• Title/Summary/Keyword: hCG

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Studies on Embryo Transfer in Rabbit I. Ovarian response to PMSG and hCG administration (가토의 수정란이식에 관한 연구 I. PMSG와 HCG투여에 따른 난소반응)

  • 양부근;남상헌;고광두;김정익
    • Korean Journal of Animal Reproduction
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.15-18
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    • 1983
  • As a preliminary experiment to establish the process of embryo transfer in rabbit, present sutdies were carried out with 75 mature Japanese of ovary to pregnant mare's serum gonadotropin(PMSG) and human chorionic gonadotropin(hCG) and collection rate of embryos at various times after hCG injection. Female rabbits were superovulated using 50∼100IU hCG or 75∼100IU PMSG and 50∼751IU hCG injected 83hrs apart. The results obtained were as follows: 1. The average number of growth follicles obtained from all of rabbits treated with hCG or PMSG-hCG was 28.1. PMSG-hCG treatment group (30.9) was clearly increased more than hCG treatment group (16.7). 2. In ovulation score, PMSG-hCG treatment group (21.0) was increased more than hCG treatment group (7.9), showing the same trends in the growth of follicles. 3. The ovulation rate per follicles developed was higher in the rabbits treated with 100 IU PMSG and 75 IU hCG (18.9%) than that from the other groups. 4. The oviduct score (72.9%) was inclined to higher than that from uteri (57.1%) in score of embryo collection.

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Preparation of Positively and Negatively Charged Carbon Nanotube-Collagen Hydrogels with pH Sensitive Characteristic (양전하와 음전하를 띄며 pH 감응성인 카본나노튜브-콜라젠 Hydrogel의 합성)

  • Seo, Jae-Won;Shin, Ueon Sang
    • Journal of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.60 no.3
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    • pp.187-193
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    • 2016
  • In this study, preparation of positively and negatively charged carbon nanotube (CNT)-collagen (CG) hydrogels with pH sensitive characteristic was reported. The positive and negative characteristics of the prepared hydrogels were created by introduction of positively functionalized CNT-NH2 and negatively functionalized CNT-COOH, respectively, into the collagen hydrogel. The surface charge of CNTs (CNT-NH2 and CNT-COOH), CG and CNTs/CG hydrogels was measured by Zetasizer. The swelling ratios of CNT-NH2/CG and CNT-COOH/CG hydrogels in aqueous solution were checked by measuring of weight changes of the hydrogels in the range of pH 2~10. In detail, the positively charged CNT-NH2/CG hydrogel swelled up to 5% at pH 4 in comparison to the weight at pH 7, while the negatively charged CNT-COOH/CG hydrogel swelled up to 10% at pH 10. The prepared CNT-NH2/CG and CNT-COOH/CG hydrogels will be very useful as pH sensitive oral drug-delivering systems for gastrointestine (pH ~2) and small intestine (pH ~9), respectively.

Diagnostic Value of Serum Beta-hCG Measured by EIA in Suspected Ectopic Pregnancy (EIA로 측정한 혈청 ${\beta}$-hCG치의 자궁외 임신에 대한 진단적 가치)

  • Park, Yoon-Ki;Kim, Jong-Wook;Lee, Tae-Hyung;Park, Wan-Seok;Lee, Sung-Ho;Chung, Wun-Yong
    • Yeungnam University Journal of Medicine
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.221-227
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    • 1985
  • Thirty-four patients with suspected ectopic pregnancy whose serum hCG levels had been measured by beta-hCG EIA before surgery were evaluated retrospectively. The results were as follows: 1. Final diagnosis of thirty-four patients with suspected ectopic pregnancy comprised twenty- eight tubal pregnancy, five ruptures of hemorrhagic corpus luteum and, one tubo-ovarian abscess. One of the five patients with rupture of hemorrhagic corpus luteum was accompanied by missed abortion. 2. Range of serum hCG levels in twenty-eight patients with tubal pregnancy was 59-21,980 mIU/ml and that of four patients with rupture of hemorrhagic corpus luteum and one patient with tubo-ovarian abscess was 0.6-6.6mIU/ml. Serum hCG level of a patient with rupture of hemorrhagic corpus luteum who was accompanied by missed abostion was 200 mIU/ml. 3. Serum hCG levels in twenty-two of twenty-eight patients with tubal pregnancy were lower than 3,000 mIU/ml. Low serum hCG level below 100mIU/ml and high serum hCG level above 6,500 mIU/ml were noticed in four and six patients with tubal pregnancy, respectively. 4. Mean serum hCG levels (${\pm}SD$) of twelve patients with tubal pregnancy who had intra-abdominal free blood of less than 500ml and sixteen patients with tubal pregnancy who had intra-abdominal free blood of more than 500ml were 4,131 (${\pm}7,801$) mIU/ml and 3,208 (${\pm}5,081$) mIU/ml, respectively. There was no statistical difference in the mean level of serum hCG between both group (P>0.05). 5. Mean serum hCG levels (${\pm}SD$) of thirteen patients with unruptured tubal pregnancy and fifteen patients with ruptured tubal pregnancy were 2,628 (${\pm}5,448$) mIU/ml and 4,449 (${\pm}6,938$) mIU/ml, respectively. Mean level of serum hCG was statistically higher in ruptured tubal pregnancy (P<0.01). 6. Positive rate of urine pregnancy test in the diagnosis of ectopic pregnancy was 64% (16/25) and mean range of serum hCG level of nine patients with false negative result were 353 mIU/ml and 59-933 mIU/ml.

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Biological Function of Single Chain Glycoprotein Hormone Mutants

  • Min, Kwan-Sik;Chang, Yoo-Min;Chang, Sun-Hwa;Lee, Hyen-Gi;Lee, Yun-Gun;Chang, Won-Kyong;Cheong, Il-Cheong
    • Proceedings of the KSAR Conference
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    • pp.54-54
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    • 2001
  • Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) is a member of the glycoprotein hormone family which includes FSH, hCG, TSH. These hormone family is characterized by a heterodimeric structure composed a common $\alpha$-subunit noncovalently linked to a hormone specific $\beta$-subunit. The correct conformation of the heterodimer is also important for efficient secretion, hormone-specific post-translational modifications, receptor binding and signal transduciton. To determine $\alpha$ and $\beta$-subunits can be synthesized as a single polypeptide chain (tethered-hCG) and also display biological activity, the tethered-hCG molecule by fusing the carboxyl terminus of the hCG $\beta$-subunit to the amino terminus of the $\alpha$-subunit was constructed and transfected into chinese hamster ovary (CHO-K1) cells. We also constructed C-terminal deletion mutants (D9l, D89, D88, D87, D86, D84, D83) of single chain hCG to determine the biological function (secretion, LH-activity, receptor binding, cAMP production) of these mutants. Between six and eight stably transfected pools of cells expressing wild type and mutant hCGs were selected for neomycin resistant. The hCGs secreted by the stably transfected cells into serum-free media were collected and quantified by radioimmunoassay, as described in protocol (DPC(hCG IRMA). LH activity was in terms of testosterone production and aromatase activity in primary cultured rat Leydig cells. The tethered-wthCG was efficiently secreted and showed similar LH-like activity to the dimeric hCG. The D83hCG mutant was not detected in this assay. It is suggest that hCG C-terminal part is very important for hCG secretion. Now, we checking the LH-like activity of these mutant hCGs. These data indicate that the constructs of tethered molecule will be useful in the study of mutants that affect subunit association and/or secretion.

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Relationship of Plasma Urea Nitrogen Level and Influence of hCG on Pregnancy Rates in Hanwoo Recipients (한우 수란우의 임신율에 대한 hCG 영향과 혈장 요소태질소 수준과의 관계)

  • 박수봉;임석기;우제석;김일화;최선호;이장희;김인철;손동수
    • Journal of Embryo Transfer
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.115-120
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    • 2000
  • This study was undertaken to test the hypothesis the hypothesis that treatment with hCG (5,000 IU) at the time of embryo transfer would enhance pregnancy rates in recipients, and the concentration of plasma urea nitrogen(PUN) in recipients was related to the effect of hCG on the reproductive performance. Blood samples were taken according to experimental condition for the assessment of the endogenous plasma progesterone concentration and plasma urea nitrogen. Concentrations of progesterone in plasma were higher in cows treated with hCG on day 7(estrus=day 0) than in those untreated during 7∼43 days after insemination. The pregnancy rates were 65.5 and 54.6% for the hCG treated and untreated groups, respectively. In recipient group categorized with PUN concentration of <12 mg/이, the pregnancy rates were 68.8 and 46.7% for the hCG treated and untreated groups, respectively. The results suggest that hCG treatment at 7 days after insemination could be used to increase the pregnancy rate of embryo transfer, and transfer, and only the recipients with PUN concentration of <12 mg/dl were influenced by treatment with hCG.

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Influence of Media and Hormones on the In Vitro Development of Porcine Follicular Oocytes (배지 및 첨가호르몬이 돼지난포란의 체외발생능에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Byung Kwon;Lee, Kyu Seung
    • Korean Journal of Agricultural Science
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.19-24
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    • 1999
  • This study was conducted to investigate the influence of media and hormones on in vitro maturation and development of porcine follicular oocytes. Basic media were used to TCM-199, Waymouth MB751/1 and BMOC-II, and hormones were used to hCG and FSH in each medium. The results obtained were summarized as follows : 1. The maturation rates of oocytes cultured in TCM-199 medium containing hCG, FSH and hCG+FSH were 78.05, 72.50 and 67.50%, respectively. The maturation rates of oocytes with hormones were significantly (P<0.05) higher than those of oocytes cultured without hormone. However, the cleavage rate(hCG 46.88%, FSH 31.04%. hCG+FSH 37.04%) of embryo cultured in TCM-199 containing hormone was significantly(P<0.05) lower than that(89.47%) of oocytes cultured without hormone. 2. The maturation rates of oocytes cultured in Waymouth MB751/1 medium containing hCG. FSH and hCG+FSH were 69.77, 71.43 and 80.00%, respectively. The maturation rates of oocytes with hormones were significantly(P<0.05) higher than those of oocytes cultured without hormone. However. the cleavage rate(hCG 46.67%. FSH 36.00%, hCG+FSH 35.71%) of embryo cultured in Waymouth MB751/1 containing hormone was significantly(P<0.05) lower than that(60.00%) of oocytes cultured without hormone. 3. The maturation rates of oocytes cultured in BMOC-II medium containing hormone were 66.67(control). 66.67(hCG). 91.89(FSH) and 81.82(hCG+FSH)%. respectively. showing the highest rate in FSH treatment. And, the cleavage rates of oocytes cultured in BMOC-II medium containing hormone were 81.82 (control, 79.17(hCG), 50.00(FSH) and 66.67(hCG+FSH)%, respectively.

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Effects of hCG Administration on AI or Cloned Embryo Transfer of Korean Native Heifers (한우 미경산우에 있어서 인공수정 및 복제수정란 이식시 hCG 투여에 의한 수태율 향상)

  • 최선호;성환후;장유민;최재혁;임기순;양병철;연성흠;이장희;류일선
    • Journal of Embryo Transfer
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.227-234
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    • 2002
  • This study was performed to investigate the improvement of the pregnancy rate of Al or clone embryo transfer on hCG administration in Korean Native heifer. A total of 42 heifers were treated with control, CIDR(withou E2 capsule). hCG after 7 day of hi, the pregnancy rate were spewed 53, 46, 71%. These results were significant different among the treatments(P<0.05). When the hCG were adminstrated at cloned embryo transfer, pregnanacy rate were control, hCG 5.8%, 10.4% respectively and there was no significant different between treatments. Plasma P4 concentration of hCG treatment in heifers were 3 times higher than control on 13~16 day after heat. After this, plasma P4 concentration of CIDR and hCG treated heifers were kept the 2~3 times levels. IGF-I concentration were showed no differences between pregnancy and non-pregnancy. hOG and CIDR. IGF-II concentration were revealed the differences between pregnancy and non-pregnancy in CIDR group but there was no differences in hCG administration group. Plasma cortisol were high at heat and 16 day after heat and CIDR treated group was higher than the other group. These results suggest that hCG administration was improve the pregnancy rates on Al and cloned ET, accompanying the incline of P4 concentration.

Functional Expression of Lutropin/Choriogonadotropin and Follitropin Receptor cDNAs in 293 Cells (융모성 성선자극 호르몬 및 난포 자극호르몬 수용체의 293세포에서 기능적으로 발현)

  • Min, K.S.
    • Korean Journal of Animal Reproduction
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.347-352
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    • 1999
  • This cDNAs were cloned with the aid of the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) by sequences based on cloned rat LH/CG and FSH receptor cDNAs. A cDNAs of LHR and FSHR were transfected into the 293 cells. Several clonal cell lines were obtained expressing different numbers of cell surface receptors. One cell lines for each LHR and FSHR were chosen, and a corresponding cell lines expressing the wild type LHR and FSHR were selected based on the number of cell surface receptor for the particular LHR and FSHR. The abilities of the LHR and FSHR to transduce the hCG and FSH signals were measured by quantitating cAMP accumulation in cells incubated with increasing concentrations of hCG and FSH. The cAMP accumulation effects for these receptors were increased by the increasing concentrations of hCG and FSH. Thus, most of the receptors expressed in cells transfected with LHR and FSHR could be detected by measuring hormone binding and cAMP response, and can utilize to study the structure function and signal transduction of the choriogonadotropins and glycoprotein hormones.

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Enzyme Immunoassay for Human Chorionic Gonadotropin Using Monoclonal Antibodies (단일크론성 항체를 이용한 융모막 성선자극 호르몬의 효소 면역측정법)

  • 차상훈;김희주;김원배;양중익
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.31 no.2
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    • pp.64-69
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    • 1987
  • Monoclonal antibodies against human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) were prepared and characterized by examining isotype, epitope binding, cross reactivity and affinity constants. And a sandwich type enzyme immunoassay for native hCG was developed with solid phase monoclonal antibody against the conformational determinant expressed only on native hCG and horseradish peroxidase conjugated monoclonal antibody against the $\beta$-subunit of hCG. The assay was sensitive to 1 mIU hCG/ml and shown a linear response up to 200 mIU hCG/ml. The cross reactivity for luteinizing hormone and $\beta$-subunit of hCG were 1% and 0.18%, respectively.

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Nitric Oxide Generation from Peritoneal Macrophages by Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (사람 융모 성선 자극 호르몬에 의한 복강 대식세로로부터 산화질소의 발생)

  • Lee, Eun-Hee;Shin, Tae-Yong;Kim, Hyung-Min
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.41 no.3
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    • pp.365-369
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    • 1997
  • Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) is a placental hormone and is involved in maintenance of the corpus luteum during pregnancy. In the present study, effect of hCG on nitiric ox ide (NO) generation from peritoneal macrophage was examined. hCG ahd no effect on NO generation by itself, whereas recombinant interferon- ${\gamma}$ (rIFN-${\gamma}$) alone had modest activity. When hCG was used in combination with rIFN-${\gamma}$, there was a marked cooperative induction of NO generation in a dose-dependent manner. The optimal effect of hCG on NO generation was shown at 6 hr after treatment with rIFN-${\gamma}$. Furthermore, northern blot analysis of showed that hCG increased the expression of inducible NO synthase(iNOS) gene. These results suggest that hCG induces NO generation from macrophages by increasing the expression of iNOS gene.

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