• Title, Summary, Keyword: gastritis

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Phlegmonous Gastritis with Early Gastric Cancer

  • Kim, Kyung Hee;Kim, Chan Gyoo;Kim, Young-Woo;Moon, Hae;Choi, Jee Eun;Cho, Soo-Jeong;Lee, Jong Yeul;Choi, Il Ju
    • Journal of Gastric Cancer
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.195-199
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    • 2016
  • Phlegmonous gastritis is a rare and rapidly progressive bacterial infection of the stomach wall, with a high mortality rate. Antibiotics with or without surgical treatment are required for treatment. We present a case in which phlegmonous gastritis occurred during the diagnostic evaluation of early gastric cancer. The patient showed improvement after antibiotic treatment, but attempted endoscopic submucosal dissection failed because of submucosal pus. We immediately applied argon plasma coagulation since surgical resection was also considered a high-risk procedure because of the submucosal pus and multiple comorbidities. However, there was local recurrence two years later, and the patient underwent subtotal gastrectomy with lymph node dissection. Considering the risk of incomplete treatment immediately after recovery from phlegmonous gastritis and that recurrent disease can be more difficult to manage, delaying treatment and evaluation until after complete recovery of PG might be a better option in this particular clinical situation.

Exacerbation of Chronic Gastritis by Mycoplasma Infection through Inducing Inflammation

  • Kang, Kyung-Ah;Kwon, Hyuk-Joon;Hyun, Jin-Won
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Applied Pharmacology
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    • pp.95-95
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    • 2003
  • Mycoplasmas resemble H. pylori in production of ammonia and induction of inflammatory cytokines from immune and non-immne cells. In Republic of Korea infection rate of H. pylori is relatively high but only a proportion of them invite additional inflammation and progress into gastric cancers. Therefore, additional risk factors cannot be excluded. The presence and identification of mycoplasma were confirmed by semi -nested PCR and sequencing and the results were compared with pathological data. Fifty-six samples collected from Korean chronic gastritis patients were used for the study. Twenty-three (41.1%) were positive to mycoplasmas and all of them were identified as human mycoplasmas, M. faucium, M. fermentans, M. orale, M. salivarium and M. spermatophilum. Mycoplasma-infected chronic gastritis samples showed more severe, additional infiltration of neutrophils than non-infected samples and the difference was significant (P < 0.05). In conclusion human mycoplasma infection may playa role in progression of chronic gastritis to metaplasia by inducing additional inflammation.

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Anti-Gastritis and Anti-Oxidant Effects of Chenopodium album Linne Fractions and Betaine

  • Kim, Pit-Na;Jeong, Choon-Sik
    • Biomolecules & Therapeutics
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.433-441
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    • 2010
  • Chenopodium album Linne (CAL) is a fast-growing weedy annual plant. The leaves and young shoots may be eaten as a leafy vegetable. In oriental medicine, CAL has been used for treatment of skin disease, fever, stomach ache, toothache, and paralysis. After a preliminary screening of CAL ethanol extract and its fractions obtained from CAL leaves for anti-gastritic and anti-Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) activity, the butanol (BuOH) fraction was found to have the most significant effect. We also examined antioxidative properties of the total CAL extract and its fractions, and also betaine as an ingredient of the BuOH fraction. To investigate the antioxidant effects of CAL on gastritis, the reducing power, free radical scavenging activity using 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), and lipid peroxidation effects were determined. Additionally, the BuOH fraction reduced cell viability in a concentration dependent manner in human gastric cancer cell lines. The results of this study revealed that CAL has excellent antioxidant activity, and may be useful in treating gastritis and gastric cancer.

Antigastritic and Antiulcerative Activities of Water Extracts Derived from Scutellaria baicalensis

  • Cho, So-Yean;Lim, Duk-Yun;Kang, Min-Hee;Yoon, Hye-Ran;Kim, Gun-Hee;Lee, Yong-Soo;Jeong, Choon-Sik
    • Biomolecules & Therapeutics
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.171-177
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    • 2006
  • Gastritis and gastric ulcer were known to be induced by gastic acid, stress, ethanol, Helicobacter pylori and free radical, etc. This study was performed for the development of a new drug or nutraceutical from medicinal plants or natural products with anti-gastritis, anti-ulcerative and gastroprotective activities. The water extract of Scutellaria baicalensis was exhibited potent inhibition in HCl ethanol-induced gastric lesion, acetic acid-induced and Shay ulcers, indicating the effects on gastric lesion and ulcer in rats. The water extract of Scutellaria baicalensis significantly inhibited HCl ethanol-induced gastric lesions at the oral dose of 300, 500 mg/kg. In pylorus ligated rats, the treatments of the water extract from Scutellaria baicalensis showed decrease in the volume of gastric secretion and acid output and increase pH at oral dose of 300, 500 mg/kg. And significantly reduced acetic acid-induced ulcer at the oral dose of 500 mg/kg for 12 days. In this study, we have found that the water extract from Scutellaria baicalensis had significant improvement in acute gastritis and ulcer at the dose of 300, 500 mg/kg and in chronic gastritis and ulcer at the dose of 500 mg/kg. Also we evaluated the antibacterial activity against Helicobacter pylori treated with Scutellaria baicalensis. Scutellaria baicalensis had a equivalent antibacterial activity with ampicilin against H. pylori at the dose of $100\;{\mu}/ml$. In histological examination, the water extract of Scutellaria baicalensis drastically restored gastric damages induced by HCl ethanol solution, pylorus- ligature and acetic acid. Therefore, we may use the water extract from Scutellaria baicalensis as antigastritic and antiulcerative agent for the purpose of the improvement or treatment of gastritis and gastric ulcer.

Classification method of chronic gastritis by modeling of pulse signal (맥파 모델링을 통한 만성위염 분류 기법)

  • Choi, Sang-Ho;Shin, Ki-Young;Shin, Jitae
    • The Journal of Korea Institute of Information, Electronics, and Communication Technology
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    • v.5 no.3
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    • pp.144-151
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    • 2012
  • Chronic gastritis is the disease that is occuring in one in every 10 persons in Korea. In western medicine, endoscopy is needed to diagnose chronic gastritis, but it causes patients a pain and budget of expense. According to the TEM (Traditional Eastern Medicine), on the other hand, the 'Guan' position of the right wrist is related to a stomach. Thus we can diagnosis chronic gastritis by analyzing of pulse signal. However, pulse signal diagnosis is depended on oriental doctor's knowledge and experience. In this study, a systematic approach is proposed to analyze the computerized pulse signal. The pulse signals are firstly pre-processed, Gaussian model is adopted to fit the pulse signal, and then some related parameters are extracted from the model. Consequently, disease-sensitive parameters are selected by T-test and statistical difference. Finally, the selected parameters are entered into a Fuzzy C-Means (FCM) algorithm for classification. Classification results show that healthy persons and chronic gastritis patients are 95% and 87%, respectively.

Effect of ECQ on Iodoacetamide-Induced Chronic Gastritis in Rats

  • Lee, Se Eun;Song, Hyun Ju;Park, Sun Young;Nam, Yoonjin;Min, Chang Ho;Lee, Do Yeon;Jeong, Jun Yeong;Ha, Hyun Su;Kim, Hyun-Jung;Whang, Wan Kyun;Jeong, Ji Hoon;Kim, In Kyeom;Kim, Hak Rim;Min, Young Sil;Sohn, Uy Dong
    • The Korean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
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    • v.17 no.5
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    • pp.469-477
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    • 2013
  • This study investigated effect of extract containing quercetin-3-O-${\beta}$-D-glucuronopyranoside from Rumex Aquaticus Herba (ECQ) against chronic gastritis in rats. To produce chronic gastritis, the animals received a daily intra-gastric administration of 0.1 ml of 0.15% iodoacetamide (IA) solution for 7 days. Daily exposure of the gastric mucosa to IA induced both gastric lesions and significant reductions of body weight and food and water intake. These reductions recovered with treatment with ECQ for 7 days. ECQ significantly inhibited the elevation of the malondialdehyde levels and myeloperoxidase activity, which were used as indices of lipid peroxidation and neutrophil infiltration. ECQ recovered the level of glutathione, activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD), and expression of SOD-2. The increased levels of total NO concentration and iNOS expression in the IA-induced chronic gastritis were significantly reduced by treatment with ECQ. These results suggest that the ECQ has a therapeutic effect on chronic gastritis in rats by inhibitory actions on neutrophil infiltration, lipid peroxidation and various steps of reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation.

The Prevalence of Atrophic Gastritis and Intestinal Metaplasia according to Gender, Age and Helicobacter Pylori Infection in a Rural Population (한 농촌지역 주민에서 성, 연령 및 Helicobacter pylori 감염 여부에 따른 위축성 위염과 장상피화생 유병률)

  • Kim, Hyun-Ja;Choi, Bo-Youl;Byun, Tae-Joon;Eun, Chang-Soo;Song, Kyu-Sang;Kim, Yong-Sung;Han, Dong-Soo
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
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    • v.41 no.6
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    • pp.373-379
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    • 2008
  • Objectives ; The objective of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of atrophic gastritis and intestinal metaplasia according to gender, age and Helicobacter pylori infection in a rural population in Korea. Methods: Between April 2003 and January 2007, 713 subjects (298 men and 415 women, age range: 18-85) among the 2,161 adults who participated in a population-based survey received gastrointestinal endoscopy. All the subjects provided informed consent. Multiple biopsy specimens were evaluated for the presence of atrophic gastritis and intestinal metaplasia. The presence of Helicobacter Pylori was determined using CLO and histology testing. Results ; The age-adjusted prevalence of atrophic gastritis was 42.7% for men and 38.1% for women and the prevalence of intestinal metaplasia was 42.5% for men and 32.7% for women. The prevalence of atrophic gastritis and intestinal metaplasia increased significantly with age for both men and women (p for trend<0.001). The age-adjusted prevalence of Helicobacter pylori was similar for men (59.0%) and women (56.7%). The subjects with Helicobacter pylori infection showed a significantly higher prevalence of intestinal metaplasia (44.3%) compared with that (26.8%) of the noninfected subjects (p<0.001). However, the prevalence of atrophic gastritis was not statistically different between the Helicobacter pylori-infected subjects and the noninfected individuals. Conclusions : Our findings suggest that the prevalence of atrophic gastritis and intestinal metaplasia is higher for a Korean rural population than that for a Western population; this may be related to the high incidence of gastric cancer in Koreans. Especially, the prevalence of intestinal metaplasia was high for the subjects with Helicobacter pylori infection. The multistep process of gastric carcinogenesis and the various factors contributing to each step of this process need to be determined by conducting future follow-up studies.

Studies on Physicochemical and Biological Properties of Depolymerized Alginate from Sea Tangle, Laminaria japonicus by Heating Hydrolysis -4. Inhibition Effects of Acute Gastritis Induced by $HCl{\cdot}ethanol$ Solution and Gastric Ulcer Induced- (다시마 (Laminaria japonicus) Alginate의 가열가수분해에 따른 물리${\cdot}$화학적 및 생물학적 특성에 관한 연구 -4. $HCl{\cdot}ethanol$용액과 침수스트레스에 의해 유발되는 랫드 위궤양의 억제효과-)

  • KIM Yuck-Yong;CHO Young-Je
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
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    • v.33 no.6
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    • pp.520-523
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    • 2000
  • Anti-ulcer effects of depolymerized alginate (HAG-10, average molecular weight 10,000; HAG-50, average molecular weight 50,000; HAG-100, average molecular weight 100,000) obtained by hydrolysis of alginate by heating at $121^{\circ}C$, against $HCl{\cdot}ethanol$ and water-immersion stress in rats were investigated. The acute gastritis, induced by $HCl{\cdot}ethanol$, and the gastric ulcer, induced by water-immersion stress, were inhibited dose-dependently by administration of HAG-50, HAG-100 and alginate. Histopathological lesions of the gastritis and gastric ulcer in rats treated with HAG-50, HAG-100 and alginate were significantly lower than those in rats fed with HAG-10. The inhibition rates (${\%}$) on acute gastritis induced by $HCl{\cdot}ethanol$ and gastritis ulcer induced by water-immersion stress in rats, were $13.00{\%}\;and\;15.74{\%}$of HAG-10, $41.15{\%}\;and\;35.72{\%}$ of HAG-50, $41.58{\%}\;and\;35.37{\%}$ of HAG-100, and $45.17{\%}\;and\;41.11{\%}$ of alginate, respectively. These results suggested that HAG-50, HAG-100 and slginate had a protective effect against the gastritis and gastric ulcer. The effect was not as visible when using HAG-10 in rats. From the present results, it was suggested that HAG-50 was an effective anti-ulcer agent against $HCl{\cdot}ethanol$and water-immersion stress in rats.

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Comparison of Stress Perception and Depression between Gastric Cancer and Gastritis Patients (위암 환자들과 위염 환자들 간의 스트레스지각 및 우울의 비교)

  • Koh, Kyung-Bong;Lee, Sang-In;Lee, Jong-Min
    • Korean Journal of Psychosomatic Medicine
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.88-97
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    • 1994
  • A comparison was made between gastric cancer and gastritis patients regarding stress Perception and depression, using Global Assessment Recent Stress(GARS) scale and Beck Depression Inventory(BDI). 50% of gastric cancer patients and 38% of gastritis patients were found to be depressed on scores of BDI scale, respectively. There was no significant difference in scores of stress perception between both the groups. However, gastric cancer patients tended to be more depressed than gastritis patients, although the difference is statistically not significant. In the gastric cancer patients, severity of psychic distress showed significantly positive correlation with depression, whereas in the gastritis patients, severity of physical symptoms showed significantly positive correlation with depression. It suggested that depression of gastric cancer patients was more likely to be related to the extent of psychic distress than that of physical symptoms. In each of both the groups, female patients showed significantly higher stress perception than male patients, and age was found to have significantly negative correlation with stress perception. In conclusion, severity of pathology of the same organ was not related to extent of stress perception and of depression in which denial of gastric cancer patients might play a role. Thus, it is emphasized that psychosocial approach is more needed for gastric cancer patients than for gastritis patients.

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Infection of Helicobacter sup. in Gastric Mucosa of Domestic Pet Dogs (국내 애완견에서 Helicobacter spp의 감염)

  • Park, Jong-Hwan;Hong, Jung-Joo;Seok, Seung-Hyuk;Cho, Sun-A;Park, Jae-Hak
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Pathology
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.5-8
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    • 2001
  • Prevalence of Helicobacter infection in pet dogs and positive relations between the presence of Helicobacter app. and gastritis were studied. Twenty-one dogs, which died of various disease, were referred from three animal hospitals and necropsied. Upon histopathological examination, Helicobacter-like organisms (HLO) were observed only in the gastric mucosa of 5 (23.5%) out of the 21 stomachs. The bacteria mainly colonized in the mucus, gastric pits, and the lumen of gastric glands. Regardless of HLO infection, there was mild to moderate lymphocytic infiltration in fundic and pyloric mucosa. Average gastritis scores of the group infected with HLO were 1.250${\pm}$0.214 and 1.833${\pm}$0.167 in the fundic and pyloric mucosa, whereas those of uninfected group were 1.000${\pm}$0.165 and 1.625${\pm}$0.239, respectively. Accordingly, we concluded that no association exists between HLO infection and gastritis.

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