• Title, Summary, Keyword: gastric cancer

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Botulinum Toxin Injection for the Treatment of Delayed Gastric Emptying Following Pylorus-Preserving Gastrectomy: an Initial Experience

  • Lee, Jung Hwan;Kim, Chan Gyoo;Kim, Young-Woo;Choi, Il Ju;Lee, Jong Yeul;Cho, Soo-Jeong;Kim, Young-Il;Eom, Bang Wool;Yoon, Hong Man;Ryu, Keun Won
    • Journal of Gastric Cancer
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.173-179
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: To report our experience of endoscopic botulinum toxin injection in patients who experienced severe delayed gastric emptying after pylorus-preserving gastrectomy (PPG). Materials and Methods: We reviewed the medical records of 6 patients who received the botulinum toxin injection. They presented with severe delayed gastric emptying in the early postoperative period. Endoscopic botulinum toxin was administered as 4 injections of 25-50 IU into each of the 4 quadrants of the prepyloric area. Results: All botulinum toxin injections were successful without any complications, enabling 5 patients to tolerate soft solid diets and one to tolerate a soft fluid diet within 10 days. The endoscopic criteria of 4 patients improved. Symptom recurrence caused 2 patients to undergo repeat injections that were successful. The median follow-up period was 27 months, and all patients could ingest normal regular diets at the last follow-up. Conclusions: Endoscopic botulinum toxin injection is a feasible treatment option for early delayed gastric emptying after PPG.

Discrepancy between Clinical and Final Pathological Evaluation Findings in Early Gastric Cancer Patients Treated with Endoscopic Submucosal Dissection

  • Kim, Young-Il;Kim, Hyoung Sang;Kook, Myeong-Cherl;Cho, Soo-Jeong;Lee, Jong Yeul;Kim, Chan Gyoo;Ryu, Keun Won;Kim, Young-Woo;Choi, Il Ju
    • Journal of Gastric Cancer
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.34-42
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: Early gastric cancer cases that are estimated to meet indications for treatment before endoscopic submucosal resection are often revealed to be out-of-indication after the treatment. We investigated the short-term treatment outcomes in patients with early gastric cancer according to the pretreatment clinical endoscopic submucosal resection indications. Materials and Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients with early gastric cancer that met the pretreatment endoscopic submucosal resection indications, from 2004 to 2011. Curative resection rate and proportion of out-of-indication cases were compared according to the pre-endoscopic submucosal resection indications. Pre-endoscopic submucosal resection factors associated with out-of-indication in the final pathological examination were analyzed. Results: Of 756 cases, 660 had absolute and 96 had expanded pre-endoscopic submucosal resection indications. The curative resection rate was significantly lower in the patients with expanded indications (64.6%) than in those with absolute indications (81.7%; P<0.001). The cases with expanded indications (30.2%) were revealed to be out-of-indication more frequently than the cases with absolute indications (13.8%; P<0.001). Age of >65 years, tumor size of >2 cm, tumor location in the upper-third segment of the stomach, and undifferentiated histological type in pre-endoscopic submucosal resection evaluations were significant risk factors for out-of-indication after endoscopic submucosal resection. Conclusions: Non-curative resection due to out-of-indication occurred in approximately one-third of the early gastric cancer cases that clinically met the expanded indications before endoscopic submucosal resection. The possibility of additional surgery should be empha-sized for patients with early gastric cancers that clinically meet the expanded indications.

Microsatellite Instability Is Associated with the Clinicopathologic Features of Gastric Cancer in Sporadic Gastric Cancer Patients

  • Kim, Shin-Hyuk;Ahn, Byung-Kyu;Nam, Young-Su;Pyo, Joo-Youn;Oh, Young-Ha;Lee, Kang-Hong
    • Journal of Gastric Cancer
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.149-154
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    • 2010
  • Purpose: Replication error is an important mechanism in carcinogenesis. The microsatellite instability (MSI-H) of colorectal cancers is associated with the development of multiple cancers. The influence of MSI-H on the development of multiple gastric cancers in sporadic gastric cancer patients has not been defined. This study was performed to reveal the association between the clinicopathologic features and MSI in sporadic gastric cancers. Materials and Methods: Between July 2004 and March 2009, the clinicopathologic characteristics, including MSI status, were evaluated in 128 consecutive patients with sporadic gastric cancers. None of the patients had hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer of familial gastric cancer. The markers that were recommended by the NCI to determine the MSI status for colorectal cancers were used Results: MSI-H cancers were found in 10.9% of the patients (14/128). Synchronous gastric cancers were shown in 4 patients (3.1%). Synchronous cancers were found in 2 of 14 patients with MSI-H gastric cancer (14.3%) and 2 of 114 patients with MSS gastric cancer (1.8%; P=0.059, Fisher's exact test). Among the patients with synchronous cancer 50% (2/4) had MSI-H cancer, but 9.7% of the patients (12/124) without synchronous cancer had MSI-H cancer. MSI-H (RR, 24.7; 95% CI, 1.5~398.9; P=0.024) was related with to synchronous gastric cancer, but age, gender, family history, histologic type, location, gross morphology, size, and stage were not related to synchronous gastric cancer. Conclusions: MSI is associated with the intestinal-type gastric cancer and the presence of multiple gastric cancers in patients with sporadic gastric cancer. Special attention to the presence of synchronous and the development of metachronous multiple cancer in patients with MSI-H gastric cancer is needed.

Phlegmonous Gastritis with Early Gastric Cancer

  • Kim, Kyung Hee;Kim, Chan Gyoo;Kim, Young-Woo;Moon, Hae;Choi, Jee Eun;Cho, Soo-Jeong;Lee, Jong Yeul;Choi, Il Ju
    • Journal of Gastric Cancer
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.195-199
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    • 2016
  • Phlegmonous gastritis is a rare and rapidly progressive bacterial infection of the stomach wall, with a high mortality rate. Antibiotics with or without surgical treatment are required for treatment. We present a case in which phlegmonous gastritis occurred during the diagnostic evaluation of early gastric cancer. The patient showed improvement after antibiotic treatment, but attempted endoscopic submucosal dissection failed because of submucosal pus. We immediately applied argon plasma coagulation since surgical resection was also considered a high-risk procedure because of the submucosal pus and multiple comorbidities. However, there was local recurrence two years later, and the patient underwent subtotal gastrectomy with lymph node dissection. Considering the risk of incomplete treatment immediately after recovery from phlegmonous gastritis and that recurrent disease can be more difficult to manage, delaying treatment and evaluation until after complete recovery of PG might be a better option in this particular clinical situation.

Update of Adjuvant Chemotherapy for Resected Gastric Cancer

  • Oh, Sang-Cheul
    • Journal of Gastric Cancer
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.3-6
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    • 2012
  • Gastric cancer is the second cause of cancer that is related to death and the fourth most common cancer, worldwide. Complete resection of cancer is the only curative treatment for gastric cancer. However, even if complete resection is possible, recurrence is frequently observed in Gastric patients. Therefore, adjuvant treatment modality for resectable gastric cancer is needed to increase the survival of patients. This study wants to describe the role of adjuvant chemotherapy for resectable gastric cancer, with updated data of recent studies. Several meta-analysis studies demonstrated a benefit of adjuvant chemotherapy for resectable gastric cancer. Due to the heterogeneity of the population and regimens, there is no consensus regarding the adjuvant chemotherapy. Recently published, well designed phase III studies demonstrated the statistically significance of adjuvant chemotherapy for the resectable gastric cancer, with the extended lymph node dissection. Further phase III trials, to determine the best regimen and schedule of adjuvant chemotherapy, was suggested to use the fluoropyrimidine based regimen as control group.

Preoperative Plasma Fibrinogen Level Is a Useful Predictor of Adjacent Organ Involvement in Patients with Advanced Gastric Cancer

  • Lee, Sang-Eok;Lee, Jun-Ho;Ryu, Keun-Won;Nam, Byung-Ho;Cho, Soo-Jeong;Lee, Jong-Yeul;Kim, Chan-Gyoo;Choi, Il-Ju;Kook, Myeong-Cherl;Park, Sook-Ryun;Kim, Young-Woo
    • Journal of Gastric Cancer
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.81-87
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: The aim of the present study was to assess the association between the pre-operative plasma fibrinogen level and the adjacent organ involvement in advanced gastric cancer. Materials and Methods: A total of 923 pre-operative plasma samples were obtained from 923 patients diagnosed clinically as having advanced gastric cancer, and fibrinogen levels were measured by immunoassay. Associations between fibrinogen levels and clinicopathologic findings (depth of tumor, adjacent organ involvement, and lymph node metastasis), along with survival were examined by univariate and multivariate analyses. Results: Tumor size, tumor depth, and the presence of lymph node metastasis were found to be positively correlated with the preoperative plasma fibrinogen levels (P<0.001). Fifty (5.4%) patients had adjacent organ involvement. Lymphatic invasion (P<0.001), tumor size (P<0.001), clinical T (depth of invasion) stage (P<0.001), and clinical nodal stage (P=0.018) were found to be associated with adjacent organ involvement. Univariate and multivariate regression analyses showed that a preoperatively elevated plasma fibrinogen level was associated with adjacent organ involvement (P<0.001, 0.028), and Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that it was associated with poorer survival (P<0.001). Conclusions: Plasma fibrinogen was found to be a clinically useful marker of adjacent organ involvement and overall survival. When a high fibrinogen level is encountered, preoperatively, adjacent organ involvement should be suspected in clinically advanced gastric cancer.

Expression of Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1 and E-Selectin in Gastric Cancer and Their Clinical Significance

  • Jung, Woo-Chul;Jang, You-Jin;Kim, Jong-Han;Park, Sung-Soo;Park, Seong-Heum;Kim, Seung-Joo;Mok, Young-Jae;Kim, Chong-Suk
    • Journal of Gastric Cancer
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.140-148
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    • 2012
  • Purpose: Among cell adhesion molecules, serum levels of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 and E-selectin are known to be correlated with the metastatic potential of gastric cancer. In the present study, the authors investigated the expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 and E-selectin in gastric cancer tissues and cultured gastric cancer cells, and examined their clinical value in gastric cancer. Materials and Methods: The protein was extracted from gastric cancer tissues and cultured gastric cancer cells (MKN-28 and Kato-III) and the expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 and E-selectin was examined by western blotting. The clinical significance of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 and E-selectin was explored, using immunohistochemical staining of specimens from 157 gastric cancer patients. Results: In western blot analysis, the expressions of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 in gastric cancer tissues and cultured gastric cancer cells were increased, however, E-selectin in gastric cancer tissues and cells were not increased. Among 157 gastric cancer patients, 79 patients (50%) were intercellular adhesion molecule-1 positive and had larger tumor size, an increased depth of tumor invasion, lymph node metastasis and perineural invasion. The intercellular adhesion molecule-1 positive group showed a higher incidence of tumor recurrence (40.5%), and a poorer 3-year survival than the negative group (54.9 vs. 85.9%, respectively). Conclusions: Intercellular adhesion molecule-1 is overexpressed in gastric cancer tissues and cultured gastric cancer cells, whereas E-selectin is not overexpressed. Increased expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 in gastric cancer could be related to the aggressive nature of the tumor, and has a poor prognostic effect on gastric cancer.

History of Minimally Invasive Surgery for Gastric Cancer in Korea

  • Kim, Young-Woo;Yoon, Hong-Man;Eom, Bang-Wool;Park, Ji-Yeon
    • Journal of Gastric Cancer
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.13-17
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    • 2012
  • Laparoscopic gastrectomy was begun in 1995 in Korea. But, there was 4 years gap to reactivate in 1999. High incidence of gastric cancer and increasing proportion of early cancer through national screening program along with huge effort and enthusiasm of laparoscopic gastric surgeon, and active academic exchange with Japanese doctors contributed development of laparoscopic gastrectomy in Korea. Study group activity of Korean Laparoscopic Gastrointestinal Surgery Study (KLASS) group and Collaborative Action for Gastric Cancer (COACT) group were paramount to evoke large scale multicenter clinical study and various well performed clinical studies. This review encompasses mainly international publications about this area so far in Korea.