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A study on mothers' view on grandparents' role and grandsons' role : comparative study according to lineage. (10대자녀를 둔 모가 기대하는 조부모역할과 손자녀역할 : 친조부모.외조부모에 따른 비교연구)

  • 서동인
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.34 no.4
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    • pp.357-371
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    • 1996
  • This study explores the perspective of mothers who have children at teens concerning grandparents' role and grandchildren's role, especially focusing on the similarity and difference according to lineage. The analysis indicates as below. 1. Mothers highly expect the roles of grandparents which are related to the developing of self-identity of grandchildren at teens. There is much similarity between mothers; view on paternal grandparents' role and maternal grandparents' role. However the results support that paternal grandparents' role is more central than maternal grandparents in influencing to the development of self identity of grandchildren. 2. Grandchildren's role toward paternal grandparents is expected much more positively than grandchildrens' role toward maternal grandparents. 3. Mother's perspective on grandparents' role and grandchildren's role is associated with mother's view on the importance of grandparents in the lives of grandchildren.

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A Study on the Grandparents Clothing Image Perceived by Adolescents (청소년이 지각한 조부모의 의복이미지)

  • 심준영;김용숙
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Costume
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    • v.51 no.7
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    • pp.75-92
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    • 2001
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the grandparents' clothing image perceived by adolescents. Self-administered questionnaires were distributed and collected from 547 middle school and high school students from March to April in 2000. Frequencies, percentages, mean. and standard deviation were calculated. χ²-test, t-test, F-test, and ANOVA were used for group differences, and Duncan's multiple range test was used. The results were as follows : 1. Grandparents' clothing images were classified into four images of elegant, comfortable, fashionable and active. 2. Adolescents in middle school, in high economic status, in higher academic achievement, and who pursuited fashion perceived favorable grandparents' clothing images as more favorable. Adolescents perceived clothing images of younger grandparents with higher economic status, or grandmother as more favorable. Adolescents who had a good affection and a good-cognition to their grandparents perceived their clothing images as more favorable. Adolescents perceived their mother-side-grandparents clothing images as more favorable. 3. Grandparents were segmented into 3 groups of the fashion pursuit, the utility pursuit, and the stagnated according to their adolescents' clothing image perception. The adolescents in higher economic status, who pursuited fashion, and had a favorable cognition to their grandparents tended to perceive their grandparents as the fashion pursuit. Adolescents who had a high affection to their grandparents tended to Perceive their grandparents as the utility pursuit. Adolescents perceived their mother side grandparents as the utility pursuit.

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A Study on the Grandparents' Role in Their Relationship with Grandchildren in Adolescent (청소년기 손자녀에 대한 조부모의 역할에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Yeong-Sug
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.13 no.5
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    • pp.673-681
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    • 2004
  • The purpose of this study is to examine grandparents' role to their grandchildren, the role type, and the variables that influence the role. For this purpose, data were collected from 542 grandparents through questionnaire. The main findings are as follows: 1. The most frequent role activity that grandparents perform include 'advising their grandchildren to be successful,' 'encouraging them to study hard,' 'having them help housework,' and 'teaching them how to behave', whereas the least one is 'to teach things such as cooking, paduk, and chess.' 2. Supporting role, educating role and raising role are three types of grandparents' role activity to their grandchildren. 3. One of the significant variables affecting their role level is living arrangement of grandparents. In addition, age, economic level, and educational level are partially effective variables in grandparents' role, along with whether they work or not, how often they meet their grandchildren, and how old their grandchildren are. However, it is not among significant variables whether they are healthy, or whether they are paternal or maternal.

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Korean and Yanbian Korean - Chinese Grandparents Raising Grandchildren - A Study of Parenting Stress, Efficacy and Behaviors (한국과 연변조선족 조부모 -손자녀가족 조부모의 양육스트레스, 양육효능감 및 양육행동 연구)

  • Ok Kyung-Hee;Chun Hui-Young;Hwang Hye-Jung;Chi Cheng-Xue;Chung Kai-Sook
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.25-36
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the parenting stress, efficacy, and behaviors of Korean and Yanbian Korean-Chinese grandfamilies in which grandparents have sole responsibility for raising their grandchildren. Our sample consists of 74 grandparents and their grandchildren (43 Korean and 31 Yanbian Korean-Chinese). The data were analyzed through crosstabs analysis, 1-test, Pearson's correlation, and stepwise regression analysis. The results of this study indicate that there are some differences based on the gender of grandparents, educational level, the reason for taking care of the grandchildren, and the grandparents' relationship with grandchildren between two ethnic groups. The results also show that parenting stress is higher for Korean grandparents' and parenting efficacy is lower than Yanbian Korean-Chinese. Also, Yanbian Korean-Chinese grandparents are higher in warmth and acceptance and lower in rejected and controlled parenting behaviors than Korean grandparents. There are strong relationships between parenting stress and parenting efficacy and between parenting behaviors and parenting stress and parenting efficacy for Korean grandparents, but not for Yanbian Korean-Chinese.

Grandparents' Difficulties in Rearing Grandchildren in South Jeolla Rural Areas (농촌지역 조부모-손자녀 가정 유아의 양육에 대한 조부모의 어려움)

  • Seo, Hyun
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.13-27
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    • 2009
  • This study purposed to survey grandparents' difficulties in parenting their grand children at grandparent-grandchild households in South Jeolla rural areas. This study was conducted through in-depth interviews from January to October, 2008. The subjects were eight grandparents living with their grandchildren in Boseong-gun, Gangjin-gun, Yeonggwang-gun, Hampyeong-gun, Haenam-gun and Damyang-gun in South Jeolla province. The results are as follows: the grandparents' difficulties in parenting grandchildren are divided into four categories of variable factors: 'Difficulties related to grandparents themselves'; 'Difficulties related to their grandchildren'; 'Difficulties related to early childhood education institution: and 'Difficulties related to their grandchildren's peer group or surrounding people'. The main difficulties in these categories are 'poor, aging and weak conditions of grandparents: 'conflicts in their parenting attitude to have compassion on grandchildren: 'grandparents' not enough educational support to grandchildren due to their ignorance about today's education system: and 'anxiety about the possibility for their grandchildren to be abandoned once again.' These results can be used as a piece of basic information for desirable supports to grandparent-grandchild households.

Effect of Rearing Grandchildren and Parenting Efficacy on Life Satisfaction (손자녀 양육효능감과 양육어려움이 조부모의 삶의 만족도에 미치는 영향)

  • Jeon, Eunmi;Koh, Sun-Kang
    • Korean Family Resource Management Association
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.69-83
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    • 2016
  • This study researched the life satisfaction of grandparents currently rearing grandchildren between 0 to 6 years old. We conducted a survey in Seoul, Gyeonggi-do, and Jeolla-do, collecting 134 questionnaires in total. The results of this study are as follows. First, the parenting efficacy of grandparents presently rearing grandchildren had a profound impact on life satisfaction. Precedent studies revealed that the physical conditions of grandparents, their education levels, and household income were factors related to the life satisfaction of seniors. However, the results of this study showed that parenting efficacy had a far greater effect on life satisfaction than other factors. It was revealed in this study that parenting efficacy is a very important variable for life satisfaction, not only for mothers and grandmothers but for all grandparents. In addition, the characteristics of the grandchildren also had an effect on the life satisfaction of their grandparents, although not more than parenting efficacy. Out of the characteristics of grandchildren, variables including sex and the presence or absence of disease were shown to have effects on life satisfaction. Secondly, the difficulty of parenting activities influences parenting efficacy, and parenting efficacy has an impact on the life satisfaction of grandparents. The more difficult the parenting activities of grandparents, the lower the parenting efficacy, and the higher the parenting efficacy, the higher the life satisfaction of grandparents.

Relationships between Preschool-aged Grandchildren's Temperament and Parenting Stress of Grandparents: Focused on the Moderating Effect of Intimacy between Grandparents and Grandchildren (유아의 기질과 조부모 양육스트레스 간의 관계: 조부모와 손자녀 친밀감의 중재효과)

  • Jin, Ji-hye;An, Jeong-shin
    • 한국노년학
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    • v.32 no.4
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    • pp.1025-1039
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study was to explore the moderating effect of intimacy between grandparents and grandchildren on the relationship between preschool-aged grandchildren's temperament and parenting stress of grandparent. 172 grandparents living in Busan and Gyeongnam area were selected for the subjects of this study. Collected data were analyzed by the SPSS 18.0 program. The main results were as follows: First, this study proved the impact of grandchildren's temperament in preschool-aged on parenting stress of grandparents. Second, intimacy between grandparents and grandchildren moderated on the relationships between preschool-aged grandchildren's temperament and parenting stress of grandparents. This study provides the information about developing the education program which can relieve grandparents' stress associated with preschool-aged grandchildren's temperament.

Health and Nutrition Status of Grandparents on Grandparents-Grandchildren Family in Rural Area (농촌지역 조손가정 조부모의 건강과 영양상태)

  • Cho, Yoo-Hyang
    • Journal of agricultural medicine and community health
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    • v.34 no.2
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    • pp.244-255
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    • 2009
  • Objectives: This study was to identify and test the health and nutritional status of grandparents in grandparents-grandchildren family in rural area. Methods: The subjects of this study were 70 grandparents of grandparents - grandchildren family in Muan-Gun. The collected data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, regression analysis. Results: The average age of grandparents was 70.1${\pm}$6.6 years old, unhealthy of the subjective health status was 55.7%, MNA score was 21.0${\pm}$3.5 points and 62.2% of the grandparents were shown to have malnutritonal status. The ADL, IADL, depression and fall index of health status were significantly related to the relationship with gender(p<.01), age(p<.05), economic(p<.01) and educational level(p<.01), and partnership(p<.01). MNA score was significantly related to the relationship with acute disease(p<.05), ADL(p<.001), IADL(p<.01), cognitive function(p<.01) and gender(p<.01). And the health status variables and general characteristics were positively correlated while the relationships were positive between health status variables and MNA score. Conclusions: With the above findings, grandparents of grandparents-grandchildren family have the problems of health and nutritional status. Then health and nutritional intervention program for grandparents-grandchildren family is needed to serve.

A study on mother's view and mediating behavior of paternal grandparents-grandchildren relationship (친조부모-손자녀관계에 대한 모의 관점 및 중재에 관한 연구 : 10대 자녀를 둔 모를 중심으로)

  • 서동인
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.34 no.2
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    • pp.153-166
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    • 1996
  • Mother's view and mediating behavior of paternal grandparents-grandchildren is explored by using data of 159 mothers who have children at teens. The analysis indicates as below. 1. Mothers highly except the roles of grandparents such as teaching values and family historians, role models for good life, influencing on the developing of self-identity of grandchildren. However mothers want grandparents keep distance from the lives of grandchildren. This may be double message to grandparents that they may find it uneasy to accomodate. 2. Grandchildren's role is expected very positively by mothers. 3. Mothers' mediating level of paternal grandparents-grandchildren relations is neutral and a little bit positive on the whole. Mothers' mediating behavior between grandfathers-grandchildren is associated with mothers' view on the importance of grandfathers in the lives of grandchildren and residence pattern. Mothers' mediating behavior between grandmothers-grandchildren is associated with mothers' view on the importance of grandmothers in the lives of grandchildren, grandchildren's role, the intimacy between mothers and grandmothers and residence pattern.

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A Phenomenological Study on the Adult Grandchildren' Experiences with Grandparents Cohabitation (성인 손자녀의 조부모 동거 경험에 대한 현상학적 연구)

  • Cho, Yoon-Joo
    • Journal of Korean Home Management Association
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.293-303
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    • 2009
  • This study reported phenomenological analysis of the interviews with 26 adult grandchildren who had(or have) a cohabitation with grandparents. The research question was what adult grandchildren experienced in living with grandparents. Results indicated that "the aged" was described as generous and wise person, so they had positive attitude toward the elderly. Participants perceived level of benefits of the coresidence with grandparents were higher than the costs in instrumental, material, and emotional supports. The relationship between grandparents and parents was generally intimate. It makes adult grandchildren advocate parents living together in the future. But adult grandchildren plan to get along independently when they grow old.