• Title, Summary, Keyword: greening

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Current Status of Applications of Extensive Greening Technology (경량형 옥상 녹화 유형 정의와 적용 현황)

  • Kim, Hyeon Soo
    • KIEAE Journal
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    • v.12 no.5
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    • pp.85-92
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    • 2012
  • This research was executed to analyze the problems of Korean type of 'Light-weight' Greening that has been applied similarly by the type of 'Intensive Greening,' and to suggest the better way. To achieve this purpose, we compared and analyzed the theory about the definition of Korean type of Roof Greening and the type of Greening of FLL. And we researched documents and fields of 18 sites of Seoul City that applied the type of 'Light-weigh' Greening, and produced improvement issues and directions. To resolve the confusion of the type definition and site application, arising from considering 'weight of greening' as the main viewpoint to classify the type of Greening, we have to change the term 'Light-weight' with more suitable for contents-based definitions. According to a 'Light-weight' Greening field survey, only 5 among 18 sites are suitable for Extensive Greening and the rest sites show the character of Intensive Greening. Korean concept of 'Light-weight' Greening corresponds with the definition of 'Weight of Greening', but has a problem that does not correspond with the viewpoint of 'Maintenance of Greening'. This problem comes from the fact that the surveyed Light-weight(extensive) Greening sites are designed and executed for use. Therefore, Extensive Greening is proper to be applied for sites, excluded from use. 5 sites, determined suitable for Extensive Greening, adopts 'Sedum-herbaceous Planting' or 'Sedum-grasses Planting' forms of Greening, based on Sedum. So, it has to precede with selecting and breeding plants for developing various forms of Greening, suitable for Extensive Greening including 'Grasses-herbaceous Planting.'

A Comparative Analysis of Rooftop Greening in Korea and Japan (한국과 일본의 옥상녹화 동향분석 및 비교)

  • Jang, Seong-Wan;Lee, Dong-Kun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
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    • v.11 no.6
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    • pp.143-152
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    • 2008
  • A comparative analysis of rooftop greening in Korea and Japan was carried out to understand current status of rooftop greening creation and technology and to give directions to frame a policy or plan on rooftop greening in Korea. Besides literature studies, questionnaire survey to Korean and Japanese experts on rooftop greening were done. As results, the annual creation areas, the types and the scales of rooftop greening in Seoul and Tokyo until 2007 were analysed and the satisfaction on the creation areas and technologies, the preference types, the present levels of and the most important parts among policies (support systems), technologies (creation methods), materials, maintenances and user programs for the development or expansion of rooftop greening in Korea and Japan were compared. The creation areas of rooftop greening in Seoul until 2007 was around 15% in Tokyo but the increasing rate of those in Seoul was faster than in Tokyo. Korean needs for the improvement on the rooftop greening systems and technologies were higher than Japanese, but both desired the expansion of rooftop greening areas in both countries. Korean preferred semi-intensive rooftop greening system but Japanese preferred intensive system. Korean and Japanese rooftop greening experts preferred policies (support systems) and technologies (creation methods) for the most important part for the development or expansion of rooftop greening in both countries.

Interest based-participation requiring accountability in greening

  • Park, Mi Sun
    • Forest Science and Technology
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.169-180
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    • 2018
  • The Republic of Korea (ROK) has had a successful experience in greening its land because of strong state policy and public participation. This paper aims to analyze the interest positions, participation, and accountability of multiple actors in the process of greening movements in the ROK. These movements were divided into two phases: forest rehabilitation (1973-1997) and urban greening (1998-2017). During the first phase, farmers caused deforestation by slash-and-burn farming and illegal logging, and governmental agencies acted as helpers controlled the farmers' deforestation activities. During the second phase, government agencies and enterprises caused deforestation with urban development projects, including construction of housings and roads. Multiple actors including citizens, NGOs, and enterprises helped urban greening through campaigns, donations, and monitoring. As a result, managing interest positions is significant to motivate multiple actors to participate in the greening movement. Participation with clear accountability is meaningful for successful greening. Therefore interest-based participation requiring accountability contributes to greening. This phenomenon indicates interconnection for interest positions, participation and accountability should be considered in designing greening policies.

Present Status and Future Trends on Urban Greening at Special Sites

  • Huinan Fu;hongye Huan
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture International Edition
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    • no.2
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    • pp.51-56
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    • 2004
  • This paper discussed the use of the urban greening space beside nature land----special sites of urban Greening. Consider: the special sites of urban greening are referred to the space formed by urban building and framing, where plants can grow under natural or artificial condition. Filly using those spaces will efficiently increase green area, improving ecological environment and landscape in urban area. A classification to special sites of urban greening was put forward, which are the habits of plant combine with the form of buildings. The present status and future trends on urban greening at special sites was discussed and analyzed. Consider: there are two developing trends of the research of urban greening at special sites. Firstly, it is more naturalize and ecologize greening landscape. Secondly, It will take form a techologize in the process of constructing and materials.

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A Construction of Web-based Decision Making Support System for Artificial Ground Greening (인공지반녹화의 웹 지원 의사결정지원시스템 구축)

  • Lee, Dong-Kun;Park, Chan;Kim, Jae-Uk;Yoon, So-Won;Jang, Seong-Wan;Shin, Sang-Hee
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.62-71
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    • 2008
  • Recently, the expansion of housing developments has reduced green areas in cities. The reduction of green areas caused many negative effects on human beings. For functional improvement of ecosystem, government focuses on artificial ground greening because it gives improving microclimate and saving energy consumption. This research aims to develop the system to support decision making of greening for artificial ground greening. This system consist of rooftop greening, wall greening, and street greening system which can suggest proper type of greening and calculate the effect of the greening considering the proponents inputs. It presents social, economic, and ecological value such as cost, energy saving, and temperature reduction. As it is web-based system users can easily access with internet. This system provides automatic selection modes.As a result, with this developed web-based system, decision makers can evaluate the effect of artificial ground green easily and the support to such movement will increase.

On the Development of Flesh Greening of the Stored Garlic (저장 마늘의 녹변현상에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Dong-Man;Kim, Kil-Hwan
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.50-55
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    • 1990
  • Differences in the major components between non-greening and greening garlic bulbs were compared, and the several factors to be affected on the greening were investigated to study on the greening phenomenon occured in garlic puree made from stored garlic bulbs. From the several chemical analyses it was found that the contents of total nitrogen and lipid were lower in the greening than in the non-greening bulb but the contents of pyruvic and succinic acid were not. The content ratio of glutamic acid to total amino acid and the composition ratios of linoleic and linolenic acid were high in the greening bulb in comparsion with the non-greening. The protein pattern of the greening bulb by SDS-PAGE was significantly differed from that of the non-greening, especially in molecular weight ranges of 45.0-66.2 Kd. From the studies on the effects of pH, temperature and duration on the development of green color in the garlic powder solution, the optimum pH for the greening was 5.5 and maximum degree of the greening in the pH adjusted solution was shown after 30 min at $50^{\circ}C$.

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A Study on Related System of Building Greening in Japan (일본의 건축물 녹화 관련제도 연구)

  • Yoon, Yong-Han;Ju, Jin-Hee;Kim, Won-Tae
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.19 no.12
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    • pp.1397-1402
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    • 2010
  • In recently, building greening to improve the urban environment is a very important areas. Thus, in order to promote the building greening is needed for the arrangement of its related system. In this study, analyzed the related system in Japan and the results obtained are as follows. Related system in Japan are to promote the spread of compulsory and dissemination of guidance. And to promote the spread of dissemination of guidance are to allowed a system to be included in green area of the site required, plans to loan the costs of greening, plans to subsidize the cost of greening, tax reduction and exemption, incentive on floor area ratio, plant supply and other technical guidance system. In conclusion, in order to promote the building greening note the related system of Japan and our related system should be arranged.

The Plan of Improvement for the Law and Regulation on the Activation of Perpendicular Greening With Containers -With Apartment Simple planter- (화단형 입면녹화의 활성화를 위한 법적·제도적 개선방안 - 공동주택 간이화단을 중심으로 -)

  • Kim, Sun-Hae
    • KIEAE Journal
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.41-47
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    • 2004
  • This study is to improve plan for the law and regulation systems on the perpendicular greening with containers to improve urban environment. The supports backed by laws and regulations are imperative for the activation of building greening. Although some local administrations in Korea try to lead perpendicular greening on building by means of Green Building certification system and so on, greening policies and managements are not pushed forward with consistency. Therefore building greening should be admitted to be a substitute green tract of land. The positive construction and management of greenzone should be accomplished as well. Devices, so to speak, which put greening under an obligation or authorize it as legal landscape area should be made rather than recommendations to make greenzone through current incentive systems. Positive perpendicular greening on building can be achieved by supplementing the law and regulation and incentive system about simplified planter. If planting and managing of simplified planter are continually entrusted to residents, even vertical landscapes will be affected by illegal diversion and negligence in result. Therefore, supports from governments and local administrations are needed.

A Study on the Multi-dimensional Greening Preferential Factors for Securing Green Spaces in Cities (도시 녹지 공간 확보를 위한 건물의 입체녹화 선호요인에 관한 연구)

  • CHOI, Jae-Hyun;LEE, Myeong-Hun
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.20 no.6
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    • pp.521-530
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    • 2019
  • With a view to respond to urban climate change issues and improve the urban environment in a qualitative manner, the strategy of multi-dimensional greening of the traditional markets in the City of Seoul to secure the multi-dimensional green spaces can result in a significant effect in terms of landscaping, environment, and spatial aspect. The purpose of this study is to examine the elements of multi-dimensional greening for the multi-dimensional greening of buildings in order to enhance the greening function within urban phenomena and, with this, establish the criteria for success introduction of multi-dimensional greening and its qualitative expansion. For this, a total of 569 consumers of traditional markets have been interviewed, and the data from their questionnaires were analyzed through SPSS and AMOS software. The result of the analysis showed that the elements of the multi-dimensional greening of traditional markets, such as the economical, physical, functional, visual, and facility aspects all affected the consumer expectation in a positive manner. Also, depending on the gender of the customers of traditional markets, the ecological aspect among the elements of multi-dimensional greening had a significant difference. And, by the age, the functional, physical, and visual aspects of the elements of multi-dimensional greening showed a significant different. And, the expectation on the multidimensional greening of traditional markets also showed a statistically significant difference. By the level of education, there were significant differences in terms of the physical and visual aspects of the multi-dimensional greening elements. And, the level of expectation on the multidimensional greening also differed significantly.

The Study on Native Plants and Planting Soil for Extensive Rooftop Greening (관리조방적 옥상녹화에 적합한 자생초화류와 식재토양에 관한 연구)

  • Kang, Kyu-Yi;Lee, Eun-Heui
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Environmental Restoration Technology
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.23-31
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    • 2005
  • Green spaces in cities were insufficient and decreased as artificial structures increase. Accordingly, greening rooftop space contributed to urban ecosystems as green space. Especially, since 2002 Seoul supported rooftop greening and introduced 'Ecology-area rates'. Thus rooftop greening had the potentiality of extension. This prepared the extensive rooftop greenings within planting-base for extensive management rooftop greening system to be easily popularized. The extensive rooftop greening conducted from 1997-2005 reported that soil depth was 8cm and soil mixtures were 5 types. And plant were Crysanthemum zawaskii var. latilobum, Aster hayatae, Crysanthemum zawaskii herb. ssp. coreanum, Sedum sarmentosum, Sedum rotundifolium, Sedum oryzifolium, Sedum takemensis, Sedum middendorffianum, Sedum telerium var. purpureum, Sedum spectabile, Carypteris incana, Dianthus superbus, Hosta minor. As a result, for nine years after the modular type rooftop greening established, survival plants were Sedum takemensis, Sedum sarmentosum, Sedum spectabile, Sedum middendorffianum, Carypteris incana, Crysanthemum zawaskii var. latilobum, Sedum telerium var. purpureum, Sedum rotundifolium, Dianthus superbus. Also effect of greening was possibled soil depth 8cm. And growth of plants from 1997 to 2005 were fine on two soil mixtures of 'perlite+peatmoss+vermicompost+moisturizer' and 'perlite+moisturizer+bark(mulching)'. Invasive plants are Ixeris dentata Nakai, Ixeris chinensis var. strigosa, Youngia sonchifolia, Eragrostis ferruginea, Aster pilosus Willd., Ixeris japonica Nakai, Valpia myuros, and Setaria viridis. In conclusion, selection of suitable native plants was possible extensive management rooftop greening with effect of continuous greening. The extensive rooftop greening were lightweight and simple preparation without management and can popularize readily.