• Title, Summary, Keyword: free sugar

Search Result 1,076, Processing Time 0.085 seconds

Studies on the components in pycnial drops of Gymnosporangium haraeanum Sydow (배나무 적성병균의 병자적 성분에 관하여)

  • Lee Sang Young;Kim Chong Jin
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
    • /
    • v.7
    • /
    • pp.61-64
    • /
    • 1969
  • By way of paper chromatography, free sugars in pycnial drops of Gymnosporangium haraeanum Sydow were investigated in regard of their biochemical interrelation with free sugars of Chinese juniper and pear leaf. The free sugar in pycnial drops of Gynnosporangium haraeanum Sydow were identified to only Fructose spot. Free sugars in Chinese juniper leaf were identified to Glucose. Galactose and two unknown spots. Free sugars of another sample in pear leaf were identified to spots of Glucose, Furctose and Galactose. The Arbutin from pear leaf was crystalized and its structure was identified to Glucose and Hydroquinone. The acetone powder of Emulsin was incubated for 1 hour at $40^{\circ}C$ with 0.05 M Arbutin substrate in test tube and purified by general method with the purpose of analysis of its. metabolic products. And the paper chromatographic analysis showed it to be Glucose spot. From the above results, this Fructose in pycinal drops of Gymnosporangium haraeanum Sydow is presumed to be the exchangeable from free sugars in pear leaf or to be the hydrolyzed of $\beta-glycoside$ (Arbutin)-the metabolic isomerization of Glucose into Fructose by pycnia isomerase.

  • PDF

The total sugar and free sugar content in beverages categorized according to recipes at coffee and beverage stores (커피 및 음료 전문점의 음료 종류별 총당류와 Free Sugar 함량 조사)

  • Yeon, Jee-Young;Lee, Soon-Kyu;Shin, Ki-Yong;Kwon, Kwang-Il;Lee, Woo Young;Kang, Baeg-Won;Park, Hye-Kyung
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
    • /
    • v.46 no.4
    • /
    • pp.382-390
    • /
    • 2013
  • This study was designed to investigate the amount of free sugar according to each beverage category in coffee and beverage stores. The groups were categorized as 15 groups based on the kind of beverage material. The beverage groups contributing to total sugar per 100 mL were milk + syrup or powder, hot (12.9 g), ade (12.6 g), milk + syrup or powder + crushed ice (11.9 g), and espresso shot + milk + syrup + crushed ice (11.4 g). The beverage groups contributing to free sugar per 100 mL were ade (12.6 g), milk + syrup or powder + crushed ice (10.8 g), espresso shot + milk + syrup + crushed ice (10.3 g), and milk + syrup or powder, hot (9.7 g). The beverage groups contributing to total sugar (energy) per portion size were milk + syrup or powder + crushed ice 56.6 g (332.3 kcal), espresso shot + milk + syrup + crushed ice 49.3 g (333.4 kcal), milk + syrup or powder, hot 46.3 g (372.1 kcal), and milk + syrup or powder, ice 38.1 g (325.9 kcal). The beverage groups contributing to free sugar per portion size were milk + syrup or powder + crushed ice 51.2 g, espresso shot + milk + syrup + crushed ice 44.9 g, ade 37.1 g, milk + syrup or powder, hot 34.6 g, and milk + syrup or powder, ice 30.1 g. The percent of average free sugar per portion size of the WHO recommendation (free sugars <10% of total energy; <50 g/2,000 kcal) was milk + syrup or powder + crushed ice 102.4%, espresso shot + milk + syrup + crushed ice 89.8%, ade 74.1%, and milk + syrup or powder, hot 69.2%. The proportion of beverage in excess of WHO recommendation per portion size was 14.6% in espresso shot + milk + syrup + crushed ice, 22.7% in ade, and 10.9% in milk + syrup or powder, hot. Therefore, in coffee and beverage stores, menu development with reduced sugar content is needed, and nutrition information should be provided through sugar nutrition labeling.

Variation of free Sugar and Amino Acid Contents of Pears During the Ripening Period (배의 성숙 중 유리당과 유리아미노산 함량 변화)

  • 최옥자;박혜령;조성효
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
    • /
    • v.14 no.3
    • /
    • pp.250-254
    • /
    • 1998
  • A variation of free sugar and amino acid contents of pears during the ripening period was determined by HPLC and amino acid analyzer. The research results are as follws: Fructose, glucose and sucrose were present in the pears. The contents of fructose was the highest, followed by glucose and sucrose in order. The contents of total sugar in Shingo and Youngsan was similar, but the contents of frucose in Shingo was lower and the contents of sucrose was higher than that of Youngsan (p<.001). During the ripening period, the contents of fructose and glucose gradually increased during the harvesting season and then somewhat decreased. The contents of sucrose increased continually, while the contents of total free sugar reached the maximum during the harvesting season, it was 10.41%, 10.29% in Shingo and Youngsan and then decreased gradually. The contents of total free amino acid in Shingo was higher than that of Youngsan. A variation ratio and the composition of amino acid in Shingo and Youngsan during the ripening period didn't make a significant difference. The major free amino acid of the pears was in the order of aspartic acid, serine, threonine, histidine, glutamic acid, valine, arginine, and alanine. During the ripening period, aspartic acid, threonin, serine, methionine, isoleucine, leucine, histidine, and Iysine increased gradually. Glutamic acid, alanine, valine, arginine didn't show much change. The contents of total free amino acid increased during the ripening period.

  • PDF

A Study of Electron Paramagnetic Resonance of Sugar Irradiated X-ray (X-선에 조사된 설탕의 전자 상자성 공명 연구)

  • Ok, Chi-Il;Son, Phil-Kook;Heo, Kyoung-Chan;Shon, Jong-Gi;Lee, In;Kim, Jang-Whan
    • Journal of radiological science and technology
    • /
    • v.23 no.2
    • /
    • pp.39-42
    • /
    • 2000
  • When ordinary sugar is exposed to ionizing radiation, a number of free radical are created in sugar, and Electron Paramagnetic Resonance (EPR) signal appears from the sugar because of the paramagnetic property of free radical. In this paper, EPR signal intensity has been measured in x-ray irradiated sugar for various absorbed doses, irradiated dose up to 50 Gy. The EPR intensity signals are increased as the x-ray irradiation increases. Also, the fading value decreased to about 3% in 30day after the irradiation. Therefore, the sugar is a useful material for emergency dosimeter as the free radical dosimetry with the EPR equipment.

  • PDF

Calcium Ion Effect on the Sugar-H+ -Cotransport System in Chlorella vulgaris (Chlorella vulgaris의 당류 능동수송계에 미치는 칼슘 이온의 영향)

  • 조봉희
    • Journal of Plant Biology
    • /
    • v.36 no.4
    • /
    • pp.321-326
    • /
    • 1993
  • Sugar uptake is accompanied with H+-substrate-symport generally. Both H+/sugar-and H+/K+ stoichiometries during the sugar-uptake have been reported to be exactly 1 : 1. This paper reports that the stoichiometries were enhanced dramatically by the addition of CaCl2 into the medium and by the high cell density of 200 $\mu$L pc/mL. The concentration of free Ca2+ ions in the cells increased significantly with cell density. It is suggested that the free Ca2+ ions are responsible for the change of stoichiometry of sugar transport system by regulation of H+ ion level of biomembrane.

  • PDF

Chemical Composition of Korean Natural Honeys and Sugar Fed Honeys (천연꿀과 사양꿀의 성분 분석)

  • Kim, Se Gun;Hong, In Phyo;Woo, Soon Ok;Jang, Hye Ri;Jang, Jae Seon;Han, Sang Mi
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
    • /
    • v.30 no.1
    • /
    • pp.112-119
    • /
    • 2017
  • In this study, we investigated and compared some chemical properties of Korean natural honeys and sugar-fed honeys for their quality characteristics. The natural honey samples were monofloral from chestnut and acacia flowers, and the sugar-fed honey samples were collected from honeybees feeding on sugar cane and sugar beet. The chemical properties of the honey samples, such as moisture, total protein, total lipids, ash, carbohydrate, minerals, vitamins, and free amino acids were determined. The moisture content was $18.5{\pm}0.9%$ in natural acacia honey, $17.2{\pm}0.9%$ in natural chestnut honey, $19.6{\pm}0.9%$ in sugar cane-fed honey, and $24.8{\pm}%$ in sugar beet-fed honey. The total protein and ash contents were the highest in natural chestnut honey. Maltose and sucrose were not detected in natural honeys but were detected at 2~7% in sugar-fed honeys. The vitamin, mineral, and free amino acids contents of natural honeys were higher than sugar-fed honeys. The natural chestnut honey is the highest in honeys. These results confirmed that the quality of natural honey was better than that of sugar-fed honey. Also, the vitamin, mineral, and free amino acids contents are potential characteristics for distinguishing between natural and sugar-fed honeys.

Effect of Growth Retardants on Free Sugar and Protein Content of Sedirea japonica Seedlings Cultured In Vitro (생장억제제 처리가 기내 배양한 나도풍란 (Sedirea japonica) 유묘의 유리당 및 단백질 함량에 미치는 영향)

  • Cho Dong-Hoon;Jee Sun-Ok
    • Journal of Plant Biotechnology
    • /
    • v.32 no.2
    • /
    • pp.145-149
    • /
    • 2005
  • This experiment was conducted to identify the effect of several plant growth retardants on changes of endogenous free sugar and protein content in seedlings of Sedirea japonica cultured in vitro. The content of free sugar in the leaf was decreased as the treated growth retardant concentration was increased. Glucose content was higher than fructose and sucrose content in the leaf. Free sugar content of the root was increased as concentrations of growth retardants were increased. Sucrose content was higher compared with the content of fructose and glucose. The content of protein in the leaf was decreased as the growth retardants concentration was increased, but the tendency of protein content in the root was contrary to that in the leaf.

Changes in $\alpha$-Amylase Activity and Free Sugar Contents of Buckwheat during Germination (메밀 발아 중 $\alpha$-Amylase 활성도와 유리당 함량의 변화)

  • 이명헌;손흥수
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
    • /
    • v.8 no.1
    • /
    • pp.32-36
    • /
    • 1995
  • Changes in the w-amylase activity and free sugar contents were Investigated during buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum Moench) germination at 1$0^{\circ}C$ for 7 days. The a-amylase activity in ungerminated seeds was 1.66 U. It increased for the 1st day of germination, but then decreased until 3rd day, and thereafter Increased. The free sugar contents In ungerminated seeds were as follows. The maltose, fructose, glucose and rhamnose were 1.81mg%, 0.42mg%, 7.71mg%, 6.80mg% on dry weight basis, respectively. The maltose and fructose contents decreased in the initial stage of germination, but then gradually increased. The glucose contents decreased for the 3rd day, but sharply Increased afterwords. The rhamnose contents decreased until 1 day, and then there was no significant change for the 6 days.

  • PDF

Changes of Free Sugars & Free Sugar Alcohols in Lentinus edodes during Storage. (표고버섯(Lentinus edodes) 저장중의 유리당과 당알콜성분의 변화)

  • 이가순;이주찬
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
    • /
    • v.5 no.2
    • /
    • pp.154-161
    • /
    • 1998
  • Changes of free sugars and sugar alcohols of fresh shiitake were measured during storage. Shiitake were stored at 1$^{\circ}C$ and -4$^{\circ}C$, with non-packaging, wrapping, 0.03mm polyethylene(PE)film packaging(unpunched and punched, unprecooled and precooled before storage), 0.05mm PE film (vacuum packaging). Chanties of glycerol, arabitol and arabinose contents were not marked during storage. The content chanties of $\beta$-rhamnose, fructose, glucose, mannitol, sucrose and maltose were the smallest until 40days storage and were increased significantly after 40 days and then decreased significantly after 50days. Content of $\beta$-rhamnose during storage when was treated unprecooling, 0.03mm PE film punched and unpunched at -4$^{\circ}C$ was the highest 25.08% and 34.86%, respectively in 50~60days. Content of mannitol was not changed at -4$^{\circ}C$.

  • PDF

Comparison of Free Sugar Content in Grains Fermented with Mycelia of the Basidiomycetes (담자균이 배양된 곡물의 유리당 조성 변화)

  • 정인창;하효철;곽희진
    • Journal of Applied Tourism Food and Beverage Management and Research
    • /
    • v.13 no.1
    • /
    • pp.69-80
    • /
    • 2002
  • The grains were used as solid-substrate for the cultivation of basidiomycetes. The grains were fermented with Ganodema lucidum 7094, Fomitella fraxinea 81003, Phellinus igniarius 26005, and its free sugar composition was investigated. For the mass cultivation of mycelia, the hydrated grains with cold water were put into the plastic bottle. The mycelial growth rate in the bottled grains was high in the early stage with inoculation of homogenized mycelium. The activity of mycelium was maintained by adding sterilized water in the middle of cultivation. There was marked difference in the content of total free sugar and composition ratio of free sugar according to kinds of basidiomycetes. The content of free sugar increased far more in grains fermented with mycelium than in grains which was not fermented.

  • PDF