief and subjective had significant effects on behavior to purchase organic foods. Moreover, past consumption, health belief and subjective norm had indirect influences on intention through mediated variables. Based on the empirical results and findings, some suggestions are provided to the institutions concerned so as to facilitate this organic sector's on-going expansion in the food industry.

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Influencing factors of oral health behavior in elementary school students by health belief model (건강신념모델을 적용한 경기지역 일부 초등학생의 구강보건행위 관련요인 분석)

  • So, Mi-Hyun;Choi, Hye-Jung
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.623-629
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    • 2013
  • Objectives : The aim of the study is to investigate the health belief model affecting the oral health behavior in elementary school students by applying health belief model. Methods : Subjects were 216 elementary school students including 6th grade 103 boys and 113 girls in Gyeonggi-do from February 1 to February 28, 2013. They completed self-reported questionnaires after receiving informed consents. Results : Oral health belief model showed cues to action($20.39{\pm}3.11$), benefits($19.63{\pm}3.37$), self-efficacy($16.62{\pm}2.60$), severity($14.53{\pm}3.94$), susceptibility($14.31{\pm}4.62$), and barrier($11.74{\pm}3.85$). Oral health belief revealed the lower the level of barrier(p=0.004) and the higher cues to action, Benefits and self-efficacy were the best oral health behavior(p=0.000). The most influencing factors of oral health belief were self-efficacy(0.267) and Cues to action(0.239). Conclusions : Children's oral health belief is associated with oral health behavior. children's self efficacy and cues to action toward oral care influenced on oral behavior. It is important to enhance the recognition toward self efficacy and cues to action by following recommended behavior and effective health educational program.

Effects of Application of Social Marketing Theory and the Health Belief Model in Promoting Cervical Cancer Screening among Targeted Women in Sisaket Province, Thailand

  • Wichachai, Suparp;Songserm, Nopparat;Akakul, Theerawut;Kuasiri, Chanapong
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.17 no.7
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    • pp.3505-3510
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    • 2016
  • Cervical cancer is a major public health problem in Thailand, being ranked second only to breast cancer. Thai women have been reported to have a low rate of cervical cancer screening (27.7% of the 80% goal of WHO). We therefore aimed to apply the social marketing theory and health belief model in promoting cervical cancer screening in Kanthararom District, Sisaket Province. A total of 92 from 974 targeted women aged 30-60 years were randomly divided into two groups. The experimental group underwent application of social marketing theory and a health belief model program promoting cervical cancer screening while the control group received normal services. Two research tools were used: (1) application of social marketing theory and health belief model program and (2) questionnaire used to evaluate perceptions of cervical cancer. Descriptive and inferential statistics including paired sample t-test and independent t-test were used to analyze the data. After the program had been used, the mean score of perception of cervical cancer of experimental group was at a higher level (${\bar{x}}=4.09$; S.D.=0.30), than in the control group (${\bar{x}}=3.82$; S.D.=0.20) with statistical significance (p<0.001). This research demonstrated an appropriate communication process in behavioral modification to prevent cervical cancer. It can be recommended that this program featuring social marketing and the health belief model be used to promote cervical cancer screening in targeted women and it can be promoted as a guideline for other health services, especially in health promotion and disease prevention.

Comparison of Two Different Educational Methods for Teachers' Mammography Based on the Health Belief Model

  • Heydari, Esmat;Noroozi, Azita
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.16 no.16
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    • pp.6981-6986
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    • 2015
  • Background: Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women. One way to decrease the burden of this cancer is early detection through mammography. This study compared the effectiveness of two different educational methods for teachers' uptake of mammography based on the Health Belief Model. Materials and Methods: The current study was a randomised trial of 120 teachers over 40 years old in two groups receiving multimedia or group education, both based on the Health Belief Model. Participants completed questionnaires before, immediately and three months after educational intervention. Mammography was evaluated before and after educational intervention. Results: The participants in the two groups were demographically similar. Comparison showed no difference noted in the scores of knowledge, perceived barriers, susceptibility, and severity constructs between two groups (p > 0.05). Health motivation and benefit were perceived to be higher in the group education compared to the multimedia group. There was a significant difference in mammography between two groups after the intervention (p= 0.003). Conclusions: Planning and implementation of educational program based on the Health Belief Model can raise knowledge and increase participation in mammography especially with group education.

Comparison of Health Belief Levels and Health Behavior Practices according to Lifestyle among Adults Residing in Seoul (서울시 거주 성인의 라이프스타일에 따른 건강신념 수준과 건강행동 실천 비교)

  • Choi, Na-Hong;Ahn, Hong-Seok;Lee, Seung-Min
    • Korean Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.16 no.6
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    • pp.683-696
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    • 2011
  • This study compared levels of health beliefs and health behavior practices according to lifestyle pattern among adults in Seoul. A self-administered survey questionnaire was collected from a total of 1,004 Seoul residents aged 30-59 years. The levels of perceived benefit, perceived barrier, and self-efficacy from health belief model and health behavior practices were measured across multiple health behavior areas including dietary behavior, drinking, smoking, exercise, functional food consumption, and weight control behavior. Factor analysis and subsequent cluster analysis based on 28 lifestyle questions divided the subjects into four lifestyles of society-, economy-, trend-, and health-oriented lifestyle. Some general characteristics were significantly different by lifestyles. The society-oriented lifestyle was significantly higher in proportions of men and overweight. The trend-oriented lifestyle was significantly younger and spent more monthly allowance. Health-oriented lifestyle was older. The levels of health belief variables and health behavior practices significantly differed by lifestyles. Overall the health-oriented lifestyle showed more desirable levels of health belief variables and health behavior practice in various health behavior areas compared to the other lifestyles, whereas the society-oriented lifestyle was found the other way. Health belief model variables including perceived benefit, perceived barrier, and self-efficacy were generally significant in predicting the levels of various health behavior practice, with somewhat differences by lifestyle pattern and health behavior type. The study findings suggest it may be useful to segment target subjects according to lifestyle pattern in planning and administering health education programs.

Psychometric Evaluation of the Colorectal Cancer Screening Belief Scale Based on Health Belief Model's Constructs for the Fecal Occult Blood Test

  • Tahmasebi, Rahim;Noroozi, Azita;Dashdebi, Kamel Ghobadi
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.225-229
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    • 2016
  • Background: It is important to validate scales related to cancer screening beliefs in order to better understand perceptions. The aim of this study was to test the psychometric properties of the colorectal cancer screening belief scale based on Health Belief Model (HBM) constructs. Materials and Methods: Data were collected from 600 persons referred to outpatient laboratory units in Iran through a convenience sampling procedure. In this cross-sectional study, exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were used to examine construct validity of scale. Results: Through exploratory factor analysis, 52 items of the scale converged to five constructs of HBM with 4 items omission. Construct validity was determined by confirmatory factor analysis through which correlated model was supported. Cronbach's alpha coefficient for the whole scale was obtained as 0.78, which indicates reliability of the scale. Conclusions: The study findings showed that this scale is a valid and reliable instrument that can be used for measuring HBM constructs about colorectal cancer screening with the fecal occult blood test.

A STUDY ON MIDDLE AGED PEOPLE'S COMPLIANCE FOR PREVENTIVE HEALTH BEHAVIOR OF CANCER (우리나라 일부 중년층 남녀의 암에 대한 예방적 건강행위 이행에 관한 연구)

  • 김은주;문인옥
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.9-31
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    • 1987
  • This study was conducted because of the investigator's concern for the high incidence and fatal nature of cancer in prime years of human life. The purpose of this study was to investigate risk factors on compilance for preventive health behavior of cancer. The data on which the analysis was based come from a survey of 828 married men & women, 40-59 years old. The instrument of the study were 'Health Belief Model' by Becker. The Data was analyzed using X--test, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's Correlation Coefficient, Stepwise Multiple Regression. The followings were the result; 1. The examined group had a higher scores than the non-examined group in health belief variables. (p<0.001) 2. The higher level of health belief variables, the higher level of compliance for preventive health behavior is. (p<0.001) 3. The Stepwise Multiple Regression of compliance for preventive health behavior on the variables in the health belief model; Approximataly 65.5% of the variance of compliance for preventive health behavior was accounted for by health concern, susceptibility and barriers in combination. This meant that other factors seemed to influence preventive health behavior since the linear combination of variables failed to explain the remaining 34.5% of preventive health behavior of cancer. It tended to cost doubt on the usefulness of 5 variables in this model. Therefore further study to investigate the influential factors preventive health behavior of cancer is necessary.

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Development of Nutrition Education Program for Hypertension Based on Health Belief Model, Applying Focus Group Interview (건강신념 모델을 적용한 고혈압 영양교육 프로그램 개발 -포커스그룹 인터뷰에 기초하여-)

  • Park, Seoyun;Kwon, Jong-Sook;Kim, Cho-il;Lee, Yoonna;Kim, Hye-Kyeong
    • Korean Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.17 no.5
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    • pp.623-636
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    • 2012
  • Health Belief Model is a socio-psychological theory of decision making to individual health-related behaviors. This study was aimed to develop an effective education program for hypertension based on health belief model. The main factors of health belief model were investigated by focus group interview (FGI) with 23 hypertensive or prehypertensive subjects aged over fifty years. 'Perceived susceptibility' to hypertension was family history, neglect of health care, preference for salty food, broth of soup and stew. Lifelong medication, complications, and medical costs were reported as 'perceived severity' of hypertension. 'Perceived benefits' of hypertension management were decrease of medicinal dose, reduction of medical costs, and healthy eating habits of the family, while 'perceived barriers' were lack of palatability of low salt diet, convenience-oriented dietary habits, and limited choice of foods when eating out. Subjects mentioned TV health programs, public health center programs, and advice from doctors and family as 'cues to action' of hypertension management. These qualitative information provided basis for developing a nutrition education program for hypertension which could be implemented in the public health center. Eight week program was composed of understanding hypertension, risk factor management (eating habits, weight), low salt diet (principles, cooking), advanced management for healthy diet in 2 sessions, and summary. Each session was designed to alert the susceptibility and severity, to emphasize the benefits, and to reduce the barriers by providing dietary monitoring, practical advice, and action tips.