• Title, Summary, Keyword: generalist

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A Study on the Product Design Education for Introduction of Design Concept (제품디자인 개념도입을 위한 교육내용에 관한 연구)

  • 도화용
    • Archives of design research
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.23-32
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    • 2000
  • The present age is requested designer to be a generalist. The educational methods of university is changing over from intention of the technical education which is one of the traditional education methods to intention of a talented man with multiple knowledge. Also, the universities are establishing special curricular for cultivating men of ability. Many of an employer want to engage not only the specialist as the talented men in their own major field, but the generalist as the multiple knowledge in several field. Designer should have both a good stock of knowledge and personality. Also design should be able to easy access to all as a generalist instead of an obstinate streak as a monopoly of their specialist. This study was focused on development of basic research for understanding about design to generalist. It is purposed to suggest a research for a new recognition of design.

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Valuation of Unpaid Care Work Through a Comparison of Economic Measures in Korea: Focus on Mean Earning Approach and a Generalist Approach

  • An, Mi-Young
    • International Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.1-11
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    • 2008
  • This paper examines the value of unpaid care work using the 2004 time use survey and compared them to economic measures such as GDP, tax revenue, value of paid work, government expenditure on care-related personnel expenditure and remuneration of paid care workers. It employs the mean earnings approach and generalist approach. It finds that the value of unpaid care work (compared to GDP) is between 18% and 29% using different approaches. The value of care of household members and for others in the community (person care) is between 5% and 8%. Furthermore, the value of unpaid care work is greater than that of direct tax regardless of the approach used. In addition, the value of person care is estimated at between 22% and 35% of the total value of the paid economy. The value of unpaid care work far exceeds the value of government expenditure on care-related personnel and the remuneration of paid care workers. This research suggests that unpaid care work (mostly conducted by women) should be recognized as part of production activities. This is because caring and household maintenance activities are necessary for individual well-being but also it contributes to the national economic competitiveness particularly through human resource development.

Does the Fit of Managerial Ability with Firm Strategy Matters on Firm Performance

  • CHENG, Teng Yuan;LI, Yue-Qi;LIN, Yu-En;CHIH, Hsiang-Hsuan
    • The Journal of Asian Finance, Economics, and Business
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.9-19
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    • 2020
  • The study aims to answer why the previous studies find the positive or insignificant effect of the CEO's abilities on firm performance. Using 34,285 CEO-firm-year panel data from the U.S. publicly traded firms drawn from the BoardEx and EXECUXOMP database during from 1992 to 2014, the results show that the fit of the CEO's generality or specialist ability with firm strategy matters on firm performance and risk. This study computes a discrete STRATEGY composite measure to construct firm strategy types, such as Prospect or Defend and use CEOs' résumés to construct an index of general skills that are transferable across firms and industries. The results find that generalist CEOs are more suitable for prospectors than specialist CEOs. Firm performance is much better when specialist CEOs work for Defenders. Although the firm performance is better too for the generalist CEOs who fit for the Prospect strategy, the firm's risk is up too. The result suggests that firms need to consider their chosen business strategy to recruit and select CEOs Our findings provide direct evidence that the match between CEO's ability and the firm's strategy is crucial to firm performance and risk.

A Study of the Economic Valuation of Rural Women's Labor - Agricultural Work and Household Work - (여성농업인 노동의 경제적 가치평가에 관한 연구 - 농업노동과 가사노동 -)

  • 유소이;최윤지;조현숙;김경미
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.41 no.7
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    • pp.157-168
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    • 2003
  • The purposes of this study were to explore the rural women's labor by measuring labor value economically. To achieve the purpose, this study applied four methods : replacement cost method individual function, replacement cost method generalist, opportunity cost method and shadow wage method. The results of this study were as follows: 1) Time used for agricultural work and household work by with women were 5.3 hours and 3.8 hours each. 2) According to the methods used, the amounts of valuing rural women's labor were varied and ranged from 23,000 won to 43,000 won per day. This study might help recognize the degree of rural women's labor contribution to the household income of farm households and improve the socio-economic status of rural women through showing the productivity of the rural women's labor.

An Evaluation for Effectiveness of Information Services by Reference Librarians at College and University Libraries in Korea (대학도서관 정보사서의 정보서비스 효율성 평가)

  • Han Sang Wan
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Library and Information Science
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    • v.13
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    • pp.95-119
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    • 1986
  • The objective of this study is to search for a theoretical and practical solution to the question of what is the most effective and qualitative method of information service for the college and university libraries in Korea. Assuming the maximum service or total service theory in information services, therefore, it appears natural that the subject specialist who is highly knowledgeable in his subject is indispensable in raising the quality of information librarians. The procedure of this research was as follows: There was no college and university library employing any full-time subject spceialist in Korea. This research, however, was proceeded on the assumption that subject specialists are already employed in all of the college and university libraries after the subject specialist system is established. The least qualification of subject specialist is limited, based on the criteria given by the foreign literature, to those who have master's degree in Library Science and bachelor's degree in any other subject area, those who have bacholor's degree in Library Science and master's degree in any other subject area, or those who have both bacholor's and master's degrees in Library Science with minor in any subject field . To prove the research hypothesis that the subject specialist will perform his role more efficiently than the generalist in effectively providing information service based on both accuracy and speed, this research as an obtrusive testing method analyzed the effectiveness by presenting information questions to the generalists and subject specialists who are information librarians in college and university libraries. For this study 20 librarians working at 12 university libraries were tested for performance levels of information services. The result showed $59.75\%$ an absolute performance rate and $75.20\%$ an adjust performance rate. Compared to Thomas Childer's 1970 study in which he used the unobtrusive testing method, these results were $5\%$ higher in the absolute performance rate and $11.36\%$ higher in the adjust performance rate. In comparing the generalist with the subject specialist in efficiency of information service, while the absolute performance rate was $57.08\%$ and the adjust performance rate was $73.08\%$ in the case of the generalist, the absolute rate was $63.75\%$ and the adjust rate was $78.38\%$ in the case of specialist, therefore, the efficiency of the subject specialist was $6.67\%$ higher in the absolute performance rate and $5.30\%$ higher in the adjust performance rate than that of generalist. But the factor of speediness was excluded from the analysis because of the difference between the time the interviewers recorded and the time the interviewee recorded. On the basis of the result of this research, it should be desirable to educate subject specialists and employ them as information librarians and for them to function as efficient subject specialists in order to improve the effectiveness of information services, the nucleus of the raison d'etre of college and university libraries.

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A Contribution to the National Economy System of Unpaid Household Labor (무보수 가사노동의 국민경제에 대한 기여도 평가)

  • 문숙재;윤소영;김은희
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.40 no.10
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    • pp.161-176
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    • 2002
  • This study is a basic research for the estimation of the value of unpaid household labor within the national economy system to be reflected in the related policy-making. By measuring economic value of unpaid household labor and estimating the ration to GDP, this study attempted to confirm the productivity of the unpaid household labor and thus contribute to the improvement of socio-economic status of women. Especially, it focused on the development of a standard of estimating unpaid household labor as a method applicable to the present economic and legal system. To organize the method of economic valuation of unpaid household labor and calculate the ration to GDP, this study used three approaches: replacement cost method individual function, replacement cost method generalist and opportunity cost method. Although the estimated result revealed that the economic value of unpaid household labor showed a great extent of deviation according to the estimating methods and the wage rate, total value of household labor ranged from one hundred and thirty eight to two hundred and thirty trillion wens, about 28-48% of GDP in Korea.

Characteristics of Wildbirds Habitat of Artificial Green Corridor in Gangseo-gu, Seoul (서울시 강서구 조성녹지축의 야생조류 서식처 특성 연구)

  • Choi, Jin-Woo;Lee, Kyong-Jae
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.47-59
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    • 2010
  • This study was to examine the characteristics of wirdbirds habitat for improvement plan in green corridor. The target site, Gangseo-gu artificial green corridor was set up with the structure in which small scale of core green space with Goongsan and Yeomchang neighborhood parks in urbanized city was connected with the artificial green space with Gongamnaru, Hwanggeumnae neighborhood parks with 28~42.5 m in width. Wild birds six~eleven species; Dendrocopos spp, Paradoxornis webbiana, Parus major, Phasianus colchicus, etc. were observed in core green, but wild birds of two~five species: Columba livuia, Passer montanus, Pica pica, Hypsipetes amaurotis, etc. were observed in artificial green space. Thus wild birds of artificial and generalist species only moved in artificial green space. The artificial green space where vegetation structure was consisted of single-layer with poorness chose target species laying stress on generalist species and edge species of Parus major, P. palustris, Paradoxornis webbiana etc. for short-term and interior species of Dendrocopos major, Picus canus, etc. for long-term. The result suggested enhancement methods for target species's habitat in green corridor: to secure at least a corridor 30 meters in artificial corridor, to secure ecological pond, to offer the various shelterer and environment of prey-resources through the multi-layer structure.

Relationship between Herbivorus Insect Larvae and Their Preferring Foodplant (초식성 곤충유충과 선호 식이식물의 관계)

  • 민병미
    • The Korean Journal of Ecology
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.163-168
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    • 1997
  • Taxa of the herbivorus insect larvae and their foodplant species were surveyed in a temperate forest of Namhansansung Area, Sungnam City, Kyonggi Province, in 1994-1996 growing season, Sixty two taxa of insect larvae fed on leaves of 18 woody species in 11 families during three growing season. Larvae began to be detected from the mid-April when the leafing time began. The number of larvae taxa reached to the maximum value(32 taxa) early in May, 1994. It was the time that the value of specific leaf area reached to the maximum. It decreased up to 3-4 taxa in the mid-June. Taxa of insect larvae were different year by year even in the same season. Most of larvae fed on various plant species, suggesting that they were generalist or polyphagous species. Fagaceae, Betulaceae, Ulmaceae, Rosaceae. Aceraceae, Ericaceae, Oleaceae and Styracaceae were fed on by many taxa of insect larvae, while Euonymus spp. (Celastraceae). Lindera obtusiloba(Lauraceae) and Symplocos chinensis for. pilosa(Symplocaceae) were mainly fed on by a few taxon.. Erannis, Calospilos and Phigalia were observed to feed on various species, but Illiberis, Pryeria and Chalocosia fed on only Rosaceae, Euonymus spp.(Cerastraceae) and Symplocos chinensis for. pilosa(Symplocaceae), respectively. An unidentified larva was observed only on Lindera obtusiloba (Lauraceae).

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Characterization of the Butterfly Community of a Fragmented Urban Forest, Hongneung Forest (격리된 도시숲, 홍릉숲 나비군집의 특성)

  • Lee, Cheol Min;Kwon, Tae-Sung
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.51 no.4
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    • pp.317-323
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    • 2012
  • Fragmented urban forests, as green islands within urban area, are the primary habitats for a vast number of different organisms inhabiting large cities. The areas of the urban forests are usually small, and hence, the proportion of the forest edge is relatively high. It is therefore expected that overall butterfly diversity may be lower than that of suburban or rural forests, and that those of grassland species, forest edge species, and generalist species with a wider niche breadth may be richer. Butterflies were surveyed weekly by the line transact method in order to characterize the butterfly community of the Hongneung Forest, a fragmented urban forest in Seoul. Butterfly richness of the study forest is much lower than those of main forests around or in Seoul. Grassland species, forest edge species, and generalist species were found to be richer, which was in agreement with the expected patterns of urban butterfly communities. Also, an endangered species, Spindasis takanonis, was observed in the Hongneung Forest, showing that urban forests play important roles for conservation of rare species.