• Title, Summary, Keyword: hCTLA4Ig

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Effects of Proline and Gelatin on hCTLA4Ig Production in Transgenic Rice Suspension Cells (형질전환 벼 현탁세포를 이용한 hCTLA4Ig 생산에서 proline과 gelatin이 미치는 영향)

  • Song, Mi-Na;Cheon, Su-Hwan;Kwon, Jun-Young;Choi, Sung-Hun;Kim, Dong-Il
    • KSBB Journal
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.246-252
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    • 2009
  • Rice cells were transformed to express human cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen 4-immunoglobulin (hCTLA4Ig) using RAmy3D promoter. hCTLA4Ig was produced and secreted into culture media inducibly when sugar was depleted. The obstacles of this system are the cell death and release of proteases by sugar starvation. These problems resulted in the losses of stability and productivity of hCTLA4Ig. Therefore, the effects of proline as an inhibitor of cell death were investigated. When 4 mM proline was added in sugar-free media, the cell death and release of proteases were reduced. As a consequence, the production of hCTLA4Ig was enhanced. In addition, the effects of protein stabilizers such as gelling agents were studied. It was found that the application of 0.01 g/L gelatin led to an increase in hCTLA4Ig production. This increase might be originated from the stabilization of hCTLA4Ig. In conclusion, the production of hCTLA4Ig could be enhanced by the additions of proline and gelatin in transgenic rice cell cultures.

Enhanced Production of hCTLA4Ig through Increased Permeability in Transgenic Rice Cell Cultures (형질전환 벼 현탁세포 배양에서 투과성 증진을 통한 hCTLA4Ig의 생산성 증대)

  • Choi, Hong-Yeol;Cheon, Su-Hwan;Kwon, Jun-Young;Lim, Jung-Ae;Park, Hye-Rim;Kim, Dong-Il
    • KSBB Journal
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    • v.31 no.4
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    • pp.277-283
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    • 2016
  • In this system, rice cells were genetically modified to express human cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen 4-immunoglobulin (hCTLA4Ig) using RAmy3D promoter induced by sugar depletion. Even though the target protein fused with signal sequence peptide, plant cell wall can be a barrier against secretion of recombinant proteins. Therefore, hCTLA4Ig can be trapped inside cell wall or remained in intracellular space. In this study, to enhance the secretion of hCTLA4Ig from cytoplasm and cell walls into the medium, permeabilizing agents, such as dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), Triton X-100 and Tween 20, were applied in transgenic rice cell cultures. When 0.5% (v/v) of DMSO was added in sugar-free medium, intracellullar hCTLA4Ig was increased, on the other hand, the secreted extracellular hCTLA4Ig was lower than that of control. DMSO did not give permeable effects on transgenic rice cell cultures. And Triton X-100 was toxic to rice cells and also did not give enhancing permeability of cells. When 0.05% (v/v) Tween 20 was added in rice cell cultures, however, intracellular hCTLA4Ig was lower than that of control cultures. And the maximum 44.76 mg/L hCTLA4Ig was produced for 10 days after induction, which was 1.4-fold increase compared to that of control cultures. Especially, Tween 20 at 0.05% (v/v) showed the positive effect on the secretion of hCTLA4Ig though the decrease of intracellular hCTLA4Ig. Also, Tween 20 as a non-toxic surfactant did not affect the cell growth, cell viability and protease activity. In conclusion, secretion of hCTLA4Ig could be increased by enhancing permeability of cells regardless of the cell growth, cell viability and protease activity.

In situ Recovery of hCTLA4Ig from Suspension Cell Cultures of Oryza sativa (형질전환 벼 현탁세포 배양에서 hCTLA4Ig의 in situ 회수)

  • Choi, Hong-Yeol;Cheon, Su-Hwan;Kwon, Jun-Young;Yun, Boreum;Hong, Seok-Mi;Kim, Sun-Dal;Kim, Dong-Il
    • KSBB Journal
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    • v.31 no.4
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    • pp.284-290
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    • 2016
  • In this research, recombinant human cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen 4-immunoglobulin (hCTLA4Ig) was produced by transgenic rice cells. RAmy3D promoter was used for overcome the limitation of low expression level in transgenic plant cells, and the secretion of target protein was accomplished by signal peptide. However, the RAmy3D promoter system which can be induced only by sugar starvation causes the decrease of cell viability. As a result, cell death promotes the release of protease which degrades the target proteins. The protein stability and productivity can be significantly influenced by proteolysis activity. Therefore, development of new strategies are necessary for the in situ recovery of target proteins from cell culture media. In this study, in situ recovery was performed by various strategies. Direct addition of Protein A resin with nylon bag leads to cell death by increased shear stress and decrease in production of hCTLA4Ig by protease. Medium exchange through modified flask could recover hCTLA4Ig with high cell viability and low protease activity, on the other hand, the productivity was lower than that of control. When in situ recovery was conducted at day 7 after induction in air-lift bioreactor, 1.94-fold of hCTLA4Ig could be recovered compared to control culture without in situ recovery. Consequently, in situ recovery of hCTLA4Ig from transgenic rice cell culture could enhance productivity significantly and prevent degradation of target proteins effectively.

Effect of Osmotic Pressure on hCTLA-lg Production in Transgenic Rice Cell Suspension Cultures (형질전환된 벼세포 배양에 있어서 삼투압 조절에 따른 hCTLA4-lg 생산성 변화)

  • Choi Sung-Hun;Lee Song-Jae;Hong Seok-Mi;Cho Ji-Suk;Kim Dong-Il
    • KSBB Journal
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.278-284
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    • 2005
  • An immunosuppressive agent, human cytotoxic T lymphocyte antigen 4 (hCTLA4), is used for the prevention of graft rejection and treatment of autoimmune diseases. hCTLA4-Ig, a CTLA4-immunoglobulin fusion protein, was produced and secreted from transgenic rice cell suspension cultures using rice a-amylase (RAmy3D) expression system. In this system, hCTLA4-Ig expression was regulated metabolically by sugar starvation. For the purpose of improving hCTLA4-Ig production, the effects of osmotic pressure was investigated in suspension cultures of transgenic rice cells. The highest production level was achieved at 40 mM sorbitol $(140\;mOsm{\cdot}kg^{-1}\;H_2O)$. Using the medium with 8 mM glucose, the level of hCTLA4-Ig in the medium reached 45.3 mg/L. By adjusting the osmotic pressure of induction medium, it was found that the hCTLA4-Ig production could be increased up to 2.1-fold compared with that in batch culture.

Enhanced Production of hCTLA4Ig by Adding Sodium Butyrate and Sodium Pyruvate (Sodium butyrate와 sodium pyruvate 첨가에 의한 hCTLA4Ig 생산성 증대)

  • Yoo, Mi-Hee;Kim, Soo-Jin;Kwon, Jun-Young;Nam, Hyung-Jin;Kim, Dong-Il
    • KSBB Journal
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    • v.26 no.5
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    • pp.386-392
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    • 2011
  • Human cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen 4-immunoglobulin (hCTLA4Ig), an immunosuppressive agent, was expressed in transgenic rice cells using RAmy3D promoter and RAmy1A signal peptide for the inducible production and secretion into culture media by sugar depletion. In this study, sodium butyrate was used as a small molecular enhancer (SME) to enhance the production of hCTLA4Ig in transgenic rice cell suspension cultures. When 1 mM sodium butyrate was added in sugar-free media, relative viability was not reduced, while the productivity was improved 1.3-fold. In addition, by supplementing 87 mM sodium pyruvate as an alternative energy source during the production phase, death rate of the cells was decreased. When sodium pyruvate was not added, most cells became dead at day 6. However, by adding sodium pyruvate, 18% of viability can be maintained until day 10 and the production of hCTLA4Ig was enhanced 1.4-fold. When the combination of sodium pyruvate and sodium butyrate at optimum concentrations was added, the highest viability and hCTLA4Ig production could be obtained. The highest level of hCTLA4Ig reached up to 35 mg/L at day 10.

Effects of Silkworm Hemolymph on Cell Viability and hCTLA4Ig Production in Transgenic Rice Cell Suspension Cultures

  • Cheon, Su-Hwan;Lee, Kyoung-Hoon;Kwon, Jun-Young;Ryu, Hyun-Nam;Yu, Da-Hyun;Choi, Yong-Soo;Kim, Dong-Il
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.17 no.12
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    • pp.1944-1948
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    • 2007
  • Silkworm hemolymph (SH), prepared from fifth-instar larvae of Bombyx mori and heat-treated at $60^{\circ}C$ for 30 min, was used to improve cell viability and the production of human cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen 4-immunoglobulin (hCTLA4Ig) in transgenic Oryza sativa L. cell suspension cultures. Even though SH could not elevate cell viability at the concentrations up to 3% (v/v), addition of 0.3% (v/v) SH to a culture medium enhanced the production of hCTLA4Ig by 36.8% over an SH-free medium. Moreover, the production period of hCTLA4Ig could be shortened in a 0.3% (v/v) SH-added medium compared with that in an SH-free culture. As a result, addition of 0.3% (v/v) SH improved the productivity of hCTLA4Ig significantly in transgenic rice cell cultures.

Enhanced Delivery of siRNA Complexes by Sonoporation in Transgenic Rice Cell Suspension Cultures

  • Cheon, Su-Hwan;Lee, Kyoung-Hoon;Kwon, Jun-Young;Choi, Sung-Hun;Song, Mi-Na;Kim, Dong-II
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.19 no.8
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    • pp.781-786
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    • 2009
  • Small interfering synthetic double-stranded RNA (siRNA) was applied to suppress the expression of the human cytotoxic-T-Iymphocyte antigen 4-immunoglobulin (hCTLA4Ig) gene transformed in transgenic rice cell cultures. The sequence of the 21-nucleotide siRNA was deliberately designed and synthesized with overhangs to inactivate the expression of hCTLA4Ig. The chemically synthesized siRNA duplex was combined with polyethyleneimine (PEl) at a mass ratio of 1:10 (0.33 ${\mu}g$ siRNA:3.3 ${\mu}g$ PEl) to produce complexes. The siRNA complexes (siRNA+PEI) were labeled with Cy3 in order to subsequently confirm the delivery by fluorescent microscopy. In addition, the cells were treated with sonoporation at 40 kHz and 419W for 90 s to improve the delivery. The siRNA complexes alone inhibited the expression of hCTLA4Ig to 45% compared with control. The siRNA complexes delivered with sonoporation downregulated the production of hCTLA4Ig to 73%. Therefore, we concluded that the delivery of siRNA complexes into plant cells could be enhanced successfully by sonoporation.

Enhanced Production of hCTLA4Ig by Suppressing Cell Death in Transgenic Rice Cell Suspension Cultures (형질전환 벼 현탁세포 배양에서 세포 사멸 억제를 통한 hCTLA4Ig 생산성 증대)

  • Kim, Myong-Sik;Nam, Hyung-Jin;Kim, Min-Sub;Kwon, Jun-Young;Kim, Dong-Il
    • KSBB Journal
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.260-268
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    • 2013
  • Transgenic plant cell cultures are an attractive expression system for the production of industrial and pharmaceutical proteins because of their advantages in safety and low production cost. Human cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen 4-immunoglobulin (hCTLA4Ig) was produced and secreted when sugar was depleted in culture medium by transgenic rice cell lines (Oryza sativa L.) using RAmy3D promoter. Due to the production of the target protein by sugar depletion, concomitant occurrence of cell death is inevitable. For that reason, inhibition of cell death for enhancing productivity was necessary for the production period without energy sources. Supplementation of 0.1 mM sodium nitroprusside improved cell viability by 1.4-fold and maximum hCTLA4Ig production by 1.3-fold compared to those of control. Addition of 1 and 10 mM glutathione, N-acetylcysteine (NAC), and nicotinamide inhibited apoptotic-like programmed cell death by decreasing the activity of reactive oxygen species. Production hCTLA4Ig was enhanced 1.4-, 1.25-, and 1.15-fold with 10 mM NAC, 1 mM NAC, and 1 mM glutathione, respectively. In addition, it was found that the supplementation of NAC enhanced the cell viability.

Engineering Human-like Sialylation in CHO Cells Producing hCTLA4-Ig by Overexpressing α2,6-Sialyltransferase (α2,6-Sialyltransferase 과발현을 통한 인간형 시알산 부가 hCTLA4-Ig 생산 CHO 세포주 제작)

  • Lim, Jin-Hyuk;Cha, Hyun-Myoung;Park, Heajin;Kim, Ha Hyung;Kim, Dong-Il
    • KSBB Journal
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.193-198
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    • 2017
  • Sialylation is important in producing therapeutic proteins such as antibody, cytokine and fusion protein. Thus, enhancement of sialylation is usually performed in CHO cell cultures. ${\alpha}2,6$-Sialyltransferase (ST), which plays a key role in the attachment of ${\alpha}2,6-sialic$ acid, is present in human cells but not in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells. Overexpression of ${\alpha}2,6-ST$ can be used for enhancing the degree of sialylation and achieving human-like glycosylation. In this study, we constructed CHO cells producing human cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen4-immunoglobulin (hCTLA4-Ig) as well as ${\alpha}2,6-ST$. Transfected CHO cells were selected using G418 and stable cell line was established. Profiles of viable cell density and hCTLA4-Ig titer in an overexpressed cell line were similar to those of a wild-type cell line. It was confirmed that the total amount of sialic acid was increased and ${\alpha}2,6-sialic$ acid was attached to the terminal residues of N-glycan of hCTLA4-Ig by ESI-LC-MS. Compared to 100% of ${\alpha}2,3-sialic$ acid in wild type cells, 70.9% of total sialylated N-glycans were composed of ${\alpha}2,6-sialic$ acid in transfected cells. In conclusion, overexpression of ${\alpha}2,6-ST$ in CHO cells led to the increase of both the amount of total sialylated N-glycan and the content of ${\alpha}2,6-sialic$ acid, which is more resemble to human-like structure of glycosylation.

Effects of Mixing Performance and Conditioned Medium on hCTLA4Ig Production in Transgenic Rice Cell Suspension Cultures (형질전환 벼 현탁세포 배양에서 혼합효율과 조정배지가 hCTLA4Ig 생산에 미치는 영향)

  • Choi, Hong-Yeol;Park, Jun-Yong;Nam, Hyung-Jin;Gong, Mi-Kyung;Yoo, Ye-Ri;Kim, Dong-Il
    • KSBB Journal
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    • v.30 no.6
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    • pp.307-312
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    • 2015
  • Transgenic rice cells using RAmy3D promoter can provide high productivity, and the production of recombinant protein is induced by sugar starvation. In this system, productivity was reduced during the scale-up processes. To ensure the influences of shear stress and oxygen transfer rate, working volume and mixing performances were investigated under various agitation speeds and working volumes. In addition, inoculation methods including suspended cells and filtered cells were compared. Working volumes and shaking speeds were 300, 450 mL and 80, 120 rpm, respectively. Hydrodynamic environment of each condition was measured numerically like mixing time and $k_La$. Good mixing performance and high shear stress were measured at high agitation speed and low volume. The highest level of hCTLA4Ig was 30.7 mg/L at 120 rpm, 300 mL. When conditioned medium was used for inoculation, increased cell growth was noticed during the day 0~4 and decreased slower than filtered cells. Compared with filtered cells, the maximum hCTLA4Ig level reached 37.8 mg/L at 120 rpm, 300 mL and lower protease activity level was observed. In conclusion mixing performance is critical factor for productivity and conditioned medium can have a positive effect on damaged cells caused by hydrodynamic shear stress.