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Fruits Preference of Elementary Children for Fruits Consumption Promotion in School Lunch Program - Focus on Apples and Pears - (과실류 소비촉진을 위한 초등학교 급식에서의 과실류 선호도 조사 - 사과와 배를 중심으로 -)

  • Jang, Jung-Hee;Seo, Sun-Hee
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.225-234
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    • 2007
  • This study was performed to investigate the preference and perception on fruits especially, focusing on apples and pears served in elementary school lunch programs. The subjects of this study were 1,106 students (504 female and 595 male students)from seven elementary schools in Seoul. The survey was conducted by using self-administered questionnaire from July 10 to July 20, 2006. Based on the frequency analysis results, 45% of respondents ate fruits every day and 42% had fruits 2-3 times per week. Approximately, 53% of respondents indicated their usual time to eat fruits was after dinner and secondly 27% had fruits between lunch and dinner. Majority of respondents chose a watermelon as the most preferred fruits and the first chosen among nine fruits (apple, pear, madarin, strawberry, cherry tomato, watermelon, grape, melon, and peach). Cherry tomato was found as the least preferred fruits by 30% of students, however cherry tomato was most frequently offered fruits in elementary school lunch menu. About 50% students were satisfied with the served fruits in their school lunch program. In addition, most students said that they would have fruits more frequently in their lunch menu. However, one fifth of students addressed that they were not satisfied with the fruits in school lunch program because of kinds of fruits, freshness of fruits, taste of fruits, and quantity of fruits. Almost 71% of students preferred apples. Seventy three percents of students preferred eating apples without peel and 78% of students ate apples as slices of apples. In addition, 61% of students indicated their preference of apple salads. Many students responded they did not eat apples and pears frequently since they do not have a chance to eat them. The implications to increase the chance to eat fruits and promote elementary children's fruits consumption were discussed.

The Promise of Dried Fruits in Cancer Chemoprevention

  • Kundu, Joydeb Kumar;Chun, Kyung-Soo
    • Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
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    • v.15 no.8
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    • pp.3343-3352
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    • 2014
  • Chemoprevention is an attempt to use nontoxic natural and synthetic substances or their mixtures to intervene the relatively early stages of carcinogenesis, before invasive characteristics are manifested. The consumption of fruits is well known to reduce the risk of human cancers. Although most fruits are available only on a seasonal basis, recent advances in food processing technologies have made it possible to extend the shelf life of fruits and fruit-products. Fruits can be preserved by applying different drying processes to reduce the moisture content. Different varieties of dried fruits are now sold in supermarkets, thereby making them readily accessible to consumers. Since oxidative stress and chronic inflammation play important roles in cancer development, dried fruits with antioxidative and anti-inflammatory properties hold promise for cancer chemoprevention. The antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and chemopreventive activities of dried fruits are largely attributed to their polyphenols and vitamins. Dried fruits contain adequate amounts of bioactive principles, such as anthocyanins, acetogenins, catechins, coumarins, phenolic acids, terpenes, xanthones, and others. Since numerous health beneficial phytochemicals in fruits are conserved even after processing, regular intake of dried fruits can help prevent cancer. This review addresses the chemopreventive potential of representative dried fruits and their active constituents.

Effects of MA Storage with Fine Holes For Red Chili Pepper and Red Bell Pepper Fruits (홍고추 및 홍피망의 미세공 MA저장 효과)

  • 이귀현;정천순
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.125-130
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    • 2001
  • The effects of modified atmosphere(MA) storage for fresh red chili pepper and red bell pepper fruits were investigated with storing in polyethylene film with various fine holes. During the storage of the both pepper fruits, the weight loss, color change, mold emergence, and firmness were evaluated. The weight loss of pepper fruits packaged without holes on film was less than 3%, even though it was each 50% and 25% for non packaged red chili pepper and red bell pepper fruits. The rates of mold emergence of red chili pepper and red bell pepper fruits were reached to each 60% and 50% at the end of storage period as stored in film without holes. However, the rate of mold emergence of pepper fruits was lowered when fruits were stored in MA with low relative humidity (70∼80%). The color and firmness of pepper fruits were not much changed when fruits were stored in MA with high humidity.

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Characteristics of Domestic Distribution Environment for Parcel Delivery Service of Fruits (국내 과실의 택배 유통환경 특성)

  • Jung, Hyun Mo;Kim, Su Il
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF PACKAGING SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.61-65
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    • 2015
  • Agricultural products packaged for transportation are put in the various dangerous environments owing to the damage factors like vibration, shock, compression, climate etc. under the distribution process. On fruits packaging for transportation, especially, the shock and vibration is considered as the most important damage factors. A major cause of shock damage to fruits is drops during manual handling. Especially, the damages of fruits during the parcel delivery service are very serious. The parcel delivery services of fruits are increasing and contribute to increasing of farm house earning. Also, the freight vehicle is mostly used to transport the fruits. Shock and impact generated by the freight vehicle may give serious damage to fruits. The optimum packaging design of parcel delivery service of fruits during transportation is required to reduce the fruits damages. In order to design the packaging system for parcel delivery service of fruits considering the transportation environment, the comprehension of characteristics for vibration and shock generated by manual handling and acting on transportation vehicles under various road conditions and loading methods is required. This research was performed to analyze the shock characteristics, acceleration level and power spectral density (PSD) during the parcel delivery service of fruits. The overall level of recommended PSD profile in a specific transportation of parcel delivery service for fruits was $0.63G_{rms}$.

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Effects of Calcium and Galactose on the Ethylene Production of Persimmon Fruits (감과실의 에틸렌 생성에 미치는 칼슘과 Galactose의 영향)

  • 김미현;신승렬
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.29-34
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    • 1998
  • This study was carried out to investigate the effects of calcium and galactose treatments on ethylene productions in persimmon fruits for the study on the study of persimmon fruits. Ethylene was producted in green mature persimmon fruits treated with water, calcium and galactose after 24hrs of treatment. Ethylene productions of persimmon fiuits treated with galactose was very higher than those of persimmon fruits treated with water and calcium after 72hrs of treatment. Ethylene productions of persimmon fruits teated with water and calcium were similarly to that of persimmon fruit tested with calcium. The treatment of glucose was not effected on ethylene production of persiommn fruits. The ACC contents and ACC synthase activity in persimmon fruit treated with galactose were higher than those of other groups after 72hrs of storage, but the ACC contents and ACC synthase activity of persimmon fruits treated with calcium were lower than those of control and persimmon fruits treated with water.

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A Review of Technologies to Prolong the Shelf Life of Fresh Tropical Fruits in Southeast Asia

  • Kusumaningrum, Dewi;Lee, Seung-Hyun;Lee, Wang-Hee;Mo, Changyeun;Cho, Byoung-Kwan
    • Journal of Biosystems Engineering
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    • v.40 no.4
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    • pp.345-358
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    • 2015
  • Southeast Asia, a typical tropical region, plays an important role in exporting a variety of fruits worldwide. The market for fresh fruits has been growing consistently, and this is a chance for Southeast Asian countries to increase their national income. However, export of tropical fruits has limitations such as a short shelf life and difficulty in maintaining the quality because of tropical climate conditions and undeveloped postharvest technologies in Southeast Asia. An important objective for developing postharvest technologies is to extend the shelf life of fresh fruits without deterioration in fruit quality. Therefore, it is essential to determine factors that affect the shelf life of fruits. The shelf life of tropical fruits is significantly dependent on the inherent properties of the fruits, extrinsic conditions, postharvest treatment, and microbial contamination. Recently, Southeast Asian countries have supported agricultural research groups for developing new postharvest technologies and minimizing postharvest losses and maintaining export fruit quality so that the total sales of tropical fruit farms can increase. This review introduces how the primary factors for extending the shelf life of tropical fruits can be determined and discusses the development of postharvest technologies for tropical fruits in Southeast Asian countries.

Changes in the Quality of Sweet Persimmon Fruits with Packaging Methods during Low Temperature Storage (저온저장시 포장방법에 따른 단감의 품질변화)

  • 신승렬;이주백;윤광섭;최종욱;김광수
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.252-257
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    • 2001
  • This studies were carried out to investigate the physical properties and quality of sweet persimmon fruits which packaged with polyethylene for improvement of quality and storage. The fruits which packed 5 fruits a pack by 0.06mm PE film was maintained freshness during 120 days of storage, but those which packaged a fruit was maintained freshens during 150 days of storage, and quality of fruits was excellent during storage. It was more excellent quality of fruits packaged 5 fruits a pack with 0.08 and 0.10mm PE film than quality of those packaged by 0.06mm PE film. Hardness of fruits were decreased during storage, and the color of fruits was changed. But the fruits which packaged each with 0.08mm PE film was maitained freshens during 180 days of storage, and the quality of fruits was excellent during storage. The hardness and color of fruits were net changed during storage.

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Force-Deformation Characteristics of the Fruit Flesh (과실(果實)의 힘-변형(變形) 특성(特性))

  • Kim, M.S.;Park, J.M.;Choi, D.S.
    • Journal of Biosystems Engineering
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.156-170
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    • 1992
  • The force-deformation relationship gives the basic physical properties of the fruits such as the bioyield point, the rupture point, and the deformations at the bioyield point and the rupture point. These informations are very important to study the stress-strain relationships of the fruits. This study was conducted to analyze those physical properties according to the sampling position of the fruits, and to determine the bioyield point, the rupture point, and the deformations at the bioyield point and the rupture point of the fruits for two different storage conditions(low temperature and normal temperature) and the storage period, and to investigate the effect of loading rate on those physical properties, the hysteresis on the loading-unloading condition and the degree of elasticity of the fruits. The results of the study were as follows : 1. The physical properties(BS, US, BD, and RD) of the test specimen selected from the different sampling positions were quite different. The values of the physical properties were shown smallest ones at the cheek of the fruits, and the statistical test results of the physical properties between the cheek from the other two positions of the fruits showed that there were significant difference at the 1 % level between them. 2. The effect of loading rate on the physical properties of the fruits was relatively large, all the considered physical propertis of the fruits increased with the loading rate, but the hysteresis loss decreased with it. 3. The physical properties of the fruits according to the storage conditions and period showed different, and the bioyield deformation and the rupture deformation of the fruits increased with the storage period, but the bioyield strength and the ultimate strength of the fruits decreased with it. The effect of the storage conditions on the those physical properties showed that the normal temperature storage condition was a little higher than the low temperature storage condition. 4. As a whole, it was shown that the bioyield strength and the ultimate strength of the pear decreased a little faster than those of the apple, and the bioyield deformation and rupture deformation of the pear increased a little faster than those of apple at the two storage conditions.

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The Kimi Theory on Fruits - Focused on [Tangaekpyeon] in ${\ulcorner}$Donguibogam${\lrcorner}$ and of [Jeongjoji] in ${\ulcorner}$Limwonsibyukji${\lrcorner}$ - (과일류의 기미론(氣味論) 연구 - "동의보감" [탕액편]과 "임원십육지" [정조지] 중 <식감촬요>를 중심으로 -)

  • Song, Yun-Jin;Cha, Gyung-Hee
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.22 no.6
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    • pp.930-939
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    • 2006
  • Classifying Fruits recorded in Tangaekpyeon of Donguibogam and Sikgamchalyo of Jeongjoji of Limwonsibyukji and comparing the types, features, efficacy and side effects based on Kimi Theory(氣味), we found forty one fruits in Donguibogam and forty eight in Limwonsibyukji. As well as fresh fruits, soup, gruel, dry fruit, and powder, peel, stem, leaf, and root were also used. According to the literature, Fruits are classified by five conditions(五氣) and five tastes(五味) and many are mild with sweet taste or warm with sweet and sour taste. They are efficacious in protecting the five viscera, building up energy, controlling heat, calming febrile diseases, promoting urination and excretion, antidiarrhetic, calming cholera morbus, improving skin condition calming the stomach, neutralizing poisonous effects and improving eyesight. To help prevent and cure diseases, those with cold physical constitution must take warm Fruits to vitalize their physiology and those with hot physical constitution cold Fruits for balance. To improve their physical health, our ancestors tried to control their bio rhythm with food and medicinal material and promoted health and prevented diseases by taking such food. We therefore expect that we can have a healthy dietary life by taking advantage of the five conditions and five tastes of Fruits and continuing the spirit of Korea traditional food culture.

Quantitative Determination of the Triterpenoids and Total Tannin in Korean Rubus species by HPLC

  • Kim, Min-Young;Tapondjou, Leon Azefack;Park, Hee-Juhn
    • Natural Product Sciences
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.290-295
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    • 2014
  • The triterpenoids contained in four Rubus species (Rosaceae) were quantitatively analyzed using HPLC to select plants with large quantities of niga-ichigoside $F_1$. Unripe fruits, ripe fruits, and leaves were extracted to estimate the quantity of niga-ichigoside $F_1$, together with Rubus-specific $19{\alpha}$-hydroxyursane-type triterpenoids, euscaphic acid, tormentic acid, and kaji-ichigoside $F_1$, and a dimeric triterpenoid coreanoside $F_1$. Niga-ichigoside $F_1$ was most abundant in the leaves of R. crataegifolius (23.4 mg/g dry weight). The amount of triterpenoid in the black, ripe fruits of R. coreanus was lower than the unripe fruits of the same plant. On the other hand, the ripe fruits of three plants, R. crataegifolius, R. parvifolius and R. pungens var. oldhami, which are reddish, contained higher or similar level of triterpenoids than their unripe fruits. In addition, the concentration of niga-ichigoside $F_1$ in the ripe fruit of R. crataegifolius was 20.5 mg/g, suggesting that the fruits could be used as a functional food. Methyl gallate and ellagic acid were used as quantitative indices of total tannin. Methyl gallate levels were higher in ripe fruits than unripe fruits in R. crataegifolius, R. pungens var. oldhami, and R. parvifolius. In R. crataegifolius, the quantity of methyl gallate was 30.5 mg/g in ripe fruit, but 1.19 mg/g in unripe fruit.