• Title, Summary, Keyword: haptic rendering

Search Result 73, Processing Time 0.044 seconds

Volume Haptic Rendering Algorithm for Realistic Modeling (실감형 모델링을 위한 볼륨 햅틱 렌더링 알고리즘)

  • Jung, Ji-Chan;Park, Joon-Young
    • Korean Journal of Computational Design and Engineering
    • /
    • v.15 no.2
    • /
    • pp.136-143
    • /
    • 2010
  • Realistic Modeling is to maximize the reality of the environment in which perception is made by virtual environment or remote control using two or more senses of human. Especially, the field of haptic rendering, which provides reality through interaction of visual and tactual sense in realistic model, has brought attention. Haptic rendering calculates the force caused by model deformation during interaction with a virtual model and returns it to the user. Deformable model in the haptic rendering has more complexity than a rigid body because the deformation is calculated inside as well as the outside the model. For this model, Gibson suggested the 3D ChainMail algorithm using volumetric data. However, in case of the deformable model with non-homogeneous materials, there were some discordances between visual and tactual sense information when calculating the force-feedback in real time. Therefore, we propose an algorithm for the Volume Haptic Rendering of non-homogeneous deformable object that reflects the force-feedback consistently in real time, depending on visual information (the amount of deformation), without any post-processing.

The Development of Device and the Algorithm for the Haptic Rendering (가상현실 역감구현을 위한 알고리즘과 장치개발)

  • 김영호;이경백;김영배
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Precision Engineering Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.106-109
    • /
    • 2000
  • The virtual reality - haptic device is developed for the purpose used in the work that human cannot approach and that need elaborate exercises. To render haptic, the total system is constituted master, haptic device, and slave, remote manipulator. Human operates the remote manipulator. Human operates the remote manipulator relying on the hapti devices and stereo graphic. And then the force and scene of the remote manipulator is fed-back from each haptic devices and virtual devices. The feedback information gets system gain exactly. The system gain provides the most exact haptic and virtual devices. The feedback information gets system gain exactly. The system gain provides the most exact haptic and scene to human by the location, the graphic rendering and the haptic rendering algorithm on real-time. In this research, 3D haptic device is developed for common usage and make human feel the haptic when human contacts virtual object rendered by computer graphic. The haptic device is good for tracing location and producing devices because of the row structure. Also, openGL and Visual Basic is utilized to the algorithms for haptic rendering. The haptic device of this research makes the interface possible not only with virtual reality but also with the real remote manipulator.

  • PDF

Six-degree-of-freedom Haptic Rendering using Translational and Generalized Penetration Depth Computation (선형 및 일반형 침투깊이를 이용한 6자유도 햅틱 렌더링 알고리즘)

  • Li, Yi;Lee, Youngeun;Kim, Young J.
    • The Journal of Korea Robotics Society
    • /
    • v.8 no.3
    • /
    • pp.173-178
    • /
    • 2013
  • We present six-degree-of-freedom (6DoF) haptic rendering algorithms using translational ($PD_t$) and generalized penetration depth ($PD_g$). Our rendering algorithm can handle any type of object/object haptic interaction using penalty-based response and makes no assumption about the underlying geometry and topology. Moreover, our rendering algorithm can effectively deal with multiple contacts. Our penetration depth algorithms for $PD_t$ and $PD_g$ are based on a contact-space projection technique combined with iterative, local optimization on the contact-space. We circumvent the local minima problem, imposed by the local optimization, using motion coherence present in the haptic simulation. Our experimental results show that our methods can produce high-fidelity force feedback for general polygonal models consisting of tens of thousands of triangles at near-haptic rates, and are successfully integrated into an off-the-shelf 6DoF haptic device. We also discuss the benefits of using different formulations of penetration depth in the context of 6DoF haptics.

Real-Time Haptic Rendering for Multi-contact Interaction with Virtual Environment (가상현실을 위한 다중 접촉 실시간 햅틱 랜더링)

  • Lee, Kyung-No;Lee, Doo-Yong
    • Journal of Institute of Control, Robotics and Systems
    • /
    • v.14 no.7
    • /
    • pp.663-671
    • /
    • 2008
  • This paper presents a real-time haptic rendering method for multi-contact interaction with virtual environments. Haptic systems often employ physics-based deformation models such as finite-element models and mass-spring models which demand heavy computational overhead. The haptic system can be designed to have two sampling times, T and JT, for the haptic loop and the graphic loop, respectively. A multi-rate output-estimation with an exponential forgetting factor is proposed to implement real-time haptic rendering for the haptic systems with two sampling rates. The computational burden of the output-estimation increases rapidly as the number of contact points increases. To reduce the computation of the estimation, the multi-rate output-estimation with reduced parameters is developed in this paper. Performance of the new output-estimation with reduced parameters is compared with the original output-estimation with full parameters and an exponential forgetting factor. Estimated outputs are computed from the estimated input-output model at a high rate, and trace the analytical outputs computed from the deformation model. The performance is demonstrated by simulation with a linear tensor-mass model.

Physically-based Haptic Rendering of a Deformable Object Using Two Dimensional Visual Information for Teleoperation (원격조작을 위한 이차원 영상정보를 이용한 변형체의 물리적 모델 기반 햅틱 렌더링)

  • Kim, Jung-Sik;Kim, Jung
    • 한국HCI학회:학술대회논문집
    • /
    • /
    • pp.19-24
    • /
    • 2008
  • This paper presents a physically-based haptic rendering algorithm for a deformable object based on visual information about the intervention between a tool and a real object in a remote place. The physically-based model of a deformable object is created from the mechanical properties of the object and the captured image obtained with a CCD camera. When a slave system exerts manipulation tasks on a deformable object, the reaction force for haptic rendering is computed using boundary element method. Snakes algorithm is used to obtain the geometry information of a deformable object. The proposed haptic rendering algorithm can provide haptic feedback to a user without using a force transducer in a teleoperation system.

  • PDF

Real-Time Haptic Rendering of Slowly Deformable Bodies Based on Two Dimensional Visual Information for Telemanipulation (원격조작을 위한 2차원 영상정보에 기반한 저속 변형체의 실시간 햅틱 렌더링)

  • Kim, Jung-Sik;Kim, Young-Jin;Kim, Jung
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
    • /
    • v.31 no.8
    • /
    • pp.855-861
    • /
    • 2007
  • Haptic rendering is a process providing force feedback during interactions between a user and a virtual object. This paper presents a real-time haptic rendering technique for deformable objects based on visual information of intervention between a tool and a real object in a remote place. A user can feel the artificial reaction force through a haptic device in real-time when a slave system exerts manipulation tasks on a deformable object. The models of the deformable object and the manipulator are created from the captured image obtained with a CCD camera and the recognition of objects is achieved using image processing techniques. The force at a rate of 1 kHz for stable haptic interaction is deduced using extrapolation of forces at a low update rate. The rendering algorithm developed was tested and validated on a test platform consisting of a one-dimensional indentation device and an off-the shelf force feedback device. This software system can be used in a cellular manipulation system providing artificial force feedback to enhance a success rate of operations.

Vision-Based Haptic Interaction Method for Telemanipulation: Macro and Micro Applications (원격조작을 위한 영상정보 기반의 햅틱인터렉션 방법: 매크로 및 마이크로 시스템 응용)

  • Kim, Jung-Sik;Kim, Jung
    • Proceedings of the KSME Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.1594-1599
    • /
    • 2008
  • Haptic rendering is a process that provides force feedback during interactions between a user and an object. This paper presents a haptic rendering technique for a telemanipulation system of deformable objects using image processing and physically based modeling techniques. The interaction forces between an instrument driven by a haptic device and a deformable object are inferred in real time based on a continuum mechanics model of the object, which consists of a boundary element model and ${\alpha}$ priori knowledge of the object's mechanical properties. Macro- and micro-scale experimental systems, equipped with a telemanipulation system and a commercial haptic display, were developed and tested using silicone (macro-scale) and zebrafish embryos (micro-scale). The experimental results showed the effectiveness of the algorithm in different scales: two experimental systems applied the same algorithm provided haptic feedback regardless of the system scale.

  • PDF

The Real-Time Virtual Environment Control Using Haptic Interface System (촉각시스템을 이용한 실시간 가상환경제어)

  • Kang, Won-Chan;Kim, Young-Dong
    • The Transactions of the Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers P
    • /
    • v.52 no.3
    • /
    • pp.121-126
    • /
    • 2003
  • In this paper, we propose the haptic system for the real-time virtual environment-control, which controls the sense of sight, hearing and touch. In order to maintain the stable haptic system in this study, we apply the proxy force rendering algorithm and the real-time graphic deformation algorithm based on the FEM. The applied proxy algorithm makes the system possible to be more stable and prompt with a virtual object. Moreover, the haptic rendering algorithm is applied to work out a problem that the tactual transaction-period is different from the graphic transaction- period. The graphic deformation algorithm is developed in the real-time using the deformed FEM. To apply the FEM, a deformed material-model is produced and then the graphic deformation with this model is able to force. Consequently, the graphic rendering algorithm is deduced by the real-time calculation and simplification because the purpose of this system is to transact in the real time. Applying this system to the PC, we prove that it is possible to deform the graphics and transact the haptic. Finally we suggest the variable simulation program to show the efficiency of this system.

Preliminary programming for librarization of Haptic Primitives based on constructive solid geometry and god-object

  • Jin, Do-Hyung;Kyung, Ki-Uk;Kwon, Dong-Soo
    • 제어로봇시스템학회:학술대회논문집
    • /
    • /
    • pp.1093-1097
    • /
    • 2004
  • We propose 'the haptic primitive' for haptic rendering without the need to solve complicated parametric equations. To develop 'the haptic primitive', we adopted "the God-Object Method" as a haptic rendering algorithm and applied 'Constructive Solid Geometry' to manage haptic objects. Besides being used in the 'ghost library' of $PHANToMTM^{TM}$ our method can be used as a basic component for developing tools and libraries that aim to simplify haptic modeling. It can also be applied to tactile display modules and temporal display modules. Ultimately it can be developed into a one-stop haptic modeling tool that enables the user to more conveniently create a tangible CAD systems or a tangible e-ommerce system.

  • PDF