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Mathematical Performance Predictions of Mathematically Gifted Students with Gifted Behavior Ratings by Teachers and Parents (수학영재의 수행능력에 대한 교사 및 부모 평정의 예측력)

  • Lee, Mi-Soon
    • Journal of Gifted/Talented Education
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    • v.21 no.4
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    • pp.829-845
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of this study was to examine mathematical performance predictions with gifted behavior ratings by teachers and parents. The participants of this study were 787 elementary 5th and 6th grade gifted students who took the mathematical performance test. This study asked gifted teachers and parents to rate gifted behaviors of these gifted students with using SRBCSS-R (Renzulli et al., 2002, 2009). The results indicated that gifted teachers rated gifted behaviors of the 5th grade gifted students higher than the 6th grade gifted students, except in 'mathematical characteristics.' Gifted teachers rated 'learning' gifted behaviors of male gifted students higher than those of female gifted students. In the meanwhile, parents of the 5th grade gifted students rated gifted behaviors higher than parents of the 6th grade gifted students in 'learning' and 'motivation.' In comparing the gifted behavior ratings by gifted teachers and parents, there were significant differences in 'learning' and 'motivation' ratings. That is, gifted teachers rated significantly higher 'learning' and 'motivation' of gifted students than parents. When this study explored the prediction of gifted behavior ratings by gifted teachers and parents on mathematical performances of gifted students, 'learning' and 'mathematical characteristics' ratings by gifted teachers predicted the mathematical performances of gifted students.

A study of optimism level in the sifted (영재들의 낙관성 수준에 관한 연구)

  • 윤현석;김언주
    • Journal of Gifted/Talented Education
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.77-96
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    • 2002
  • The purpose of this study is to inverstigate the optimism level of the gifted; to verify the differences in optimism level according to the types of the gifted; and to compare the optimism level of the gofted with that of mainstream students. 332 high school students participated in this study. They consisted of 45 science of gifted, 50 athletics gifted, 60 music gifted, 60 art gifted, 57 academic gifted, and 60 mainstreams students. The findings of this study were as follows: First, the optimism level of gifted was somewhat pessimistic. Second, the optimism levels of academic gifted and sciencd gifted was higher than that of athletic gifted and artistic gifted. Third, nonsignificant difference was found in the optimism level between gifted students and mainstream students.

A Study of a Teaching Plan for Gifted Students in Elementary School Mathematics Classes (일반학급에서의 초등 수학 영재아 지도 방안 연구)

  • Kim, Myeong-Ja;Shin, Hang-Kyun
    • Journal of Elementary Mathematics Education in Korea
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.163-192
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    • 2009
  • Currently, our country operates gifted education only as a special curriculum, which results in many problems, e.g., there are few beneficiaries of gifted education, considerable time and effort are required to gifted students, and gifted students' educational needs are ignored during the operation of regular curriculum. In order to solve these problems, the present study formulates the following research questions, finding it advisable to conduct gifted education in elementary regular classrooms within the scope of the regular curriculum. A. To devise a teaching plan for the gifted students on mathematics in the elementary school regular classroom. B. To develop a learning program for the gifted students in the elementary school regular classroom. C. To apply an in-depth learning program to gifted students in mathematics and analyze the effectiveness of the program. In order to answer these questions, a teaching plan was provided for the gifted students in mathematics using a differentiating instruction type. This type was developed by researching literature reviews. Primarily, those on characteristics of gifted students in mathematics and teaching-learning models for gifted education. In order to instruct the gifted students on mathematics in the regular classrooms, an in-depth learning program was developed. The gifted students were selected through teachers' recommendation and an advanced placement test. Furthermore, the effectiveness of the gifted education in mathematics and the possibility of the differentiating teaching type in the regular classrooms were determined. The analysis was applied through an in-depth learning program of selected gifted students in mathematics. To this end, an in-depth learning program developed in the present study was applied to 6 gifted students in mathematics in one first grade class of D Elementary School located in Nowon-gu, Seoul through a 10-period instruction. Thereafter, learning outputs, math diaries, teacher's checklist, interviews, video tape recordings the instruction were collected and analyzed. Based on instruction research and data analysis stated above, the following results were obtained. First, it was possible to implement the gifted education in mathematics using a differentiating instruction type in the regular classrooms, without incurring any significant difficulty to the teachers, the gifted students, and the non-gifted students. Specifically, this instruction was effective for the gifted students in mathematics. Since the gifted students have self-directed learning capability, the teacher can teach lessons to the gifted students individually or in a group, while teaching lessons to the non-gifted students. The teacher can take time to check the learning state of the gifted students and advise them, while the non-gifted students are solving their problems. Second, an in-depth learning program connected with the regular curriculum, was developed for the gifted students, and greatly effective to their development of mathematical thinking skills and creativity. The in-depth learning program held the interest of the gifted students and stimulated their mathematical thinking. It led to the creative learning results, and positively changed their attitude toward mathematics. Third, the gifted students with the most favorable results who took both teacher's recommendation and advanced placement test were more self-directed capable and task committed. They also showed favorable results of the in-depth learning program. Based on the foregoing study results, the conclusions are as follows: First, gifted education using a differentiating instruction type can be conducted for gifted students on mathematics in the elementary regular classrooms. This type of instruction conforms to the characteristics of the gifted students in mathematics and is greatly effective. Since the gifted students in mathematics have self-directed learning capabilities and task-commitment, their mathematical thinking skills and creativity were enhanced during individual exploration and learning through an in-depth learning program in a differentiating instruction. Second, when a differentiating instruction type is implemented, beneficiaries of gifted education will be enhanced. Gifted students and their parents' satisfaction with what their children are learning at school will increase. Teachers will have a better understanding of gifted education. Third, an in-depth learning program for gifted students on mathematics in the regular classrooms, should conform with an instructing and learning model for gifted education. This program should include various and creative contents by deepening the regular curriculum. Fourth, if an in-depth learning program is applied to the gifted students on mathematics in the regular classrooms, it can enhance their gifted abilities, change their attitude toward mathematics positively, and increase their creativity.

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Investigating Trends of Gifted Education in Domestic and Foreign Countries through Social Network Analysis from 2010 to 2015 (2010~2015년 사회네트워크분석(SNA) 방법 활용 국내외 영재교육 연구동향 분석)

  • Yoon, Jin A;Kim, Su Jin;Seo, Hae Ae
    • Journal of Gifted/Talented Education
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.347-363
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study was to analyze the trends in domestic and international gifted education in the last six years (2010-2015) by utilizing social network analysis methods. For papers of gifted education in Korea, two KCI (Korea Citation Index) rated journals, the 'Gifted/Talented Education' (The Korean Society for the Gifted) and 'Gifted and Talented Education' (The Korean Society for the Gifted and Talented Education) were selected and 457 pieces published in two journals were collected. The papers of 347 published in SSCI rated journals, 'The Gifted Child Quarterly,' 'Journal for the Education of the Gifted,' and 'High Ability Studies' were selected. English keywords were extracted from 457 papers from Korean journals and 347 papers from foreign journals and the Social Network Analysis (SNA) way was utilized for keyword frequency and central network analyses. It was appeared that the trends of paper keywords from domestic and foreign countries showed common keywords, 'academically gifted', 'science gifted', and 'gifted' as center keyword frequency, and keywords, 'achievement', 'identification', 'intelligence' appeared as the most frequent ones. For domestic papers, keywords, 'creativity', 'gifted education', and 'gifted education teacher' were the highest frequent keywords while keywords, 'foreign countries', and 'student attitudes' were most frequent ones for the foreign countries. For the analysis of papers from five journals as one group, it was found that keywords, 'identification', 'intelligence', and 'achievement' were the most important common ones and keywords, 'cognitive', 'motivation', and 'self-concept' were appeared as important keywords. The trend of gifted education in Korea seems to be different from ones of foreign countries, domestic papers of gifted education rarely included keywords of 'foreign examples', 'student attitudes', and 'gender differences.' Consequently, the trend of gifted education in Korea called for various research perspectives.

Mathematical Reasoning Ability and Error Comparison through the Descriptive Evaluation of Mathematically Gifted Elementary Students and Non-Gifted Students (초등수학영재와 일반학생의 서술형 평가를 통한 수학적 추론 능력 및 오류 비교)

  • Kim, Dong Gwan;Ryu, Sung Rim
    • Journal of Elementary Mathematics Education in Korea
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.123-148
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study is to figure out the perceptional characteristics of mathematically gifted elementary students by comparing the mathematical reasoning ability and errors between mathematically gifted elementary students and non-gifted students. This research has been targeted at 63 gifted students from 5 elementary schools and 63 non-gifted students from 4 elementary schools. The result of this research is as follows. First, mathematically gifted elementary students have higher inductive reasoning ability compared to non-gifted students. Mathematically gifted elementary students collected proper, accurate, systematic data. Second, mathematically gifted elementary students have higher inductive analogical ability compared to non-gifted students. Mathematically gifted elementary students figure out structural similarity and background better than non-gifted students. Third, mathematically gifted elementary students have higher deductive reasoning ability compared to non-gifted students. Zero error ratio was significantly low for both mathematically gifted elementary students and non-gifted students in deductive reasoning, however, mathematically gifted elementary students presented more general and appropriate data compared to non-gifted students and less reasoning step was achieved. Also, thinking process was well delivered compared to non-gifted students. Fourth, mathematically gifted elementary students committed fewer errors in comparison with non-gifted students. Both mathematically gifted elementary students and non-gifted students made the most mistakes in solving process, however, the number of the errors was less in mathematically gifted elementary students.

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Suggesting Some Conceptual and Practical Improvements Coping to Moribund Symptoms of Contemporary Korean Gifted Education (한국 영재교육의 위기 현상 진단과 해결 방안)

  • Choe, Ho Seong
    • Journal of Gifted/Talented Education
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.493-514
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    • 2016
  • Since the Gifted and Talented Education Promotion Law was enacted 15 years ago, in Korea, gifted education in Korea has continued rapid and quantitative growth. The number of gifted classes or institutes for the gifted have increased, as well as the number of gifted education teachers increasing their participation in professional development training and educational activities. However after 2014, gifted education is somewhat shrinking. Due to the controversy of private education and expansion of social welfare in Korea, administrative and financial support for gifted education is being reduced. This study reviewed the gifted education policies promoted by successive governments and analyzed the relationship between politics and support for gifted education efforts by the government. In addition, the phenomenon of the recently shrinking gifted education in Korean society was analyzed in various aspects. These aspects include: decreasing quantitative growth due to the weakening of administrative and financial support from central and local governments on gifted education, regulations on suppressing private education, social inequality to gifted education access, and lack of solidarity in the gifted education scholastic community. Based on this analysis of gifted phenomenon, ways of developing the ideological and practical aspects of future-oriented gifted education were suggested. In the ideological dimension, it was emphasized that gifted education must move away from insularity and the adhesive perspective of Korean society on the concept of giftedness, the concept of intelligence and the recognition of the legitimacy of gifted education. On the other hand, in the practical dimension, the following points were identified: the collection of empirical data on the economic impact of gifted education, gifted education amendment of the statutes, adaptation of the gifted education program with gifted identification, diversification of gifted education service system, and actively promoting new research topics in relation to the Gifted and Talented Education.

Proposing a Pre-service Teacher Training Program for the Gifted Education

  • Shin Myeong-Kyeong;Park Jong-Wook;Chung Byung-Hoon
    • Journal of the Korean earth science society
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.347-357
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    • 2005
  • Since 1998, an elementary teacher education institute in Korea has hosted the center for the gifted education. The institute hired undergraduate students to escort and liaison each class of the gifted student participants with assisting classroom activities. These liaison teachers observed the gifted classroom activities and evaluated them by using a given checklist and filling out pre-made evaluation forms. Currently this system is being transferred from part-time jobs for students to earn allowance into well organized pre-service teacher program focusing on the gifted education. In other words, the purpose of system is being shifted from how liaison teachers facilitate the gifted program to how the system helps the liaison teachers to be quality teachers for the gifted who can understand what the gifted are and how to facilitate them. Analyzed were the self reports of the liaison teachers regarding their perceptions and beliefs of the gifted and their education program. It was found participant liaison teachers purposed to have more live experiences with getting along with students as well. Liaison teachers’ perceptions on establishing a gifted teacher professional education sequence were reported in this study. The potential scaffolding of the pre-service teacher education program model of the gifted education was provided as a consequence of this study.

Differences in Personality Characteristics between Gifted and Normal Children (영재아동과 일반아동의 성격 특성의 차이 분석)

  • Kim, Yu-Mi;Ahn, Chang-Kyu
    • Journal of Gifted/Talented Education
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.75-99
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    • 2004
  • The purpose of the study was to find out differences in personality characteristics between gifted and normal children and also to find out differences in personality characteristics between gifted boys and gifted girls. Three hundred and forty-five children(108 gifted children, 237 normal children), who were forth to sixth grade children, were taken the Children's NEO Personality Inventory(Big five traits and 17 facets). The results were as follos; 1. There are statistically significant differences in personality characteristics between the gifted and the normal children. The gifted children have higher tendency of openness, extraversion, conscientiousness, lower neuroticism than the normal children. There is no difference in agreeableness between the gifted and the normal children. In the subfactors(facets) of neuroticism, the gifted children have lower tendency of anxiety, hostility, depression, shyness, attention deficit than the normal children. In the subfactors of extraversion, the gifted children have higher tendency of assertiveness, gregariousness, cheerfulness than the normal children. In the subfactors of openness, the gifted children have higher tendency of fantasy, creativity, physical activity, high intellectual ability, flexibility, reactivity than the normal children. In the subfactors of agreeableness, the gifted were more warmth and altruism than the normal children. In the subfactors of conscientiousness, the gifted children have higher tendency of competence, achievement motivation, deliberation, dutifulness than the normal children. 2. There were no statistically significant differences in personality characteristics between the gifted girls and the gifted boys. In the subfactors of neuroticism the gifted boys have higher tendency of shyness than the gifted girls. In the of subfactors of extraversion, the gifted boys have lower tendency of sensation- seeking than the gifted girls. In the subfactors of openness, the gifted boys have higher tendency of intellectual ability than the gifted girls.

A Study on Elementary Gifted Children's Mathematical Belief (초등학교 영재교육대상자의 수학적 신념에 대한 연구)

  • Park, SungSun
    • Journal of Gifted/Talented Education
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    • v.23 no.6
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    • pp.947-963
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    • 2013
  • This study investigated the difference of mathematical beliefs between common children and the gifted children, and then the effect of current mathematics gifted education on gifted children's mathematical belief. Gifted children from institution for gifted education and school based gifted classroom, and common children from regular classroom from S-city office of education in Gyenggi province were studied for this study. The results of this study was as follows. First, there was positive correlation between mathematics performance and mathematical belief. Second, common children and gifted children had significant difference in the degree of mathematical belief. And also, mathematically gifted students had much stronger and positive mathematical belief than common students before starting gifted education program. Third, there was no significant difference in common children and gifted children on the mathematical belief after they receive gifted education, but there were negative changes in gifted children from institution for gifted education on the mathematical belief after receiving gifted education.

Comparison of Personal Characteristics in Gifted Underachievers and Gifted Achievers (미성취 영재와 성취 영재 간의 개인적 특성 비교)

  • Song, Sujie
    • Korean Journal of Child Studies
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    • v.28 no.5
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    • pp.175-191
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    • 2007
  • This study selected 113 gifted underachievers and 128 gifted achievers from 17 elementary schools to examine gifted children's personal characteristics(self-concept, locus of control, and learning habits) that have an effect on underachievement. Self-concept(general self-concept and academic self-concept), locus of control, and learning habits(endurance, learning strategy, and learning motivation) variables were analyzed to determine gifted underachievers' personal characteristics. (1) Comparison of personal characteristics of gifted achievers with gifted underachievers indicated gifted underachievers had low self-concept, external locus to control, and problems in learning habits. (2) The sub factors of habits of learning motivation and learning strategy had the greatest effect on underachievement of gifted children.

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