• Title, Summary, Keyword: function

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Effect of cognitive function and oral health status on mastication ability in elderly individuals (노인의 인지기능과 구강건강상태가 저작능력에 미치는 영향)

  • Choi, Ma-I;Noh, Hee-Jin;Han, Sun-Young;Mun, So-Jung
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.65-78
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    • 2019
  • Objectives: This study was conducted to characterize the impact of cognitive function and oral health status on mastication in senior citizens, ${\geq}65$ years of age, using senior centers in the city of Wonju, South Korea. Methods: A cross-sectional study consisting of a simple oral examination and survey questionnaires was performed in 154 individuals. General characteristics, subjective masticatory function, objective masticatory function, cognitive function, and oral health status were collected as variables. Correlation and multiple linear regression analyses were conducted. A p-value of <0.05 was considered to be statistically significant. Results: The subjective masticatory function was scored using the 5-point Likert scale. When subjective masticatory function was analyzed in groups according to cognitive function, the mean subjective masticatory function scores were 4.31, 4.09, and 3.29 in the normal group (cognitive score of ${\geq}16$), suspected dementia group (cognitive score of 1215), and mild dementia group (cognitive score of ${\leq}11$), respectively. Thus, subjective masticatory function decreased along with decreasing cognitive function. When cognitive function, subjective masticatory function, and objective masticatory function were compared with indicators of oral health status (number of functional teeth, oral dryness), subjective masticatory function exhibited a significant positive correlation with objective masticatory function (r=0.635, p<0.01), cognitive function (r=0.292, p<0.01), and total number of functional teeth, including prosthetic appliances (dentures) (r=0.305, p<0.01). According to the regression analysis, age, sex, number of functional teeth, and cognitive function affected subjective masticatory function. Conclusions: The results of this study revealed that age, sex, number of functional teeth, and cognitive function affected subjective masticatory function, whereas oral dryness did not. Therefore, dental professionals must consider subjective masticatory function when providing oral care in senior patients with low cognitive function.

Loss-of-function and Gain-of-function Rice Mutants from Gamma-Ray Mutagenesis

  • Lee, Seon-Woo;Park, Gyung-Ja;Kim, Jin-Cheol;Kim, Heung-Tae;Park, Yong-Ho;Cho, Kwang-Yun
    • The Plant Pathology Journal
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    • v.19 no.6
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    • pp.301-304
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    • 2003
  • Gamma-ray irradiation is known to induce various mutations in plants caused by chromosome alterations. This study investigated disease responses of selected gamma-ray induced rice mutants generated from seven Japonica-type rice cultivars against three plant diseases. Among the tested 22 mutants, three gain-of-function mutants and six loss-of-function mutants against rice blast were obtained, as well as three loss-of-function mutants against bacterial leaf blight (BLB). Two of the loss-of-function mutants were susceptible to both rice blast and BLB. Gain-of-function mutation has not been frequently observed in rice plants, thus, the mutants can be used to identify loci of novel genes for the regulation of disease resistant response.

A Study on the Degree of Need of Human Structure and Function Knowledge in Clinical Nurses (기초간호자연과학의 인체구조와 기능 내용별 필요도에 대한 연구)

  • Choe, Myoung-Ae;Byun, Young-Soon;Seo, Young-Sook;Hwang, Ae-Ran;Kim, Hee-Seung;Hong, Hae-Sook;Park, Mi-Jung;Choi, Smi;Lee, Kyung-Sook;Seo, Wha-Sook;Shin, Gi-Soo
    • Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.1-24
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    • 1999
  • The purpose of this study was to define the content of requisite human structure and function knowledge needed for clinical knowledge of nursing practice. Subjects of human structure and function were divided into 10 units, and each unit was further divided into 21 subunits, resulting in a total of 90 items. Contents of knowledge of human structure and function were constructed from syllabus of basic nursing subjects in 4 college of nursing, and textbooks published by nurse scholars prepared with basic nursing sciences. The degree of need of 90 items was measured with a 4 point scale. The subjects of this study were college graduated 136 nurses from seven university hospitals in Seoul and three university hospitals located in Chonnam Province, Kyungbook Province, and Inchon. They have been working at internal medicine ward, surgical ward, intensive care unit, obstetrics and gynecology ward, pediatrics ward, opthalmology ward, ear, nose, and throat ward, emergency room, rehabilitation ward, cancer ward, hospice ward, and their working period was mostly under 5 years. The results were as follows: 1. The highest scored items of human structure and function knowledge necessary for nursing practice were electrolyte balance, blood clotting mechanism and anticoagulation mechanism, hematopoietic function, body fluid balance, function of plasma, and anatomical terminology in the order of importance. The lowest scored items of human structure and function knowledge necessary for nursing practice was sexual factors of genetic mutation. 2. The highest order of need according to unit was membrane transport in the living unit, anatomical terminology in movement and exercise unit, mechanism of hormone function in regulation and integration unit, component and function of blood in oxygenation function unit, structure and function of digestive system in digestive and energy metabolism unit, temperature regulation in temperature regulation unit electrolyte balance in body fluid and electrolyte unit, concept of immunity in body resistance unit, and genetics terminology in genetics unit. The highest order of importance according to subunit was membrane transportation in cell subunit, classification of tissues in tissue unit, function of skin and skin in skin subunit, anatomical derivatives of the skeleton subunit, classification of joints in joint subunit, an effect of exercise on muscles in muscle subunit, function of brain in nervous system subunit, special sense in sensory subunit mechanism of hormone function in endocrine subunit, structure and function of female reproductive system in reproductive system unit, structure and function of blood in blood unit, structure of heart, electrical and mechanical function in cardiovascular system unit, structure of respiratory system in respiratory system subunit, structure and function of digestive system in digestive system subunit, hormonal regulation of metabolism in nutrition and metabolism subunit, function of kidney in urologic system subunit, electolyte balance in body fluid, electolyte and acid-base balance subunit. 3. The common content of human structure and function knowledge need for all clinical areas in nursing was structure and function of blood, hematopoietic function, function of plasm, coagulation mechanism and anticoagulation mechanism, body fluid, electrolyte balance, and acid-base balance. However, the degree of need of each human structure and function knowledge was different depending on clinical areas. 4. Significant differences in human structure and function knowledge necessary for nursing practice such as skin and derivatives of the skin, growth and development of bone, classification of joint, classification of muscle, structure of muscle, function of muscle, function of spinal cord, peripheral nerve, structure and function of pancrease, component and function of blood, function of plasma, structure and function of blood, hemodynamics, respiratory dynamics, gas transport, regulation of respiration, chemical digestion of foods, absorption of foods, characteristics of nutrients, metabolism and hormonal regulation, body energy balance were demonstrated according to the duration of work. 5. Significant differences in human structure and function knowledge necessary for nursing practice such as classification of tissue, classification of muscles, function of muscles, muscle metabolism, classification of skeletal muscles, classification of nervous system, neurotransmitters, mechanism of hormone function, pituitary and pituitary hormone, structure and function of male reproductive organ, structure and function of female reproductive organ, component and function of blood, function of plasma, coagulation mechanism and anticoagulation mechanism, gas exchange, gas transport, regulation of respiration, characteristics of nutrients, energy balance, function of kidney, concept of immunity, classification and function of immunity were shown according to the work area. Based on these findings, all the 90 items constructed by Korean Academic Society of Basic Nursing Science should be included as contents of human structure and function knowledge.

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CERTAIN INTEGRALS INVOLVING THE PRODUCT OF GAUSSIAN HYPERGEOMETRIC FUNCTION AND ALEPH FUNCTION

  • Suthar, D.L.;Agarwal, S.;Kumar, Dinesh
    • Honam Mathematical Journal
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    • v.41 no.1
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    • pp.1-17
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    • 2019
  • The aim of this paper is to establish certain integrals involving product of the Aleph function with exponential function and multi Gauss's hypergeometric function. Being unified and general in nature, these integrals yield a number of known and new results as special cases. For the sake of illustration, twelve corollaries are also recorded here as special case of our main results.

SOME IDENTITIES INVOLVING THE LEGENDRE'S CHI-FUNCTION

  • Choi, June-Sang
    • Communications of the Korean Mathematical Society
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.219-225
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    • 2007
  • Since the time of Euler, the dilogarithm and polylogarithm functions have been studied by many mathematicians who used various notations for the dilogarithm function $Li_2(z)$. These functions are related to many other mathematical functions and have a variety of application. The main objective of this paper is to present corrected versions of two equivalent factorization formulas involving the Legendre's Chi-function $\chi_2$ and an evaluation of a class of integrals which is useful to evaluate some integrals associated with the dilogarithm function.

SEVERAL RESULTS ASSOCIATED WITH THE RIEMANN ZETA FUNCTION

  • Choi, Junesang
    • Journal of the Chungcheong Mathematical Society
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.467-480
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    • 2009
  • In 1859, Bernhard Riemann, in his epoch-making memoir, extended the Euler zeta function $\zeta$(s) (s > 1; $s{\in}\mathbb{R}$) to the Riemann zeta function $\zeta$(s) ($\Re$(s) > 1; $s{\in}\mathbb{C}$) to investigate the pattern of the primes. Sine the time of Euler and then Riemann, the Riemann zeta function $\zeta$(s) has involved and appeared in a variety of mathematical research subjects as well as the function itself has been being broadly and deeply researched. Among those things, we choose to make a further investigation of the following subjects: Evaluation of $\zeta$(2k) ($k {\in}\mathbb{N}$); Approximate functional equations for $\zeta$(s); Series involving the Riemann zeta function.

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A NEW EXTENSION OF THE MITTAG-LEFFLER FUNCTION

  • Arshad, Muhammad;Choi, Junesang;Mubeen, Shahid;Nisar, Kottakkaran Sooppy;Rahman, Gauhar
    • Communications of the Korean Mathematical Society
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.549-560
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    • 2018
  • Since Mittag-Leffler introduced the so-called Mittag-Leffler function in 1903, due to its usefulness and diverse applications, a variety and large number of its extensions (and generalizations) and variants have been presented and investigated. In this sequel, we aim to introduce a new extension of the Mittag-Leffler function by using a known extended beta function. Then we investigate ceratin useful properties and formulas associated with the extended Mittag-Leffler function such as integral representation, Mellin transform, recurrence relation, and derivative formulas. We also introduce an extended Riemann-Liouville fractional derivative to present a fractional derivative formula for a known extended Mittag-Leffler function, the result of which is expressed in terms of the new extended Mittag-Leffler functions.