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Variation for Fruit Yield and Quality Characteristics in Sweet Pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) Germplasm Collection

  • Luitel, Binod Prasad;Lee, Taek Jong;Kang, Won Hee
    • Korean Journal of Breeding Science
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    • v.43 no.2
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    • pp.139-144
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    • 2011
  • Fifty-five sweet pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) germplasm from the Rural Development Administration (RDA) were analyzed for their fruit yield and fruit quality characters, including fruit weight, fruit size, pericarp thickness, total soluble content, fruit lobe, fruit shape, fruit surface and fruit color. Fruit yield per plot ranged from 200 g to 8150 g (average, 1884 g). Fruit fresh-weight per fruit ranged from 27.3 g to 200.0 g with an average of 97.2 g. Fruit length varied from 4.0 cm to 16.2 cm (average, 9.6 cm). Fruit length-to-width ratio ranged from 0.6 to 3.0 with an average 1.7. The fruit pericarp thickness ranged from 1.8 mm to 10.7 mm (average, 4.8 mm). Total soluble content was the highest ($8.5^{\circ}Brix$) in K156286 and the lowest ($5.3^{\circ}Brix$) in K156208 with the average value $6.7^{\circ}Brix$. Fruit lobes numbers varied from 2 to 4. Blocky, triangular, elongated, rectangular and round fruit shape identified among the sweet pepper accessions. Fruit surface varied from smooth to wrinkle and fruit color also varied. The presence of variability in fruit yield and quality traits within the sweet pepper genotypes can be utilized to develop high yielding sweet pepper variety with better fruit quality characters.

Asian Plum Diversity Based on Phenotypic Traits in Republic of Korea

  • Kwon, Jung-Hyun;Nam, Eun-Young;Jun, Ji-Hae;Chung, Kyeong-Ho;Yun, Seok-Kyu;Kim, Sung-Jong;Do, Yun-Soo
    • Korean Journal of Plant Resources
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    • v.31 no.3
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    • pp.254-267
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    • 2018
  • The phenotypic traits of 63 Asian plum varieties were investigated for three years to select those with superior qualities for breeding. Eight morphological characteristics of the flowers and fruits (e.g., stigma position, fruit skin, and flesh color) were evaluated. Phenological characteristics (e.g., blooming time and ripening time) were also monitored. Being useful traits for breeding, fruit quality factors (e.g., fruit weight, skin color, flesh color, soluble solids content, and titratable acidity) were evaluated as well. The majority of the fruits were cordate (36%) and circular (23%) in shape. Approximately 78% of the varieties showed a red skin color, whereas 67% had yellowish fruit flesh. Fruit ripening occurred from June 28th to September 5th, spanning 69 days. The average fruit weight and soluble solids content were 77.2 g and $12.2^{\circ}Brix$, respectively. Regarding correlations among the characteristics, the most significant correlation coefficients were for the ripening time and fruit size parameters. Such information of Asian plum varieties will be useful for future breeding programs.

Changes of Tree Growth and Fruit Quality of "Yumi" Peach under Long-Term Soil Water Deficit

  • Yun, Seok Kyu;Kim, Sung Jong;Nam, Eun Young;Kwon, Jung Hyun;Chung, Kyeong Ho;Choi, In Myung;Kim, Ghiseok;Shin, Hyunsuk
    • Journal of Biosystems Engineering
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    • v.42 no.4
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    • pp.276-282
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: This paper presents the effects of soil drought stress during the growing season and pre-harvest period on tree growth and fruit quality of "Yumi" peach, an early season cultivar. Methods: Soil drought stresses were treated with four levels of -30, -50, -60, and -70 kPa during long term (LT) and short term (ST). For LT treatments, soil water was controlled for nine weeks from May 1 to July 5, which was assumed as the full growing season. For ST treatments, soil water was controlled for four weeks from June 10 to July 5, which was assumed as the pre-harvest season. Tree growth and leaf photosynthesis were measured, and fruit characteristics such as fruit weight and diameter, soluble solid and tannin contents, and harvest date were investigated. Results: Soil water deficit treatments caused a significant reduction in tree growth, leaf photosynthesis, and fruit enlargement. LT water stress over -60 kPa during the full growing season caused significant reduction in tree growth, including shoot length, trunk girth, leaf photosynthesis, and fruit enlargement. ST water stress over -60 kPa during the pre-harvest period also induced significant reduction in leaf photosynthesis and fruit enlargement, while tree growth was not reduced. In terms of fruit quality, water stress over -50 kPa significantly reduced fruit weight, increased soluble solid and tannin contents, and delayed harvest time in both LT and ST treatments. Conclusions: As a result, it is assumed that LT water stress over -60 kPa can reduce both tree growth and fruit enlargement, whereas ST water stress over -50 kPa can reduce fruit enlargement without reducing tree growth. From an agricultural perspective, moderate water deficit like -50 kPa treatments could have positive effects, such increased fruit soluble solid contents along with minimal reduction in fruit size.

A Bibliographical Study of Traditional Fruit Preserve (문헌고찰을 통한 한국 전통과편(傳統果片)의 연구)

  • Chung, Hae-Kyung;Woo, Na-Ri-Yah
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.384-390
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    • 2005
  • This study was designed to establish Korean food culture by considering traditional fruit preserve. A historical approach of traditional fruit preserve were reviewed by the cooking book published from 1670 to 1988 in Korea. The results obtained from this study are as follows. Cooking method of fruit preserve was firstly published to Omshikdimibang in 1670 and published moderate cooking book in 1988 but fruit preserve has not been cooked yet. Cooking method of fruit juice and starch had been started in Samkuk dynasty and was completed in Lee Dynasty. Compared with the western fruit jelly, mung bean starch was used as a gel forming material in Korean traditional fruit preserve while gelatin was used as a gelling agent in western fruit jelly. Western fruit jelly was succeed in innovation, but traditional fruit jelly was failed to innovation.

Calcium Deficiency Causes Pithiness in Japanese Pear (Pyrus pyrifolia cv. Niitaka) Fruit (칼슘 결핍에 의한 '신고' 배 (Pyrus pyrifolia cv. Niitaka) 과실에서의 바람들이)

  • Moon, Byung Woo;Jung, Hae Woong;Lee, Hee Jae;Yu, Duk Jun
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture
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    • v.32 no.2
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    • pp.102-107
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    • 2013
  • BACKGROUND: Pithy pear fruit are not distinguished externally from sound fruit and thus often cause unexpected economic losses. To find out the cause of pithiness, the pithiness incidence and characteristics of Japanese pear (Pyrus pyrifolia cv. Niitaka) fruit picked from a spot frequently produced pithy fruit in an orchard were compared with those of fruit picked from another spot produced sound fruit every year. And the soil chemical properties of the two spots and mineral contents in fruit, shoots, and leaves of Japanese pear trees cultivated in the two spots were also examined. METHODS AND RESULTS: The pithiness incidence was 0, 8.8, and 11.3% at 7 days before and 0 and 7 days after optimal harvest date, respectively, in the spot frequently produced pithy fruit. Flesh firmness was significantly lower in pithy fruit than in sound fruit, while soluble solids content was slightly higher in pithy fruit than in sound fruit. Unlike other mineral contents, Ca content was significantly lower in pithy fruit than in sound fruit. These results indicate that Ca deficiency in fruit is closely associated with decrease in flesh firmness and thus pithiness development. Ca content in soil of the spot frequently produced pithy fruit was also significantly lower than that in soil of the spot produced sound fruit. However, shoots or leaves did not exhibit significant difference in Ca and/or other mineral contents between the two spots, indicating that Ca deficiency in fruit is dependent on the translocation of Ca within a plant rather than soil Ca status. Although total-N, available $P_2O_5$, K, and Ca contents were significantly lower in soil of the spot frequently produced pithy fruit than in soil of the spot produced sound fruit, Mg and Na contents and pH were not different between the soil conditions. CONCLUSION(S): Fruit maturity and Ca level in fruit are closely related to the incidence of pithiness in 'Niitaka' Japanese pear.

Quality Characteristics of Noodles Containing Various Levels of Flowering Cherry(Prunus serrulata L. var. spontanea Max. wils.) Fruit Powder (버찌 분말을 첨가하여 제조한 국수의 품질특성)

  • Kim, Sung-Hee;Jung, Bok-Mi
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.19-28
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    • 2013
  • This study was carried out to investigate the quality characteristics and storage of noodle with added flowering cherry fruit powder. Wet noodles were prepared at concentration of 1, 2, and 3% (w/w) of the fruit based on flour weight. Moisture content of the noodles with or without flowering cherry fruit powder was 33.09~33.50%. Ca, K and Mg contents of flowering cherry fruit noodle were increasing at increasing concentrations of flowering cherry fruit powder. Cooked weight, volume, and water absorption decreased with increased fruit powder, whereas turbidity increased. For Hunter's color values of noodles, L (lightness) and b (yellowness) values decreased with increasing concentration of flowering cherry fruit powder, whereas a (redness) value increased. For mechanical characteristics of the noodles, adhesiveness of cooked noodle with flowering cherry fruit powder were higher than those of control. The pH of flowering cherry fruit noodle was lower than that of control during storage. Bacterial counts of wet noodle with flowering cherry fruit powders were lower than those of the control on the 10th day of storage at $5^{\circ}C$. From the sensory evaluation of 20's, texture, taste, and overall preference were not significantly different between the control and the fruit groups, but the color scores of 2% and 3% flowering cherry fruit noodle were significantly higher than that of 1% fruit noodle (p<0.05). In 40's sensory evaluation, color and overall preference scores of flowering cherry fruit noodle were significantly higher than those of control. In conclusion, the results of this study were suggested that the addition of flowering cherry fruit powder in combination with flour was tended to improve antimicrobial effects during storage when compared to control.

Quality Characteristics of Seolgidduk added with Loquat Fruit Powder (비파가루를 첨가한 설기떡의 품질 특성)

  • Kang, Yang-Sun
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.24 no.6
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    • pp.785-792
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    • 2014
  • This study investigated the optimal mix ratio of frozen-dried loquat fruit powder and the optimun conditions for making Seolgidduk by analyzing chemical properties, rating moisture contents, color, mechanical quality characteristics and sensory characteristics Seolgidduk was made with 0, 2, 4, 6 and 8% frozen-dried loquat fruit powder, which contains functional components. Chemical analysis showed that loquat fruit powder contained of 12.87% water, 2.23% crude protein, 0.55% crude fat, 3.57% crude ash and 3.89% crude fiber. Water content of Seolgidduk containing loquat fruit ranged from 36.58~39.18%. With more loquat fruit powder L value decreased, while the 'a' value and 'b' values increased. According to scanning electronic microscopy, Seolgidduk containing frozen-dried loquat fruit powder showed weak coherence. Hardness decreased with more frozen-dried loquat fruit powder. In the sensory test, Seolgidduk with 4% loquat fruit powder was the most preferred with less sourness, proper softness, moisture and chewiness. Based on the results of this experiment, Seolgidduk with 4% loquat fruit powder showed less hardness than the control group. These results show that quality and preference increased when 4% loquat fruit powder was added to Seolgidduk. Therefore, Seolgidduk with 4% of loquat fruit powder is expected to increase quality and preference of Seolgidduk.

Changes in Fruit Physicochemical Characteristics by Fruit Clusters in June-bearing Strawberry Cultivars

  • Kim, Sung-Kyeom;Bae, Ro-Na;Na, Hae-Young;Song, Jeong-Hwa;Kang, Ho-Jong;Chun, Chang-Hoo
    • Horticultural Science & Technology
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    • v.30 no.4
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    • pp.378-384
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    • 2012
  • Three Korean-bred strawberry cultivars 'Maehyang', 'Seolhyang', and 'Keumhyang', and a Japanese cultivar 'Tochiotome' were grown in a greenhouse and their physicochemical characteristics were investigated. Fruit weight of 'Seolhyang' and 'Keumhyang' in the first and second fruit clusters were greater than those of other cultivars and that of 'Tochiotome' was the greatest in the fifth fruit cluster. Fruit firmness generally decreased at later fruit clusters, and was the lowest in 'Seolhyang'. The sugars/organic acids ratios in the first and third fruit clusters of 'Maehyang' were 4.9 and 8.0, respectively, representing the highest values among all cultivars. The ascorbic acid content was the greatest in the second fruit cluster for 'Seolhyang', 'Keumhyang', and 'Tochiotome' cultivars and that of 'Maehyang' was the greatest at the third fruit cluster. The anthocyanin content was higher in later fruit clusters and was the highest in 'Keumhyang' overall. Results indicate that Korean cultivars bred for the plastic protected culture, which are intended for very early harvest, showed more desirable physical characteristics in the first and second fruit clusters, while the content of anthocyanin was greater in the fruits from later fruit clusters.

Morphological Characteristics and Antioxidant Activity Changes in 'Autumn Sense' Hardy Kiwi (Actinidia arguta) as Honey Plant during Fruit Ripening

  • Park, Youngki
    • Journal of Apiculture
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    • v.32 no.4
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    • pp.327-332
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    • 2017
  • In this study, we studied the changes in antioxidant activity of Actinidia arguta fruit of Autumn Sense cultivar during fruit ripening. The aim of this investigation was to find the knowledge of the changes of physiochemicals associated with fruit quality, antioxidant properties (free-radical scavenging activity and reducing power), total phenolics and vitamin C during fruit ripening. The highest free-radical scavenging activity (at $100{\mu}g/ml$) and reducing power (at $100{\mu}g/ml$) in A. arguta fruit were 78.57% and 0.22, respectively. Total phenolic content and vitamin C content in fruit of 10 days after fruit set were $639.48{\mu}g/g$ and $1052.2{\mu}g/g$, respectively. In general, the antioxidant activity and the related parameters, including total phenolic content and vitamin C content decreased during fruit ripening. These results improve knowledge of the effect of ripening on the antioxidant activity and related compounds contents that could help to establish the optimum A. arguta fruit harvest data for various usages.

Drying characteristics of mulberry fruit according to storage condition using far-infrared ray dryer for the production of semi-dried mulberry fruit

  • Kim, Hyun-bok;Ju, Wan-Taek;Sung, Gyoo Byung;Lee, Myeong-Lyeol;Seo, Sang-Deok
    • International Journal of Industrial Entomology
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    • v.35 no.1
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    • pp.45-50
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    • 2017
  • Using the relatively low-cost, far-infrared dryer inhibiting the destruction of a variety of physiologically active components of the mulberry fruit, we have studied to make semidry mulberry fruit that can be kept at room temperature for a long time. By adjusting the temperature of the far-infrared dryer step-by-step, we developed a semi-dry method of maintaining the shape of the mulberry fruit. In addition, by drying the coating of honey after removing the juice generated by the mulberry fruit thawing process improved the acceptability of the taste of fruit. We conducted heat treatment mulberry fruit into a $95^{\circ}C$ infrared dryer 5 hours to thaw the frozen mulberry fruit. After 10 to 20% of honey coating, the primary drying ($95^{\circ}C$, 5 hours) was implemented. then, the secondary drying was conducted after controlling the temperature of the far infrared dryer $60^{\circ}C$, for 10 hours. These manufacture process was able to obtain semi-dried mulberry fruit. Dry weight ratio and moisture content were around 25%, and around 16% level respectively. It was to enable long-term storage at room temperature. Therefore, it is suggested that the method of using the far-infrared drying machine to manufacture semi-dried mulberry fruit can be a way to improve the farm income if applied to the farm.