• Title, Summary, Keyword: hCG

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Enzyme Immunoassay for Human Chorionic Gonadotropin Using Monoclonal Antibodies (단일크론성 항체를 이용한 융모막 성선자극 호르몬의 효소 면역측정법)

  • 차상훈;김희주;김원배;양중익
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.31 no.2
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    • pp.64-69
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    • 1987
  • Monoclonal antibodies against human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) were prepared and characterized by examining isotype, epitope binding, cross reactivity and affinity constants. And a sandwich type enzyme immunoassay for native hCG was developed with solid phase monoclonal antibody against the conformational determinant expressed only on native hCG and horseradish peroxidase conjugated monoclonal antibody against the $\beta$-subunit of hCG. The assay was sensitive to 1 mIU hCG/ml and shown a linear response up to 200 mIU hCG/ml. The cross reactivity for luteinizing hormone and $\beta$-subunit of hCG were 1% and 0.18%, respectively.

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Nitric Oxide Generation from Peritoneal Macrophages by Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (사람 융모 성선 자극 호르몬에 의한 복강 대식세로로부터 산화질소의 발생)

  • Lee, Eun-Hee;Shin, Tae-Yong;Kim, Hyung-Min
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.41 no.3
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    • pp.365-369
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    • 1997
  • Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) is a placental hormone and is involved in maintenance of the corpus luteum during pregnancy. In the present study, effect of hCG on nitiric ox ide (NO) generation from peritoneal macrophage was examined. hCG ahd no effect on NO generation by itself, whereas recombinant interferon- ${\gamma}$ (rIFN-${\gamma}$) alone had modest activity. When hCG was used in combination with rIFN-${\gamma}$, there was a marked cooperative induction of NO generation in a dose-dependent manner. The optimal effect of hCG on NO generation was shown at 6 hr after treatment with rIFN-${\gamma}$. Furthermore, northern blot analysis of showed that hCG increased the expression of inducible NO synthase(iNOS) gene. These results suggest that hCG induces NO generation from macrophages by increasing the expression of iNOS gene.

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Studies on Scintillation Proximity Assay for the mesurement of alpha-hCG (Alpha-hCG 측정을 위한 섬광 근접 측정법 (Scintillation Proximity Assay)에 관한 연구)

  • Choi, Tae-Hyun;Lim, Sang-Moo;Choi, Chang-Woon;Chung, Wee-Sup;Lim, Soo-Jeong;Lee, Su-Jin;Lee, Tae-Sup;Awh, Ok-Doo
    • The Korean Journal of Nuclear Medicine
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    • v.36 no.2
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    • pp.133-139
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    • 2002
  • Purpose: Scintillation Proximity Assay (SPA) does not require the physical separation of receptor bound form from free form. SPA was applied to the study of interaction of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) and $anti-{\alpha}$ hCG in serum. Materials and methods: $Anti-{\alpha}$ hCG was biotinylated for the binding to streptavidin. The assay was based on the simple competitive binding method between $[^{125}I]hCG$ and the hCG in sample serum, with $anti-{\alpha}$ hCG-coated beads. Aliquots of biotinylated $anti-{\alpha}$ hCG were dispensed into scintillation vials containing $100{\mu}{\ell}\;[^125}I]hCG\;and\;200{\mu}{\ell}$ of either a standard concentration of hCG for preparation of standard curve or unknown sample, and incubated for 20 min. at room temperature. Then $20{\mu}{\ell}$ streptavidin-coated beads were added to vials, and finally incubated for 10 min at room temperature. Values for unknown samples were then calculated from the standard curve. Results: Optimal background counts were certificated using varied radioactivity of radionuclides. Appropriate standard curve was obtained from SPA method successively, and the concentration of hCG from unknown serum was determined by standard curve. The result from SPA assay was similar to that of RIA. Conclusion: This observation confirms that SPA method could be useful for clinical diagnosis.

Immunocytochemical Study on the Mouse Uterine Wall using Monoclonal anti $\beta$-hCG (생쥐 자궁벽에 있어서 $\beta$-hCG에 대한 단일클론항체를 이용한 면역세포화학적 연구)

  • 오선희;최임순
    • The Korean Journal of Zoology
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    • v.35 no.4
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    • pp.448-455
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    • 1992
  • 생쥐에 hCG를 투여한 후 자궁벽에서 hCG와 결합하는 세포의 종류를 판별하고, 그 세포가 hCG에 의해 어떠한 영향을 받는지를 알아보기 위하of 면역세포화학적 염색을 수행하였다. p-hCG에 대한 단일크론항체에 양성반응을 나타내는 세포는 주로 자궁벽의 자궁근막 삼각과 자궁내막 기저층에 분포하였으며, 세포질에서 양성반응을 일으킨 것으미 관찰되었다. hOG를 투여하고 3, 6, 24시간 후에 각각 자궁벽라 자궁근막에서 양성반응세포를 관찰한 결과, 양성반응세포의 이동현상을 관찰할 수 있었다. 즉, 자궁근막에서 보면, 3시간 후에는 자궁근막의 혈관내부와 주변에서 다수가 관찰되었으며, 6시간 후에는 소수가 관찰되었고, 24시간 후에는 관찰되지 않았다. 또한 동일 시간에 적출된 자궁벽에서는 6시간에서 가장 많은 수의 양성세포가 관찰되었다. 따라서 자궁벽과 자궁근막에서 관찰되는 양성반응세포의 수 사이에는 반비례적 상관관계를 나타냈다. 한편, 난소를 적출한 생쥐의 자궁에서는 양성반응세포의 수가 현저히 감소된 것으로 나타났으며, hematoxvlin-eosln 염색 결과 양성반응세포로 추정되는 세포의 세포질에서 호산성과림이 관찰되었다. 이와 같은 결과로 볼 때, 양성세포는 GMG(granulated metrial gland) 세포로 판단되었으며, 이 세포의 이동은 스테로이드호르몬에 의해 영향을 받는 것으로 사료되었다.

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Clomid/hMG/hCG Regimen or FSH/hMG/hCG Regimen : Differences in The Luteal Phase Serum Estradiol and Progesterone Levels Determined after In Vitro Fertilization (시험관아기 프로그램에서 과배란유도 약제의 종류에 따른 황체기 혈청 난포호르몬 및 황체호르몬의 변동에 관한 비교연구)

  • Chang, Yoon-Seok;Shin, Chang-Jae;Kim, Jung-Gu;Moon, Shin-Yong;Lee, Jin-Yong;Kim, Hak-Soon
    • Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.69-79
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    • 1989
  • Steroid hormone profiles during luteal phase of clomiphene citrate(CC)/human menopausal gonadotropin(hMG)/human chorionic gonadotropin(hCG)-stimulated in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycles and of follicle-stimulating hormone(FSH)/hMG/hCG-stimulated IVF cycles were compared. In seventy three cycles stimulated with CC/hMG/hCG regimen, follicles were aspirated during exploratory laparotomy and yielded 7 pregnancies, and in 83 cycles stimulated with FSH/hMG/hCG regimen, follicles were aspirated by laparoscope and made 13 pregnancies. Serum estradiol($E_2$) and progesterone($P_4$) levels were determined on days 2, 5, 7, and 9 after follicle aspiration. The FSH/hMG/hCG regimen was more effective than the CC/hMG/hCG regimen in folliculogenesis, ie, ovarian stimulation, follicular phase $E_2$ peak levels, oocyte maturation, and the number of retrieved oocytes. There was no significant difference between luteal serum $P_4/E_2$ ratio of the two regimens, suggesting that secretory endometrial build-up ability for implantation may not differ each other. Several significant correlations were observed between follicular phase seum $E_2$ peak levels and luteal phase serum $E_2$ and $P_4$ levels in the FSH/hMG/hCG-stimulated cycles but any correlation was not significant in the CC/hMG/hCG-stimulated cycles, suggesting that somewhat more follicles may eventually fall in atresia even after attaining dominant stage in the CC/hMG/hCG-stimulated cycles than the FSH/hMG/hCG-stimulated cycles.

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COOH-Terminal Animo Acids of Tethered-Buman Glycoprotein Bormone $\alpha$-Subunit Play an Important Role for Secretion

  • Min, K.S;Yoon, J.K.
    • Korean Journal of Animal Reproduction
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.395-399
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    • 2002
  • Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) is a member of the glycoprotein hormone family which includes FSH. hCG TSH. These hormone family is characterized by a heterodimeric structure composed a common $\alpha$-subunit noncovalently linked to a hormone specific $\beta$-subunit. To determine u and $\beta$ -subunits can be synthesized as a single polypeptide chain (tethered-hCG) and also display biological activity, the tethered-hCC and -FSH molecule by fusing the carboxyl terminus of the hCG $\beta$-subunit to the amino terminus of the $\alpha$-subunit was constructed. To determine the importance of $\alpha$ COOH -terminal amino acid, we also deleted the $\alpha$ COOH-terminal amino acids. The expressing vectors were transfected into CHO-K 1 cells. The tethered-wthCG and -wtFSH was efficiently secreted. The $\alpha$ Δ83hCG and $\alpha$ Δ 83FSH mutants had no secretion. These results are the first conclusive evidence that COOH-terminal amino acids are very important for secretion in human glycoprotein hormone $\alpha$-subunit. These results demonstrated that the $\alpha$ Δ83hCG and $\alpha$ Δ 83FSH mutants could be play a pivotal role in the secretion of tethered-molecule.

Dilution Reference Ranges by Predictive Value of Serum Level β-hCG in Early Pregnancy Viability (임신 초기 임신양상에 따른 혈청 β-hCG의 결과 예측에 의한 희석배수 참고치 설정)

  • Kim, Yoon Sik;Shin, Jang Yong;Seo, Yeong Mi;Yoo, Shin Soo
    • Korean Journal of Clinical Laboratory Science
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    • v.36 no.2
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    • pp.210-214
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    • 2004
  • This study was carried out to predict the value of serum ${\beta}$ subunit of humans chorionic gonadotropin(${\beta}$- hCG) in early pregnancy viability. This was performed among 85 women in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer(IVF-ET). The serum ${\beta}$-hCG levels were established for 30 normal singleton pregnancies, 10 twin and triplet pregnancies, 10 preclinical abortions, 10 clinical abortions, 20 biochemical abortions and 5 ectopic pregnancies. In comparison to normal singleton pregnancies, multiple pregnancies showed higher ${\beta}$-hCG. But clinical abortions, preclinical abortions and ectopic pregnancies showed lower ${\beta}$-hCG levels than singleton pregnancies. In conclusion, if we predict the value of serum ${\beta}$-hCG of variable early pregnancies and analyze it, we could predict the dilution protocol. Also, it can be useful in other ways.

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Production of Monoclonal Antibody to Human Chorionic Gonadotropin(hCG) : Purification and Properties of a Monoclonal Antibody, and Immunochemiluminometric assay(ICMA) for the Assay of hCG (Human Chorionic Gonadotropin(hCG)에 대한 단일콜론항체 생산 : 단일클론항체의 분리정제 및 그 특성조사와 hCG정량을 위한 Immunochemiluminometric assay(ICMA)개발)

  • 최상훈;이병철;오재욱;이용환;서광영;정길생;김종배
    • Korean Journal of Animal Reproduction
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.51-62
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    • 1988
  • Spleen cells of mouse immunized with hCG were fused with myeloma cell (SP 2/0 Ag 14) to produce monoclonal antibody against hCG. Several clones of hybridoma secreting monoclonal antibody were established and antibodies were characterized in terms of titer, subisotyping and sensitivity in immunoassay. Several methods, for the purification of anti¬bodies, based on gel-filtration, DEAE-ion exchange chromatography and affinity chromatography. were applied and compared each other by the result of SDS-PAGE. Two-site immunochemiluminometric assay (ICMA) involving the use of an excess concentration of a specific monoclonal antibody passively adsorbed onto the walls of plastic tubes and a chemiluminescence labelled antibody conjugate were de¬veloped for the determination of hCG as a preliminary study.

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Does blastomere biopsy in preimplantation genetic diagnosis affect early serum ${\beta}$-hCG levels?

  • Cho, Yeon-Jean;Kim, Jin-Yeong;Song, In-Ok;Lee, Hyung-Song;Lim, Chun-Kyu;Koong, Mi-Kyoung;Kang, Inn-Soo
    • Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine
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    • v.38 no.1
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    • pp.31-36
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    • 2011
  • Objective: To determine whether the serum ${\beta}$-human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) profile following preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) is lower than that of intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycles. Methods: A total of 129 PGD cycles and 1,161 age-matched ICSI cycles, which resulted in pregnancy (serum ${\beta}-hCG{\geq}5$ mIU/mL) on post-ovulation day (POD) 12 were included. We compared the mean serum ${\beta}$-hCG levels on POD 12, 14, 21, and 28, doubling time of serum hCG, and created a cut-off value for predicting a singleton pregnancy in each group. Results: The mean serum ${\beta}$-hCG concentration of the PGD group was significantly lower than that of the control group on POD 12, 14, and 21. The doubling time of serum ${\beta}$-hCG at each time interval showed no significant difference. The cut-off-value of serum ${\beta}$-hCG for predicting a single viable pregnancy was 32.5 mIU/mL on POD 12 and 113.5 mIU/mL on POD 14 for the PGD group, which was lower than that for the control group. Conclusion: Blastomere biopsy may decrease the ${\beta}$-hCG-producing activity of the trophoblasts, especially in early pregnancy. Setting a lower cut-off value of serum ${\beta}$-hCG for predicting pregnancy outcomes in PGD may be needed.

Comparison of Pregnancy Rates by Intrauterine Insemination after Ovulation Trigger with Endogenous LH Surge, GnRH Agonist or hCG in Stimulated Cycles (인공수정시술주기에서 내인성 LH, GnRH Agonist 및 hCG를 이용한 배란유발후 임신율의 비교연구)

  • Lee, Jong-In;Hur, Young-Mun;Jeon, Eun-Suk;Yoon, Jeong-Im;Jung, Goo-Sung;Hong, Ki-Eon;You, Seung-Hwan;Lee, Hyeon-Sook;Hong, Jeong-Eui;Lee, Ji-Sam
    • Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.389-398
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    • 1999
  • Objective: This study was designed to evaluate the effects of endogenous LH surge, GnRH agonist (GnRH-a) or human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) as ovulation trigger on pregnancy rate by intrauterine insemination (IUI). Method: Patients received daily 100 mg of clomiphene citrate (CC) for 5 days starting on the third day of the menstrual cycle followed by human menopausal gonadotropin (hMG) for ovulation induction. Follicles larger than >16 mm in diameter were present in the ovary, frequent LH tests in urine were introduced to detect an endogenous LH surge. Final follicular maturation and ovulation were induced by GnRH-a 0.1 mg (s.c.) or hCG $5,000{\sim}10,000$ IU (i.m.) administration except natural ovulation. Pregnancy was classified as clinical if a gestational sac or fetal cardiac activity was seen on ultrasound. Results: There were no differences in age, duration of infertility and follicle size, but more ampules of hMG were used in GnRH-a group compared to hCG 10,000 IU treated group (p<0.05). Lower level of estradiol ($E_2$) on the day of hCG or GnRH-a injection was observed in hCG 10,000 IU group than other treatment groups (p<0.01). The overall clinical pregnancy rate was 19.8% per cycle (32/162) and 22.2% per patient (32/144). Pregnancy rate was higher in natural-endogenous LH surge group (37.5%, 9/24) than GnRH-a (18.8%) or hCG treated group (20.9% & 13.9%), but this difference was not statistically significant. No patient developed ovarian hyperstimulation. Abortion rate was 22.2% (2/9) in hCG 5,000 IU group. Delivery or ongoing pregnancy rate was 37.5% (9/24), 18.8% (3/16), 16.3% (7/43) and 13.9% (11/79) in endogenous LH surge, GnRH-a, hCG 5,000 IU and hCG 10,000 IU treatment groups, respectively. Conclusion: These results support the concept that use of natural-endogenous LH surge in stimulated cycles may be more effective to obtain pregnancies by IUI than GnRH-a or hCG administration.

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