• Title, Summary, Keyword: ground beef

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Microbiological and Oxidative Stability of Low Fat Ground Beef during Refrigeration (취반 재고미를 첨가하여 제조한 저지방 분쇄우육의 냉중중 안정성)

  • 김혁일
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.301-306
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    • 1998
  • Four low fat ground beef groups containing 10% fat plus 0, 5, 10 and 20% additional cooked lod rice and a control ground beef containing 30% fat were prepared and the analysis for microbiological and oxidative stability were conducted. During 6 days of storage at 4$^{\circ}C$ microbial analysis including total plate count and coliform groups were performed and 2-thiobarbituric acid reactive substance (TBARS) absorbances were measured. The growth rate of total aerobic bacteria and coliform groups tended to increase with the increase in fat content and the amount of added cooked lod rice. Development of oxidative rancidity were not significantly different between 10 and 30% fat ground beef but among the 10% ground beef the rancidity development significantly(p<05) decreased with the in-crease in the amount of added cooked old rice. Low fat ground beef groups were not stable over 3 days during storage at 4$^{\circ}C$.

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Sensory and Instrumental Texture Characteristics of Low Fat Ground Beef Manufactured with the Addition of Cooked Old Rice (취반 재고미를 청가하여 제조한 저지방 분쇄우육의 관능검사 및 물성학적 특성)

  • Whang, Key;Ha, Young-Duck;Kim, Hyuk-Il
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.668-672
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    • 1996
  • Four low fat ground beef groups containing 10% fat plus 0, 5, 10 and 20% additional cooked old rice and a control ground beef containing 30% fat were prepared. Various sensory characteristics and instrumental textures were measured in order to determine the acceptability of low fat ground beef and to find out the most appropriate level of addition of cooked old rice as a fat replacer. Ground beef containg 10% fat had higher flavor and firmness scores than any other ground beef groups. Ground beef with 10% fat plus 5% cooked old rice had higher flavor, particle size, firmness and overall acceptability scores but lower juiciness and tenderness scores than ground beef with higher amount of cooked old rice (10 and 20%) and ground beef with 30% fat. Ground beef containing 10% fat plus 10 and 20% cooked old rice had higher juiciness, tenderness, particle size and overall acceptability scores but lower flavor and firmness scores than any other ground beef groups. Ground beef with 30% fat had higher flavor, juiciness, tenderness and firmness scores but lower particle size and overall acceptability scores. Conclusively, ground beef with the fat content reduced to 10% plus 5 or 10% additional cooked old rice as fat replacer still possessed the desirable sensory and instrumental texture properties.

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Inhibition of Listeria monocytogenes in Vacuum or Modified Atmosphere-Packed Ground Beef by Lactococcal Bacteriocins

  • Park, Hye-Jung;Lee, Na-Kyoung;Kim, Kee-Tae;Ha, Jung-Uk;Lee, Dong-Sun;Paik, Hyun-Dong
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.196-199
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    • 2003
  • We investigated the antagonistic effects of two lactococcal bacteriocins, nisin or lacticin NK24, on the growth and the survival of Listeria monocytogenes in vacuum or modified atmosphere-packaged ground beef, Ground beef was inoculated with approximately 3 log colony-forming units (CFU) of L. monocytogenes ATCC 15313 culture per gram of ground beef. Inoculated samples were blended with/without 100 AU/g nisin or lacticin NK24, and subsequently vacuum or modified atmosphere packed at 4$^{\circ}C$. Listeria in the bacteriocin-treated and control samples was subsequently isolated from both vacuum and modified atmosphere packs and enumerated as CFU on Listeria Isolation Agar medium. Microbial counts in ground beef treated with bacteriocin declined steadily, while those of non-treated beef samples increased steadily. The results obtained demonstrate that nisin inhibits the growth of L. monocytogenes more effectively than lacticin NK24 at 100 AU/g. The use of lactococcal bacteriocins, such as nisin or lacticin NK24, in vacuum or modified atmosphere packaging offers a promising approach for eliminating or reducing the risk of L monocytogenes contamination in ground beef.

Cholesterol Content , Calories and Production Costs of Low Fat Ground Beef Manufactured with the Addition of Cooked Old Rice (취반 재고미를 첨가하여 제조한 저지방 분쇄우육의 Cholesterol 함량 및 열량과 생산원가)

  • Whang, Key;Kim, Hyuk-Il;Lee, Sam-Bin
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.673-677
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    • 1996
  • Four low fat ground beef groups containing 10% fat plus 0, 5, 10 and 20% additional cooked old rice and a control ground beef containing 30% fat were prepared and their cholesterol contents, calories and production costs were investigated to find out the appropriateness of addition of cooked old rice. There were no differences in pHs with the variations in fat content and the content of cooked old rice. As the amount of added cooked old rice increased from 5 to 20%, cook yield of ground beef also increased. When the fat content of beef was reduced from 30 to 10%, the cholesterol content of beef was not reduced but with the fat content fixed to 10% and the content of added cooked old rice increased from 5 to 20%, the cholesterol content of ground beef decreased. Calories of ground beef were reduced by approximately 50% with the reduction of fat content from 30 to 10% and production costs decreased with the increase in the content of added cooked old rice.

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Sensory and Physical Characteristics of Consomme Prepared with Different Ratios of Beef and Chicken (쇠고기와 닭고시의 배합비에 따른 Consomme의 관능적 및 물리적 특성)

  • Kim Young-Sik;Jang Myung-Sook
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.15 no.5
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    • pp.582-590
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    • 2005
  • The application of consomme prepared with different ratios of ground beef and ground chicken to improve taste preferences and the cost of foodstuffs was attempted by reviewing fundamental data and the effect on the sensory and physical characteristics of treatment These treatments were prepared with different ratios(9:1(A), 7:3(B), 5:5(C), 3:7(D), 1:9(E) w/w) of ground beef and ground chicken, respectively. Sensory properties were evaluated in the aspects of both acceptability and intensity. From the acceptability aspect, A treatment showed the highest scores in smell, B in mouthfeel and taste, A and B in color and overall acceptability, respectively. In terms of acceptability, B treatment was favored most for color, mouthfeel, taste and overall acceptability except smell. The more the ground chicken, the higher the intensity aspect E treatment showed higher values than A in all the intensity aspects. Moisture contents and crude proteins increased by increasing the mixed ratio of ground beef, whereas crude ash, solid matter and pH increased by increasing the mixed ratio of ground chicken. Tumidity values were the highest in E treatment, whereas the lowest in A. Tumidity values were increased significantly by increasing the mixed ratio of ground chicken. Viscosity increased by increasing the mixed ratio of ground chicken. The highest viscosity was shown in E treatment The colorimetric lightness values(L) decreased and redness(a), yellowness(b) and total color difference values(AE) increased significantly by increasing the mixed ratio of ground chicken. This experimental study showed that A and B treatment had the highest values in overall acceptability. The results of analysis in crude protein, solid matter, tumidity and viscosity were increased by increasing the mixed ratio of ground chicken. B treatment prepared with a ratio of 7:3 of ground beef and chicken had the most favorable sensory quality. These results suggested the basic information to improve acceptability and to save the costs of Consomme recipes for foodservice institutions.

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Antimicrobial Effect of Buffered Sodium Citrate (BSC) on Foodborne Pathogens in Liquid Media and Ground Beef

  • Ryu, Si-Hyun;Fung, Daniel -Y. C.
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.239-243
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    • 2010
  • The antimicrobial effects of a commercially available, buffered sodium citrate (BSC) were evaluated for the reduction of total aerobic bacteria count, Salmonella Typhimurium, Escherichia coli O157:H7, Listeria monocytogenes and Staphylococcus aureus in a liquid medium and ground beef. BSC at 0, 1, 2 and 4.8% (wt/vol) or 0, 3, and 4.8% (wt/wt) was mixed into inoculated brain heart infusion (BHI) broth and ground beef (80% lean), respectively. BSC at concentrations of 1 and 2% did not inhibit growth of the pathogens tested in BHI broth. E. coli O157:H7 in BHI broth with 4.8% BSC was significantly reduced (p<0.05) by 3~4 log CFU/mL compared with the control for up to 4 days. At 4.8%, BSC treatment of ground beef most significantly reduced (p<0.05) total aerobic count and E. coli O157:H7 by 2.1 and 2.0 log CFU/g, respectively. This study indicates that the legally allowable level of 1.3% (wt/wt) BSC is not effective for reducing the pathogens tested in ground beef stored at $7^{\circ}C$.

Combined Effects of Modified Atmosphere Packaging and Organic Acid Salts (Sodium Acetate and Calcium Lactate) on the Quality and Shelf-life of Hanwoo Ground Beef Patties

  • Muhlisin, Muhlisin;Kang, Sun-Moon;Choi, Won-Hee;Lee, Keun-Taik;Cheong, Sung-Hee;Lee, Sung-Ki
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.30 no.4
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    • pp.685-694
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    • 2010
  • The present study investigated the combined effects of modified atmosphere packaging (MAP) and organic acid salts on the quality and shelf-life of Hanwoo ground beef patties. The ground beef containing 500 ppm of ascorbic acid was prepared with air-packaging (Air-P), high oxygen-MAP (70% $O_2$+30% $CO_2$/OxyMAP), and nitrogen-MAP (100% $N_2$/NitroMAP), in combination with organic acid salts (1500 ppm of sodium acetate and 500 ppm of calcium lactate). The samples were stored for 11 d at $5^{\circ}C$. The pH value of ground beef patties decreased during storage in all the treatments. The ground beef patties with organic acid salts showed relatively higher level of pH during storage compared with non-added patties (p<0.05). Lipid oxidation was accelerated in OxyMAP while it was delayed in NitroMAP treated with organic acid salts. Nitro-MAP treated with organic acid salts was effective in stabilizing the color characteristics of lightness (CIE $L^*$) and redness (CIE $a^*$) during storage. Oxygen content in MAP was shown to be a more important factor affecting color stability and lipid oxidation of ground beef than organic acid salts. The aerobic and anaerobic bacterial counts were reduced both in OxyMAP and NitroMAP (p<0.05), and the lactic acid bacteria was inhibited by Oxy-MAP (p<0.05). Coliform bacteria decreased during storage as pH value was decreased in all treatments. According to the sensory evaluation, the ground beef patties in NitroMAP showed the best quality among all treatments during storage. Therefore, Hanwoo ground beef patties added with sodium acetate and calcium lactate and packed with NitroMAP showed better quality characteristics than other treatments. This packaging method is recommended and could be utilized for packaging hanwoo ground beef patties for improving quality and extending shelf-life.

Elucidation of Antioxidant Activity of Phosvitin Extracted from Egg Yolk using Ground Meat

  • Jung, Samooel;Jo, Cheo-Run;Kang, Min-Gu;Ahn, Dong-Uk;Nam, Ki-Chang
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.32 no.2
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    • pp.162-167
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    • 2012
  • Phosvitin was extracted from a chicken egg yolk and the iron-binding, along with antioxidative activity of the extracted phosvitin, was determined after mixing with ground beef at the concentrations of 100 and 500 mg/kg of meat. The electrophoretic pattern of the extracted phosvitin on SDS-PAGE was found to be identical to that of the standard phosvitin. The extracted phosvitin at $1,000{\mu}g$/mL showed an ability to bind approximately 65% of the iron in a 3 mM iron solution. Lipid oxidation was inhibited in the ground beef mixed with 500 mg/kg of the extracted phosvitin, during storage at $4^{\circ}C$ compared to that of the control (p<0.05). Additionally, color stability of ground beef containing the extracted phosvitin was enhanced (p<0.05). The pH, cooking loss, texture, and sensory properties of the ground beef were not affected, by adding up to 500 mg/kg of the extracted phosvitin. This result suggests that the phosvitin extracted from egg yolk could be used as an antioxidant reagent. In particular, phosvitin would be more amenable for use in meat products because it is a natural protein derived from animal products.

Microbiological and Physicochemical Quality of Irradiated Ground Beef as Affected by Added Garlic or Onion

  • Rico, Catherine W.;Kim, Gui-Ran;Jo, Cheo-Run;Nam, Ki-Chang;Kang, Ho-Jin;Ahn, Dong-Uk;Kwon, Joong-Ho
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.29 no.6
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    • pp.680-684
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    • 2009
  • The effects of garlic and onion on the microbiological and physicochemical properties of irradiated ground beef patties were evaluated. Ground beef was mixed with 0.5%(w/w) minced garlic or 2.5%(w/w) minced onion, vacuum-packed in oxygen-impermeable nylon/PE bags and then electron beam-irradiated at 2.5 kGy. All samples were kept at $4^{\circ}C$ for 8 d. Irradiation resulted in a 2-log CFU/g reduction in both aerobic and coliform bacteria. The microbial counts gradually increased during storage, but those in beef that contained garlic or onion were 1-log CFU/g lower than those of the control samples after 8 d of storage. The pH value decreased during storage in all meat samples, but this decrease was greater in non-irradiated beef than in irradiated beef. The lipid oxidation, volatile basic nitrogen content and Hunter color values of raw patties were generally not affected by irradiation or the addition of garlic and onion. Sensory evaluation of cooked patties showed that the off-odor was less pronounced in samples that contained added garlic or onion than in control samples, and that the overall acceptability of beef formulated with garlic was the highest. Overall, the results of this study indicate that the addition of garlic or onion in combination with irradiation treatment enhanced the microbial quality and improved the sensory quality of irradiated ground beef.

Effects of Ground, Concentrated, and Powdered Beef on the Quality of Noodle Products

  • Jeon, Ki Hong;Hwang, Yoon Seon;Kim, Young Boong;Kim, Eun Mi;Park, Jong Dae;Choi, Jin Young
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.34 no.6
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    • pp.784-791
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    • 2014
  • The aim of this study was to ascertain the effects of beef on the quality characteristics, such as color, texture profile, water absorption ratio, volume, turbidity, and sensory evaluation, of noodle products. Various types of beef were added to the flour at a mixture ratio of ground beef (BG) 10, 15, 20, 25%; concentrated beef (BC) 9, 11, 13, 15%; and powdered beef (BP) 1, 3, 5, 7%. Each treatment was analyzed and compared with a 100% flour noodle as a control. With increasing BG, BC, and BP ratios, the L and b values for color decreased, while the a value increased, from that in the control. The hardness of the noodles treated with BG increased with increasing mixture ratios, but hardness decreased in the BC and BP treatments with increasing mixture ratios (p<0.05). The noodles with the largest beef composition in the mixtures of each treatment exhibited the highest turbidity scores, which was believed to be because the solid contents would be transferred to the soup during heating. In the sensory evaluation of cooked noodles, the BG 10%, BC 9%, and BP 1% treatments exhibited the best color. In an overall preference test, 20% of BG and 3% of BP could be added to the noodles. The best palatability was exhibited by the BG 10%, BC 13%, and BP 3% treatments.