• Title, Summary, Keyword: freshwater

Search Result 1,683, Processing Time 0.041 seconds

Changes in Phytoplankton Community Structure by Freshwater Input in the Cheonsu Bay, Korea (담수 유입에 따른 천수만 해역의 식물플랑크톤 군집 변화)

  • Lee, Seung-Min;Chang, Soo-Jung;Heo, Seung
    • Journal of Environmental Science International
    • /
    • v.28 no.11
    • /
    • pp.1005-1017
    • /
    • 2019
  • Environmental factors and changes in phytoplankton community structure before (August 5, 2017), during (August 18 and 25) and after (August 30 and September 15) freshwater input were analyzed to investigate the effects of freshwater input from Ganwol and Bunam lakes located in the upper part of Cheonsu Bay. Due to the large amount of freshwater input in the Cheonsu Bay, the surface salinity of the bay decreased by more than 8 psu, and the thermocline existing in the bay during August weakened. In addition, hypoxic phenomena occurred temporarily in the bay as the low oxygen water mass from the freshwater lakes flowed into the bay, and chemical oxygen demand, nutrients, and N/P increased with freshwater inflow. The density of phytoplankton during the freshwater inflow increased owing to their input from the freshwater lakes. Diatom species (Eucampia zodiacus) dominated the phytoplankton community in the bay before freshwater input; nanoflagellates, chlorophyta, cyanobacteria, and diatoms (Pseudonitzschia delicatissima, Chateocceros spp.) entered during freshwater input; and after freshwater inflow ended, diatoms (Chateocceros spp.) again became predominant indicating a return to previous conditions. The amount of phytoplankton standing crops increased sharply due to the inflow of freshwater species into the bay on the second day of discharge compared to before freshwater input; pre-discharge conditions were restored at most stations except at some sites close to the Bunam Lake three days after discharge. Therefore, the large amount of freshwater flowing into the bay affects not only the geochemical circulation in the bay but also the phytoplankton community structure. In particular, the high concentration of nutrients in the freshwater lake affect the marine ecosystem of the bay during August.

The current status and future directions of Korean inland freshwater aquaculture (우리나라 내수면 양식업의 현황 및 발전방향에 관한 소고)

  • Lee, Jung-Sam;Kim, Dae-Young
    • The Journal of Fisheries Business Administration
    • /
    • v.37 no.3
    • /
    • pp.1-24
    • /
    • 2006
  • In terms of the size of aquaculture farms and production volume, inland freshwater aquaculture is much smaller than marine aquaculture in Korea. However, freshwater aquaculture provides fish which is not produced in the sea. Freshwater aquaculture plays an important role in the efficient use of resources, development of local areas and economy vitalization in under - developed areas. freshwater aquaculture also helps ecosystem recovery by stocking farmed fry. As addressed above, inland freshwater aquaculture plays various roles and can not be ignored. However, freshwater aquaculture has been off the interest of fisheries authority. Considering a series of changes in the circumstances such as the government's disapproval of pen - raised aquaculture, higher standard for discharged water from aquaculture farms and a rapid increase in import of low price fish from other countries, it is difficult to expect the quantitative expansion of the freshwater aquaculture any more. Furthermore, freshwater aquaculture lost the trust of people because of the use of Malachite green, and the consumption of farmed product plummeted last year. Even though it would be difficult to expect the quantitative expansion, we could expect qualitative growth and let the inland freshwater aquaculture keep playing the own roles. In order to achieve competitive advantage and regain the trust by providing safer farmed product, the government's support and freshwater aquaculture industry's active and voluntary efforts are very important. This paper suggests several points for the future oriented inland freshwater aquaculture in Korea such as strategic intensive development of selected species, the technical improvement and its diffusion, increased cooperation among the government authority, industry and scientists.

  • PDF

Characteristics of Foam Generation in Freshwater and Seawater (담수와 해수에서의 포말 생성 특성)

  • SHIN Jeong-Sik;KIM Byong-Jin;SUH Kuen-Hack
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
    • /
    • v.37 no.3
    • /
    • pp.179-185
    • /
    • 2004
  • The characteristics of foam generation were assessed for freshwater and seawater using a foam generator. Both in freshwater and seawater, the height of the foam layer increased with initial protein concentrations. The height of the foam layer also increased with pore size of the air distributor. The optimum superficial air velocities (SAV) in freshwater and seawater were 0.84 cm/sec and 0.6 cm/sec, respectively. The height of the foam layer was the highest in pH 3 in freshwater and in the region of pH 5-7 in seawater. The height of the foam layer increased with $NaHCO_3$ concentration in freshwater, and $NaHCO_3$ concentration had little effect in seawater. Removal efficiencies of total suspended solid (TSS) and turbidity decreased with an increase of initial protein concentrations in a batch foam separator both in freshwater and seawater.

Effect of High Dietary Carbohydrate on the Growth Performance, Blood Chemistry, Hepatic Enzyme Activities and Growth Hormone Gene Expression of Wuchang Bream (Megalobrama amblycephala) at Two Temperatures

  • Zhou, Chuanpeng;Ge, Xianping;Liu, Bo;Xie, Jun;Chen, Ruli;Ren, Mingchun
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
    • /
    • v.28 no.2
    • /
    • pp.207-214
    • /
    • 2015
  • The effects of high carbohydrate diet on growth, serum physiological response, and hepatic heat shock protein 70 expression in Wuchang bream were determined at $25^{\circ}C$ and $30^{\circ}C$. At each temperature, the fish fed the control diet (31% CHO) had significantly higher weight gain, specific growth rate, protein efficiency ratio and hepatic glucose-6-phosphatase activities, lower feed conversion ratio and hepatosomatic index (HSI), whole crude lipid, serum glucose, hepatic glucokinase (GK) activity than those fed the high-carbohydrate diet (47% CHO) (p<0.05). The fish reared at $25^{\circ}C$ had significantly higher whole body crude protein and ash, serum cholesterol and triglyceride, hepatic G-6-Pase activity, lower glycogen content and relative levels of hepatic growth hormone (GH) gene expression than those reared at $30^{\circ}C$ (p<0.05). Significant interaction between temperature and diet was found for HSI, condition factor, hepatic GK activity and the relative levels of hepatic GH gene expression (p<0.05).

Complete mitochondrial genome of freshwater goby Rhinogobius cliffordpopei (Perciformes, Gobiidae): genome characterization and phylogenetic analysis

  • Zhong, Liqiang;Wang, Minghua;Li, Daming;Tang, Shengkai;Zhang, Tongqing;Bian, Wenji;Chen, Xiaohui
    • Genes and Genomics
    • /
    • v.40 no.11
    • /
    • pp.1137-1148
    • /
    • 2018
  • Freshwater gobies Rhinogobius cliffordpopei and R. giurinus are invasive species with particular concern because they have become dominant and were fierce competitors in the invaded areas in Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau (southwest of China). Information about genetic characteristics of R. giurinus have been published, but there were still no relevant reports about R. cliffordpopei. In present study, the complete mitochondrial genome of R. cliffordpopei was determined, which was 16,511 bp in length with A+T content of 51.1%, consisting of 13 protein-coding genes, 22 tRNAs, 2 ribosomal RNAs, and a control region. The gene composition and the structural arrangement of the R. cliffordpopei complete mtDNA were identical to most of other teleosts. Phylogenetic analyses placed R. cliffordpopei in a well-supported monophyletic cluster with other Rhinogobius fish. But the phylogenetic relationship between genus Rhinogobius and Tridentiger remained to be resolved.

Phytopythium and Pythium Species (Oomycota) Isolated from Freshwater Environments of Korea

  • Nam, Bora;Choi, Young-Joon
    • Mycobiology
    • /
    • v.47 no.3
    • /
    • pp.261-272
    • /
    • 2019
  • Oomycetes are widely distributed in various environments, including desert and polar regions. Depending upon different habits and hosts, they have evolved with both saprophytic and pathogenic nutritional modes. Freshwater ecosystem is one of the most important habitats for members of oomycetes. Most studies on oomycete diversity, however, have been biased mostly towards terrestrial phytopathogenic species, rather than aquatic species, although their roles as saprophytes and parasites are essential for freshwater ecosystems. In this study, we isolated oomycete strains from soil sediment, algae, and decaying plant debris in freshwater streams of Korea. The strains were identified based on cultural and morphological characteristics, as well as molecular phylogenetic analyses of ITS rDNA, cox1, and cox2 mtDNA sequences. As a result, we discovered eight oomycete species previously unknown in Korea, namely Phytopythium chamaehyphon, Phytopythium litorale, Phytopythium vexans, Pythium diclinum, Pythium heterothallicum, Pythium inflatum, Pythium intermedium, and Pythium oopapillum. Diversity and ecology of freshwater oomycetes in Korea are poorly understood. This study could contribute to understand their distribution and ecological function in freshwater ecosystem.

A Study on the Residual Microplastics in Freshwater and Fishes in the Geum River Watershed (금강수계 담수와 어류체내 잔류미세플라스틱 연구)

  • Kim, Nam-Shin;Yoon, Ju-Duk;Lee, Seung-Eun;Park, Young-Joon;Woo, Seung-Hyun
    • Korean Journal of Ecology and Environment
    • /
    • v.52 no.1
    • /
    • pp.28-39
    • /
    • 2019
  • This study was conducted to elucidate microplastics detection of freshwater ecosystems in Geum river. Samples are collected at 6 points in freshwater, 5 points in fishes. Freshwater was sampled 100 L per each points and fish species were Opsariichthys uncirostris amurensis, Hemibarbus labeo, Pseudogobio esocinus, Zacco platypus, Micropterus salmoides and Cyprinus carpio. FTIR analyis was adopted to identify microplastic types. Extracted microplastics were PES (polyester), PE (polyethylene), PP (polypropylene), PET (polyethylene terephthalate), PVC(Polyvinyl chloride) in freshwater, and PES, PE, PP, PET, PVC in fishes. Our results were expected to be used basic research information for further study in microplastics of freshwater ecosystems.

Characteristics of Water Quality Behavior in Boryeong Freshwater Lake (보령담수호의 수질거동 특성)

  • Kim, Sun-Joo;Lee, Suk-Ho;Lee, Chang-Hyeong
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Agricultural Engineers Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.412-416
    • /
    • 2001
  • Among water quality models, WASP5 was applied to Boryeong freshwater lake, as a part of Water Quality Management System. The WASP modeling system is a generalized modeling framework for contaminant fate and transport in surface waters. The simulated result was compaired with actual measurement. So, before and after making freshwater lake were compaired. After this research, the lake may have eutrophication and water quality would be worse after making the lake as freshwater lake. Therefore, to make the freshwater lake better, more appropriate plan is necessary.

  • PDF

Sustainability of freshwater lens in small islands under climate change and increasing population

  • Babu, Roshina;Park, Namsik
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.145-145
    • /
    • 2019
  • Groundwater and rainwater are the only sources of freshwater in small islands as many islands lack surface water sources. Groundwater occurring in the form of freshwater lens floating on denser seawater is highly dependent on natural recharge from rainfall. A sharp interface numerical model for regional and well scale modeling is selected to assess the sustainability of freshwater lens in the island of Tongatapu. In this study, 29 downscaled General Circulation Model(GCM) predictions are input to the recharge model based on water balance modelling. Three GCM predictions which represent wet, dry and medium conditions are selected for use in the groundwater flow model. Total freshwater volume and number of saltwater intruded wells are simulated under various climate scenarios with GCM predicted rainfall pattern, sea level rise and pumping. Simulations indicate that the sustainability of the freshwater lens is threatened by the frequent droughts which are predicted under all scenarios of recharge. The natural depletion of the lens during droughts and increase in water demands, leads to saltwater upconing under the pumping wells. Implementation of drought management measures is of utmost importance to ensure sustainability of freshwater lens in future.

  • PDF

Effects of Food and Vitamin B12 on the Growth of a Freshwater Rotifer (Brachionus calyciflorus) in the High Density Culture (고밀도 배양에 있어 먹이종류와 공급량 및 vitamin B12 첨가에 따른 담수산 rotifer (Brachionus calyciflorus)의 성장)

  • LEE Kyun Woo;PARK Heum Gi
    • Korean Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
    • /
    • v.36 no.6
    • /
    • pp.606-613
    • /
    • 2003
  • This study investigated the effects of food type (condensed freshwater Chlorella, dried Chlorella, dried Spirulina, dried Schizochytrium, baker's yeast and $\omega-yeast$) and amount, and supplementation of vitamin $B_{12}$ on the growth of freshwater rotifer (Brachionus calyciflorus) in high density culture. Growth of rotifers fed condensed freshwater Chlorella was the highest and its density ranged $7.65-8.14{\times}10^3\;inds./mL.$ The primary lipid acids of rotifers fed condensed freshwater Chloyella were linoleic and linolenic, and their amount ($\%$ of total fatty acids) were $48.8\%\;and\;26.8\%,$ respectively. This suggests that condensed freshwater Chlorella would be an effective diet for high quality and quantity rotifers, which in turn serve as live food for freshwater fish larvae. Growth rate of rotifers with Chlorella supplementation increased as amount of supplementation increased up to 1.5 and 2.5 mg at 28 and $32^{\circ}C$, respectively. However, undissolved ammonia toxicity and packing volume of Chlorella in culture medium, reached the optimal conditions for the stable and effective cultivation of rotifers when amount of condensed freshwater Chlorella was 1.5 mg in dry weight per 1,000 rotifers at $28^{\circ}C\;and\;32^{\circ}C$ Growth of rotifers in condensed freshwater Chlorella with vitamin $B_{12}$ supplementation was significantly higher than that of rotifers without supplementation. However, no significant difference was found among the different concentrations of vitamin $B_{12}.$ Therefore, vitamin $B_{12}$ could improve the growth of rotifers (B. calyciflorus).