• Title, Summary, Keyword: growth response

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Growth Response of Pinus densiflora to Hydrologic Conditions in the Central Korea (수문 요인에 대한 중부 지역 소나무의 생장 반응)

  • Kim, Je-Su
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.66-71
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    • 1999
  • Main concern is to figure out the growth response of Pinus densiflora to hydrologic conditions in the central Korea. Continuous measurements were carried out with six trees with dendrometers in the Chungbuk National University experimental forest (Wolak-san) during 1995~1996. Surrounding hydrological conditions reflected by the solar radiation, air temperature, precipitation, soil water were included in measurements. Their effects on the biological response of trees was investigated and expressed as response functions. With these response functions, tree growth model was developed. Soil water availability was more related to the tree growth than air temperature. Limited number of biological measurements with dendrometer could permit determination of dynamics of radial tree growth to the hydrological conditions. Tree growth model could be used to check and revise the statistical transfer function of dendrohydrology.

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The Effect of Taxol and Ethyl-N-phenylcarbamate (EPC) on Growth and Gravitropism in Zea mays L

  • Park, Yun-Hee;Choy, Yoon-Hi;Lee, June-Seung
    • Journal of Plant Biology
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    • v.39 no.4
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    • pp.287-293
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    • 1996
  • The effect of taxol and ethyl-N-phenylcarbamate (EPC) on the growth and gravitropism of maize roots and coleoptiles was studied. Taxol is known to promote the assembly of microtubules (MTs) and stabilizes MTs by preventing depolymerization. EPC, on the contrary, is an anti-microtubule drug that promotes disassembly of MTs. Taxol, at 1 $\mu$M, inhibited gravitropic response of maize roots to about 40%, but did not inhibit growth; at 10 $\mu$M, it inhibited the gravitropic response of coleoptile segments of maize by approximately 50%, but did not inhibit growth, while 0.5 mM EPC inhibited both the gravitropic response and growth of maize roots by approximately 50%. Taxol, which inhibited the gravitropic response of maize roots and coleoptile segments, had no effect on either the polar or the bilateral transport of auxin. These results indicated that MT polymerization could not occur normally with taxol or EPC, so that if there was any abnormal rearrangement of MT, the gravitropic response was inhibited, which resulted from the inhibition of neither growth nor auxin transport. This results suggested that gravitropic response was related to the MT arrangement, and that both straight growth and the differential growth in gravitropic response could be regulated by different mechanisms.

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THE RETROSPECTIVE STUDY ON THE RESPONSE TO THE CHINCAP THERAPY IN SKELETAL CLASS III CHILDREN (골격성 III급 부정교합환자의 이모장치에 대한 반응성 및 치료효과에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Byoung-Ho;Yang, Won-Sik
    • The korean journal of orthodontics
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.799-817
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    • 1994
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate the initial skeletal pattern and growth change of whom had responsed well to chincap therapy. 93 patients seleted for this study were in mixed dentition and treated with chincap for more than 2 years. And 54 subjects were selected from these total samples and classified into two groups by the improvement of four measurements : ANB difference, APDI, Wits appraisal, and AF-BF. One was good response group which consisted of 26 children and the other was poor response group with 19 patients. Various measures of the craniofacial structure in the initial lateral cephalograms and the annual increments were calculated and analyzed by comparing two groups with t-test. The results were as follows : 1. Good response group had more horizontal growth pattern in initial stage of treatment than poor response group, and the contributing factors of this result were anterior posterior facial height ratio, gonial angle, lower genial angle and SN-mandibular plane angle. 2. The maxilla was positioned more anteriorly in good response group. 3. The amounts of vertical growth of maxilla was smaller but the horizontal growth of maxilla was larger in good response group. 4. The mandible rotated more infero-posteriorly in good response group. 5. The good response group had more vertical growth pattern of mandibular condyle.

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Growth Response and Uptake of Nitrogen and Phosphorus of Pinus thunbergii by Treatment of a Dried Swine Excrement (고형돈분 처리 시 해송 묘목의 생장반응 및 질소·인 흡수 효과)

  • Lee, Chang-Heon;Cho, Jae-Young
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.72-80
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    • 2006
  • This study was conducted to evaluate the influence of dried swine excrement on the germination of Pinus thunbergii seeds, the growth response of seedlings of Pinus thunbergii and the uptaken of nitrogen and phosphorous by seedlings of Pinus thunbergii. The germination rate of seeds of Pinus thunbergii tends to decrease according to the increasing of application amount of dried swine excrement and the application amounts of dried swine excrement which is more than 3%(w/w %) makes the rate of germination to much more decreased. Contents of nitrogen and phosphorus are much higher in a way that the dried swine excrement was treated in nursery soil. 179 days after seeds of Pinus thunbergii were sowed, nitrogen contents in soil was decreased more than 70% and phosphorus was decreased 20 to 45%. Growth response of Pinus thunbergii was much higher in treatment of dried swine excrement than in control. But growth response was not affected by increasing of application amounts of dried swine excrement. Growth response of Pinus thunbergii was the highest in 2%(w/w %) application but its growth response was decreased in treatment more than 3% (w/w %) of dried swine excrement.

Effects of Infant Massage on Physical Growth and Stress Response in Preterm Babies (아기마사지가 미숙아의 신체성장과 스트레스 반응에 미치는 영향)

  • Cheung, Nam-Youn;Song, Young-Shin
    • Child Health Nursing Research
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.71-80
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    • 2009
  • Purpose: This study was done to investigate the effects of an infant massage on physical growth and stress response in preterm babies. Method: A nonequivalent control group with pre-posttest design was used with 56 preterm babies in the NICU of E medical center at Daejeon. Data were collected from July 2004 to May 2005. The intervention was given for 15 minutes, once a day for 7 days. Physical growth was measured by weight, length, head circumference, and stress response was measured by serum cortisol level. Mean, %, paired-test, t-test with the SPSS/W in 16.0 program were used to analyze the data. Results: After the intervention, physical growth variables (weight, length, head circumference) in experimental group were higher than that of the control group. Also, the serum cortisol level in the experimental group was lower than that of the control group. But none of these results were not statistically significant. Conclusion: The results of this study suggest that a 7-day intervention period may not be long enough to confirm the effects of infant massage on physical growth and stress reaction. Therefore it is suggested that a longer period of infant massage should be tested to determine if it is effective in improving the physical growth and stress reduction in preterm babies.

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A Response Surface Model Based on Absorbance Data for the Growth Rates of Salmonella enterica Serovar Typhimurium as a Function of Temperature, NaCl, and pH

  • Park, Shin-Young;Seo, Kyo-Young;Ha, Sang-Do
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.644-649
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    • 2007
  • Response surface model was developed for predicting the growth rates of Salmonella enterica sv. Typhimurium in tryptic soy broth (TSB) medium as a function of combined effects of temperature, pH, and NaCl. The TSB containing six different concentrations of NaCl (0, 2, 4, 6, 8, and 10%) was adjusted to an initial of six different pH levels (pH 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, and 10) and incubated at 10 or $20^{\circ}C$. In all experimental variables, the primary growth curves were well $(r^2=0.900\;to\;0.996)$ fitted to a Gompertz equation to obtain growth rates. The secondary response surface model for natural logarithm transformations of growth rates as a function of combined effects of temperature, pH, and NaCl was obtained by SAS's general linear analysis. The predicted growth rates of the S. Typhimurium were generally decreased by basic (9, 10) or acidic (5, 6) pH levels or increase of NaCl concentrations (0-8%). Response surface model was identified as an appropriate secondary model for growth rates on the basis of coefficient determination $(r^2=0.960)$, mean square error (MSE=0.022), bias factor $(B_f=1.023)$, and accuracy factor $(A_f=1.164)$. Therefore, the developed secondary model proved reliable predictions of the combined effect of temperature, NaCl, and pH on growth rates for S. Typhimurium in TSB medium.

Development of Predictive Mathematical Model for the Growth Kinetics of Staphylococcus aureus by Response Surface Model

  • Seo, Kyo-Young;Heo, Sun-Kyung;Lee, Chan;Chung, Duck-Hwa;Kim, Min-Gon;Lee, Kyu-Ho;Kim, Keun-Sung;Bahk, Gyung-Jin;Bae, Dong-Ho;Kim, Kwang-Yup;Kim, Cheorl-Ho;Ha, Sang-Do
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.17 no.9
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    • pp.1437-1444
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    • 2007
  • A response surface model was developed for predicting the growth rates of Staphylococcus aureus in tryptic soy broth (TSB) medium as a function of combined effects of temperature, pH, and NaCl. The TSB containing six different concentrations of NaCl (0, 2, 4, 6, 8, and 10%) was adjusted to an initial of six different pH levels (pH 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, and 10) and incubated at 10, 20, 30, and $40^{\circ}C$. In all experimental variables, the primary growth curves were well ($r^2=0.9000$ to 0.9975) fitted to a Gompertz equation to obtain growth rates. The secondary response surface model for natural logarithm transformations of growth rates as a function of combined effects of temperature, pH, and NaCl was obtained by SAS's general linear analysis. The predicted growth rates of the S. aureus were generally decreased by basic (pH 9-10) or acidic (pH 5-6) conditions and higher NaCl concentrations. The response surface model was identified as an appropriate secondary model for growth rates on the basis of correlation coefficient (r=0.9703), determination coefficient ($r^2=0.9415$), mean square error (MSE=0.0185), bias factor ($B_f=1.0216$), and accuracy factor ($A_f=1.2583$). Therefore, the developed secondary model proved reliable for predictions of the combined effect of temperature, NaCl, and pH on growth rates for S. aureus in TSB medium.

DNA Microarray Analysis of Immediate Response to EGF Treatment in Rat Schwannoma Cells

  • OH, Min-Kyu;Scoles, Daniel R.;Pulst, Stefan-M.
    • Biotechnology and Bioprocess Engineering:BBE
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    • v.10 no.5
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    • pp.444-450
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    • 2005
  • Epidermal growth factor (EGF) activates many intracellular effector molecules, which subsequently influence the expression levels of many genes involved in cell growth, apoptosis and signal transduction, etc. In this study, the early response of gene expressions due to EGF treatment was monitored using oligonucleotide DNA microarrays in rat schwannoma cell lines. An immunoblotting experiment showed the successful activation of EGF receptors and an effector protein, STAT5, due to EGF treatment. The microarray study showed that 35 genes were significantly induced and 2 were repressed within 60 min after the treatment. The list of induced genes included early growth response 1, suppressor of cytokine signaling 3, c-fos, interferon regulatory factor 1 and early growth response 2, etc. According to the microarray data, six of these were induced by more than 10-fold, and showed at least two different induction patterns, indicating complicated regulatory mechanisms in the EGF signal transduction.

Up-regulation of Early Growth Response-1 Expression by Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress

  • Han, Song-Yi;Kwon, Ki-Sang;Yun, Eun-Young;Goo, Tae-Won;Kwon, O-Yu
    • Biomedical Science Letters
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.157-160
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    • 2007
  • Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) plays formation of disulfide bonds and proper folding of secretory proteins. Cellular responses to ER stress enhances the stress-activated kinase pathway and the induces a lot of immediate-early genes. Among of them, the early growth response-1 (Egr-1), a transcription factor, which plays an important role in cell growth, development, differentiation, apoptosis and various types of injury. For that reason, we have tested the expression of Egr-1 against ER stress inducible drugs (tunicamycin, DTT, A23187 and BFA) to understand what kind of aspect occurred by ER stresses.

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Effect of Colchicine on the Growth and Gravitropic Response via Ethylene Production in Arabidopsis Roots

  • Kim, Seon Woong;Park, Arom;Ahn, Dong Gyu;Kim, Soon Young
    • Korean Journal of Plant Resources
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    • v.31 no.6
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    • pp.597-603
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    • 2018
  • Inhibitory effect of colchicine on growth and gravitropic responses in Arabidopsis root was explored to find whether there was an involvement of ethylene production. It has been known that cytoskeleton components are implicated in sedimentation of statoliths to respond to gravitropism and growth. The root growth was inhibited by 25% and 40% over control for 8 hr treatment of colchicine at a concentration of $10^{-5}M$ and $10^{-7}M$, respectively. The roots treated with colchicine at the concentration of $10^{-7}M$ showed the same pattern as control in 3 hr, however, gravitropic response was decreased in the next 5 hr. The colchicine treatment at the concentration of $10^{-5}M$ inhibited the gravitropic response resulting in $60^{\circ}$ of curvature. In order to better understand the role of colchicine, the production of ethylene was measured with and without the treatment of colchicine. Colchicine increased the ethylene production by 20% when compared to control via the activation of ACC oxidase and ACC synthase activity. These results suggest that the inhibition of the growth and gravitropic responses of Arabidopsis roots by the treatment of colchicine could be attributed to the rearrangement of microtubule, and increase of ethylene production.