• Title, Summary, Keyword: hEPO transgenic pig

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Increased of the Red Blood Cell in Peripheral Plasma of Transgenic Pigs Harboring hEPO Gene

  • Park, J.K.;Jeon, I.S.;Lee, Y.K.;Lee, P.Y.;Kim, S.W.;Kim, S.J.;Lee, H.G.;Han, J.H.;Park, C.G.;Min, K.S.;Lee, C.H.;Lee, H.T.;Chang, W.K.
    • Korean Journal of Animal Reproduction
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.317-324
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    • 2003
  • The present study were performed to analysis the hematocrit and the red blood cells content into the blood plasma of the transgenic pigs harboring recombinent human erythropoietin gene (rhEPO). Mouse whey acidic protein (mWAP) linked to rhEPO gene was microinjected into pronuclei of porcine one-cell zygotes. After delivered of offspring, PCR analyses identified one mWAP-rhEPO transgenic founder offspring(F$_{0}$). The first generation of transgenic pig (F$_{0}$) harboring mWAP-hEPO appeared to be a male, and the second generation (F$_1$) pigs were made by natural mating of F$_{0}$ with domestic swine, and male and female transgenic pigs (F$_1$) were identified by PCR. The blood samples from transgenic and normal pigs were collected for 50 days during lactation and were counted the red blood cell (RBC) numbers and Hematocrit (HCT) content into the blood. The transgenic pigs expressing rhEPO in their blood gave rise to higher RBC numbers and HCT contents than control animals. rhEPO was secreted both in the blood and milk of genetically engineered pigs harboring rhEPO gene. Therefore, this study provides a model regarding the production of transgenic pig carrying hEPO transgene for biomedical research.earch.

사람의 조혈촉진유전자(hEPO)가 도입된 형질전환돼지의 유즙내 hEPO의 생리활성분석

  • 박진기;이연근;전익수;최영진;김정호;정길생;이훈택;민관식;장원경
    • Proceedings of the KSAR Conference
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    • pp.60-60
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    • 2002
  • 본 연구는 사람의 조혈촉진유전자가 형질전환된 돼지의 유즙내 hEPO 발현농도를 확인하고 3종의 동물 (mouse, rat, swine)에서 hEPO 의 생리활성을 분석하기 위하여 실시하였다. 새롬이 Fl 암컷의 유즙을 원심분리하여 지방을 제거한 후 hEPO 의 농도를 측정하고, PBS 로 유즙내 hEPO 농도가 100 IU/㎖가 되도록 희석하였다. Mouse (ICR)는 피하주사로 20 IU씩 2일 간격으로 3회 (0, 2, 4 일차 ) 주사하였으며, 주사 후 4회에 걸쳐 (0, 2, 4, 7 일차) 혈액을 채취하여. 분석하였다. (중략)

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Study on the Reproductive Function in Transgenic Pig Harboring Human Erythropoietin (hEPO) Gene

  • Lee, Hyun-Gi;Lee, Hwi-Cheul;Chung, Hak-Jae;Hwang, In-Sul;Choi, Myoung-Seob;Byun, Sung-June;Lee, Seung-Hoon;Kim, Min-Ji;Woo, Jae-Seok;Chang, Won-Kyong;Lee, Poong-Yeon;Lee, Hoon-Taek;Park, Jin-Ki
    • Reproductive and Developmental Biology
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    • v.32 no.2
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    • pp.117-121
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    • 2008
  • Our previous study showed that transgenic (TG) pigs harboring human EPO (hEPO) gene have been shown to have reproductive disorders, including low pregnancy rates, irregular estrus cycle and low little size. To investigate these reasons, we assessed estrus behavior (standing response) and plasma $17{\beta}$-estradiol ($E_2$) level, which partly reflect reproductive function, during the estrus cycles after synchronization and superovulation by hormone treatments. Then, we analysed blood composition and expression of hEPO gene in TG pigs. Pigs were injected with PG600. After 10 days, pigs were fed with Regumate porcine for 6 days. Blood samples were collected from jugular vein. Analysis of blood composition and $E_2$ level were measured by Hemavet 950 and $E_2$ ELISA kit, respectively. And, the expression of hEPO gene in reproductive organs was quantitated by real-time RT-PCR. The percentage of estrus behavior in TG was significantly decreased. Hematocrit (HCT), hemoglobin (Hb) concentration and red blood cell (RBC) number were significantly higher in TG than wild type (WT). On the other hand, high expression of hEPO gene in TG was observed in the mammary gland as well as in the uterus. Moreover, plasma $E_2$ level was significantly higher in TG than WT. These results suggest that nonspecific expression of hEPO gene in the other organs of TG may affect blood composition and plasma $E_2$ level, thereby causing reproductive disorders.

Monoclone 항체를 이용한 사람 EPO 형질전환돼지의 유즙내 발현단백질 분석

  • 이연근;정희경;이현기;이풍연;박진기;민관식;김진회;장원경
    • Proceedings of the KSAR Conference
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    • pp.88-88
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    • 2002
  • Erythropoietin (EPO)는 조혈작용 (erythropoiesis)을 나타내는 호르몬으로서 사람의 빈혈치료제로 사용되며, 포유통물 중 사람, 생쥐 등의 유즙 내에 혈청 EPO 와 동일한 크기로 다량으로 존재한다고 보고된 바 있다. 생쥐의 WAP promoter를 이용하여 사람의 조혈촉진제인 EPO를 유즙으로 생산하는 형질전환돼지 (새롬이)의 유즙을 분석하기 위해 SDS-PAGE와 Western blotting 을 수행하였다. 먼저, 형질전환돼지의 유즙으로부터 원심분리에 의해 지방층을 제거한 후, 16.5% polyacrylamide gel 에서 PAGE를 수행하였다. (중략)

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Production of Transgenic Porcine haboring the Human Erythropoietin(EPO) Gene (사람 조혈인자 유전자(Human Erythropoietin Gene)를 도입한 형질전환돼지 생산)

  • 이연근;박진기;민관식;이창현;성환후;전익수;임석기;양병철;임기순
    • Korean Journal of Animal Reproduction
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.95-104
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    • 2002
  • This study was performed during the four seasons for the production of transgenic pigs containing the human erythropoietin(hEPO) transgene. Purebred Landrace gilts and sows approximately 8∼15 months of age (n=42) were used fur the collection of 1-cell zygotes for DNA microinjection and transfer. Retrospectively, estrus synchronization and superovulation schemes were evaluated to assess practicality for zygote collection. Synchronization and superovulation procedures were used that cyclic gilts were synchronized with 20mg altrenogest (ALT) per day for 9days after PG600 administration followed by superovulation with 1500IU pregnant mares serum gonadotropin (PMSG) and 500IU human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG). Preparation of recombinant gene for microinjection is mice whey acidic protein promoter (mWAP) linked to human erythropoietin (hEPO) gene. After hormone treatment, 650 embryos were collected from 23 donors and 83.1% (540/650) embryos were in 1-cell stage which can be visualized the pronuclei for DNA microinjection. A total of 543 DNA microinjected embryos fiom donors were transferred to 19 synchronized recipients, seven of them maintained pregnancy and delivered 47 piglets. One of the 47 offsprings were determined to have transgene by PCR analysis. The overall rate of transgenic production was 2.13% (tansgenic/offspring). This study provides the success and useful information regarding production of transgenic pig for bioreactor research.

Sperm Fertility of Transgenic Boar Harboring hEPO Gene is Decreased

  • Park Chun-Gyu;Kim Sung-Woo;Lee Poong-Yeon;Han Joo-Hee;Lee Hyun-Gi;Byun Sung-June;Yang Boh-Suk;Lee Chang-Hyung;Lee Hoon-Taek;Chang Won-Kyong;Park Jin-Ki
    • Reproductive and Developmental Biology
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    • v.30 no.1
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    • pp.27-34
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    • 2006
  • This study was conducted to compare the reproduction ability of the wild type boar and recombinant human erythropoietin (hEPO) transgenic boar semen. Ejaculated boar semen was analyzed by flow cytometry, Elisa and IVF methods. In experiment 1, flow cytometric analysis showed that the live sperm ratio of transgenic boar sperm significantly lower (P<0.05) than that of wild type boar after incubation at 20, 22, 24 and 26 hr. In experiment 2, the presence and levels of various cytokines (IL-6, IL-10 and $TNF-{\alpha}$) to related animal reproduction in the seminal and blood plasma were examined using specific enzyme immunoassay. There was no significant difference between both groups. In experiment 3, the fertilizing capacity and developmental ability of both boar sperm were compared. The transgenic boar sperm had a significantly low capacity of penetration, sperm-zona binding, embryo development, and blastocyst formation compared to wild type sperm (P<0.05). These results suggest that transgenic boar sperm harboring hEPO gene has low sperm viability than wild type boar, and it is a reason to decrease of fertility and litter size.

Comparative Evaluation on Sperm Parameter of Transgenic Pigs with General Pigs (형질전환 돼지의 정자와 일반돼지의 정자성상에 대한 비교평가)

  • Park, Sang Hyoun;Lee, Gunsup;Lee, Joo Yung;Kim, Kyung Woon;Byun, Sung-June;Ock, Sun A;Hwang, Seongsoo;Yang, Hyeon;Woo, Jae-Seok;Oh, Keon Bong
    • Journal of Embryo Transfer
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.227-233
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    • 2017
  • Pig has been known to be one of the most feasible animals as a bioreactor to produce pharmaceuticals in milk and as a mediator in xenotransplantation research. Previously, we generated transgenic pigs for both purposes, which were expressing Factor 8, vWF, hTPA, and hEPO in milk, along with expression of MCP at GalT gene locus ($GalT^{-MCP/-MCP}$) as well as expressing MCP at GalT gene loci with CD73 expression ($GalT^{-MCP/+}/CD73$). In this study, we performed comparative analyses of sperm parameters between wild type male (WT) pig and those transgenic males to examine the effects of transgenes integrated into the pigs on motility, morphology, viability, and acrosome integrity of the spermatozoa. Our results showed that the rates of actively motile spermatozoa of WT, Factor 8, vWF, hTPA, hEPO, $GalT^{-MCP/+}/CD73$, and $GalT^{-MCP/-MCP}$ pigs were 85.0%, 83.3%, 82.5%, 83.3%, 82.5%, 77.5%, and 78.7%, respectively. Whereas, the rates of morphologically normal spermatozoa of WT, Factor 8, vWF, hTPA, hEPO, $GalT^{-MCP/+}/CD73$, and $GalT^{-MCP/-MCP}$ pigs were 90.0%, 80.0%, 80.0%, 83.3%, 85.0%, 91.8%, and 80.8%, respectively. In addition, the viability in spermatozoa of WT, Factor 8, vWF, hTPA, hEPO, $GalT^{-MCP/+}/CD73$, and $GalT^{-MCP/-MCP}$ pigs were 93.9%, 82.4%, 89.9%, 83.9%, 87.4%, 92.8%, and 83.6%, respectively. The rates of spermatozoa with normal acrosome integrity in WT, Factor 8, vWF, hTPA, hEPO, $GalT^{-MCP/+}/CD73$, and $GalT^{-MCP/-MCP}$ pigs were 98.1%, 98.6%, 98.6%, 98.7%, 98.1%, 99.5%, and 95.1%, respectively. There were no significant differences in motility, morphology, viability, and acrosome integrity of the spermatozoa among WT, Factor 8, vWF, hTPA, and hEPO, $GalT^{-MCP/+}/CD73$, and $GalT^{-MCP/-MCP}$ pigs. These mean that neither random integration nor targeted integration of the transgene into chromosome of pig effect on characteristics of spermatozoa. Ultimately, the transgenic male pigs subjected in this study could apply to propagate their progenies for production of human therapeutic proteins and advancing the xenotransplantation research.

Transfer of Porcine Embryos Injected with Sperm Carrying with Exogenous DNA

  • Cho, Seong-Keun;Cho, Hwang-Yun;Park, Mi-Ryung;Park, Jong-Sik;Yoo, Jae-Gyu;Kim, Jin-Hoi
    • Proceedings of the KSAR Conference
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    • pp.61-61
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    • 2001
  • The main goal of this study was to produce transgenic piglets by the method of injection of sperm-mediated exogenous DNA. Spermatozoa (1$\times$106 sperm of final concentration) obtained from caudal epididymis were mixed with pBC1-hEPO (20 ng/${mu}ell$) or pcDNA3 LAC Z (20 ng/${mu}ell$), and followed by electroporation (500 V, 25 ㎌). Matured oocytes having the first polar body and dense cytoplasm were selected and centrifuged at 12,000g for 6 min. After sperm injection, the oocytes were activated electrically (1.7 ㎸/cm, 30 $\mu$ sec, single pulse) in 0.3 M mannitol solution. Eggs injected sperm were cultured in NCSU 23 medium (0.4% BSA) at 39$^{\circ}C$, 5% $CO_2$ in air for 192 h. This study were comprised 3 experiments. Experiment 1 compared the developmental efficiencies between the sperm-injected oocytes (Group 1) and further activated electrically (Group 2). Experiment 2 compared the expression of pcDNA3 LAC Z in the embryos produced by Group 1 and Group 2. Finally, experiment 3 carried out transfer of embryos (1-8 cell stage) transfected with pBC1 -hEPO into surrogate recipients synchronized by injection of combination of PG600 with hCG. The rates of cleavage and development into blastocyst stage in Group 2 were significantly higher than those of Group 1 (71.3% and 28.1% vs. 43.3% and 10.3%, respectively, p<0.05). Thirty (24.2%) out of 124 embryos analyzed in Group 2 were positive by X-gal. Similarly, in Group 1, 16.3% (8/49) were positive. After transfer of 789 embryos to 7 recipient gilts, three out of them examined by ultrasound became pregnant. One recipient is in day 50 pregnancy. On day 54 of gestation, two were carried out uterotomy in order to confirm the pregnancy One had 7 and another had 2 fetuses. We conclude that injection of sperm-mediated gene transfer will be used as a valuable tool for the production of transgenic piglets.

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