• 제목, 요약, 키워드: ginsenoside

검색결과 1,239건 처리시간 0.042초

Rhizopus japonicus의 효소(酵素)에 의한 인삼(人蔘) 사포닌의 선택적(選擇的) 전환(轉換) (Specific Conversion of Ginseng Saponin by the Enzyme of Rhizopus japonicus)

  • 김상달;서정훈
    • 한국균학회지
    • /
    • v.14 no.3
    • /
    • pp.195-200
    • /
    • 1986
  • Rhizopus japonicus의 한 균주가 생산하는 효소에 의해 인삼 사포닌의 ginsenoside 중 조성비율이 가장 큰 ginsenoside $Rb_1$을 약리 효능면에서 보다 우수한 ginseuoside $Rb_1$로 선택적으로 전환할 수 있음을 TLC 및 HPLC로 정량적으로 확인하였다. Total saponin을 기질로 사용하였을 경우 ginsenoside $Rb_1$은 그 함량의 82.5%까지 ginsenoside Rd로 전환되어 ginsenoside Rd의 함량을 원래 함량에 비해 4.75배까지 증가시킬 수 있었으며, ginsenoside-Rb group saponin 기질의 경우는 80.8%의 ginsenoside $Rb_1$이 ginsenoside Rd로 전환되어 ginsenoside Rd의 함량을 34.7배까지 처리효소의 농도에 비례해서 증가시킬 수 있었다. 한편 다른 ginsenoside 함량변화 없이 오직 ginsenoside $Rb_1$에서 ginsenoside Rd만으로 선택적 전환을 한다는 사실이 당이나 sapogenin의 검출로도 증명되었다.

  • PDF

Rhizopus sp.가 생산하는 효소에 의한 인삼 Saponin의 전환 (제1보) Ginsenoside-Rb$_1$에서 Ginsenoside-Rd로의 전환확인 (Conversion of Ginseng Saponin with the Enzyme Produced by Rhizopus sp. (Part 1) Confirmation of Conversion of Ginsenoside- Rb$_1$to Ginsenoside-Rd)

  • 김상달;서정훈
    • 한국미생물·생명공학회지
    • /
    • v.10 no.4
    • /
    • pp.267-273
    • /
    • 1982
  • 미생물성 효소를 이용하여 인삼saponin중 조성비율이 가장 큰 ginsenoside-Rb$_1$을 약효면에서 보다 우수한 ginsenoside-Rd로 전환하고자 인삼부패균 중 Rhizopus 속의 한 균주를 선정하여 이 균주에서 얻은 효소를 ammonium sulfate 분별 침전법으로 조정제하여 사용하였다. 기질로 사용하기 위해 홍미삼 extract로부터 ginsenoside-Rb$_1$이 36.4%, ginsenoside-Rd 가 12.2%의 조성비율을 갖인 total saponin을 정제하였고 이어 ginsenoside-Rb$_1$의 함량을 증가시키기 위해 더욱 정제한 결과 ginsenoside-Rb$_1$이 54. 5%, ginsenoside-Rd가 1.1%인 ginsenoside Rb group saponin을 얻었다. 이들 기질 saponin에 본 효소를 작용시켜 본 결과 두 기질 모두 다른 ginsenoside pattern에는 변화없이 ginsenoside-Rb$_1$만이 선택적으로 감소하고 반면에 ginsenoside-Rd의 함량이 비례적으로 증가됨을 TLC 및 HPLC의 방법으로 조사하였으며 이로써 효소에 의한 인삼saponin의 선택적전환 가능성을 확인하였다.

  • PDF

Transformation of Ginseng Saponins to Ginsenoside $Rh_2$ by Acids and Human Intestinal Bacteria Activities of Their Transformants

  • Bae, Eun-Ah;Han, Myung-Joo;Kim, Eun-Jin;Kim, Dong-Hyun
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
    • /
    • v.27 no.1
    • /
    • pp.61-67
    • /
    • 2004
  • When ginseng water extract was incubated at $60^{\circ}C$ in acidic conditions, its protopanaxadiol ginsenosides were transformed to ginsenoside $Rg_3$ and ${\Delta}^{20}$-ginsenoside $Rg_3$. However, protopanaxadiol glycoside ginsenosides $Rb_1, Rb_2$ and Rc isolated from ginseng were mostly not transformed to ginsenoside $Rg_3$ by the incubation in neutral condition. The transformation of these ginsenosides to ginsenoside $Rg_3$ and ${\Delta}^{20}$-ginsenoside $Rg_3$ was increased by increasing incubation temperature and time in acidic condition: the optimal incubation time and temperature for this transformation was 5 h and $60^{\circ}C$ resepectively. The transformed ginsenoside $Rg_3$ and ${\Delta}^{20}$-ginsenoside $Rg_3$ were metabolized to ginsenoside $Rh_2$ and $\Delta^{20}$--ginsenoside $Rh_2$, respectively, by human fecal microflora. Among the bacteria isolated from human fecal microflora, Bacteroides sp., and Bifidobacterium sp. and Fusobacterium sp. potently transformed ginsenoside $Rg_3$ to ginsenoside $Rh_2$. Acid-treated ginseng (AG) extract, fermented AG extract, ginsenoside $Rh_2$ and protopanaxadiol showed potent cytotoxicity against tumor cell lines. AG extract, fermented AG extract and protopanaxadiol potently inhibited the growth of Helicobacter pylori.

인삼의 Protopanaxadiol계 사포닌으로부터 20(R)-Ginsenoside $Rh_2$ 및 20(S) 이성체의 제조 (Preparation of a 20(R)-Ginsenoside $Rh_2$ and the 20(S) Epimer from Protopanaxadiol Saponins of Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer)

  • 김신일;백남인;김동선;이유희;강규상;박종대
    • 약학회지
    • /
    • v.35 no.5
    • /
    • pp.432-437
    • /
    • 1991
  • A mixture of 20(R)- and 20(S)-ginsenoside Rg$_{3}$ was obtained under mild acidic hydrolysis from protopanaxadiol saponins, ginsenosides Rb$_{1}$, Rb$_{2}$, Rc and Rd. The product was acetylated to give the peracetates, which were further converted into 20(R)-ginsenoside Rg$_{3}$, 20(S)-ginsenoside Rg$_{3}$, 20(R)-ginsenoside Rh$_{2}$ and 20(S)-ginsenoside Rh$_{2}$ by the direct alkaline treatment depending upon two kinds of temperature conditions respectively. The structure and physicochemical properties of a prosapogenin, 20(R)-ginsenoside Rh$_{2}$, were investigated.

  • PDF

Ginsenosides from the Roots of Korean Cultivated-Wild Ginseng

  • Yang, Min-Cheol;Seo, Dong-Sang;Hong, Jong-Ki;Hong, Sung-Hyun;Kim, Young-Choong;Lee, Kang-Ro
    • Natural Product Sciences
    • /
    • v.14 no.3
    • /
    • pp.171-176
    • /
    • 2008
  • Column chromatographic separation of 70% EtOH extract of the roots of Korean cultivated-wild ginseng led to the isolation of ten ginsenosides (1 - 10). The isolated compounds were identified as ginsenoside $Rg_1$ (1), ginsenoside Re (2), ginsenoside Rc (3), ginsenoside $Rb_1$ (4), ginsenoside $Rb_2$ (5), ginsenoside Rd (6), ginsenoside $Rg_3$ (7), ginsenoside $F_2$ (8), ginsenoside $Rb_3$ (9), and ginsenoside $Rd_2$ (10) by physicochemical and spectroscopic methods. The compounds (1 - 10) were for the first time isolated from the roots of Korean cultivated-wild ginseng.

Biotransformation of Ginsenoside Rb1 to Prosapogenins, Gypenoside XVII, Ginsenoside Rd, Ginsenoside F2, and Compound K by Leuconostoc mesenteroides DC102

  • Quan, Lin-Hu;Piao, Jin-Ying;Min, Jin-Woo;Kim, Ho-Bin;Kim, Sang-Rae;Yang, Dong-Uk;Yang, Deok-Chun
    • Journal of Ginseng Research
    • /
    • v.35 no.3
    • /
    • pp.344-351
    • /
    • 2011
  • Ginsenoside $Rb_1$ is the main component in ginsenosides. It is a protopanaxadiol-type ginsenoside that has a dammarane-type triterpenoid as an aglycone. In this study, ginsenoside $Rb_1$ was transformed into gypenoside XVII, ginsenoside Rd, ginsenoside $F_2$ and compound K by glycosidase from Leuconostoc mesenteroides DC102. The optimum time for the conversion was about 72 h at a constant pH of 6.0 to 8.0 and the optimum temperature was about $30^{\circ}C$. Under optimal conditions, ginsenoside $Rb_1$ was decomposed and converted into compound K by 72 h post-reaction (99%). The enzymatic reaction was analyzed by highperformance liquid chromatography, suggesting the transformation pathway: ginsenoside $Rb_1$ ${\rightarrow}$ gypenoside XVII and ginsenoside Rd${\rightarrow}$ginsenoside $F_2{\rightarrow}$compound K.

인삼 뿌리 부위별 및 모상근 세포주간 ginsenoside 양상 및 함량 (Patterns and Contents of Ginsenoside in Normal Root Parts and Hairy Root Lines of Panax ginseng C. A. Meyer)

  • 양덕춘;양계진
    • 식물조직배양학회지
    • /
    • v.27 no.6
    • /
    • pp.485-489
    • /
    • 2000
  • 생장이 우수한 인삼모상근 세포주 (KGHR-1, KGHR-5, KGHR-8) 및 6년생 인삼근의 부위별로 ginsenoside 양상 및 생성특성을 조사하였다. 인삼모상근 및 6년생 인상근에서 ginsenoslde-Rb$_1$, Rb$_2$, Rc, Rd, Re, Rf, Rg$_1$, Rg$_2$을 확인하였으며, 인삼모상근 세포주간 및 인삼근 부위별로 ginsenoside의 함량은 큰 차이를 나타내었다. 8종류의 ginsenoside함량이 가장 높은 인삼모상근은 KGHR-1 세포주로 17.42 mg/g dry wt와 함량을 나타내었다. 모상근세포주 KGHR-1은 ginsenoside-Rd, Rg$_1$을, KGHR-5는 ginsenoside-Rb$_1$, Rg$_1$을, 그리고 KGHR-8은 ginsenoside-Rd, Re을 상대적으로 많이 생성하는 특징을 지니고 있으며, ginsenoside-Rf의 생성은 매우 낮았다. 6년생 인삼근의 부위별 ginsenoside의 함량은 주근, 지근, 세근순으로 많았으며, 주근에서 ginsenoside-Rc의 생성은 ginsenoside의 50.99%로써 모상근 세포주의 4.90~6.89%보다 매우 높았다. 6년생 인삼근의 총 ginsenoside에 대한 ginsenoside-Rg$_1$의 비율은 3.43~14.18% 수준으로 주근, 지근, 세근순으로 급격히 감소하였으며, 모상관의 17.14~24.43%와 비교할 때 매우 낮은 수준을 나타내었다. 따라서 인삼모상근 배양을 통하여 특정 ginsenosides생산이 가능하리라 생각된다.

  • PDF

Metabolism of Ginsenoside Rg5, a Main Constituent Isolated from Red Ginseng, by Human Intestinal Microflora and Their Antiallergic Effect

  • Shin, Yong-Wook;Bae, Eun-Ah;Han, Myung-Joo;Kim, Dong-Hyun
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
    • /
    • v.16 no.11
    • /
    • pp.1791-1798
    • /
    • 2006
  • When ginsenoside Rg5, a main component isolated from red ginseng, was incubated with three human fecal microflora for 24 h, all specimens showed hydrolyzing activity: all specimens produced ginsenoside Rh3 as a main metabolite, but a minor metabolite $3{\beta},12{\beta}$-dihydroxydammar-21(22),24-diene (DD) was observed in two specimens. To evaluate the antiallergic effect of ginsenoside Rg5 and its metabolites, the inhibitory effect of ginsenoside Rg5 and its metabolite ginsenoside Rh3 against RBL-2H3 cell degranulation, mouse passive cutaneous anaphylaxis (PCA) reaction induced by the IgE-antigen complex, and mouse ear skin dermatitis induced by 12-O-tetradecanoilphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) were measured. Ginsenosides Rg5 and Rh3 potently inhibited degranulation of RBL-2H3 cells. These ginsenosides also inhibited mRNA expression of proinflammatory cytokines IL-6 and $TNF-{\alpha}$ in RBL-2H3 cells stimulated by IgE-antigen. Orally and intraperitoneally administered ginsenoside Rg3 and orally administered ginsenoside Rg5 to mice potently inhibited the PCA reaction induced by IgE-antigen complex. However, intraperitoneally administered ginsenoside Rg5 nearly did not inhibit the PCA reaction. These ginsenosides not only suppressed the swelling of mouse ears induced by TPA, but also inhibited mRNA expression of cyclooxygenase-2, $TNF-{\alpha}$, and IL-4 and activation of transcription factor NF-kB. These inhibitions of ginsenoside Rh3 were more potent than those of ginsenoside Rg5. These findings suggest that ginsenoside Rg5 may be metabolized in vivo to ginsenoside Rh3 by human intestinal microflora, and ginsenoside Rh3 may improve antiallergic diseases, such as rhinitis and dermatitis.

Inhibitory Effect of Ginsenoside Rg5 and Its Metabolite Ginsenoside Rh3 in an Oxazolone-Induced Mouse Chronic Dermatitis Model

  • Shin, Yong-Wook;Bae, Eun-Ah;Kim, Dong-Hyun
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
    • /
    • v.29 no.8
    • /
    • pp.685-690
    • /
    • 2006
  • The effect of a main constituent ginsenoside Rg5 isolated from red ginseng and its metabolite ginsenoside Rh3 in a chronic dermatitis model was investigated. Ginsenosides Rg5 and Rh3 suppressed swelling of oxazolone-induced mouse ear contact dermatitis. These ginsenosides also reduced mRNA expressions of cyclooxygenase-2, interleukin $(IL)-1{\beta}$, tumor necrosis factor $(TNF)-{\alpha}$ and interferon $(IFN)-{\gamma}$. The inhibition of ginsenoside Rh3 was more potent than that of ginsenoside Rg5. These findings suggest that ginsenoside Rh3 metabolized from ginsenoside Rg5 may improve chronic dermatitis or psoriasis by the regulation of $IL-1{\beta}$ and $TNF-{\alpha}$ produced by macrophage cells and of $IFN-{\gamma}$ produced by Th cells.