• Title, Summary, Keyword: genistein

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Effect of genistein on the sexual maturation in immature female rats (미성숙 암컷 흰쥐의 성 성숙에 미치는 genistein의 효과)

  • Lee, Woocheol;Lee, Sung-Ho;Ahn, Ryun-Sup;Park, Mi Jung
    • Korean Journal of Pediatrics
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    • v.52 no.1
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    • pp.111-118
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    • 2009
  • Puopose : Exposure to dietary phytoestrogens such as genistein during early childhood is a growing public health concern. We examined the effect of early exposure to genistein on sexual maturation in immature rats. Methods : Weaning (3wk-old) Sprague-Dawley female rats were assigned to three groups (n=6 for each): fed by high dose of genistein (100 mg/kg/d), low dose of genistein (10 mg/kg/d) and control group. First vaginal opening (VO) day was observed. Structural alterations in the ovary and uterus were assessed by histologically. Expression of genes of $ER{\alpha}$, $ER{\beta}$, and progesterone receptor (PR) in the ovary and uterus were investigated by RT-PCR. Results : High genistein group had earlier VO than control and low genistein group. Graafian follicles and corpora lutea were observed from the ovary of genistein-treated groups, while primary, secondary follicles and small atretic follicles were observed in the control group. Hypertrophy of luminal and glandular uterine epithelia were found in the genistein-treated groups while poor development of gland and fewer myometrial cell layers were evident in control group. In ovary, the transcriptional activities of $ER{\alpha}$ and $ER{\beta}$ were higher in high genistein group than in controls. In uterus, the transcriptional activities of $ER{\alpha}$, $ER{\beta}$ and PR were higher in low genistein group than in controls. Conclusion : Acute exposure to genistein during the prepubertal period could activate the reproductive endocrine system resulting in the early onset of puberty in female rats. Further clinical investigation on the effect of genistein on the sexual maturation in children is warranted.

Production of the Functional Egg to Strengthen Isoflavone : Improvement of Transfer Efficiency of Genistein into the Egg Yolk (Isoflavone 강화 기능성 계란 생산 : 난황내 Genistein 전이 효율 개선)

  • HwangBo, J.;Lee, B.S.;Lee, H.J.;Chung, W.T.;Cho, S.B.;Hong, E.C.;Bae, H.D.;Chang, J.S.
    • Korean Journal of Poultry Science
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    • v.33 no.3
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    • pp.211-215
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    • 2006
  • This study was carried out to determine whether genistein implants in laying hens could be transferred into their eggs. 250 mg genistein pellet was implanted two or four subcutaneously in the neck of laying hens. The contents of genistein in egg yolk transferred were analyzed with HPLC-MS. In 500 mg genistein pellets, it was detected as 395 ng/egg yolk on the day 18 after implanting and maintained as 546 ng/egg yolk after the day 59. In 1,000 mg, genistein was detected as 240 ng/egg yolk on the day 13, as 514 ng/egg yolk on the day 30 and maintained over 59 days. In conclusion, the direct genistein implants could be more twenty times efficiently transferred to egg yolks than dietary supplement.

Effect of Genistein on the Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor and Cytochrome P450 1A1 in MCF-7 Human Breast Carcinoma Cells (인체유방암 세포주 MCF-7 세포에서 genistein의 Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor와 Cytochrome P450 1A1에 대한 영향)

  • Han Eun-Hee;Kim Ji-Young;Jeong Hye-Gwang
    • Environmental health and toxicology
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.13-19
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    • 2006
  • 화학적 예방효과가 있는 식물성 에스트로젠은 다양한 환성을 나타내며 여러 세포 수용체와 상호작용한다. Genistein은 isoflavone의 주요물질 중의 하나로 콩류에 존재하며 대표적인 식물성 에스트로젠이다. 본 논문에서는 유방암 세포주인 MCF-7에서 aryl hydrocarbon receptor(AhR)에 의해 매개되는 발암물질 활성화 경로에 대한 genistein의 영향을 살펴보았다. 세포에 genistein을 처리할 경우 cytochrome P450 1A1(CYP1A1) 약물대사효소의 특이적인 효소반응인 7-ethoxyresorufin O-deethylase (EROD) 활성도와 CYP1A1의 유전자 발현이 genistein의 농도 의존적으로 증가하였다. Genistein과 발암물질인 방향족탄화 수소 7, 12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene(DMBA)를 동시 처리하였을 경우 DMBA에 의해 유도되어 증가된 EROD활성도와 CYP1A1의 유전자 발현이 genistein에 의해 감소하였다. 랫트의 간에서 분리한 세포질을 이용하여 genistein과 AhR의 대표적인 ligand인 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin과 경쟁적 결합에 대한 영향을 조사한 결과 genistein이 AhR에 경쟁적으로 결합함을 알 수 있었다. 이러한 결과들은 genistein이 천연 AhR ligand임을 암시한다. 따라서, 식물성 에스트로젠인 genistein은 AhR경로의 길항제/항진제로 작용할 수 있을 것으로 사료된다.

Cell Survival, Apoptosis and AMPK-COX-2 Signaling Pathway of Mammary Tumor Cells after Genistein Treatment Combined with Estrogen

  • Lee, Yun-Kyoung;Hwang, Jin-Taek;Kim, Young-Min;Park, Ock-Jin
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.197-201
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    • 2007
  • Genistein is an active component of legumes and other related food shown to be associated with prevention of degenerative diseases such as cancer through inducing signaling pathways. Treatment of genistein resulted in the induction of apoptosis in the cultured cancer cells. This induction of apoptosis was demonstrated by the Tunel assay in these cells. Unveiling the potential of genistein in cytotoxicity via apoptosis when it is treated with estrogen can predict the therapeutic capability of genistein in breast cancers in the presence of endogenous estrogen. We have found that apoptosis induced by genistein treatment in the presence of estrogen is agonistic or antagonistic depending on the concentrations and treatment periods applied in MCF-7 breast cancer cells. For the suppression of cell survival, 24 hr of treatment was required to induce a synergistic agonistic response between estrogen and genistein at low concentrations of genistein. After this period, the agonistic pattern of genistein to estrogen disappeared. The decrement of COX-2 expression in MCF-7 cells treated with genistein was accompanied with the activation of AMPK only at a high concentration of genistein. This association between AMPK activation and down-regulation of COX-2 by genistein was dampened in the presence of estrogen. It was also demonstrated that genistein and estrogen regulate cell survival and apoptosis by modulating p53 and caspase-3 in the opposite direction. These results suggest that genistein has the potential to control breast cancer development, and co-treatment with estrogen can cause agonistic or antagonistic action on breast cancer cell control.

Induction of Caspase-3 Dependent Apoptosis in Human Ovarian Cancer SK-OV-3 Cells by Genistein

  • Choi, Eun-Jeong;Kim, Tae-Hee;Kim, Gun-Hee;Chee, Kew-Mahn
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.216-218
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    • 2008
  • The present study was designed to determine how the phytochemical genistein activates caspase-3 to cause cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. When human ovarian cancer SK-OV-3 cells were treated with $200\;{\mu}M$ genistein for 24 hr, cell growth decreased significantly (p<0.05). Conversely, genistein treatment significantly increased cytotoxicity (measured as lactate dehydrogenase release) under the same conditions (p<0.05). To elucidate the mechanism behind the induction of apoptosis by genistein, we studied the cell cycle and caspase-3 activation. When cells were treated with genistein, the population of cells in sub-G1 phase increased by 44.2% compared to untreated cells. Genistein caused decrease in precursor caspase-3, increase in cleaved caspase-3 and a significant increase in caspase-3 activity (p<0.05). Therefore, genistein may induce apoptosis via caspase-3 activation. However, high-dose genistein treatment must be viewed with caution because of its potential cytotoxicity.

Effects of Staurosporine and Genistein on Superoxide and HOCl Production in C5a- or PMA-activated Neutrophils (Staurosporine과 Genistein이 C5a 또는 PMA에 의하여 활성화된 호중구에서의 Superoxide와 HOCl 생성에 나타내는 영향)

  • Yun Young-Chul;Kang Hee-Jeong;Shin Yong-Kyoo;Lee Chung-Soo
    • The Korean Journal of Pharmacology
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    • v.31 no.1
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    • pp.115-122
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    • 1995
  • Effects of staurosporine, genistein and pertussis toxin on superoxide and HOCl production in C5a- or PMA-activated neutrophils were investigated. A C5a-induced superoxide and $H_2O_2$ production was inhibited by staurosporine, genistein and pertussis toxin. The stimulatory effect of PMA was inhibited by staurosporine but was not affected by pertussis toxin, whereas it was further promoted by genistein. Staurosporine and genistein inhibited superoxide production by sodium fluoride, but pertussis toxin did not affect it. PMA-induced $H_2O_2$ production was inhibited by staurosporine but was not affected by pertussis toxin. Genistein did not show a stimulatory effect on PMA-induced $H_2O_2$ production. Staurosporine and pertussis toxin inhibited HOCl production by C5a- or PMA, whereas genistein stimulated it. C5a-or PMA-induced myeloperoxidase release was inhibited by genistein, in this response the effect of pertussis toxin was not detected. Staurosporine did not affect the stimulatory effect of PMA on the release. Myeloperoxidase activity was markedly increased by genistein but was not affected by staurosporine and pertussis toxin. These results indicate that the respiratory burst of neutrophils may be regulated by protein kinase C and protein tyrosine kinase. Superoxide production induced by the direct activation of protein kinase C might be affected by protein tyrosine kinase oppositely. Genistein probably pro-motes HOCl production by activating myeloperoxidase.

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Antimutagenic Effect of Genistein toward Environmental Mutagen (환경성 변이원에 대한 Genistein의 항돌연변이성)

  • 윤희선;유미애;박건영;이원호
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.8 no.5
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    • pp.569-574
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    • 1999
  • This study was carried out to determine the antimutagenic effects of genistein on the somatic mutagenicity induced by aflatoxin B1 (${AFB}_1$), using Drosophila wing spot test system. Mutagen alone or mutagen with genistein were administered to the heterozygous(mwh/+) third instar larvae by feeding, and somatic cell mutations were detected in adult fly wing hairs. Genistein did not show any mutagenicity with the feeding concentrations of 5~15% in the test system. As the feeding concentrations of genistein increased, genistein inhibited the mutagenicity induced by AFB1 (14.6%~62.2% inhibition rate), while as the concentrations of AFB1 increased, small much spots that arise mostly from chromosome deletion and nondisjunction were more strongly suppressed by genistein than the large mwh spots from chromosomal recombination. In each group of different AFB1 concentrations, the rate of inhibition for total mwh spots was dependent on the dose of genistein. These results indicate that genistein have inhibitory effect on the mutagenicity induced by a mtagen, ${AFB}_1$. It seems to suggest that genistein may exert inhibitory effects to mutagenic and/or carcinogenic properties of DNA damaging agents.

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Genistein from Vigna angularis Extends Lifespan in Caenorhabditis elegans

  • Lee, Eun Byeol;Ahn, Dalrae;Kim, Ban Ji;Lee, So Yeon;Seo, Hyun Won;Cha, Youn-Soo;Jeon, Hoon;Eun, Jae Soon;Cha, Dong Seok;Kim, Dae Keun
    • Biomolecules & Therapeutics
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.77-83
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    • 2015
  • The seed of Vigna angularis has long been cultivated as a food or a folk medicine in East Asia. Genistein (4',5,7-trihydroxyisoflavone), a dietary phytoestrogen present in this plant, has been known to possess various biological properties. In this study, we investigated the possible lifespan-extending effects of genistein using Caenorhabditis elegans model system. We found that the lifespan of nematode was significantly prolonged in the presence of genistein under normal culture condition. In addition, genistein elevated the survival rate of nematode against stressful environment including heat and oxidative conditions. Further studies demonstrated that genistein-mediated increased stress tolerance of nematode could be attributed to enhanced expressions of stress resistance proteins such as superoxide dismutase (SOD-3) and heat shock protein (HSP-16.2). Moreover, we failed to find genistein-induced significant change in aging-related factors including reproduction, food intake, and growth, indicating genistein exerts longevity activity independent of affecting these factors. Genistein treatment also led to an up-regulation of locomotory ability of aged nematode, suggesting genistein affects healthspan as well as lifespan of nematode. Our results represent that genistein has beneficial effects on the lifespan of C. elegans under both of normal and stress condition via elevating expressions of stress resistance proteins.

Effect of Genistein on Activity and Expression of Antioxidant Enzyme in Hamster ovary cells (Genistein이 햄스터 난소세포의 항산화효소활성과 발현에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Min-Hye;Kim, An-Keun
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.51 no.1
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    • pp.75-82
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    • 2007
  • Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are produced in the metabolic process of oxygen in cells. The superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), and glutathione peroxidase (GPx) in cells systemize the antioxidant enzymes to control the oxidative stress. Genistein is one of the isoflavonoids, and its role in controlling cellular oxidative stress is presently the active issue at question. In this study; we analyzed genistein-induced survival rates of the CHO-K1 cells, activities of antioxidant enzymes, ROS levels, and expression levels of antioxidant enzyme genes in order to investigate the effect of genistein on cellular ROS production and antioxidative systems in CHO-K1 cells. As results, the survival rate of cells was decreased as the dose of genistein increases (12.5${\sim}$200 ${\mu}$M). Genistein increased cellular ROS levels, while it reduced total SOD activities and the expression of CuZnSOD. In conclusion, we suggest that genistein may induce oxidative stress via down-regulation of SOD.

Bioavailability Assessment of Isoflavones between Soybean and Soybean Sprout in Rat (실험쥐를 통한 콩과 콩나물 Isoflavones의 생체이용성 비교)

  • Kim Eun Mi;Kim Kyung-Jin;Choi Jin-Ho;Chee Kew Mahn
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.38 no.5
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    • pp.335-343
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    • 2005
  • Rodent models have been used to study the anticarcinogenic properties of the soy isoflavones, particularly genistein, but there is little information regarding the pharmacokinetics of the absorption and excretion of genistein. In this study, rats were given a single oral dose of genistein (20 mg/kg body wt) or an equivalent dose as Myougjoonamul-kong and Myoungjoonamul soy sprouts. Concentrations of genistein were measured in plasma, urine and feces at intervals up to 48hr after dosing. Maximum peak of plasma genistein concentration is 8 hr after dosing, and its concentration is 13.2, 7.4mol/L in soy and soy sprout-treated rats, respectively. In pure genistein treated rats, maximum peak of plasma genistein concentration is 2hr after dosing (5.7 mol/L). The percentage of dose recovered in urine over 48hr was not different between groups ($21.2\%$ soy treated; $18.2\%$ soy sprout treated; $16.1\%$ pure genistein treated). There were no significant differences between groups in the recovery of genistein in feces ($19.5\%,\;7.5\%\;and\;15.7\%$ of doses, respectively). $6.9\%\;and\;6.07\%$ of the daidzein from the soy and soy sprout treated was recovered in the feces.