• Title/Summary/Keyword: food preference

Search Result 273, Processing Time 0.1 seconds

Comparison of Eating Habits and Food Preference of Elementary School Children between Multi-cultural Families and Ordinary Families in Gyeongnam Province (경남지역 다문화가정과 일반가정 초등학생들의 식습관, 음식기호도 비교 연구)

  • Lee, Joo Hee;Jeong, Seon Ok;Kim, Changim
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
    • /
    • v.28 no.6
    • /
    • pp.973-987
    • /
    • 2015
  • This study was conducted to investigate the eating habits and food preferences of elementary school children belong to multi-cultural families and ordinary families. The data were obtained by interview based on questionnaire from November to December in 2012. The subjects of multi-cultural families and ordinary families were 99 and 376 children, respectively. In comparison with eating habits, the ordinary children showed higher scoring in the items of eating proteins, green and yellow vegetables, and fruits or fruit juice than those of multi-cultural children. The ordinary children ate less midnight-meals than those of multi-cultural children (p<0.05). Furthermore, the ordinary children ate kimchi more frequently than the multi-cultural children. It was significantly different (p<0.05) on the items of 'eating-out types' dietary habits between two groups. Education of mothers correlated with the ordinary children's eating habits more than multi-cultural families. In the investigation of the food preference to Korean foods, 'beef and radish soup', 'pumpkin porridge', and 'wheat flakes noodles' were more preferred by children of ordinary families than by those of multi-cultural families (p<0.05). To conclude, nutritional education for their parents should be done and maintained to keep a right eating habit of children of multi-cultural families even at home.

Food Preference and Nutrient Intake Status of High School Students in Rural Area of Korea (농촌 청소년의 식품 기호도와 영양 섭취 실태와의 관계)

  • Lee, Gun-Soon;Yoo, Young-Sang
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
    • /
    • v.7 no.2
    • /
    • pp.199-210
    • /
    • 1997
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the mutual relationship between food preference and nutrient intake status of high school students, based on the their personal characters which are sex, age, family type, number of family, mother's age, occupation, and school career. 439 students were selected with random stratified cluster sampling method. The study used a self-administrated questionnaire and 24-hour recall method for 5 days as instrument tools. Statistical methods applied to analyze the data were frequency, percent, Willcoxon Rank-sum test, Kruskal-Wallis test, ${x^2}-test$ by contingence table, and Spearman's correlation coefficient in non parametric statistical methods. Some of interesting results are as follows : 1. The correlation between sex and the set of characters of mother's age, school career and income is highly significant. However there is no any significant difference on the kinds of job and the types of family. 2. The relation between the preference of main dishes and the nutrient intake show a significant difference except to the noodles. This marks that preference of main dishes shows a direct proportion with the nutrient intakes except for the fat, vitamin A, vitamin C. 3. The preference of animal food marks a direct proportion with the nutrients such as energy, protein, fat, fiber, phosphorus, iron, vitamin $B_{1}$, vitamin $B_{2}$, and niacin 4. The preference of vegetable food gives some influence on the nutrient intake but the preference of soup is insignificant, the preference of Kimchi is in reverse proportion, and the preference of vegetable marks a direct proportion with the nutrient intake. 5. The preference of snacks marks a direct proportion with all kinds of nutrients intake except for the vitamin A, and vitamin C.

  • PDF

Study on Foodservice Management of Dietitian in the Elementary School in Taejon and Chung Nam (대전 , 충남지역 초등학교 영양사의 업무 실태 조사)

  • Gu, Nan-Suk;Park, Ji-Yeon;Park, Jong-Im
    • Journal of the Korean Dietetic Association
    • /
    • v.5 no.2
    • /
    • pp.117-127
    • /
    • 1999
  • This study was carried out to provide the improvable way of foodservice management to dietitian in the elementary schools. For this purpose the serving pattern of food, menu planning, nutrition education, leftover management and difficulties in foodservice were investigated. The survey was conducted through questionnaires, which were collected from 249 dietitions randomly selected in Taejon and Chung Nam. Data were analyzed by SAS program. The main results of this study are as follows. The children in Taejon took foods in the class room(65.7%) and those in Chung Nam in the dinning hall(89.9%)(p<0.01). In menu planning the balance of nutrition(42.6%) was mainly considered and then food preference(19.7%), variety of menus(16.1%), food cost(16.1%), composition of food color, taste and texture(3.2%), skills of food making(1.6%) and the number of students(0.8%). They referred cooking magazines(47.7%), the previous menu(42.2%), children's opinion(7.2%) for planning menu. The insufficiency of implements and devices for food(24.1%) and lack of season's food(20.4%) were indicated as difficulties in their job. 34.5% of dietitians used a standard menu, 79.5% investigated food preference of children, 74.3% evaluated taste of foods before serving, and 80.7% regularly checked leftover. The major reason for leftover was careless of the teacher in charge in Taejon and bad taste of foods nutrition in Chung Nam(p<0.001). 98.5% of them answered that they had the responsibility for nutrition education in elementary school. They had a hard time in relationship with the staffs in school(40.6%) and employees for food(39.8%), and lack of market information(38.2%). To efficiency of dietitian's work can be enhanced by reflecting the results of children's food preference and leftover, by using standard cooking method and proper cooking utensil, and by performing nutrition education for children by themselves.

  • PDF

Meal Behavior and Food Preferences by Different Body Types of $6^{th}$ Grade Elementary School Children Residing in Anyang City

  • Yeon, Hyo-Sook;Rhie, Seung-Gyo
    • Journal of Community Nutrition
    • /
    • v.2 no.2
    • /
    • pp.97-104
    • /
    • 2000
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate meal behavior and food preferences of children with different body types. This survey was conducted using a questionnaire for 274 boys and 257 girls in the 6th grade of elementary school in Anyang city. A questionnaire method was used. Food preferences of 14 food groups were tested with 5 likert scale points. Body types were divided with weight-length index(WLI) calculated by height and weight. The cut-off point for the underweight children was 90, and that of the overweight children was 100. The mean weight of the underweight children(26.2%) was 31.9$\pm$4.0kg, and that of the overweight children(26.9%) was 49.4$\pm$6.3kg. The average BMI of overweight children and underweight children was 21.0kg/$m^2$ and 15.5kg/$m^2$respectively. Perceived health status was different based on body types, and more of the overweight children answered they are healthy compared to the underweight children, Body types were not significantly different based on parent's education and occupation. Only 56.7% of the children ate breakfast at a regular time, 60% and 42.9% of the children had their lunch and dinner at regular time, respectively. Higher percentage of overweight children had irregular breakfast(20.1%) and skipped their breakfast and dinner compared to the other groups, however only dinner was statistically significant. The most frequently answered reasons for skipping meals were 'no time to eat'(50%) and 'bad side-dishes'(17.0%). Food preference was not different among the body type groups, however rice-cake was preferred in the underweight group, as well as milk and lettuce were preferred in overweight group. The preferences for milk and grain powdered drink(misitgaru) were same as or a carbonated soft drink. Focusing pubericant, it is necessary to have a regular breakfast. With regard to the importance of nutrition and health for children, the nutrition education for meal behavior and food preference to achieve a balanced diet should be considered.

  • PDF

Survey on Food Preference in Gyeongnam Area (경남지역을 중심으로 한 한국인의 식품 기호도에 관한 조사연구)

  • 이주희
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
    • /
    • v.15 no.4
    • /
    • pp.338-352
    • /
    • 1999
  • This research was carried to investigate the food preference of students, from elementary school, middle school, high school, university and industrial workers on Jinju, Sacheon and Jinyang by age and sex. The results were obtained as follows. In case of rice as the stationary food, plain white boiled rice showed the highest preference among all the groups. Most of groups liked most of one-dish meals such as kimbab, fried rice with kimchi, dumplings and bibimbab, especially the elementary school students and middle school students. On the other hand, high percentage of industrial workers disliked the western food such as pizza, hamburger and sphagetti. Most of subjects liked jajangmun, nangmun and bibimgooksu as noodles. As the side dishes generally they prefer the soup to stew. Male prefer the soup with beef and female prefer soup with vegetables. Stew with kimchi and stew with soybean paste showed high preference among most of groups. Most of broil food showed high preference, and students prefer meat to fish as broil cooking materials especially younger students. As a general they liked soybean sprout, spinach and wild sesame leaf as namul cooking method and they liked korean cabbage kimchi, chonggak kimchi, kackdoogi and dongchimi as kimchi. As a dessert subjects liked most of fruits and they liked yoghurt, fruit juice, milk, sikhae and soda as drinks generally. On the other hand snacks such as cooky, candy, cake, corn, rice cake, sweet potato have the lowest percentage preferance as a dessert, but students from elementary schools showed the highest preferance to sweet such as cooky, cake and candy than any other group. These food preferance results showed some nutritional problems especially young age students. They should eat more green-yellow vegetables, liver food and dried small sardine and they should reduce snacks such as candy and cooky and soda drinks. Therefore it is necessary to conduct nutrition education by parents, teachers and dietician together to improve their food habits and their health.

  • PDF

Preliminary Study on the Establishment of Proper Portion Using Consumed Size and Food Preference of Frequently Served Meals in the Elementary School Lunch Program in Inchon - 2 . A Study on the Consumption Size of Frequently Served Meals in the Eleme (인천시 초등학교 급식에서 자주 제공되는 음식의 기호도와 섭취량에 따른 1 인 적정량 설정을 위한 기초 연구 - 2 . 인천시 초등학교 급식에서 자주 제공되는 음식 섭취량의 실태 조사)

  • Lee, Yun-Ju;Jang, Gyeong-Ja
    • Journal of the Korean Dietetic Association
    • /
    • v.4 no.2
    • /
    • pp.132-144
    • /
    • 1998
  • The purpose of this study is setting proper portion by consumed size of food and food preference and then reducing plate wasts in school lunch. The survey was conducted from Oct. 21 to Nov. 22, 1996 through the practical measurement and questionnaires. The subjects were 43 students of 1 elementary school. The results of this survey was as follows : 1. Average consumption size of cooked rice was 115g. Average consumption size of one course dishes was 209g. The soup & pot stewes showed lower consumption rate than the other kind of foods. Average consumption size of fresh & boiled salad was 23.4g Average consumption size of stir fries was 55g. Average consumption size of steams & stewes was 42g. Most grill & fried foods showed high consumption rate compared to most of the other foods. Average consumption size of kimchies was 10.6g. The most of given desserts except apple were all consumed. 2. There was significant correlation between food preference and consumption rate for total food items. 3. Response of satisfaction about serving size of most of given foods except fresh & boiled salads, soup & pot stewes and kimchies were "moderate". 4. Visual estimation was greater than physical estimation for most of given foods. Proper portion of foods per person by results were setted as follows :

  • PDF

A Study on the Effects of K-Wave, K-Drama, K-Pop and K-Friend Preference on Korean Food Preference, Satisfaction and Repurchase Intention of International Students in Korea - Focusing on Busan Area - (한국거주 외국인유학생들의 K-Wave, K-Drama, K-Pop 및 K-Friend에 대한 선호도가 한식의 선호도, 만족도 및 재구매의도에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구 - 부산지역을 중심으로 -)

  • Lee, Mi-Ock
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
    • /
    • v.33 no.6
    • /
    • pp.501-511
    • /
    • 2018
  • Studies with various approaches are required for the globalization of Korean Food. The objectives of this study were i) how the preferences of foreign students residing in Korea on K-Wave, K-Drama, K-Pop and K-Friend affect their preference, satisfaction level and repurchase intention on Korean food, and ii) which of the factors have the strongest effects on their preference, satisfaction level and repurchase intention on Korean food. The results showed that the higher K-Wave, K-Drama, K-Pop and K-Friend preferences, the stronger effect on the preference, satisfaction level and repurchase intention on Korean food (p=0.0001). Among the factors for Korean food preference, the most critical one was K-Wave preference (p=0.0001), followed by K-Drama preference (p=0.0500). For the satisfaction level of Korean food, the most important factor among the four was K-Wave preference (p=0.0496), followed by K-Drama preference (p=0.0500). For the repurchase intention on Korean food, the most significant factor was the preference for K-Friend (p=0.0004), followed by K-Drama (p=0.0016) and K-Wave (p=0.0030). Based on these results, more efforts to invigorate the preferences for K-Wave and K-Drama, as well as various attempts to improve the preference for K-Friend are required for the globalization of Korean Food.

Effects of Nutrition Education on Nutrition Knowledge , Food Attitude , Food Habits, Food Preference and Plate Waste of Elementary School Children Served by the National School Lunch Program (급식학교에서의 영양교육이 아동의 영양지식, 식생활태도, 식습관, 식품 기호도 및 잔식량에 미치는 영향)

  • 한혜영
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
    • /
    • v.30 no.10
    • /
    • pp.1219-1228
    • /
    • 1997
  • This stusy was designed to develop nutrition education program for the primary school children served by the national school lunch program and to evaluate ist educational effects. Subjects consisted of 61 elementary school children(30 in the control group and 31 in the treatment group) in the 5th grade. Only the treatment group participated in a twelve-week nutrition education program. To evaluate the effects of the nutrition education program, the control and treatment groups were given a pretest and posttest for nutrition knowledge, food attitude, food habits, food preference and plate wastes before and after nutrition education. The results obtained are summerized as follows ; the nutrition knowledge test score (30.4) of the treatment group was significantly higher than that (17.4) of the control group after nutrition education . However, there was no significant difference between the two groups in food attitude test scores after nutrition education. We also did not find any difference induced by nutrition education or the food preferences of the treatment group. After nutrition education , the amount of plate waste of some menus were significantly decreased in the treatment group, but the amount of plate waste of the control group was not significantly changed. However, there was no significant difference in the post test scores above food habits between two groups. It was concluded that a twelve-week nutrition education program can improve nutrition knowledge and decrease plate waste but is not enough to change food attitude , food preference and food habits. It can besard that the two components of foodservice are nutritional foodservice and nutrition education. Foodservice management alone without nutrition education is hardly enough to improve the nutritional status of school children. The result of this study indicate that applying the nutrition education program to elementary school children who are served by the national lunch program can maximize the effects of the national school lunch program.

  • PDF

Study on Eating Habits and Food Preference for Breakfast of Elementary, Middle, or High School Students in the Incheon Area (인천지역 초, 중, 고등학생의 아침식사 섭취 실태 및 식품 기호도 조사 연구)

  • Lee, Jee-Hee;Lee, Eun-Hee;Choe, Eunok
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
    • /
    • v.30 no.2
    • /
    • pp.170-182
    • /
    • 2014
  • The study surveyed the dietary behavior, food intake, and food preference for breakfast of elementary, middle, or high school students, a total of 354 boys and 305 girls. The students skipped breakfast due to no appetite, followed by no time. Elementary school students ate grains and potatoes more often than middle or high school students(p<0.05), and bap was the most frequently consumed cereals, with juk and tteok as the least. High school students ate meat, ham, sausage and boiled fish cake (eomuk) more often than the elementary or middle school students(p<0.05). Middle school students ate milk and dairy products as well as vegetables and fruits more often(p<0.05) than other foods. Preference for fish and fresh vegetables and salad was significantly high in middle school students. The score of dietary behavior was the highest in elementary school students, followed by middle and high school students(p<0.001). As the students advanced to the upper grade schools, breakfast skipping increased, with lowered dietary behavior scores. The results suggest that a variety of breakfast menus and recipes should be developed at home and schools by considering the preference of students in order to reduce breakfast skipping and to improve their satisfaction with breakfast.

The Status of Nutrient Intake and Factors Related to Dislike of Vegetables in Elementary School Students (채소 기피 아동의 영양소 섭취상태와 채소 기피 관련요인)

  • Ku Un Hee;Seo Jung Sook
    • Korean Journal of Community Nutrition
    • /
    • v.10 no.2
    • /
    • pp.151-162
    • /
    • 2005
  • This study was conducted to investigate the nutritional status and factors related to dislike of vegetables in the students who avoid eating vegetables in elementary school. The subjects were classified into VDG (vegetable dislike group, 75 children) and control group (69 children) by amount of vegetable left in school feeding. The survey included the items of demographic characteristics, dietary behaviors, nutrition knowledge, food preference, reason for dislike of vegetables and nutrient intake of the subjects. Dietary behavior and nutrition knowledge scores of control group were higher than those of VDG. The average score of food preference was 4.9 and 4.7 in control and VDG groups respectively. The preference score of root vegetables was the lowest in subjects. In the view of nutrient intake, the calorie intake of control group was higher than that of VDG. Protein intake of control and VDG was enough as compared with their RDA. Except vitamin E, most nutrient intake of control group was higher than that of VDG. VDG consumed lower calorie, vitamin A, vitamin $B_2$, vitamin C, Ca, P, Fe and Zn than control group. The scores of the dietary behavior and nutrition knowledge in the subjects were positively related to the status of some vitamins and minerals intake. These results show that the scores of nutrition knowledge and dietary behavior of VDG were lower than those of control, causing low intake of vitamins and minerals such as vitamin A, Ca and Fe.