• Title/Summary/Keyword: food preference

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Food Preference of Elementary School Children Under Meal Service in Taejon (대전지역 급식학교 초등학생들의 음식 기호도)

  • 구난숙;박종임
    • Korean Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.3 no.3
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    • pp.440-453
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    • 1998
  • This study was done to provide basic information for nutrition education and meal planning by analyzing children's food preference. For this purpose, 938 children from eleven elementary schools under meal service were randomly selected in Taejon. The survey was conducted by questionnaires, and data were analyzed by SAS program. Children prefered ssalbap to japkogbap and liked kimbap the best among one dish foods. But their most favorite foods were chajangmyun in noodles, miyeokkuk in soups, and chamchichigae in pot stew. Sixth graders like kimchichigae more than third graders. In the case of chims, children like duejigalbichim, sogalbichim, and dalgyalchim. In the jorim, they prefered duejigogi jangjorim, mechurial jangjorim to any other jorims. The preference of bockum, namul, jangachi, and jotgal is generally low. Children's preference is high in fruit, drink, fried food, one dish food and is low in jangachi, namul, bockum. These results suggest that the preference of foods should be fully taken into consideration in school meal service so that they can eat foods with pleasure. Foods, which are low in preference due to the cooking method, should be prepared with new cooking methods developed specifically for children. 'Even though the preference of food is low to the children, the nutritious foods should be utilized in the school menu. Then, the importance of food intake must be taught to them through nutrition education.

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Dietary Behaviors, Food Preferences and Its Relationships with Personality Traits in Sixth Grader′s of Elementary School (초등학교 6학년 아동의 식사행동 및 식품기호와 성격특성)

  • 백정자;이희숙
    • Korean Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.135-141
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    • 2004
  • Although many studies have focused on dietary habits and behaviors among children, few have looked at individual dietary behaviors and food preferences and their relationships with personality traits. This study examined the relationships between children's dietary behaviors, food preferences and personality traits using a random sample of 236 sixth graders in Chuncheon. Results showed a high prevalence of undesirable dietary behaviors among children: 42.8% of the children had skipped breakfast at least twice a week, 53% had overeaten, 45.8% had eaten irregularly, and 66.5% had eaten an unbalanced meal. These undesirable dietary behaviors were negatively associated with such personality traits as sociability, responsibility, emotional stability, activity, and superiority. When asked about food preference, fruits were most popular while vegetables were least desirable. Total food preference scores were positively correlated with emotional stability (r=.204), activeness (r=.247), sociability (r=.156), responsibility (r=.249), and superiority (r=.133). Preference for meats had negative correlations with responsibility (r=-.133), sociability (r=-.146), and superiority (r=-.132), while preference for vegetables was positively correlated with these personality traits (r=.292, .244, and .230, respectively). In conclusion, the more desirable dietary behaviors and the higher total food preference scores, the more positive the child's personality traits. In addition, preference for vegetables was associated with positive personality traits. The findings suggest the need for continuous attention and guidance on desirable dietary habits for school children both at home and at school.

The Eating Behavior and Food Preference of Preschool Children in Sungnam Day Care Facilities (성남지역 보육시설 유아의 식생활 행동 및 음식기호도)

  • Lee, Jeong-Yun;Cho, Dong-Sook
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.482-495
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the eating behavior and food preference of preschool children in day care facilities. Subjects of this study were 192 young children who lived in Sungnam city, Gyeonggi-Do. The results are summarized as follows: The parents reported that 34% of the children ate 'unbalanced diet'. And 16% of the children ate small portions of food. The parents picked up several reasons for their children's 'unbalanced diet' such as 'dislike of the tastes(29.2%), 'texture in the mouth(28.6%)', 'smell of food(18.2%)' Fifty-six percent of parents took 'to change the cooking methods' as the best way to make their children have good eating habits in their home. The highest score of preference among the children was noodles with bean sauce and kimbab for staple food, stews seaweed soup for soups and stews, bulgogi and fried chicken for side dish. The young children's preference score fur side dish made with meats were higher than made with vegetables. This study made a suggestion to parents of children ages 4 to 6 and to teachers in preschool that they prepare for foods made with vegetables.

A Study on the Dietary Habit and the Food Preference of Pre-School Children (兒童의 食習慣과 嗜好에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Yeon-Sook;Jung, Rak-Won;Lee, Hyo-Gee
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.105-119
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    • 1990
  • A study on the dietary habit and the food perference of Pre-school Children was made in order to identify the state of their dietary life and provide the data of dietetic education which can help the children to live a desirable food life, by analysing the present dietry life into the dietry habits, food preference, the actual condition of nutrition intake and table manners. 1. The Diet Habits. Both boys and girls were fond of dinner best and tended to neglect breakfast and lunch. 64.2% of the total children took meals regularly. 2. Food Preference. The most favorite food was beef, ham, Dupoo (beancurd), squid, ice-cream, bananas, watermelon, sweet potatoes, corn, Ingeolmi (cake form glutinous rice), doughnuts, JJajangmyon (Chinese noodles), Coke, fried chicken. 3. The Actual Conditions of Nutrition Intake. The frequency of intake of meat and its processed food was the lowest and that of fishes, shellfishes, fats and vegetables was low, too. 4. Table manners and Sanitary Conditions. The average mark of table manners and sanitary conditions is 12.49${\pm}$2.65. The children didn't practice well in the following points; talking at table, beginning to eat after the beginning of elder person's, brushing their teeth after taking meals, keeping a straight posture.

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Food Preference of Atopic Children in Incheon Area (아토피 어린이의 친환경 대체식품 개발을 위한 식품선호도 조사)

  • Park Hee-Ok;Cho Woo-Kyoun
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.279-285
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    • 2005
  • The purpose of this study was to get adequate substitute snacks for atopic dermatitis children. For this purpose food preference was surveyed by questionnaires to atopic dermatitis children in the kindergarten of Incheon area. As a result, anthropometric measurements were not significantly different by gender Most of atopic children were severe malnutrition by Rohrer index average 1.375. $13.3\%$ of atopic dermatitis started during newborn baby. $62.3\%$ of atopic dermatitis symptom started from 7 months to 3 years old. $48.9\%$ of atopic children didn't know the causes of the symptom. Though parents didn't thought instant/retort food, fried food, egg, snacks, milk were good for atopic dermatitis, they have offered egg, milk, meat, mackerel to their atopic dermatitis children for growth. Snacks of atopic dermatitis children were positively correlated between children's eating and favorite snacks(r=0.84), children's eating and parents' wishing snacks (r=0.615) and children's favorite and parents' wishing snacks(r=0.23). Therefore $83.7\%$ of atopic dermatitis children and their parents wanted reliable processed foods, $83.3\%$ of them despite high cost.

A Study on the Sex Bias in the Nutrition Knowledge, Food Preference and Food Roles in the Family (영양지식, 식품기호 그리고 식행동에 나타난 남, 녀 차이에 관한 연구)

  • 강남이;정혜경
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.33-40
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    • 1992
  • This research was attempted to investigate the sex bias in nutrition knowledge, food preference and food roles in the family. 152 couples living in Seoul, Cheonan in the 205∼605 were selected for this research as subjects from October 1 to December 20, 1991. The data analysis was made by way of ire quency, percentage, X2-test using SPSS package. The summarized results are as follows. 1. The survey on the sex bias in nutrition knowledge related heart disease on the subjects showed that there were no significant differences between men and women. But women had a relatively good nutrition knowledge than men. Especially women had a good nutrition knowledge that low sodium diet and exercise are efficient on preventing heart disease. 2. On the food preference, the subject showed significant difference between men and women. Men showed a relatively highest preference for protein food just as pork, fish, and tofu. Women showed a relatively highest preference for bread, fruit and vegetable. 3. On the food roles, the subjects showed that gender difference in household labor regarding food preparation still exit. Food-related activities are clearly still the domain of women in most families. Husbands and wives in younger families tended to think the husbands showed increase their efforts in food related activities.

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Menu Development and Evaluation through Eating Behavior and Food Preference of Preschool Children in Day-Care Centers (보육시설 유아들의 식행동과 식품기호도 조사를 통한 식단개발 및 평가)

  • Sin, Eun-Kyung;Lee, Yeon-Kyung
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.1-14
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    • 2005
  • This study was conducted to develop and evaluate food menus after investigating eating behaviors and food preferences of preschool children. Parents of the preschool children In 2 Gumi City day-care centers completed questionnaires in July 2003, which were used to assess eating behaviors and food preferences of their preschool children. Analysis of the questionnaires led to the development of the menus. Menus (n=10) were developed for five different categories (two menus were developed for each category) including general menu, unbalanced menu, anemia menu, obese menu, and traditional menu. The preschool children(n=656) evaluated the menus as they were provided with each them throughout October 2003. The five score scale method was used to evaluate taste, smell, looks, texture and general preference of each menu. Results in eating behaviors showed that 70.7% of preschool children had unbalanced eating behaviors. No gender based differences in eating behaviors were found, but in regard to food preferences boys tended to prefer carbonated drinks more than girls. Results indicated that among all menus, fruit ranked highest $(3.97{\pm}0.65)$ for food preference, and vegetables ranked lowest for food preference $(2.46{\pm}0.68)$. Food preference in regard to cooking process indicated the highest preference was for fried foods $(3.80{\pm}0.68)$ and the lowest preference was for raw vegetables $(2.61{\pm}1.27)$ and namul $(2.85{\pm}1.13)$. Preference for taste ranked the highest $(4.30{\pm}0.91)$ but preference for looks recorded the lowest $(3.95{\pm}0.89)$. Of all the foods in the menus, steamed tofu rated the highest for individual food item preference, while tuna sesame leaf rice rated the lowest preference. Statistical analysis of interrelationships among food taste, smell, looks, texture and general preference were significant (p<0.0l). Results from this study suggest that various factors including food taste, smell, looks, and texture influence the food preferences of preschool children. Therefore, it is concluded that by developing a variety of appetizing menus for use at home and in day-care centers, containing varied food items and cooking methods, preschool children will be encouraged to increase their food preferences and to establish appropriate eating behaviors.

The Effect Evaluation of Nutrition Education Program for Preschool Children in Gyunsggi-do (경기지역 유치원 아동을 위한 영양교육 프로그램의 효과 평가)

  • Kim, Kyung-Hee
    • Korean Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.11 no.5
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    • pp.598-607
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    • 2006
  • The following study has been conducted by carrying out the nutrition education program for preschool children and measuring the change in their food preference and nutritional knowledge. The 28 boys and 22 girls with the average height of $117.4{\pm}5.1cm$ and weight $21.8{\pm}3.5kg$ participated in the study. The favorite foods of the children were: meat (51.1%) being the highest, fruits (38.3%), carbohydrates (23.4%), while the least favored food was vegetables (75%). It indicated that 36.2% of the children were having unbalanced diets. The change in food preference after the implementation of the nutrition education program was the significant increase in preference in vegetables and fruits (p<0.01) and proteins such as meat, fish, eggs and beans (p<0.05). The differences in food preference among boys and girls were that the boys showed significant increase in vegetables and fruits (p<0.01) while there was a decrease in the simple sugar groups (p<0.01). Regarding girls, there were significant increases in vegetables and fruits as well as protein groups of meat, fish, eggs and beans (p<0.01). The changes in the nutritional knowledge of the preschool children after the implementation of the nutrition education program were scores for the fruits and vegetables group and carbohydrates group showed a significant increase while the scores for the oil and nuts group had decreased considerably. The average score on nutritional knowledge has significantly increased from 9.07 to 10.17 (p<0.01) and the score on the roles of the nutrients increased from 3.02 to 3.48 (p<0.05). The changes in eating habits of the children after the nutrition education were the answer for the change in eating habits of the children after the nutrition education was 'slight change' 61.4%. Also, the change in food preference was 'slight change' 61.4% and the improvement in nutrition education was 'slightly' 50%. According to the results of this study, it is evident that the change in eating habits and the acquisition of nutritional knowledge is very difficult, thus requiring consistent and prolonged education. Therefore, it seems to be best to include a more systematic and professional nutrition education program in preschool education. Also, the education for the parents should be implemented since the effect of education on children is greater when it is closely connected with the education at home.

Study on the Diet Style According to the Sasang Constitution (사상체질(四象體質)에 따른 식이(食餌)습관에 관(關)한 연구(硏究))

  • Kim, Pan-jun;Lim, Hwa-jae;Kim, Jong-won
    • Journal of Sasang Constitutional Medicine
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.59-74
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    • 2001
  • In oriental medicine, food are regarded as important one like medicine. Especially Sasang medicine put emphasis on diet, it regarded food as a important one by taking food according to their own constitution in the point of improving health condition and preventing diseases. In this report, the author try to find out the relationship between food preference and each suitable food according to Sasang constitution by using survey data. The results are like this. 1. In constitutional distribution patterns among 203 person(male : 118 person, female : 85 person) reveal Soyang Group 58person(28.6%), Taeum Group 61(30%) and Soeum Group 84(41.4%). And their were no significant difference in their height in all group according to gender. Compared with the other groups, When compared with the other groups on body weight and BMI, Taeum Group indicate significantly high body weight and BMI(Body Mass Index) in both gender. 2. Taeum Group show significantly high smoking rate. But alcohol drinking rates reveal no significant difference in all groups. 3. In the Survey about food preference according to the constitution, rice, Soju, watermelon show significantly high preference in case of suitable food to each group. But perilla seeds, coffee, ginger tea show insignificant results. 4. In the survey about food preference according to the constitution and sex, welsh onion, crab preserved with soysauce, beer show significantly high preference in case of suitable food to each group. But glutinous rice, cooked barley, water dropwort muchim, lettuce, dog meat, egg, yellow croaker, coffee, ginger tea, and Soju show insignificant results. 5. In the survey about food preference according to the constitution and age, rice, watermelon, onion, garlic, salt and Soju show significantly high preference in case of suitable food to each group. But sugar and perilla seeds show insignificant results. 6. In the survey about food preference according to constitution, sex and age, glutinous rice, soybean milk, banana, crab preserved with soysauce, sea cucumber, sea mustard, Soju, beer, onion, garlic, salt show high preference in case of suitable food to each group. But cooked barley, sugar, water dropwort muchim, dog meat, puffer soup and perilla seeds show insignificant results.

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Relationship of Food Preference and Body Size in Higher Grade Elementary School Boys in Daejeon City (대전지역 남자 초등학생의 음식기호도와 체격과의 관련성)

  • 정영진;한장일
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.31 no.2
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    • pp.315-321
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    • 2002
  • This study was focused on identifying the difference of food preference according to body size of elementary school boys in Daejeon city. In order to measure the food preference, the degree of liking by means of a 5-point Hedonic scale was asked to 198 boys of 5th grade from six schools throughout Daejeon for 144 food items in 17 food groups composed of main dish, side dish and dessert : cooked rice, noodles or breads, as main dish, kimchi, tang.guk.zzigae, gui, zzim, bokeum, fried.pan-fried, jorim, muchim.namul or jangachi, as side dish, fruits, beverage, milk, rice cake or anacks, as dessert and for best preferred taste among five basic. The survey was conducted in rune, 1997 by questionnaires. Overall food preference of the subject was inclined to be higher in most of dessert food : fruits, beverage, milk or snacks, but to be lower in side dishes of Korean conventional food : jangachi, muchim, namul, jorim, kimchi and tang.guk .zzigae. The percentage of boys preferring cocked rice to noodle or bread as main dish was as much almost double in overweight boys as those of underweight or normal weight boys. None of the food group among 17 groups was significantly different in the food preference by body size of the subjects. However, food preference score of overweight group showed a trend to be higher in 11 food groups except less calorie-dense food groups such as fruits, noodles, rice cake, cooked rice, soup and stew and braised food (jorim) than normal or underweight group, and they seemed to prefer especially high-protein and high-fat foods. Being based on 3 points of preference score as the criterion for comparison, underweight group showed higher preference only in fruits group but showed lower preferences in 12 food groups among 17 groups than other groups.