• Title, Summary, Keyword: greenhouse

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Implementation of Greenhouse Environment Monitoring System based on Wireless Sensor Networks (무선센서네트워크 기반 온실환경 모니터링 시스템 구현)

  • Lee, Young-Dong
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering
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    • v.17 no.11
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    • pp.2686-2692
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    • 2013
  • In this paper, various growth environment data collecting and monitoring based on wireless sensor network for greenhouse environmental monitoring system is designed and implemented. In addition, greenhouse control system is proposed to integrated control and management in internal environment and greenhouse facilities. The system provides real-time remote greenhouse integrated management service which collects greenhouse environment information and controls greenhouse facilities based on wireless sensor network. Graphical user interface for an integrated management system is designed based on the HMI and the experimental results show that the sensor data were collected by integrated management in real-time.

An Analysis of Optimal Production Scales by Greenhouse Types using Long-run Average Cost in Controlled Tomato (비닐하우스 토마토의 온실유형에 따른 장기평균비용을 고려한 적정 생산규모 분석)

  • Rhee, Zae-Woong;Hong, Na-Kyoung;Kim, Tae-Kyun
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers
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    • v.57 no.5
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    • pp.29-35
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    • 2015
  • The optimal greenhouse scales for controlled tomato should be studied because the increase of oil price and labor costs following the shortage of workforce makes greenhouse cultivation hard to gain profits. The purpose of this study is to estimate optimal production scales by greenhouse types for controlled tomato. The translog cost function is estimated based on the production cost survey data. The results can be summarized as follows: First, the average production cost of controlled tomato per kg decreases as the production scale increases. Second, according to the tomatoes farm of standard farming income data of RDA, the minimum production scale is 23 ton. Third, the estimated output of single-span greenhouse considering production scale with minimum average cost is 345 ton and production cost per kg is 1,476 won. The corresponding figures of multi-span greenhouse are 415 ton and 936 won, respectively. The study results can be used as basic materials for efficient decision making of tomato farmhouses and novice farmers. Also, the study shows that multi-span greenhouse should be encouraged to be built, since it requires lower marginal cost than single greenhouse. The results of this paper will help increase the income of farmhouses and cut expenses for the coming years.

Preservice Elementary Teachers' Understandings of the Key Concepts related to the Greenhouse Effect (초등 예비교사들의 온실효과 관련 핵심 개념들에 대한 이해)

  • Jang, Myoung-Duk
    • Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
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    • v.34 no.1
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    • pp.15-31
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate elementary student teachers' conceptions about the mechanism of the greenhouse effect, the greenhouse gases, the global warming, and their learning experiences of the greenhouse effect and the global warming. Participants were 82 student teachers in their second year of studies (science education: n=28, not science education: n=27) and in their fourth year of studies (science education: n=27). The open-ended questionnaire was used to examine the teachers' spontaneous ideas depicted by their drawings and/or writings. The results of this study are as follows: First, the student teachers' scientific response rate about key concepts related to the mechanism of the greenhouse effect was low (6.1%~28.0%); Second, although there are various greenhouse gases, it was only carbon dioxide that the student teacher's response rate was more than 80%; Third, only 17.1% of the student teachers clearly distinguished the greenhouse effect and the global warming; Fourth, there was a tendency that the student teacher group in the fourth year of studies and science education showed higher scientific response rate about the concepts than the other two groups.

An Analysis of the Characteristics of Greenhouse Gas Emissions from the Daily Life Sector in Korea (우리나라 생활계 온실가스 배출 특성 분석)

  • Myeong, Soojeong;Yoo, Dongheon
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.255-264
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    • 2012
  • The present study attempts to understand the emission pattern of greenhouse gases in people's daily life through the estimation and analysis of the amount and characteristics of the greenhouse gases. Based on the survey of 1,000 people throughout the nation, monthly emission of greenhouse gases per-capita was estimated from their use of fuels, electricity, water, and personal and public transportation means in addition to their waste generation. In the case of personal car drivers, greenhouse gas emission was the greatest from their cars, followed by the emission from electricity, fuels, and public transportation. Emission from water consumption and waste generation was relatively low. Fuel consumption varied depending on the number of household members, their housing type, and the size of their living spaces. Results showed that single-person households emitted the largest amount of per-capita greenhouse gas while greenhouse gas emission from electricity was inversely proportional to the number of persons in a given household.

The Sixth Grade Children's Understandings of the Greenhouse Effect (초등 6학년 학생들의 온실효과에 대한 이해)

  • Byun, Sung-Kook;Jang, Myoung-Duk
    • Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
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    • v.34 no.4
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    • pp.434-446
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate elementary school students' conceptions about the knowledge source and the mechanism about the greenhouse effect, and the relationship between the greenhouse effect and the global warming. Participants were 157 sixth graders (boy : n=79, girl : n=78) from six elementary schools located in the same city. The open-ended questionnaire was used to examine the students' spontaneous ideas depicted by their drawings and/or writings. The results of this study are as follows: First, although there is no the content on the greenhouse effect in the elementary school curriculum document, the children in this study indicated that the main source of their knowledge about the greenhouse effect came from 'school class' (31.8%); Second, although the children did not take a class about the greenhouse effect itself, 14.0% of children had a relatively high level of the mental model on the phenomenon; Third, more than 90% of the children did not have the correct understanding about the relation between the greenhouse effect and the global warming.

An Analysis on Effects of Passive Heating of Low Energy House Using Heat in Greenhouse (온실의 열을 이용한 저에너지하우스의 패시브 난방 효과 분석)

  • Yoo, Dong-Wan;Lee, Tae-Goo
    • KIEAE Journal
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    • v.16 no.5
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    • pp.103-109
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: In Korea, to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, energy performance standard of buildings is being reinforced with goals of Passive House until 2017 and Zero Energy House until 2025 in order to reduce emissions from buildings which constitute a quarter of greenhouse gas emissions. In order to achieve the target of Zero Energy House, it is certainly necessary to develop renewable energy that can replace cooling and heating energy occupying a significant amount of building energy consumption after increasing the energy performance firstly. Method: In this study, effects of heat in greenhouse heated by solar heating on indoor heating were analyzed by constructing a greenhouse in front of the Low Energy Building. Result: As a result, indoor temperature was increased by peak average $27.8^{\circ}C$, peak average $6.8^{\circ}C$ was increased from when heat in greenhouse has not been used for heating and indoor surface temperature was increased by average $5.1^{\circ}C$. It shows it can be possible to use heat in greenhouse for heating, if the heating effects can be same as this experimental result because Energy Saving-Type buildings such as Low Energy House or Passive House keep from 18 to $20^{\circ}C$ in winter. Therefore, even if energy supply is cut off by disasters and other reasons, cooling and heating can be possible for some time.

A study on Greenhouse gas Emission Characteristics of Conventional Passenger and Hybrid Electric Vehicles (승용 및 하이브리드 자동차 온실가스 배출특성 연구)

  • Lim, Yun Sung;Mun, Sun Hee;Chung, Taek Ho;Lee, Jong Tae;Dong, Jong In
    • Journal of ILASS-Korea
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.34-39
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    • 2020
  • Automotive manufacturers are applying technologies for greenhouse gas reduction such as vehicle weight reduction, engine downsizing, direct injection technology, variable valves and transmission performance improvement to achieve the targets for enhanced greenhouse gas and fuel consumption efficiency. In this paper, compared and analyzed greenhouse emissions according to engine capacity, engine displacement, curb weight and sales volume of hybrid and internal combustion engine passenger vehicles. Hybrid emit 32~39% less greenhouse gas than internal combustion engines through the combined mode test method. Hybrid electric vehicle's curb weight was about 7% heavier on average for the same engine displacement, while greenhouse gas was about 36% lower. It was confirmed that in order to reduce the emission of pollutants of greenhouse gases as well as the air pollutants, it is necessary to expand the supply of eco-friendly vehicles.

The Domestic Response Strategies for the Mutual Recognition Arrangement System to Greenhouse Gas (온실가스 국제상호인정 체계에 관한 국내대응방안)

  • Lee, Hae-Jung;Chung, Young-Bae
    • Journal of the Society of Korea Industrial and Systems Engineering
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    • v.40 no.3
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    • pp.83-91
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    • 2017
  • Climate change has been identified as one with the greatest challenges facing nations, government, business and over future decades. Activities to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by the Kyoto Protocol, the international community has been in progress. Korea also has introduced the Emission trading system to reduce greenhouse emission from the supervision of the government. Greenhouse gases emissions quantity should be internationally recognized. Mutual Recognition Arrangement should be recognized as the same greenhouse gas emission. International recognition of domestic verification body of international mutual recognition is required. Efforts are needed to secure the equivalence between the emission rights through direct cooperation with the relative nation accreditation body. Early entry into the IAF/PAC GHG MLA is essential for demonstrating equivalence between greenhouse gas emissions. Emissions trading will also require connection to the EU ETS, California, USA, and Tokyo, Japan to link Emissions trading. In the case of establishing accreditation standards and accreditation criteria, it will be necessary to distinguish between the domestic Energy Target Management System and the Emission Trading System. Independent greenhouse gases verification bodies should be established to meet the requirements of IAF and PAC. It is necessary to revise the qualification criteria for the verification of the greenhouse gas verification body according to international standards requirements. It is necessary to support the role of accreditation bodies of domestic greenhouse gas verification bodies. It is required to join international organizations of international mutual recognition of international trade and the need for pilot projects to link greenhouse gas emissions. The core link to our emission trading system is called EU-ETS, and we will need to join the IAF/PAC GHG MLA GHG. The International Mutual Recognition Agreement (IAF) is expected to allow international interoperability of GHG emissions verification between EA and the PAC. By signing a PAC GHG MLA, it will need to be prepared to prepare for the pilot project to link the emission trading system.

A Study on the Development of Greenhouse Management System Based on Internet (인터넷 온실경영관리시스템 개발에 관한 연구)

  • Shim, Keun-Seop;Kang, Jeong-Ok;Lee, Hee-Ju
    • Journal of Agricultural Extension & Community Development
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.191-207
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    • 2004
  • This study was focused on the development of greenhouse management and environmental control system using internet. The essence of this system were remote automatic control unit connected with greenhouse environmental control according to the growth stages of crops, The specific objectives of the study were; 1) to analyze need of greenhouse environmental remote control system, 2) to investigate the important functions related to greenhouse management program, 3) to explore the possibility of diffusing the system using internet.The study was carried out through review of related literature and need assessment from the research and extension workers in charge of greenhouse management using questionnaire survey, interview and field study. The results of the study were summarized as fallows: 1) About 89% of respondents responded positively on the need to establish automatic control system using internet. 2) The greenhouse management and environmental control system using internet was possible to control the greenhouse in remote, automatic, and simultaneous manner, and additionally by cellular phone in emergent situation. 3) The system was possible to precisely control the greenhouse environment, and it was able to connect the environmental control data with information on growth of crops. 4) By networking the farmer, extension educator of agricultural technology center and researcher, web based farm consulting was possible through the system. Based on the results of the study recommendations were suggested as follows: 1) Thorough spot inspections and field trials should be performed before the diffusion of this system. 2) The costs of the system installation and maintenance should be moderate. 3) The operation of the system should be simple and easy for tamers to adopt. 4) National support should be made to build better internet infrastructure in rural areas.

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A field survey on roof ventilation system of single-span plastic greenhouse in cucurbitaceae vegetable cultivation (박과작물 재배 단동 비닐하우스의 천장 환기시스템 설치 실태조사)

  • Yeo, Kyung-Hwan;Yu, In-Ho;Rhee, Han-Cheol;Cheong, Jae-Woan;Choi, Gyeong Lee
    • Korean Journal of Agricultural Science
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    • v.40 no.4
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    • pp.317-323
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    • 2013
  • This research was conducted to obtain the basic information for establishment of standard guidelines in the design and installation of roof ventilation system in single-span plastic greenhouse. To achieve this, the greenhouse structure & characteristics, cultivation status, and ventilation system were investigated for single-span greenhouse with roof ventilation system cultivating the Cucurbitaceae vegetables, watermelon, cucumber, and oriental melon. Most of single-span watermelon greenhouse in Haman and Buyeo area were a hoop-style and the ventilation system in those greenhouses mostly consisted of two different types of 'roof vent (circular or chimney type) + side vent (hole) + fan' and 'roof vent (circular type) + side vent (hole or roll-up type)'. The diameter of circular and chimney-type vent was mostly 60cm and the average number of vents was 10.5 per a bay with vent spacing of average 6.75m. The ratio of roof vent area to floor area and side vent area in the single-span watermelon greenhouse with ventilation fan were 0.46% and 7.6%, respectively. The single-span cucumber greenhouse in Haman and Changnyeong area were a gable roof type, such as even span, half span, three quarter and the 70.6% of total investigated single-span greenhouses was equipped with a roof ventilation fan while 58.8% had a circulation fan inside the greenhouse. The ratios of roof vent area to floor area in the single-span cucumber greenhouse ranged from 0.61 to 0.96% and in the case of the square roof vent, were higher than that of the circular type vent. On average, the roof ventilation fan in single-span cucumber greenhouse was equipped with the power input of 210W and maximum air volume of $85.0m^3/min$, and the number of fans was 9.75 per a bay. The number of roof vent of single-span oriental melon greenhouse with only roll-up type side vent ranged from 8 to 21 (average 14.8), which was higher than that of other Cucurbitaceae vegetables while the vent number of the greenhouse with a roof ventilation fan was average 7 per a bay.