• Title, Summary, Keyword: growth inhibition

Search Result 3,431, Processing Time 0.054 seconds

Characteristics of the Algal Growth inhibition Substances Produced by Alteromonas sp. SR-14 (Alteromonas sp. SR-14가 생산하는 조류증식 저해 물질의 특성)

  • 김지회;이희정;이태식;김형락;이명숙;장독석
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
    • /
    • v.14 no.3
    • /
    • pp.270-276
    • /
    • 1999
  • In previous reports, the authors isolated the algicidal marine bacterium, Alteromonas sp. SR-14 and demonstrated its growth inhibition of diatom, Chaetoceros calcitrans (C. calcitrans). In this paper, we studied the effects of cell free culture filtrate of Alteromonas sp. SR-14 on the growth of C. calcitrans, and the characteristics of the algal growth inhibition substance. The culture filtrate of Alteromonas sp. SR-14 grown in peptone broth showed growth inhibition activity against C. calcitrans. The reasonable culture conditions of the bacterium for producing of algal growth inhibition substances were $15~20^{\circ}$ in temperature, 7.0-9.0 in pH and $23~30{\textperthousand}$ in salinity, respectively. The algal growth inhibition activity of culture filtrate was increased from stationary phase in growth curve of Alteromonas sp. SR-14. The molecular weights of algal growth inhibition substances produced by Alteromonas sp. SR-14 were ranged about from 3 KDa to 12 KDa. Among the substances, less than 10 KDa fraction were stable by heating at $100^{\circ}$ for 10 minutes, while more than 10 KDa fraction were heat labile. According to the experimental results, the algal growth inhibition substance produced by the bacterium was not a single compound.

  • PDF

Investigated of Mathematical Model for the Specific Growth Rate of Ethanol Producing Microorganism, Saccharomyces cerevisiae ATCC 24858 (에탄올 생산 균주 Saccharomyces cerevisiae ATCC 248858의 비성장속도에 관한 수학적 모형연구)

  • 김휘동;허병기
    • KSBB Journal
    • /
    • v.13 no.6
    • /
    • pp.730-734
    • /
    • 1998
  • The mathematical model of specific growth rate of Saccharomyces cerevisiae ATCC 24858 is proposed as a function of sugar and ethanol concentrations by the combination of Andrew's equation and Aiba's equation. The maximum concentration of sugar Sm, which was the highest concentration of sugar not having any effect on the growth inhibition, was 150 g/L and the substrate inhibition was expressed as a function of (S-Sm). The maximum specific growth inhibition, was 150 g/L and the substrate inhibition was expressed as a function of (S-Sm). The maximum specific growth rate ${\mu}m$, Monod's constant Ks, and Andrew's inhibition constant KI were 0.49 hr-1, 19 g/L, and 139 g/L, respectively. The maximum ethanol concentration, Pm, which did not show any inhibition effect on the specific growth rate was found to be 2 g/L. Therefore, the ethanol inhibition was represented as a function of (P-Pm). The final mathematical model for the specific growth rate of the microorganism in this work is proposed as the following. And the average percent of errors between the calculated specific growth rate and the experimental values was 5.96%.

  • PDF

Growth inhibition of Perilla frutescens var. acuta extract (차조기 Perilla frutescens var. acuta.의 항균활성)

  • Lee, Eun-Sook;Seo, Bu-Il
    • The Korea Journal of Herbology
    • /
    • v.20 no.2
    • /
    • pp.83-89
    • /
    • 2005
  • Objectives : This study was performed to investigate the effects of Perilla frutescens var. acuta extracts on growth inhibition of Streptococcus pyogenes KCTC 3208. Methods : Measured growth inhibition of Streptococcus pyogenes KCTC 3208 by concentration of the Perilla frutescens var. acuta. extract and collection periods of the Perilla frutescens var. acuta. and picking region of the Perilla frutescens var. acuta. Results : The Perilla frutescens var. acuta. extract is effective on retarding growth of Streptococcus pyogenes KCTC 3208. At 3% the growth of Streptococcus pyogenes KCTC 3208 was suddenly retarded. The stem of Perilla frutescens var. acuta. extract in a sunny place on June is more effective then its leaf. Conclusions : These results suggest that Perilla frutescens var. acuta. extract is effective in growth inhibition of Streptococcus pyogenes KCTC 3208.

  • PDF

Inhibition of Hepatocellular Carcinoma Cell Growth by the Extract of Symphytum offcinale L. and the Possible Mechanisms for this Inhibition

  • Ham, Seung-Shi;Park, Kyong-Gun;Lee, Yong-Moon;Lee, Young-Ik;Yoon, Ji-Won;Kim, Seong-Jin;Lee, euk-Sik
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
    • /
    • v.2 no.3
    • /
    • pp.236-240
    • /
    • 1997
  • A crude extract of Smphytum officinale L. (comfrey) was for its ability to inhibit he growth of hepatocellular carcinoma cells and expression of the insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-II) gene. The DNA synthesis of hepatocellular carcinoma cell lines, Hep G2, Hep 3B, and PLC/PRF/5 was inhibited by a crude extract of Smphytum officinale in both a time- and a dose-dependent manners. This plant extract also inhibited expression of the IGF-II gene. Since IGF-II exerts a mitogenic effect on Hep G2 cells, these results suggest that the growth inhibition by Symphytum officinale extract is, in part, mediated through the inhibition of IGF-II gene expression.

  • PDF

Antifungal Activity of the Extracts from Veratrum album L. var. grandiflorum Max. (백려노근경(白藜蘆根莖) 추출물(抽出物)의 항진균작용(抗眞菌作用))

  • Lee, Jong-Hwa;Kim, Won-Ja;Song, Byung-Sook;Cho, Sun-Hee
    • The Korean Journal of Pharmacology
    • /
    • v.9 no.2
    • /
    • pp.1-6
    • /
    • 1973
  • Although numerous drugs are available for the treatment of superficial fungi infections of skin, the clinical effects of the majority of such drugs are not satisfactory. In the hope of searching the effective drugs for superficial fungi infections, authors studied whether Veratrum rhizoma extracts had any effect on fungi, with water extract (VRWE), ethanol extract (VREE) and methanol extract (VRME) from Veratrum album L. var. grandiflorum Max. In in vitro studies, the spores of fungi were inoculated on Sabouraud's glucose agar media which contained three extracts of Veratrun rhizoma in each concentration of $500\;{\mu}g/ml$, $1,000\;{\mu}g/ml$ and $5,000\;{\mu}g/ml$ respectively, and the growth of the fungi were observed for 3 weeks. The species of the fungi used in these experiments were Epidermophyton floccosum, Microsporum canis, Microsporum nanum, Microsporum gypseum, Microsporum cookei, Trichophyton rubrum, Trichophyton mentagrophytes, Trichophyton tonsurans and Trichophyton verrucosum. The results of the studies were as follows: 1. The growth of M. canis, M. nanum, T mentagrophytes and T. tonsurans were slightly inhibited by VRWE $1,000\;{\mu}g/ml$, and with VRWE $5,000\;{\mu}g/ml$, the growth of E. floccosum, M. gypseum and T. rubrum were slightly inhibited, moderate inhibition on the growth of M. canis, M. nanum, M. cookei, T. mentagrophytes and T. tonsurans were showed by VRWE $5,000\;{\mu}g/ml$. 2. With $500\;{\mu}g/ml$ of VREE, the inhibition on growth of E. floccosum, M. nanum and M. gypseum were slight, however significant inhibition on the growth of M. canis, M. cookei, T. mentagrophytes, T. rubrum and T. tonsurans were observed. The growth of M. nanum and M. gypseum were moderately inhibited, and significant inhibition on the growth of E. floccosum, M. canis, M. cookei, T. mentagrophytes, T. rubrum and T. tonsurans were observed by VREE $1,000\;{\mu}g/ml$. By VREE $5,000\;{\mu}g/ml$, the growth of all tested fungi were significantly inhibited except T. verrucosuia being showed slight inhibition. 3. Significant inhibition on the growth of M. canis, T, mentagrophytes, T. rubrum and T. tonsurans were noted, and moderate inhibition of M. nanum, slight inhibition of E. floccosum and M. gypseum in growth were observed by VRME $500\;{\mu}g/ml$. The growth of E. floccosum, M. canis, M. nanum, M. cookei, T. mentsgrophytes, T. rubrum and T. tonsurans were significantly inhibited by VRME $1,000\;{\mu}g/ml$, and that of M. gypseum was moderate. With $5,000\;{\mu}g/ml$ of VRME, significant inhibition on the growth of E. floccosum, M. canis, M. nanum, M. gypseum, M. cookei, T mentagrophytes, T. rubrum and T. tonsurans were observed, and T. verrucosum was showed only slight inhibition. From the above results, it was found that the extracts of organic solvents from Veratrum rhizoma (VREE & VRME) exerted significant antifungal activity, and their effects were probably derived from the pharmacological action of steroidal alkaloids.

  • PDF

Growth Inhibition of Red Ginseng Extracts Against Human Tumor Cell Line by Clonogenic Assay (Clonogenic assay을 이용한 홍삼추출물의 인체종양세포에 대한 증식억제효과)

  • Kim, Chang-Han;Lee, Gyeong-Ho;Byeon, Eun-Gyeong
    • Journal of Ginseng Research
    • /
    • v.22 no.3
    • /
    • pp.188-192
    • /
    • 1998
  • We established the model of clonogenic assay with human tumor cell line such as Calu-3 (lung carcinoma), HEC- lB (endometrial adenocarcinoma) , HEp-2 (larnyx carcinoma), Hs-5787 (breast carcinoma), K-562 (chronic myelogenous leukemia), SF-188 (brain carcinoma), SNU-1 (stomach carcinoma) and WiDr (colon carcinoma) . We investigated growth inhibition of solvent (EtOH, MeOH) and water (100$^{\circ}C$, 121$^{\circ}C$) extracts from Korean red ginseng by clonogenic assay. The results of clonogenic assay showed that EtOH extract had growth inhibition against Calu-3, SF-188 and SNU-1, MeOH extract had growth inhibition against Calu-3, Hs-5787, K-562, and WiDr, but water extract at 100$^{\circ}C$ and water extract at 121$^{\circ}C$ had not growth inhibition against used cell lines.

  • PDF

Inhibition of Bacterial Growth with Silver Wire Iontophoresis (은 이온도입이 세균성장에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee Jae-Hyoung;Kim Joo-Young;Jekal Seung-Joo
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
    • /
    • v.7 no.1
    • /
    • pp.61-67
    • /
    • 1995
  • The silver cation has broad-spectrum antibiotic activity toward Gram-positive, Gram-negative, fungal. aerobic and anerobic micro-organisms. Silver has been used to care of infected wound. pyogenic arthritis, and chronic osteomyelitis. The purpose of this study was to determine whether pure silver wire iontophoresis using milliamperage direct current has an inhibitory effect on growth in vitro of 3 different species of bacteria-Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Using agarose based media, silver iontophoresis performed at 0, 1, 2, 4, 8 mA for 15 minutes. All experiments were performed in triplicate. Following iontophoresis, inhibition zone width of bacterial growth was measured with calliper. The inhibition of bacterial growth occured at the anodal silver electrode. Inhibition zone width of bacterial growth was significantly increased in all three bacterial species (p<0.05). Between bacterial species, inhibition zone width was not significantly different. Inhibition gone and amperage showed a highly significant positive linear relationship (p<0.001). The result of this study showed that pure silver wire iontophoresis with milliamperage direct current, as well as microamperage direct current, can inhibit bacterial growth in vivo.

  • PDF

The inhibitive effect of erythritol on growth and acidogenic ability of Streptococcus mutans (에리스리톨의 Streptococcus mutans에 대한 성장력과 산생성능의 억제효과)

  • Park, Young-Nam
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
    • /
    • v.11 no.12
    • /
    • pp.515-522
    • /
    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study was to closely examine the inhibitive effect of erythritol on growth and acidogenic ability of Streptococcus mutans. As expected, the growth of S. mutans was comparably increased with the addition of sucrose. However, xylitol and erythritol remarkably reduced the growth of S. mutans. Growth inhibition was detected at more than 5% of erythritol although xylitol showed growth inhibition effect at all concentrations tested. Growth inhibition effect was monitored with the combination of same concentration of erythritol and other carbohydrates. Combination of 5% or 10% erythritol with xylitol showed effective growth inhibition. Addition of 2.5%, 5%, or 10% erythritol with sorbitol also showed growth inhibition. From these results, erythritol showed potency of growth inhibition of S. mutans, which is involved in dental caries, and was confirmed to be an excellent sugar substitute, which has effect on preventing caries.

Growth and Chlorophyll Biosynthesis of Vigna angularis under Lead Stress

  • Suh-Young Koo;Sun
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
    • /
    • v.1 no.2
    • /
    • pp.145-155
    • /
    • 1992
  • The effect of various supplies of lead singly and in combination with aluminium on growth and chlorophyll biosynthesis was investigated in 7-day-old Vigna anguluris seedlings. Expose to 50 $\mu$N Pb or more drastically reduced root elongation rate. Significant depressions in root growth was observed within 1 day and no recovery of growth was seen over the duration of treatment period. Root elongation decreased depending on the Pb concentrations. Root growth inhibition was stronger than shoot growth inhibition. The initiation of lateral roots appeared to be more sensitive to Pb than the growth of main roots. Inhibition of root and shoot elongation by Pb was lessened by combined exposure of Pb and Al, suggesting that the presence of AA reverse the inhibitory effect of Pb alone. With the histochemical sodium rhodizonate method the rate of Pb uptake was dependent on the Pb concentration and exposure time of the roots to Pb salts. Pb was first deposited on the root surface and then translocated radially in the root cap cells. During a longer Pb administration (up to 72 h) Pb penetration was nonuniform, with accumulation within the cortex or endodermis. There was drastic reduction in chlorophyll content by Pb. The Pb inhibition of chlorophyll synthesis was concentration dependent. 5-Aminolevulinic acid dehydratase (ALAD) activity exhibited distinct inhibition from control. Reduction in chlorophyll content was accompanied by proportional changes in ALAD activity. Chlorophyll content and ALAD activity were less affected by combined exposure of Pb and Al, suggesting that Al has a protective effect against the inhibiting action of Pb on photosynthetic activity.

  • PDF

Use of Duckweed (Lemna gibba) Growth-Inhibition Test to Evaluate the Toxicity of Chromate in Korea (환경독성 평가를 위한 좀개구리밥(Lemna gibba)의 성장저해시험법에 관한 연구)

  • 김은주;이성규
    • Environmental health and toxicology
    • /
    • v.16 no.4
    • /
    • pp.205-209
    • /
    • 2001
  • Lemna gibba was newly cultured and provided for toxicity tests. In this study, the chromate toxicity tests for Lemna gibba were performed according to the OECD Lemna growth inhibition test guideline. The test species was Lemna gibba, and the tests were repeated 5 times. To evaluate the toxicity test results, the average specific growth rate, EC50, 95% confidential limit, and variances were calculated. The test performance was analyzed by the doubling time and test statistics. The average values of EC50 data determined by logistic and linear interpolation curves were 25.9 ppm and 35.4 ppm respectively (by chromate concentration). The doubling time of all controls were below 2.5 day, so all tests passed the criteria for the test performance. This study introduced a new test method, Lemna growth inhibition test, which is provided for the hazard assessment of aquatic environment.

  • PDF