• Title, Summary, Keyword: health behaviour

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Cross Sectional Survey on Association between Alcohol, Betel-Nut, Cigarette Consumption and Health Promoting Behavior of Industrial Workers in Ghaziabad

  • Arora, Dimple;Marya, Charu Mohan;Menon, Ipseeta;Oberoi, Sukhvinder Singh;Dhingra, Chandan;Anand, Richa
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.139-144
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    • 2015
  • Background: The work force in industries are at risk of developing unduly high rates of health and behaviour related problems including abuse of alcohol, betel nut and cigarette (alcohol, betel nut and cigarette consumption). This study describes the relationships between alcohol, betel nut and cigarette consumption and health promoting behaviour among industrial workers. Materials and Methods: A cross sectional survey was conducted on workers in various industries of Ghaziabad city with concerned authority permission. A sample size of 732 workers was calculated based on pilot study. Through Simple random sampling 732 workers in 20 to 50 years age group with informed consent were interviewed through structured, pretested, validated questionnaire in vernacular language by one calibrated investigator. Data on socio demography, alcohol, betel nut and cigarette consumption pattern and health behaviour were collected. The association between health promoting behaviour and alcohol, betel nut and cigarette consumption was analysed by Logistic regression and Chi-square test through SPSS 16 at p<0.05 and 95%CI as significant. Results: Total prevalence of alcohol, betel nut and cigarette consumption in study population was 88%. The prevalence of individual alcohol, betel nut and cigarette consumption were 82%, 68% and 79% respectively. Combined alcohol, betel nut and cigarette prevalence in study population was 58%. Alcohol and cigarette users were significantly higher (p<0.001) in 30 to 40 years age group with lower level of education having poor attitude towards health promoting behaviour, poor oral hygiene practices and rare indulgence in regular physical exercise. Conclusions: This study stimulate further research on exploring methods to prevent initiation of health risk behaviour and promote healthy behaviour with cessation help for the current alcohol, betel nut and cigarette users.

Factors Influencing Health Promoting Behaviour according to the Type A/B Personality of White Collar Workers (사무직 근로자의 A, B형 성격유형에 따른 건강증진행위에 영향을 미치는 요인 비교)

  • Choi, Jin Yi;Park, Young Mi
    • Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.305-313
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: The study was done to identify factors influencing health promoting behaviour in office workers according to the type A/B personality. Methods: The data were collected by questionnaires from 249 workers in Seoul and Gyung-gi province. Measures were a health promoting behaviour, the type of personality, self-esteem, perceived health status, social support, and job stress. The data were analyzed using Pearson correlation coefficients, t-test, and stepwise multiple regression with SPSS/WIN 15.0 version. Results: This study suggests that A type office workers have a little lower degree in health promoting behaviour, self-esteem, social support and have a higher degree in perceived health status, perceived symptoms and job stress than those of B type office workers. The factors which influence A type office workers on health promoting behaviour are social support, perceived health status and self-esteem, which accounted for 40.2% of the variance and those of B type office workers, self-esteem and perceived health status accounted for 24.5%. Conclusion: It needs to develop and operate self-management program for health maintenance and promotion for the type A/B personality White Collar Workers.

The Influence of Family Health on the Self-Esteem and Pro-social Behavior of Children (가족건강성이 아동의 자아존중감 및 친사회적 행동에 미치는 영향)

  • Yun, Yeon-Jung;Lee, Mi-Sook
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.105-122
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    • 2007
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the influence of the family health on the self-esteem and pro-social behaviour of children. The objects were 422 children who were 5th and 6th grade in primary school. The questionnaires were collected between June and July in 2006. T-test, Pearson's correlation and hierarchical multiple regression were used for data analysis. The results are as follows: First, the family health is higher than the average and also the self-esteem and pro-social behaviour of children are higher than the average. Second, the higher family's economic and parent's educational level, the higher family health and self-esteem of children. In addition, Female children have higher pro-social behaviour than male children. Third, family health has positive correlations with self-esteem and pro-social behaviour of children. Furthermore there is a positive correlation between the self-esteem and pro-social behaviour of children. Fourth, the self-esteem and pro-social behaviour of children are strongly influenced by the family health. As a consequence the family health is the principal variable which influences on the self-esteem and pro-social behaviour of children. This study shows that the healthy family support program is necessary in order to build up the positive self-esteem and pro-social behaviour of children.

Effect of Mothers' Oral Health Knowledge and Behaviour on Oral health status in their Preschool Children (유아 어머니의 구강보건지식 및 행동에 따른 유아구강건강상태에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Youn-Hwa
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.15-27
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    • 2005
  • The purpose of this study was to assess how mothers' oral health behaviour, knowledge, and socio-demographic characteristics influence on dental caries status of their children. The 142 children and their mothers were selected for this study. The children were 5 and 6 years old in the three day care centers in Ulsan, Korea. Date were collected by oral examination on children and self-administrated questionnaire on their mothers. The questionnaire was surveyed mothers' behaviour and know ledge of oral health and their socio-demographic characteristics. The findings of this study were summarized as follows: 1. The higher mother's educational level and the greater children members, the higher degree of oral health knowledge, but there was no significant relation. 2. There was significant relationship between working mothers and correct toothbrushing, between monthly mean income and important for oral health. 3. The dft index was lower when the higher mother's oral health knowledge, the larger toothbrushing frequency, preventive dental visit.

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Hazardous Health Behaviour among Medical Students: a Study from Turkey

  • Nacar, Melis;Cetinkaya, Fevziye;Baykan, Zeynep;Yilmazel, Gulay;Elmali, Ferhan
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.16 no.17
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    • pp.7675-7681
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    • 2015
  • Background: Hazardous health behaviour in young people is an important factor that affects the individual risk for non-communicable diseases and other disorders later in life. This study aimed to determine the hazardous health behaviour of first and last class medical students of Erciyes University. Materials and Methods: This descriptive study was carried out with 240 medical students from the first and 130 students from the last (sixth) class. Data were obtained by questionnaire between March-April 2012. In total, 339 students were included with a response rate of 91.6%. Socio-demographic characteristics, school success, self-reported economic difficulties, health perceptions, hazardous health behaviour related to chronic disease, tobacco, alcohol, substance use, body weight, height, traffic, violence and nutrition were assessed in line with the literature. Results: Of the participants; 64.0% were from first and 36.0% were from the last class. Mean ages for the first and last classes were $19.4{\pm}1.5$ and $24.0{\pm}1.5years$, respectively. In the current study, males exhibited more hazardous behaviour than females. Sime 19.8% of the students in the study group used alcohol, 35.4% used a waterpipe, and 24.8% used tobacco at least once. These rates increased in both genders in the last class and the increase in males was significant. Some 3.8% of the students in the current study used pleasure-inducing illegal substances at least once. All the students participating in the current study were single, the number of males reported not using condoms (8.6%) was 4.56 times higher compared to females. Some 64.0% of the students did not perform physical activity lasting at least 30 minutes for five times a week, 13.0% did not sleep for mean 7-8 hours daily, males having a 2.9 times higher risk. More than 1/3 of the students did not consume cooked vegetable dishes and 1/4 did not consume fresh fruits and salads, the rates were higher among males. Conclusions: In the current study, hazardous health behaviour was prevalent among medical students, with higher risks among males and last class students. According to these results, medical curriculum may be focused on decreasing hazardous health behaviour. In addition, in order to prevent unhealthy behaviour, the number of youth-friendly health facilities should be increased.

EBM E-learning: Feasible and Effective for Occupational Physicians in Different Countries

  • Hugenholtz, Nathalie I.R.;Slutter, Judith K.;Van Dijk, Frank J.H.;Nieuwenhuijsen, Karen
    • Safety and Health at Work
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    • v.3 no.3
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    • pp.199-208
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    • 2012
  • Objectives: Although evidence-based medicine (EBM) is a useful method for integrating evidence into the decision-making process of occupational physicians, occupational physicians lack EBM knowledge and skills, and do not have the time to learn the EBM method. In order to enable them to educate themselves at the time and place they prefer, we designed an electronic EBM course. We studied the feasibility and utility of the course as well as its effectiveness in increasing EBM knowledge, skills, and behaviour. Methods: Occupational physicians from various countries were included in a within-subjects study. Measurements were conducted on participants' EBM knowledge, skills, behaviour, and determinants of behaviour at baseline, directly after finishing the course and 2 months later (n = 36). The feasibility and utility of the course were evaluated directly after the course (n = 42). Results: The course is applicable as an introductory course on EBM for occupational physicians in various countries. The course is effective in enhancing EBM knowledge and self-efficacy in practising EBM. No significant effect was found on EBM skills, behaviour, and determinants of behaviour. After the course, more occupational physicians use the international journals to solve a case. Conclusion: An electronic introductory EBM course is suitable for occupational physicians. Although it is an effective method for increasing EBM knowledge, it does not seem effective in improving skills and behaviour. We recommend integrating e-learning courses with blended learning, where it can be used side by side with other educational methods that are effective in changing behaviour.

A child oral care state according to mother's oral health education experience - selected preschool in Daegu metropolitan city (유아어머니의 구강보건교육 경험에 따른 유아구강관리실태 - 대구광역시 일부 어린이집을 대상으로)

  • Jung, Myung-Hee;Jun, Sung-Hee
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.10 no.6
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    • pp.965-972
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    • 2010
  • Objectives : This study was conducted to improve oral heath behaviour of child by analyzing child's mother oral health behaviour. Methods : A total of 361(95.0%) 3-year-old-child's mothers who sent their child to child care institution in Daegu were analyzed from October 1, 2009 to October 31, 2009. Results : 1. In relation to general nature and experience on oral health education of child's mother, mother with higher monthly income, over than graduation from university and professional job had high oral health education experience, which was statistically related(p<0.01)(p<0.001). 2. In the case of mother with oral health education experience, this mother had higher dental clinic visit for 1 year, higher experience on scaling, higher good food preference for teeth health and higher use of floss, which was statistically related(p<0.05)(p<0.01). 3. Regarding child's oral management behaviour by mother's oral health importance, in the case that oral health was important, flouride toothpaste use, restriction on cavity inducting food and toothbrushing before sleep were higher only, which was statistically related(p<0.05)(p<0.001). Conclusion : In case of mother with oral health education experience, this mother had experience on dental clinic visit for prevention of cavity, dental clinic visit for treatment and restriction on food in which their child's oral health behaviour were satisfactory, which was statistically related.

Exploring Factors Influencing Smoking Behaviour in Malaysia

  • Cheah, Yong Kang;Naidu, Balkish Mahadir
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.1125-1130
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    • 2012
  • Objective: The objective of present study is to investigate the determinants of smoking behaviour among adults in Malaysia. Method: Findings of the Third National Health and Morbidity Survey (NHMS-3) by the Ministry of Health, Malaysia, were used. The sample consisted of 34,539 observations. A logistic regression model was thus applied to estimate the probability to participate in smoking. Results: Age, income, gender, marital status, ethnicity, employment status, residential area, education, lifestyle and health status were statistically significant in affecting the likelihood of smoking. Specifically, youngsters, low income earners, males, unmarried individuals, Malays, employed individuals, rural residents and primary educated individuals were more likely to smoke. Conclusion: In conclusion, socio-demographic, lifestyle and health factors have significant impacts on smoking participation in Malaysia. Based on these empirical findings, several policy implications are suggested.

Health-promoting Lifestyle Behaviour for Cancer Prevention: a Survey of Turkish University Students

  • Ay, Semra;Yanikkerem, Emre;Calim, Selda Ildan;Yazici, Mete
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.13 no.5
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    • pp.2269-2277
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    • 2012
  • Background: Health risks associated with unhealthy behaviours in adolescent and university students contribute to the development of health problems in later life. During the past twenty years, there has been a dramatic increase in public, private, and professional interest in preventing disability and death through changes in lifestyle and participation in screening programs. The aim of the study was to evaluate university students' health-promoting lifestyle behaviour for cancer prevention. Method: This study was carried out on university students who had education in sports, health and social areas in Celal Bayar University, Manisa, Turkey. The health-promoting lifestyles of university students were measured with the "health-promoting lifestyle profile (HPLP)" The survey was conducted from March 2011 to July 2011 and the study sample consisted of 1007 university students. T-test, ANOVA and multiple regression analyses were used for statistical analyses. Results: In the univariate analyses, the overall HPLP score was significantly related to students' school, sex, age, school grades, their status of received health education lessons, place of birth, longest place of residence, current place of residence, health insurance, family income, alcohol use, their status in sports, and self-perceived health status. Healthier behaviour was found in those students whose parents had higher secondary degrees, and in students who had no siblings. In the multiple regression model, healthier behaviour was observed in Physical Education and Sports students, fourth-year students, those who exercised regularly, had a good self-perceived health status, who lived with their family, and who had received health education lessons. Conclusion: In general, in order to ensure cancer prevention and a healthy life style, social, cultural and sportive activities should be encouraged and educational programmes supporting these goals should be designed and applied in all stages of life from childhood through adulthood.

The Effect of Stocking Density on the Behaviour of Broiler Chickens

  • Thomas, David G.;Son, Jang-Ho;Ravindran, Velmurugu;Thomas, Donald V.
    • Korean Journal of Poultry Science
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    • v.38 no.1
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    • pp.1-4
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    • 2011
  • A 35-day trial was conducted to examine the influence of floor density on the behaviour of broiler chickens. Day-old male broilers (n=756) were randomly assigned to one of four stocking densities (6 replicates of n=13, 25, 38 and 50) in 24 identical 2.6 $m^2$ pens. These stocking densities were coded very low (VL), low (L), medium (M) and high (H) and contained a floor space allowance per bird of 2,000 $cm^2$, 1,000 $cm^2$, 667 $cm^2$ and 500 $cm^2$, respectively. Scan sampling of all groups was carried out at 15-min intervals during two 1-h periods (10.00 h~11.00 h and 14.00 h~15.00 h) for five days each week. The numbers of birds engaged in different behavioural activities were recorded. It was found that the most common behaviour in all densities was lying. There was no clear effect of density during wks 1~4 of the trial, but in wk 5 birds in the L, M and H groups showed lower levels (P=0.07) of lying behaviour when compared to birds in the VL group suggesting that an increase in animal density results in decreased opportunities for undisturbed rest. This observation is supported by standing and walking behaviour, which was lower (P<0.05) in the VL group in wk 5. Foraging behaviour measured in the study by the numbers of birds pecking the ground declined as the trial progressed, but scratching increased in 2 wk then decreased. Birds in the VL group showed higher (P<0.05) level of pecking the ground behaviour compared to birds in the L, M and H groups, but scratching behaviour higher (P<0.05) and lower (P<0.05) in VL of 1 wk and 2 wk respectively. However, a peak in aggressive behaviour was observed in wk 2 and birds in the VL group showed less (P<0.05) agonistic behaviour than birds in the H and M groups. Other behaviours (dustbathing, preening, eating or drinking) were not influenced (P>0.05) by stocking density.